Brelan (O. Fr. brelenc, hence a name for a card player, gambler or the name of the place where the game was played.), is a famous French vying game with rapidly escalating bets from the seventeenth to nineteenth century. The game is quite similar to the game of Bouillotte, but it is not played anymore.
The game of Brelan, even breland for the name and the rules varied over time, also appears in an edict of Lille, France, of 1458. Crébillon's 1763 novel Le Hasard du coin du feu,the game of "Brelan" takes center stage. It is often considered as sharing roots with a Renaissance game of Primero and Primo visto.
In England, Brelan eventually developed into the game of Brag, also Bragg, where the possibility of bluffing is an important part of the game. It evidently derived from the game of Brelan and later evolved into Bouillotte, which flourished during the French Revolution. Most experts believe that all these earlier card games played an important part in the formation of modern Poker, the most famous representative of a very ancient and always very popular family of games, all of which can be traced even further back to the old French game of Gilet (Gillet, Gile or Trionfetti), which may be considered the most ancient European ancestor of Poker.
Brelan is played by three, four or five players, with a 32-card pack, each receiving 3 cards and a fourth turned from the stock. The best hand is a brelan carre, or four of a kind, made with the aid of the turn-up card on the table, followed by a simple brelan or prial. Brelan favori is a pair royal composed of 2 cards in the hand and the card turned.
In Brelan Cavé, the game is limited to a certain number of rounds, the bouillotte, on the contrary, lasts as long as there are players in the game and who still haven't lost their stakes.
- Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by C. & G. Merriam Co.
- Schaum's outline of French vocabulary, pg. 322 Mary E. Coffman Crocker 1997
- Oxford Dictionary of Card Games, David Parlett, pg. 37 ISBN 0-19-869173-4
- Académie universelle des jeux, ou, Dictionnaire méthodique et raisonné de jeu, pg. 57 Charles Yves Cousin d'Avallon, 3rd. ed. 1842