Breguet Aviation

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Société des Ateliers d'Aviation Louis Breguet
Industry Aerospace
Fate Merged with Dassault
Successor Avions Marcel Dassault-Breguet Aviation
Founded 1911
Founder Louis Charles Breguet
Defunct 1971
Headquarters France
Products Aircraft, Helicopter

The Société des Ateliers d'Aviation Louis Breguet also known as Breguet Aviation was a French aircraft manufacturer. The company was set up in 1911 by aviation pioneer Louis Charles Breguet.

The company, together with the British Aircraft Corporation, was a parent to SEPECAT which was formed to develop and produce the SEPECAT Jaguar aircraft.

In 1971 it merged with Dassault to form Avions Marcel Dassault-Breguet Aviation.

Aircraft (before merger with Dassault)[edit]

  • Breguet-Richet Gyroplane (1907) - experimental single-seat helicopter-like craft with four rotors.
  • Breguet-Richet Gyroplane No.2 (1908) Tandem biplane with a pair of large inclined propellers providing both thrust and lift.
  • Breguet Type I (1909) - Single-seat tractor configuration biplane with boxkite-like tail on booms.
  • Breguet Type II (1910) - Development of the Type I, with a tricycle undercarriage and the tail carried at the end of a fuselage-like structure and a pair of booms.
  • Breguet Type III (1910) - Development of Type II, three-seat, rotary engine
  • Breguet Type IV (1911) - Experimental aircraft
Breguet Type R.U1 No.40i at the Musée des Arts et Métiers, Paris.
Breguet 1100

Leduc aircraft[edit]

Automobile production[edit]

Before 1914, in addition to producing aircraft, the firm produced a few six-cylinder engined cars.

During the Second World War the company produced an electric car powered by batteries and propelled by an "off-the-shelf" motor from Paris-Rhône.[2] The motor was capable of producing two different levels of output. "First gear" and "Reverse gear" were provided with 36 volts, while "Second gear" equated to 72 volts.[2] An advertisement for the car in 1941 claimed a range of 100 km (62 mi) between charges without mentioning that this range was only available where adhering to steady cruising speed of 20 km/h (12 mph).[2] Cruising at a steady 40 km/h (25 mph) would, on the same basis, have given a range of 65 km (40 mi).[2]

The car had a modern looking all-enveloping two-seater body with a relatively long tapered tail which contained the motor and some of the batteries.[2] It had four wheels, but the rear axle, which delivered power to the road, was relatively narrow. The car was actively marketed during 1941 which was a period of price instability.[2] In August 1941 the Breguet electric car was priced at 56,000 francs: during the same month the Citroën Light bodied 11 (still listed, despite production by now being down to a trickle or suspended) was priced at 35,630 francs.[2]

The Breguet electric car was produced not at the firm's principal plant at Toulouse but at a smaller plant at Anglet (between Biarritz and Bayonne).[2]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Avions Breguet
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1948 (salon Paris oct 1947). Paris: Histoire & collections. Nr. 26: Page 18. 1998. 

External links[edit]