Breitscheid, Hesse

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Breitscheid
Coat of arms of Breitscheid
Coat of arms
Breitscheid  is located in Germany
Breitscheid
Breitscheid
Coordinates: 50°41′N 08°12′E / 50.683°N 8.200°E / 50.683; 8.200Coordinates: 50°41′N 08°12′E / 50.683°N 8.200°E / 50.683; 8.200
Country Germany
State Hesse
Admin. region Gießen
District Lahn-Dill-Kreis
Government
 • Mayor Roland Lay
Area
 • Total 31.74 km2 (12.25 sq mi)
Elevation 462 m (1,516 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 4,762
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 35767
Dialling codes 02777
Vehicle registration LDK
Website www.gemeinde-breitscheid.de

Breitscheid is a community in the Lahn-Dill-Kreis in Hesse, Germany.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Breitscheid lies from 266 to 600 m above sea level on the eastern slope of the Westerwald range at the point shared by three German states: Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate and North Rhine-Westphalia.

Panorama of Erdbach.

Erdbach, a constituent community, lies in an interesting place with regards to Earth's history, in the eastern part of the Westerwald, near that range's highest peak, Fuchskauten (657 m).

Geology[edit]

In the Erdbach area are noteworthy limestone deposits from various geological time periods. "Erdbach limestone" from Lower Carboniferous times gave an era the name "Erdbachium". The Erdbach – the village's namesake brook – disappears into a karst system, and does not appear again for 1.5 km where it can be seen in a quarry.

Not far from there, the "Homberg" fossil reserve was instituted, which serves some university institutes from Jena to the Rhine as a research area. The older limestone formation near Breitscheid (main centre) stems from a subtropical coral reef from the Devonian period (mid-Palaeozoic, 400,000,000 years ago).

In the "stone chambers" of the Rolsbach valley, some gravesites from Hallstatt times (about 550 BC) were unearthed in 1884. In archaeology, there is a special burial ornament called an "Erdbach coil torc" (Erdbacher Wendelhalsring). It is also believed that Neanderthal people once lived nearby, but this belief awaits further discovery.

Neighbouring communities[edit]

Breitscheid borders in the north on the community of Burbach (Siegen-Wittgenstein district in North Rhine-Westphalia), and the towns of Haiger and Dillenburg, in the east on the town of Herborn, in the south on the community of Driedorf (all in the Lahn-Dill-Kreis), and in the west on the communities of Willingen and Liebenscheid (both in the Westerwaldkreis in Rhineland-Palatinate).

Constituent communities[edit]

Aside from the main centre, which bears the same name as the whole, there are outlying centres called Erdbach, Gusternhain, Medenbach and Rabenscheid. The community came into being on 1 January 1977 as part of Hesse's municipal reforms. The constituent communities were formerly independent municipalities.

Politics[edit]

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal elections on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:

FWG 9 seats
CDU 9 seats
SPD 5 seats

Note: FWG is a citizens' coalition.

Main sights[edit]

  • Töpfermuseum Breitscheid (Breitscheid Pottery Museum) displays the development of pottery and has pottery products on display from the last 250 years.
  • The old Fortress church in Breitscheid.
  • Erdbacher Höhlen (caves), karst caves and a karst spring.

References[edit]

  • Museum "Zeitsprünge" (English: jumps in time) - geology, archaeology, history of cave discovering

External links[edit]