Order of battle for the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631)

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The following units and commanders fought in the Battle of Breitenfeld of the Thirty Years War in 1631. Unless otherwise noted, all units have ten companies.

Holy Roman Empire (Catholic)[edit]

Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly
Unless otherwise noted, all units are German.

Left[edit]

General Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim

  • Bernstein Imperial Cuirassier (Veteran) - Colonel Wilhelm von Bernstein
  • Merode-Waroux Imperial Cuirassier - Colonel Jean de Merode-Waroux (Walloon)
  • Neusächsisch Imperial Cuirassier - Colonel Franz Albecht von Saxe-Lauenburg
  • Piccolomini Imperial Cuirassier (Veteran) - General Ottavio Piccolomini
  • Rangoni Imperial Cuirassier - Colonel Giulio Marchese Rangoni
  • Strozzi Imperial Cuirassier (Veteran) - Colonel Giacomo Strozzi
  • Trèka Imperial Cuirassier - Colonel Adam Erdmann Trèka von Lippa

Center[edit]

Gen. Otto Friedrich von Schönburg

  • Baldiron-Dietrichstein Imperial Infantry - Colonel Antoni von Baldiron-Dietrichstein
  • Blankart League Infantry - Colonel Otto Ludwig von Blankart
  • Caffarelli Imperial Arquebusier (5 companies) - Colonel Francesco de Caffarelli (Walloon)
  • Chiesa Imperial Infantry - Colonel Kaspar Francesco Chiesa
  • Colloredo Imperial Arquebusier - Colonel Giovanni Battista von Colloredo
  • Comargo-Reinach League Infantry - Colonel Hans Ludwig von Grotta
  • Contreras Imperial Infantry - Gen. Alonso Guillén de Contreras
  • Coronini Imperial Arquebusier - Colonel Johann P. Coronini von Cronberg
  • Erwitte League Cuirassier - Gen. Dietrich Ottmar von Erwitte
  • Fürstenburg Imperial Infantry - Colonel Egon von Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg
  • Gallas Imperial Infantry (Veteran) - Gen. Matthias Gallas
  • Gonzaga Imperial Infantry - Colonel Hannibal M. von Gonzaga
  • Geleen League Infantry (Veteran) - Colonel Gottfried Huyn von Geleen
  • Göss Imperial Infantry - Colonel Max von Liechtenstein
  • Hareaucourt Imperial Arquebusier Squadron (5 companies) - Colonel Henri Haraucourt de Faulquemont (Walloon)
  • Holstein-Gottorp Imperial Infantry - Colonel Adolf von Holstein-Gottorp
  • Montecuccoli Imperial Arquebusier - Colonel Ernesto Montecuccoli
  • Pappenheim Imperial Infantry - Colonel Philipp von Pappenheim
  • Savelli League Infantry (Veteran) - Colonel Federigo di Savelli
  • Tilly League Infantry (Veteran) - Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly
  • Wahl League Infantry - Colonel Joachim Christian von Wahl
  • Wangler Imperial Infantry (Veteran) - Colonel Johann von Wangler "the Elder"

Right[edit]

General Count Egon VIII of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg

  • Altsächsisch Imperial Cuirassier - Colonel Julius Henry of Saxe-Lauenburg
  • Baumgarten League Cuirassier - Colonel Wilhelm von Baumgarten (Italian)
  • Cronberg League Cuirassier (Veteran) - Colonel Adam Philip von Cronberg (Walloon)
  • Schönburg League Cuirassier (Veteran) - Gen. Otto Friedrich von Schönburg
  • Wengersky Imperial Cuirassier (10 companies + dragoon detachment) - Colonel Albrecht Wengersky

Skirmishers[edit]

  • Isolano Irregular Light Horse - Colonel Johann Ludwig Hektor Isolano (Croatian and Hungarian)
  • Independent Dragoon companies

Artillery[edit]

  • Siege Pieces
  • 10 demi-cannon
  • Field Pieces
    • 16 quarter cannon
    • 7 Saxon quarter cannon (captured at Prague)

Swedish-Saxon[edit]

Saxon forces[edit]

Prince John George I, Elector of Saxony

Left[edit]

