Brenda Hale, Baroness Hale of Richmond

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The Baroness Hale of Richmond

Baroness Hale of Richmond 2019.jpg
President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
In office
5 September 2017 – 11 January 2020
Nominated byDavid Lidington
MonarchElizabeth II
Deputy
Preceded byLord Neuberger
Succeeded byRobert Reed, Lord Reed
Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
In office
28 June 2013 – 4 September 2017
Nominated byChris Grayling
PresidentLord Neuberger
Preceded byLord Hope
Succeeded byLord Mance
Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
In office
1 October 2009 – 28 June 2013
Nominated byJack Straw
Preceded byPosition created
Succeeded byNicholas Hamblen, Lord Hamblen
Lord of Appeal in Ordinary
In office
12 January 2004 – 30 September 2009
Preceded byLord Millett
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Lady Justice of Appeal
In office
1999–2003
High Court Judge
Family Division
In office
1994–1999
Appointed byElizabeth II
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal (Judicial Peer)
In office
12 January 2004 – 1 October 2009
7th Chancellor of the University of Bristol
In office
2004–2017
Preceded bySir Jeremy Morse
Succeeded bySir Paul Nurse
Non-Permanent Judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong
Assumed office
30 July 2018
Personal details
Born
Brenda Marjorie Hale

(1945-01-31) 31 January 1945 (age 75)
Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
Spouse(s)
  • Anthony Hoggett
    (m. 1968; div. 1992)
  • Julian Farrand (m. 1992)
Children1
Alma materGirton College, Cambridge

Brenda Marjorie Hale, Baroness Hale of Richmond DBE PC FBA (born 31 January 1945), known as Lady Hale, is a British judge who served as President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom from 2017 to 2020, and serves as a member of the House of Lords as a Lord Temporal.[1]

In 2004, she joined the House of Lords as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary. She is the only woman to have been appointed to that position. She served as a Law Lord until 2009 when she, along with the other Law Lords, transferred to the new Supreme Court as a result of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005. She served as Deputy President of the Supreme Court from 2013 to 2017.

On 5 September 2017, Hale was appointed under the Premiership of Theresa May to serve as President of the Supreme Court, and was sworn in on 2 October 2017. She is the third person and first woman to serve in the role. Hale is one of three women to have been appointed to the Supreme Court (alongside Lady Black and Lady Arden).

Since 30 July 2018, Hale has been a non-permanent judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong. Hale has also been Honorary President of the Cambridge University Law Society since 2015.[2]

On 11 January 2020, Lady Hale was succeeded by Lord Reed as President of Supreme Court.[3]

Early life[edit]

Brenda Marjorie Hale[4] was born on 31 January 1945 in Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire. Both her parents were headteachers. She has two sisters. Hale lived in Redcar until the age of three when she moved with her parents to Richmond, North Yorkshire. She was educated at the Richmond High School for Girls (now part of Richmond School), where she and her two sisters were all head girls.[5] She later studied at Girton College, Cambridge (the first from her school to attend Cambridge), where she read law. Hale was one of six women in her class, which had 110 men, and graduated with a starred first and top of her class in 1966.[6][7]

After becoming an assistant law lecturer at the Victoria University of Manchester (now the University of Manchester), she was called to the Bar by Gray's Inn in 1969, topping the list in the bar finals for that year.[6][7]

Working part-time as a barrister, Hale spent 18 years mostly in academia, becoming Professor of Law at Manchester in 1986. Two years earlier, she became the first woman and youngest person to be appointed to the Law Commission, overseeing a number of important reforms[8] in family law during her nine years with the Commission. In 1989, she was appointed Queen's Counsel.[6]

Judicial career[edit]

Hale was appointed a Recorder (a part-time circuit judge) in 1989, and in 1994 became a judge in the Family Division of the High Court of Justice (styled The Honourable Mrs Justice Hale).[6] Upon her appointment, as is convention, she was appointed a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE). In 1999, Hale followed Dame Elizabeth Butler-Sloss to become only the second woman to be appointed to the Court of Appeal (styled The Right Honourable Lady Justice Hale), entering the Privy Council at the same time.[9]

On 12 January 2004, she was appointed the first female Lord of Appeal in Ordinary and was created a life peer as Baroness Hale of Richmond, of Easby in the County of North Yorkshire,[10] under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876.[11]

In June 2013, she was appointed Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom to succeed Lord Hope of Craighead.[11] In July 2017, she was appointed to be the next President of the Supreme Court, succeeding Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury.[12] She took office in September 2017.[13]

