Breach Candy

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Breach Candy
Neighbourhood
BreachCandy.jpg
Breach Candy is located in Mumbai
Breach Candy
Breach Candy
Location in Mumbai, India
Breach Candy is located in Maharashtra
Breach Candy
Breach Candy
Breach Candy (Maharashtra)
Breach Candy is located in India
Breach Candy
Breach Candy
Breach Candy (India)
Coordinates: 18°58′01″N 72°48′18″E / 18.967°N 72.805°E / 18.967; 72.805Coordinates: 18°58′01″N 72°48′18″E / 18.967°N 72.805°E / 18.967; 72.805
Country  India
State Maharashtra
Metro Mumbai
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 400026[1]
Area code(s) 022
Vehicle registration MH 01
Civic agency BMC
Warden Road

Bhulabhai Desai Road, also well known by the old name Warden Road (and the part at and near the swimming pool as Breach Candy), is a niche up-market residential and semi-commercial locality of South Mumbai.

The area has many famous landmarks throughout its long and winding stretch, from the Breach Candy Hospital to the Amarsons and Tata gardens and Lincoln House, former location of the Consulate General of the United States, Mumbai. The elite Breach Candy Club in the neighbourhood features the country's largest India-shaped swimming pool. Just off Bhulabhai Desai Road is the women-only Sophia College.

The 18th century Mahalaxmi Temple, which honors the Hindu goddess of wealth and wisdom, is situated nearby on the edge of sea. It is one of the most famous temples of Mumbai and attracts millions of devotees and tourists each year.[citation needed]

The area falls under the 'D-Ward' of the BMC and shares the postal code 400 026 under the Cumballa Hill post office. It lies 21 kilometers south of Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport and just 2 kilometers from the Mumbai Central station. It is well connected by local buses run by BEST.

Geographically, this road curls around the Arabian Sea. Because of its picturesque location, real estate prices here are among the most expensive in the country.

Etymology[edit]

The origin of the name Breach Candy, first attested by 1828 at least,[2] is widely given as an Anglicisation of the (Arabic influenced) Hindi name Burj-khāḍī ('the tower of the creek'), not least in the famous Hobson-Jobson dictionary.[3][4] However, this interpretation is disputed. In seventeenth- to nineteenth-century English, breach had meanings including 'the breaking of waves on a coast', 'surf made by the sea breaking over rocks; broken water, breakers' and 'a break in a coast, a bay, harbour',[5] and may in the context of Breach Candy even have been used to refer to a breakwater at the location.[6] Thus, although the breach part of the name could be an Anglicisation of a local word, it could simply be an English word in its own right. Meanwhile, Candy may be an Anglicisation of Hindustani khind ('mountain pass')[7] or Kannada khindi ('a breach').[8]

The changing environs of Breach Candy
Diorama of Breach Candy area of pre-Colonial islands of Bombay (right) and Worli (left), marking grove of kamal (giving Cumbala Hill its name) (4); shrine of Mahalaxmi, Mahasaraswati, and Mahakali (5); and brab trees (6), from the Dr Bhau Daji Lad Museum, Mumbai
Diorama of Breach Candy area of pre-Colonial islands of Bombay (right) and Worli (left). 5 marks the shrine of Mahalaxmi, Mahasaraswati, and Mahakali. What is now Breach Candy is largely sea. 
Diorama of Breach Candy area of eighteenth-century Bombay (detail), marking Mahalxmi Temple (20); Vaucluse (21); and Vellard connecting the island of Bombay to the island of Worli (24). From the Dr Bhau Daji Lad Museum, Mumbai.
Diorama of Breach Candy area of eighteenth-century Bombay, marking Mahalxmi Temple (20) and showing the island of Bombay joining the island of Worli (24). 
'Map of the Port and Island of Bombay with the Adjacent Island', 1724 (detail, showing Breach Candy area). Item F 257 in the Dr Bhau Daji Lad Museum, Mumbai.
'Map of the Port and Island of Bombay with the Adjacent Island', 1724, naming the recently formed bay as 'the Breach'. 
'Niebuhr's Map of Bombay', 1764 (detail, showing Breach Candy area), item F 260 in the Dr Bhau Daji Lad Museum, Mumbai.
'Niebuhr's Map of Bombay', 1764, showing the sea-wall or 'Vellard', and the 'Breach battery'. 
'The Island of Bombay' by Captain Thomas Dickinson, 1812-16 (detail, showing Breach Candy area). Item F 267 in the Dr Bhau Daji Lad Museum, Mumbai.
'The Island of Bombay' by Captain Thomas Dickinson, 1812-16, showing the reclamation of land behind the sea-wall or 'Vellard', and marking the Mahalaxmi Temple. 

History[edit]

Mahalakshmi Temple at Breach Candy, Bombay by Francis Frith (between 1850 and 1879)

Not long ago, Breach Candy was sparsely populated with very few bungalows and mansions. Most of the residents were born into old money. Some of these bungalows and mansions still stand. The Breach Candy House, the Breach Candy Swimming Club and the Breach Candy Hospital have been present since the time of British rule.

At the northern foot of the Cumballa Hill, in the part now called Breach Candy, was a temple to three goddesses—Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Mahasaraswati. A creek to the north separated the island of Bombay from the Koli island of Worli. This creek was filled after the completion of the Hornby Vellard in 1784. Soon after, the modern temple of Mahalakshmi was built here.

What are now the Amarson and Tata gardens were landfills with abandoned construction trucks, cranes and bulldozers probably used in land reclamation projects.[citation needed] A few of these trucks were parked in a truck-sized garage behind Scandal Point. Similarly, trucks, cranes and bulldozers were seen abandoned on the land which is now known as Priyadarshini Park.

Notable residents[edit]

Education[edit]

Picture links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pin code : Breach Candy, Mumbai". pincode.org.in. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  2. ^ Samuel T. Sheppard, Bombay Place-Names and Street-Names: An Excursion into the By-Ways of the History of Bombay City] (Bombay: The Times Press, 1917), p. 78.
  3. ^ Henry Yule and Arthur Coke Burnell Hobson-Jobson: The Anglo-Indian Dictionary (Ware: Wordsworth, 1996), p. 114 [first publ. 1886].
  4. ^ {https://books.google.com/books?id=LLw9AAAAMAAJ&dq=gymkhana&pg=PA88#v=onepage&q=gymkhana&f=false}
  5. ^ "breach, n." OED Online, Oxford University Press, June 2017, www.oed.com/view/Entry/22879. Accessed 13 December 2017, §§2, 8, 9 (cf. 7b).
  6. ^ Samuel T. Sheppard, Bombay Place-Names and Street-Names: An Excursion into the By-Ways of the History of Bombay City] (Bombay: The Times Press, 1917), p. 77.
  7. ^ Samuel T. Sheppard, Bombay Place-Names and Street-Names: An Excursion into the By-Ways of the History of Bombay City] (Bombay: The Times Press, 1917), pp. 77-78.
  8. ^ Chidambara Martanda Kulkarni, Studies in Indian History (Bombay: Sri Dvaipayana Trust, 1974), p. 114.
  9. ^ "Contact Us." DSB International School. Retrieved on February 11, 2015. "Garden Campus: Students from Kindergarten to Year 3 / Klasse 4 DSB INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL 76 Bhulabhai Desai Road, Breach Candy Mumbai - 400 026 India." and "Aurum House: Students from Year 5 / Klasse 5 DSB INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL 25 Dadi Seth Road, Babulnath Mumbai - 400 007 India. "