Bremen, Georgia

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Bremen, Georgia
Bremen City Hall
Bremen City Hall
Location in Haralson County and the state of Georgia
Location in Haralson County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 33°42′57″N 85°8′50″W / 33.71583°N 85.14722°W / 33.71583; -85.14722Coordinates: 33°42′57″N 85°8′50″W / 33.71583°N 85.14722°W / 33.71583; -85.14722
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountiesHaralson, Carroll
Government
 • MayorSharon Sewell
Area
 • Total10.64 sq mi (27.56 km2)
 • Land10.61 sq mi (27.48 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation
1,394 ft (425 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total7,185
 • Density677.06/sq mi (261.43/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
30110, 30182
Area code770
FIPS code13-10132[2]
GNIS feature ID0354845[3]
Websitewww.bremenga.gov

Bremen (/ˈbrmən/ BREE-mən)[4] is a city in Haralson and Carroll counties, Georgia, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 6,227,[5] up from 4,579 at the 2000 census. Most of the city is in Haralson County, with a small portion in Carroll County.

Geography[edit]

Bremen is located in southern Haralson County and northern Carroll County at 33°42′57″N 85°8′50″W / 33.71583°N 85.14722°W / 33.71583; -85.14722 (33.715933, -85.147213).[6] U.S. Route 78 passes through the center of the city, leading east 6 miles (10 km) to Temple and west 9 miles (14 km) to Tallapoosa. U.S. Route 27 passes through the western part of the city, leading north 45 miles (72 km) to Rome and south 53 miles (85 km) to LaGrange. Interstate 20 passes through the southern part of the city, leading east 46 miles (74 km) to Atlanta and west 100 miles (160 km) to Birmingham, Alabama.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Bremen has a total area of 10.5 square miles (27.3 km2), of which 0.027 square miles (0.07 km2), or 0.27%, is water.[7]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences hot and wet summers with rainy days. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bremen has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa).

There are cool winters during which intense rainfall occurs.

Snow in Bremen is possible in winter months due to the higher latitude.


Climate data for Bremen, Georgia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 52.0
(11.1)
56.0
(13.3)
65.0
(18.3)
73.0
(22.8)
80.0
(26.7)
86.0
(30.0)
88.0
(31.1)
87.0
(30.6)
81.0
(27.2)
72.0
(22.2)
63.0
(17.2)
55.0
(12.8)
71.5
(21.9)
Average low °F (°C) 30.0
(−1.1)
33.0
(0.6)
39.0
(3.9)
46.0
(7.8)
54.0
(12.2)
62.0
(16.7)
66.0
(18.9)
66.0
(18.9)
60.0
(15.6)
47.0
(8.3)
38.0
(3.3)
33.0
(0.6)
47.8
(8.8)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.1
(130)
5.0
(130)
5.7
(140)
4.5
(110)
4.1
(100)
4.0
(100)
4.8
(120)
3.7
(94)
3.6
(91)
3.4
(86)
4.3
(110)
4.9
(120)
53.1
(1,331)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.2
(0.51)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.4
(1.02)
Average snowy days 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Source: NOAA[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890312
1900291−6.7%
1910890205.8%
19209173.0%
19301,03012.3%
19401,70865.8%
19502,29934.6%
19603,13236.2%
19703,48411.2%
19803,96613.8%
19904,3569.8%
20004,5795.1%
20106,22736.0%
20207,18515.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2020 census[edit]

Bremen racial composition[10]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 6,162 85.76%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 470 6.54%
Native American 8 0.11%
Asian 95 1.32%
Pacific Islander 8 0.11%
Other/Mixed 291 4.05%
Hispanic or Latino 151 2.1%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 7,185 people, 2,180 households, and 1,605 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[2] there were 4,579 people, 1,824 households and 1,245 families residing in the city. The population density was 515.7 inhabitants per square mile (199.1/km2). There were 1,978 housing units at an average density of 222.8 per square mile (86.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.53% White, 9.54% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 0.87% of the population.