General Hans Rudolf von Bindauf

  • Bindauf Cuirassier Regiment (Raw) (8 companies) - Gen. Hans Rudolf von Bindauf
  • Anhalt Cuirassier Squadron (Raw) (5 companies) - Colonel Ernst von Anhalt-Bernburg
    • Kurfürstin Hovfanna Independent Cuirassier Company (Raw)
  • Hofkirchen Cuirassier Squadron (Raw) (5 companies) - Colonel Lorenz Hofkirchen
  • Löser "Feudal Levy" Cuirasser Squadron (Raw) (6 companies) - Colonel Hans von Löser
  • Saxe-Altenburg Cuirasser Regiment (Raw) (8 companies) - Johann Philipp von Saxe-Altenburg
  • Pflugk "Feudal Levy" Cuirassier Regiment (Raw) (6 companies) - Colonel Bernhard von Pflugk

Center[edit]

Friedrich Wilhelm II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg

  • Arnim Infantry Regiment (Militia) - Marshal Hans Georg von Arnim-Boitzenburg
    • Independent Free (Detached Musketeer) Companies (3 companies)
  • Klitzing Infantry Regiment (Militia) - Colonel Hans Kaspar von Klitzing
  • Löser Infantry Regiment (Militia) - Colonel Hans von Löser
  • Starschedel Infantry Regiment (Raw) - Colonel Moritz Dietrich von Starschedel
  • Volfersdorf Household Foot Regiment - Colonel Siegmund von Wolfersdorf
  • Bose Household Foot Regiment (8 companies) - Colonel Karl von Bose
  • Kurfürst Infantry (Detached Musketeer) Companies (3 companies) - Colonel Johann Casimir von Schaumberg
  • Pforte Household Foot Regiment (8 companies) - Colonel Johann von der Pforte
  • Vitzthum Household Foot Regiment (8 companies) - Dam Vitzthum

Right[edit]

Marshal Hans Georg von Arnim-Boitzenburg

  • Arnim Leibgarde Cuirassier Regiment (Veteran) (2 companies) - Marshal Hans George von Arnim-Boitzenburg
  • Kurfürstin Cuirassier Regiment (Militia) (5 companies) - Colonel von Taube
  • Steinau Cuirassier Regiment (Militia) (3 companies) - Colonel Wolf Adam von Steinau
  • Kalckstein Cuirassier Regiment (Militia) - Colonel Albrecht von Kalckstein
  • Wilhelm Leib Cuirassier Squadron (Militia) (5 companies) - Colonel Wilhelm Leib
  • Saxe-Altenburg Cuirassier Regiment (militia) - Friedrich Wilhelm II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg

Artillery[edit]

  • Siege Pieces
    • 12 quarter cannon

Swedish forces[edit]

King Gustavus Adolphus Vasa of Sweden and Finland

Left[edit]

Marshal Gustav Karlsson Horn

  • Horn Cuirassier Regiment (8 companies) - Marshal Gustav Horn (German)
  • Baudissin Cuirassier Regiment (12 companies) - Gen. Wolf Heinrich von Baudissin (German)
  • Caldenbach Cuirassier Regiment (8 companies) - Colonel Moritz Pensen von Caldenbach (German)
  • Courville Cuirassier Squadron (5 companies) - Colonel Nicholas de Courville (German)
  • Hall Cuirassier Regiment (12 companies) - Colonel Adolf Theodor von Efferen-Hall
  • Waldstein Infantry Regiment (8 companies) - Colonel Berthold von Waldstein (German)

Right[edit]

General Sir Johan Banér

  • "Commanded" Musketeer Reserve (8 companies) - Gen. Johann Banér
  • Rosen Infantry Regiment (12 companies) - Colonel Reinhold von Rosen (German)
  • Finnish (Light) Horsemen (Veteran) (12 companies) - Gen. Åke Henriksson Tott (Finnish)
  • Östergötland Horsemen (Veteran) (4 companies) - Colonel Claus Dietrich von Sperreuth (Swedish)
  • Småland Horsemen (Veteran) (8 companies) - Fredrik Stenbock (Swedish)
  • Västergötland Horsemen (Veteran) (8 companies) - Colonel Erik Soop (Swedish)
  • Dāmitz Cuirassier Regiment (4 companies) - Colonel Sigfrid von Dāmitz (German)
  • Courland Cuirassier Squadron (4 companies) - Colonel Ernst Dönhoff (Latvian)
  • Livonia Cuirassier Regiment (5 companies) - Lieutenant Colonel Jürgen Aderkas (Latvian)
  • Rheingreven Cuirassier Regiment (Veteran) (15 companies) - Otto Ludwig von Salm-Kyrburgh (German)
  • 1st Squadron (Veteran) (4 companies) - Lieutenant Colonel Torsten Stålhandske (Swedish)
  • 2nd Squadron (Veteran) (4 companies) - Colonel Reinhold Wunsch (Swedish)