On 21 March 2018, the Hong Kong judiciary announced her nomination as a non-permanent judge from other common law jurisdictions of the Court of Final Appeal. Her appointment was accompanied by the appointments of Andrew Cheung and Beverley McLachlin.[14] The appointment was gazetted by the Chief Executive of Hong Kong Carrie Lam and took effect 30 July 2018 for a three-year term.[15]

In December 2018, during an interview to mark the centenary of the Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919, Lady Hale argued that the judiciary needed to become more diverse so that the public have greater confidence in judges. Hale called for a more balanced gender representation on the UK's highest court and swifter progress promoting those from minority ethnic backgrounds and with “less privileged lives”. However, Hale objected to the idea of positive discrimination because “no one wants to feel they have got the job in any way other than on their own merits”.[16]

In September 2019, as President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, Lady Hale declared the prime minister Boris Johnson's suspension of parliament unlawful.[17] A ruling which Hale described as "a source of, not pride, but satisfaction."[18]

Significant lectures[edit]

On 10 September 2015, she delivered the Caldwell Public Lecture at the University of Melbourne, Australia, on the topic "Protecting Human Rights in the UK Courts: What are we doing wrong?".[19]

On 2 November 2018, she delivered an SLS Centenary Lecture at the University of Essex, United Kingdom, on the topic of "All Human Beings? Reflection on the 70th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights"

Honours[edit]

Scholastic[edit]

University degrees
Location Date School Degree
 England 1966 Girton College, Cambridge Starred First Bachelor of Arts
 England 1969 Gray's Inn Called to the bar [6][7]
Chancellor, visitor, governor, rector and fellowships
Location Date School Position
 England 2004–present Girton College, Cambridge Visitor
 England 2004 – 2016 University of Bristol Chancellor
 England 2015 – present Law Society of the University of Cambridge Honorary President [22]
 England July 2017 – present University of Bristol Honorary Fellowship [23]
 England 17 December 2019 – present University College London Honorary Law Professor [24]
 England 2020 – present Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford Visiting Fellow [25]
Honorary degrees
Location Date School Degree
 England 2005 University of Cambridge Doctorate [26]
 England 2006 University of Hull Doctor of Laws (LL.D) [27]
 England July 2007 University of Reading Doctor of Laws (LL.D) [28]
 England 27 February 2009 University of the West of England Doctor of Laws (LL.D) [29]
 England July 2010 University of Salford Doctorate [30]
 England July 2011 University of Kent Doctor of Laws (LL.D) [31] [32]
 England 2016 University of Worcester Doctorate [33]
 England 2018 York St John University Doctor of Laws (LL.D) [34]
 England 26 July 2019 Edge Hill University Doctor of Laws (LL.D) [35]
 England 2019 University of Bradford Doctor of Laws (LL.D) [36] [37]
 England London School of Economics Doctor of Laws (LL.D) [38]

Personal life[edit]

In 1968, Hale married Anthony Hoggett, a fellow law lecturer at Manchester, with whom she had one daughter. The marriage was dissolved in 1992. In the same year, she married Julian Farrand, former dean of the law faculty at Manchester,[6][39] and subsequently Pensions Ombudsman.

In April 2018, Hale featured as a celebrity judge on BBC cooking show MasterChef.[40]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Parents and Children (1977, 2nd ed. 1981, Sweet and Maxwell) ISBN 9780421279100
  • Women and the Law (as Brenda Hoggett, with Susan Atkins, 1984, republished 2018, Institute of Advanced Legal studies, University of London) ISBN 9781911507109
  • The Family, Law & Society (with David Pearl, Elizabeth Cooke, Daniel Monk, 2009, Oxford University Press) ISBN 9780199204243
  • Mental Health Law (2017, with Penelope Gorman, Rachel Barrett and Jessica Jones, Sweet & Maxwell, ISBN 9780414051201

References[edit]