There were 1,824 households, of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.

Buchanan Street circa 1940s

Age distribution was 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.4 males.

The median household income $29,354, and the median family income was $39,674. Males had a median income of $32,500 versus $20,823 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,833. About 6.2% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.


Culture[edit]

Holly Springs Primitive Baptist church is known for biannual all-day Sacred Harp singings.

Bremen is the home of Hugh McGraw, a noted scholar of American hymnody and the foremost expert in and promoter of the Sacred Harp tradition of shape note singing. The Sacred Harp Publishing Company, which McGraw led from 1958–2002, is located in nearby Carrollton.[11] Holly Springs Primitive Baptist Church, which holds an annual two-day Sacred Harp singing convention in June and an-all day singing in November, is located in Bremen.[12] The Church at Chapelhill meets at Mill Town Music Hall on Sunday at 11am.[13]

Early inhabitants[edit]

Prior to the early 18th century, Bremen and most of Georgia were home to American Indians belonging to a southeastern alliance known as the Creek Confederacy. The present day Creek Nation, also known as the Muskogee, were the major tribe in that alliance. According to Creek traditions, the Creek Confederacy migrated to the southeastern United States from the Southwest. The confederacy was probably formed as a defense against other large groups to the north. The name "Creek" came from the shortening of "Ocheese Creek" Indians, a name given by the English to the native people living along the Ocheese Creek (or Ocmulgee River). In time, the name was applied to all groups of the Creek Confederacy.

History[edit]

Railroad tracks along Tallapoosa Street in downtown Bremen

The town of Kramer was incorporated on September 5, 1883, and given the name Bremen. It was originally named for a German immigrant who owned a local vineyard but the name was changed at Kramer's request to honor the city of Bremen, Germany.

Bremen's economy was given a significant boost when the Chattanooga, Rome and Columbus Railroad was built, intersecting the Georgia Pacific at Bremen. This and other circumstances have helped Bremen to grow from a simple railroad junction settled by German immigrants to the largest town in Haralson County.

Services provided by the city of Bremen[edit]

City sign along Atlantic Avenue
  • Law enforcement
  • Fire protection and fire safety
  • Road and street construction/maintenance
  • Solid waste management
  • Water supply/distribution
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Enforcement of building, housing, plumbing, and electrical codes and other similar codes
  • Planning and zoning
  • Independent city school system
  • Public library
  • Recreational facilities
  • Senior citizen center
  • Education

Bremen City School District[edit]

The Bremen City School District provides education for pre-school to grade twelve, consisting of three elementary schools, a middle school and a high school.[14] The district has 96 full-time teachers and over 1,575 students.[15]

  • Bremen 4th/5th Academy
  • Crossroad Academy
  • Jones Elementary
  • Bremen Middle School
  • Bremen High School

Public library[edit]

  • Warren P. Sewell Library, 315 Hamilton Avenue

Higgins General Hospital[edit]

Higgins General Hospital

Higgins General Hospital became affiliated with Tanner Health System in 1998. The 25-bed critical access hospital recently underwent an extensive $7.5 million renovation and expansion and offers its community inpatient as well as outpatient medical services including a 24-hour Emergency Department, same-day surgery, lithotripsy, and a wide range of outpatient services.

It was originally named Bremen General Hospital when it opened on January 3, 1955.[16] The name was changed to Higgins General Hospital on May 1, 1973 in recognition of the work and dedication of its chairman, S.O. (Samuel) Higgins, Sr.

Cost of living index[edit]

The December 2009 cost of living index in Bremen was 81.9 (low, compared with the U.S. average of 100).

Media and communications[edit]

  • WGMI (1440 AM; 3 kW; Bremen; owner: Garner Ministries, Inc.)
  • Bremen Gateway Beacon, "The voice of Haralson County" - the legal organ newspaper for Haralson County

Bremen Towne Festival[edit]

The Bremen Towne Festival is an annual event held on the third Saturday in October each year and is sponsored by the GFWC Georgia Bremen Junior Woman's Club.