Center[edit]

General Maximilian Teuffel

  • "Yellow" Brigade - Gen. Maximilian Teuffel (Swedish and German)
    • "Yellow" (Gula) Infantry Regiment (12 companies) - Gen. Maximilian Teuffel (Swedish and German)
    • Chemnitz Infantry Squadron (4 companies) - Colonel Niklas von Chemnitz (German)
  • Oxenstierna's Brigade - Colonel Åke Gustafsson Oxenstierna
    • Dalarna (Dalregementet) Infantry Regiment (Veteran) (7 companies) - Colonel Åke Gustafsson Oxenstierna (Swedish)
    • Uppland, Närke, and Värmland Infantry Regiment (Veteran) (8 companies) - Lieutenant Colonel Axel Gustavsson Lillie (Swedish)
    • Finnish Infantry Regiment (Veteran) (8 companies) - Colonel Klas Hastfer (Swedish)
  • Hand's Brigade - Colonel Erik Hand
    • Östergötland Infantry Regiment (8 companies) - Colonel Erik Hand (Swedish)
    • Dalsland Infantry Squadron (4 companies) - Colonel Wilhelm von Salzburg (Swedish)
    • Västergötland Infantry Regiment (8 companies) - Colonel Karl Hård af Segerstad (Swedish)
  • "Blue" Brigade - Gen. Hans Georg aus dem Winckel (German)
    • "Blue" Infantry Regiment (12 companies) - Gen. Hans Georg aus dem Winckel (German)
    • "Red" Infantry Regiment (12 companies) - Colonel Giesebrecht von Hegendorf (German)
  • Scots Brigade - Colonel James Lumsdaine
    • Lumsdaine Infantry Regiment (Veteran) (8 companies) - Colonel James Lumsdaine (Scottish)
    • Mackay/Monro Infantry Regiment (Veteran) (8 companies) - Colonel Donald Mackay and Robert Monro (Scottish)
    • Ramsey Infantry Regiment (Veteran) (8 companies) - Colonel Sir James Ramsay (Scottish)
    • Hamilton Infantry Regiment (Veteran) (8 companies) - Colonel Sir John Hamilton (Scottish)
  • Ortenburg Cuirassier Regiment (The King's "Life Regiment of Horse") - Colonel Johann Philip von Ortenburg (Latvian)

Center (Reserve)[edit]

General John Hepburn

  • "Green" Brigade - Gen. John Hepburn (Scottish)
    • "Green" (Grona) Infantry Regiment (8 companies) - Gen. John Hepburn (German)
    • Foulis Scottish Infantry Regiment (8 companies) - Lieutenant Colonel Robert Munro, 18th Baron of Foulis (Scottish)
    • Bock Musketeer Regiment (8 companies) - Colonel von Bock (German)
  • Von Thurn's Brigade - General Heinrich Mathias von Thurn
    • "Black" Infantry Regiment (Veteran) (8 companies) - Gen. Heinrich Mathias von Thurn (German)
    • "Black" Infantry Regiment (8 companies) - Colonel Adolf Theodor von Efferen-Hall (German)
    • "White" Infantry Regiment (12 companies) - Colonel Sigfrid von Dārgitz (German)
  • Vitzthum's Brigade - Colonel Johann Vitzthum von Ecksådt
    • "Orange" Infantry Regiment (8 companies) - Colonel Johann Vitzthum von Ecksådt (German)
    • Mitschefall Infantry Squadron (5 companies) - Colonel Wilhelm Kasper von Mitschefall (German)
    • John Ruthwenn Infantry Regiment (8 companies) - Lieutenant Colonel John Ruthwenn (German)
  • Schaffman Cuirassier Squadron (4 companies) - Colonel Adam Schaffman (Czech/Silesian)
  • Kochtitzky Horse (4 companies) - Colonel Andras Kochtitzky "the Younger" (Slav/Pomeranian)
  • Taupadel Dragoon Squadron (4 companies) - Colonel Georg Christof von Taupadel (Train Guard)

Artillery[edit]

  • Field Pieces - Colonel Lennart Torstensson
    • 12 quarter cannons (3 ahead of each front line brigade)
    • "Regimental" pieces
    • 42 minions

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Higgins, Dave. "Breitenfeld: Regiment versus Tercio." Strategy & Tactics, Number 235 (June 2006). ISSN 1040-886X