  1. ^ Senior Judiciary List Archived 18 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Ministry of Justice.
  2. ^ "CULS Lecture: Lady Hale – 'The Life of A Lady Law Lord'". Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge. 3 February 2016. Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Lord Reed sworn in as new Supreme Court president". Legal Cheek. 13 January 2020. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Biographies of the Justices". Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 22 May 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  5. ^ Amos, Mike (5 April 2018). "Judge not lest thou be judged, but the column's still much impressed by Lady Hale". Bolton News. Retrieved 27 December 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Dyer, Clare (9 January 2004). "The Guardian profile: Lady Brenda Hale". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 December 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  7. ^ a b c Stokel-Walker, Chris (24 September 2019). "Lady Hale, the gently determined president of the Supreme Court that overruled Boris Johnson". New Statesman. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  8. ^ Yonette Joseph; Ceylan Yeginsu (24 September 2019). "Lady Hale, U.K. Supreme Court Judge, Speaks Calmly and Brings Down the Hammer". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 25 September 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  9. ^ Slawson, Nicola (21 July 2017). "Brenda Hale to become first female president of supreme court – reports". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 30 December 2018. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  10. ^ "No. 57179". The London Gazette. 15 January 2004. p. 503.
  11. ^ a b "Lady Hale to be next Deputy President of Supreme Court". Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. 24 June 2013. Archived from the original on 5 February 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  12. ^ Siddique, Haroon (21 July 2017). "Brenda Hale appointed as UK supreme court's first female president". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  13. ^ "No. 62054". The London Gazette. 19 September 2017. p. 17466.
  14. ^ "Top court gets new judges". The Standard. Archived from the original on 21 March 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  15. ^ "Hong Kong Gazette Notice GN5815/2018" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 September 2018. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  16. ^ Bowcott, Owen (1 January 2019). "White and male UK judiciary 'from another planet', says Lady Hale". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  17. ^ correspondent, Owen Bowcott Legal affairs; Quinn, Ben; Carrell, Severin (24 September 2019). "Boris Johnson's suspension of parliament unlawful, supreme court rules". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  18. ^ Hattenstone, Simon (11 January 2020). "Lady Hale: 'My Desert Island Judgments? Number one would probably be the prorogation case'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  19. ^ "Caldwell Public Lecture Archived 9 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine", Trinity College Events [online], accessed, 25 August 2015.
  20. ^ https://www.thebritishacademy.ac.uk/fellows/brenda-hale-FBA-hon
  21. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20110106041224/http://www.salford.ac.uk/news/details/1165
  22. ^ "CULS Lecture: Lady Hale – 'The Life of A Lady Law Lord'". Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge. 3 February 2016. Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  23. ^ https://www.bristol.ac.uk/graduation/honorary-degrees/honorary-fellows/hale/
  24. ^ https://www.ucl.ac.uk/news/2019/dec/baroness-hale-appointed-honorary-professor-ucl
  25. ^ https://www.lmh.ox.ac.uk/visiting-fellows-2019
  26. ^ https://www.cam.ac.uk/about-the-university/how-the-university-and-colleges-work/processes/honorary-degrees/selected-honorands
  27. ^ "Supreme Court President inspires University of Hull students". University of Hull. 5 March 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  28. ^ "Presentation of the Rt Hon the Baroness Hale of Richmond" (PDF). University of Reading. July 2007. p. 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 April 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  29. ^ https://info.uwe.ac.uk/news/uwenews/news.aspx?id=1439
  30. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20110106041224/http://www.salford.ac.uk/news/details/1165
  31. ^ https://www.kent.ac.uk/congregations/honorary-grads/archive/2011/baronesshale.html
  32. ^ https://blogs.kent.ac.uk/ice-p/2017/10/06/kent-honorary-graduate-sworn-in-as-first-female-president-of-the-uks-supreme-court/
  33. ^ https://www.worcester.ac.uk/about/news/president-of-supreme-court-to-consider-moral-courage-in-the-law-in-worcester-lecture.aspx
  34. ^ https://www.yorksj.ac.uk/about/honorary-graduates/honorary-graduates--fellows-2018/
  35. ^ https://www.edgehill.ac.uk/news/2019/07/the-first-female-president-of-the-uk-supreme-court-who-was-also-the-first-woman-and-the-youngest-person-to-be-appointed-to-the-law-commission-has-received-the-award-honorary-doctor-of-laws-from-edge/
  36. ^ https://www.bradford.ac.uk/graduation/honorary-graduates/
  37. ^ https://www.bradford.ac.uk/news/archive/2019/university-honours-eight-at-graduations.php
  38. ^ http://www.lse.ac.uk/intranet/LSEServices/governanceAndCommittees/lse_honorary_degrees.aspx
  39. ^ "Hoggett, Anthony John Christopher". UK Who's Who. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  40. ^ Gibb, Frances (30 April 2018). "Baroness Hale to lay down the law on MasterChef". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on 6 April 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018.

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
The Lord Millett
Lord of Appeal in Ordinary
2004–2009
Abolished
New office Justice of the Supreme Court
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Lord Hodge
Preceded by
The Lord Hope of Craighead
Deputy President of the Supreme Court
2013–2017
Succeeded by
The Lord Mance
Preceded by
The Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury
President of the Supreme Court
2017–2020
Succeeded by
The Lord Reed of Allermuir
Academic offices
Preceded by
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Visitor of Girton College, Cambridge
2004–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Sir Jeremy Morse
Chancellor of the University of Bristol
2004–2016
Succeeded by
Sir Paul Nurse