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Bream caught in the Volga River near Kashin, Russia

Bream (/ˈbrɪm/ (listen)[1][2] /ˈbrm/[2]) are species of freshwater and marine fish belonging to a variety of genera including Abramis[3][4] (e.g., A. brama, the common bream), Acanthopagrus, Argyrops, Blicca, Brama, Chilotilapia, Etelis, Lepomis, Gymnocranius, Lethrinus, Nemipterus, Pharyngochromis, Rhabdosargus, Scolopsis, or Serranochromis.

Although species from all of these genera are called "bream", the term does not imply a degree of relatedness between them. Fish termed "bream" tend to be narrow, deep-bodied species. The name is a derivation of the Middle English word breme, of Old French origin.

The term sea bream is sometimes used for gilt-head bream (Sparus aurata), (orata in Italy, dorada in Spain) or porgies (both family Sparidae) or pomfrets (family Bramidae) .

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "bream". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b "bream". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bream" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ "Bream". Britannica. Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 15 January 2020.

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