|Born||Brenda Gwyneth Stewart Colvin
8 June 1897
Simla, British India
|Died||27 January 1981
Witney, Oxfordshire, England
Brenda Colvin CBE (1897–1981) was an important British landscape architect, author of standard works in the field and a force behind its professionalisation. She was part of the Colvin family, which had long ties to the British Raj. She was born in India where her father, Sir Elliot Graham Colvin, was a senior administrator in Kashmir and Rajputana. (His father, John Russell Colvin (1807 – 1857), was lieutenant-governor of the North-West Provinces during the Indian Mutiny, at the height of which he died.)
Colvin received her training in garden design from Madeline Agar at Swanley College (now Hadlow College, which continues to teach University of Greenwich courses in the subject). Agar and Colvin worked together on Wimbledon Common. Colvin set up her own practice in 1922; not until 1969 was she joined by Hal Moggridge as partner; the firm continues under their joint names.
Colvin co-founded the Institute of Landscape Architects in 1929 (later the Landscape Institute), and became its president in 1951. She wrote Land and Landscape (1947, revised 1970). Colvin shared an office with Sylvia Crowe, later also president of the ILA (1957–1959).
Colvin designed many gardens, e.g. with the socialite Norah Lindsay at the Manor House in Sutton Courtenay, and at Burwarton. She also worked on industrial landscaping, e.g. around power stations, and the University of East Anglia. One of her most historically significant garden designs still remains at Aberystwyth University which is now listed, the listing states "The landscaping of the University of Wales, Aberystwyth campuses, particularly the earlier Penglais campus, is of exceptional historic interest as one of the most important modern landscaping schemes in Wales...One section of the Penglais campus was designed by the well known landscape architect Brenda Colvin and is one of the very few of her schemes to have survived. A number of women have played a key role in the development and planting of the whole site."
Partial list of listed gardens
- Steeple Manor, Steeple, Dorset (1924, GII)
- Sutton Courtenay Manor, Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire (1948-51, c.1960 GII)
- Morgans Junior School, Hertford, Hertfordshire (1948-49, GII*)
- Salisbury Crematorium, Salisbury, Somerset (1956-58, GII)
- Trees for Town and Country, written with Jacqueline Tyrwhitt. London : Lund Humphries, 1947.
- Land and Landscape. London: J. Murray, 1948.
- Wonder in a World. London: The Cygnet Press, 1977.
- Brenda Colvin at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- Garden Visits page
- Colvin & Moggridge page
- English Heritage page
- English Heritage page
- Historic England, "Steeple Manor (1400620)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 6 December 2017
- Historic England, "Sutton Courtenay (1001107)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 7 December 2017
- Historic England, "Morgans Junior School (1119734)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 6 December 2017
- Historic England, "Salisbury Crematorium (1410977)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 6 December 2017
- Gibson, Trish. Brenda Colvin: A Career in Landscape