Breast ultrasound

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Breast ultrasound
Mamma ca 1.jpg
ICD-10-PCS BH4
ICD-9-CM 88.73
MeSH D016217

Breast ultrasound is the use of medical ultrasonography to perform imaging of the breast.

It can be considered either a diagnostic or a screening procedure.[1]

It may be used either with or without a mammogram.[2]

It may be useful in younger women, where the denser fibrous tissue of the breast may make mammograms more difficult to interpret.[3]

Automated whole-breast ultrasound (AWBU) is an ultrasound investigation of the breast that is largely independent of the operator skill and that allows to reconstruct volumetric images of the breast.

Using high-frequency ultrasound, a diagnostic evaluation of the lactiferous ducts by means of ultrasound (duct sonography) can be performed.[4] In this manner, dilated ducts and intraductal masses can be made visible. Another technique for visualizing the system of lactiferous ducts is galactography, which allows a wider area of the lactiferous duct system to be visualized.[5]

A type of ultrasound examination to measure tissue stiffness, which is used to detect tumours, is elastography.

Breast ultrasound is also used to perform fine-needle aspiration biopsy and ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of breast abscesses.[6] Some women prefer breast ultrasound over mammography because they dislike the pain felt during squeezing or fixing of breast done during mammography for X-ray views. Breast ultrasound is painless procedure. Breast ultrasound is usually done with frequency 7 Megahertz to 14 Megahertz. Breast ultrasound includes ultrasound of axillary tail of breast and sometime it includes ultrasound of axillae also to detect abnormal nodes in axilla because lymphatic drainage of parts of breast occur through axillary lymph nodes.


References[edit]

  1. ^ A. Thomas Stavros; Cynthia L. Rapp; Steve H. Parker (1 January 2004). Breast ultrasound. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 978-0-397-51624-7. Retrieved 22 August 2010. 
  2. ^ "Breast ultrasound: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia". Retrieved 2010-08-22. 
  3. ^ "FDA approves first breast ultrasound imaging system for dense breast tissue". 18 Sep 2012. 
  4. ^ Sylvia Helen Heywang-Koebrunner; Ingrid Schreer (15 January 2014). Diagnostic Breast Imaging: Mammography, Sonography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and Interventional Procedures. Thieme. p. 199. ISBN 978-3-13-150411-1. 
  5. ^ Kelly K. Hunt (1 January 2001). Breast Cancer. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-387-95190-4. 
  6. ^ Trop I, Dugas A, David J, El Khoury M, Boileau JF, Larouche N, Lalonde L (October 2011). "Breast abscesses: evidence-based algorithms for diagnosis, management, and follow-up". Radiographics : a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc (review). 31 (6): 1683–99. PMID 21997989. doi:10.1148/rg.316115521.