Sports complex[edit]

All ball fields are available for rent by individuals, groups or organizations. Fields are also available to rent for private tournaments. This complex provides parking space, playgrounds, batting cages, full concessions and restrooms. The Community Center is also located within the confines of this complex.

The Sports Complex contains the following fields:

  • Four youth-size fields (one grass infield, one all-grass infield and two with skinned infields; all fields have lights with the exception of Field #6) - dimensions: 60-foot (18 m) base paths and up to 46-foot (14 m) pitching distances
  • One middle school-size field, with an all-grass infield, with dirt section cut-outs around all bases and the pitching mound, and with lights - dimensions: 75-foot (23 m) base paths and a 54-foot (16 m) pitching distance
  • One high school-size field, with an all-grass infield, with dirt section cut-outs around all bases and the pitching mound, and with lights - dimensions: 90-foot (27 m) base paths and a 60-foot (18 m) pitching distance

Bremen Fire Department[edit]

Bremen Fire Rescue is located at 191 Georgia Avenue North in Bremen. It operates one 2000 GPM engine, one 1500 GPM reserve engine, one 109’ ladder truck, and one staff car. BFR operates with 5 firefighters per shift on a 24-hour rotation, 365 days a year. Bremen Fire Rescue currently employs 16 full-time career firefighters and two part-time personnel. The department receives mutual aid from Haralson County Fire Department and Carroll County Fire Rescue. Bremen is located within both counties. Bremen also receives mutual aid from the City of Carrollton Fire Department Ladder 21. BFR is a member of the West Georgia Haz-Mat Team, which is stationed at Carrollton Fire Department, station number 21.

BFR provides many non-emergency services to the public, including fire extinguisher training, public education classes, station tours, blood pressure checks, fire inspections, and smoke detector checks and installation. Bremen Fire Rescue also operates a volunteer unit (C.E.R.T. TEAM) titled B.E.R.T. (Bremen Emergency Response Team).

Bremen Fire Rescue responds to a wide array of calls, including all fire calls, emergency medical calls, vehicle accidents, entrapments, hazardous materials incidents, gas leaks, natural disasters, alarms at residential, commercial, and industrial buildings, and carbon monoxide alarms.

Transportation[edit]

U.S. 78 runs east=west through Bremen. U.S. 27 runs north-south to the west of the city. Business route 27 runs through the center of Bremen. Interstate 20 runs to the south of Bremen.

West Georgia Regional Airport is seven miles south of Bremen.

Historically, the Southern Railway ran several daily passenger trains, including the Kansas City-Florida Special, the Sunnyland and an Atlanta-Birmingham section of the Piedmont Limited, making stops in Bremen.[17] The last trains made stops in 1967.[18][19]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ Krakow, Kenneth (August 1994). Georgia Place Names (2nd ed.). Macon, Georgia: Winship Press. p. 25. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  5. ^ Bureau, U. S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2019-06-10.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Bremen city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  8. ^ "Bremen,OR". December 2020. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-12.
  11. ^ "About the Company," Sacred Harp Publishing Company, accessed April 29, 2014, http://originalsacredharp.com/about/.
  12. ^ "Annual Sacred Harp Singings: 2014 Directory," ed. Annie Grieshop, accessed April 29, 2014, http://home.olemiss.edu/~mudws/annual.html.
  13. ^ "Chapelhill Church". chapelhill.cc.
  14. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved May 31, 2010.
  15. ^ School Stats, Retrieved May 31, 2010.
  16. ^ Bremen Bi-centennial History Committee (1976). The History of Bremen, Georgia 1883-1976. City of Bremen.
  17. ^ Southern Railway timetable, 1952, Table 1, https://streamlinermemories.info/South/SOU52TT.pdf
  18. ^ "Southern Railway, Table 2, [final appearance of train]". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 99 (7). December 1966.
  19. ^ "Southern Railway, Table 2, [struck from schedule]". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 100 (2). July 1967.
  20. ^ 1938 United States gubernatorial elections

External links[edit]