Breed Street Shul
Congregation Talmud Torah of Los Angeles
Breed Street Shul
|Location||247 N. Breed St., Los Angeles, California|
|Built||1915 or 1923|
|Architect||Abram M. Edelman; et al.|
|Architectural style||Byzantine Revival; Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Other|
|NRHP reference #||01001192|
|Added to NRHP||November 4, 2001|
Breed Street Shul, also known as Congregation Talmud Torah of Los Angeles or Breed Street Synagogue, is an Orthodox Jewish synagogue in the Boyle Heights section of Los Angeles, California. It was the largest Orthodox synagogue west of Chicago from 1915 to 1951, and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
- 1 Early history
- 2 Construction of the existing structure
- 3 Role in the Boyle Heights community
- 4 Dispersal of Boyle Heights Jewish community
- 5 Vacancy and deterioration
- 6 Historic designation and proposed restoration
- 7 Rabbis
- 8 Cantors
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes
- 11 External links
Congregation Talmud Torah started in 1904, using rented quarters in downtown Los Angeles, at 114 Rose Street. It was started primarily as a Hebrew school ("Talmud Torah" is typically used to mean a supplemental afternoon religious school, though it was also used as a synagogue).
Within a few years, the immigrant population moved, concentrating in Boyle Heights. Several Jews purchased a house at Breed and First, and started using it as a shul. By 1914, the Rose Street location was nonviable, for lack of a quorum (minyan), and the membership merged with the new Breed Street group. In 1915, they purchased a lot two blocks north, and commissioned a new wood-framed building on the present site. It became known as the "Breed Street Shul." The original shul on the site was designed by O.M. Warner and constructed by Bornstein & Cohn.
Enrollment grew, and by 1918, a second structure was needed on the lot. By 1923, there were 110 students enrolled.
Construction of the existing structure
As the size of the congregation grew, a new synagogue was built, designed by the architectural firm of Edelman and Barnett. The original wood structure was moved to the back of the lot to make room for the new brick structure which opened in 1923. The new synagogue was built from unreinforced masonry with veneer brick and cast stone embellishments on the facade. The facade includes alternating bands of dichromatic brickwork, "dense prickly foliage carving, other organic motifs and Stars of David in bas relief cast stone detail.
Role in the Boyle Heights community
The Boyle Heights section of Los Angeles, located east of downtown, was home to the city's most populous Jewish community from 1910 to 1950. The area around Breed Street Shul became a center for the Jewish community. The business district on Brooklyn Avenue (renamed Cesar Chavez Avenue in 1995) just north of the Shul was the location of many kosher butchers, bakeries, delis, bookstores and other shops catering to the Jewish community. The Breed Street block where the Shul was located also became home of the Los Angeles Jewish Academy (now part of Yavneh Academy) and Mount Sinai Clinic (a forerunner of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center).
In 1945, Rabbi Osher Zilberstein of Breed Street Shul opened the city's first Jewish parochial elementary school. When Israel was established as an independent nation in 1948, Breed Street Shul was the site of a solemn ceremony in which the new flag of Israel was flown for the first time in Los Angeles.
Dispersal of Boyle Heights Jewish community
In the years after World War II, the Jewish community in Boyle Heights dispersed, moving to areas such as the West Fairfax District, Beverlywood, and Encino. Rabbi Zilberstein remained at Breed Street Shul until his death in 1973. Many families, including those of Jewish Veterans of WWII, went east across the L.A. River to the San Gabriel Valley..
Vacancy and deterioration
The main brick building was vacated in the mid-1980s due to seismic retrofit requirements. Services were moved to the original wooden structure at the rear of the lot for several years. By 1996, services ceased at Breed Street Shul, and the buildings have been vacant since that time. Boyle Heights in recent years has been a predominantly Hispanic community. The shul became extremely ramshackle after its vacancy. Graffiti covers the walls and the pews and internal woodwork have been destroyed.
Sense of Sadness
To some, particularly those with a (past) personal connection, there is a sense of sadness.
Historic designation and proposed restoration
In 1988, the building was designated as a City of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument. The building fell into disrepair in the 1990s, and the City of Los Angeles foreclosed on the property after recording an assessment for barricading and protection. In 1998, Hillary Clinton visited the Shul as part of her Save America's Treasures campaign. In July 2000, the City quitclaimed the property to Breed Street Shul Project, Inc., a subsidiary of the Jewish Historical Society of Southern California. The organization plans to rehabilitate the buildings as a county museum, educational and cultural center. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2001.
Solomon Michael Neches (1921–1935)
Rabbi Neches fought the battles of
- Reform - Rabbi Neches advocated for Orthodox education for the community's Jewish children.
- Kashrus - He was instrumental in California's (first) Kosher Law.
- Jewish education - the name of the shul (Congregation Talmud Torah) made it clear that a Yeshiva/day school would have to await his successor.
Neches also is recognized for having begun and, initially led the Los Angeles-based Western Jewish Institute.
He was succeeded as rabbi of the Breed Street shul by Rabbi Osher Zilberstein.
Osher Zilberstein (1935–1973)
Osher Zilberstein (1888–1973), a noted Torah scholar, was a tenth generation rabbi from Mezritch, Poland. In 1935 he assumed the rabbinical position as the rabbi of the Breed Street Shul, also known by the name Talmud Torah Los Angeles.
Rabbi Zilberstein was instrumental in the opening of an Orthodox day school, Yeshivas HaMaarav.
Cantor Israel Reich (1946-1953) did not begin his career at the Breed Street Shul, nor did it end there. One of the reasons he was described as a "Cantor's Cantor" was that he "helped train countless students, including his own three children, to become cantors."
- Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments on the East and Northeast Sides
- List of Registered Historic Places in Los Angeles
- Hal Bernson, Los Angeles City Council member, 1979-2003
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Chattel, Robert J.; Francesca G. Smith; Nicole J. Purvis; Christy Lombardo & Stephen J. Sass (May 8, 2001). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Congregation Talmud Torah of Los Angeles / Breed Street Shul; Breed Street Synagogue" (PDF). National Park Service. Archived from the original (pdf) on October 12, 2007.
- Chattel, Robert (2001-05-08). "Historic Places Registration - Breed Street Shul". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2017-05-09.[dead link]
- "Breed Street Shul | Los Angeles Conservancy". www.laconservancy.org. Retrieved 2017-05-10.
- David Hoffman; Nancy Holden. "Historic Synagogues of Los Angeles". The Early Jewish Presence in Los Angeles. Jewish Genealogical Society of Los Angeles.
- "Boyle Heights". Los Angeles Neighborhood Initiative. Archived from the original on 2008-05-02.
- "Saving the City's Oldest Synagogue". The Los Angeles Times. January 9, 1988.
- "Historic-Cultural Monument Listing" (PDF). City of Los Angeles.
- "Rabbi Solomon Michael Neches".
- "The Importance of Appreciating Our Past". RabbiDunner.com. July 12, 2018.
- "Western Jewish Institute Organized in Los Angeles". Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA). August 17, 1933.
- "Rabbi Zilberstein – Gravestone".
- Leslie Katz (March 19, 1999). "A cantor's cantor, Israel Reich dies at 80".
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