Public Expenditure and Reform
9 March 2011
|Preceded by||New office|
of Dáil Éireann
26 June 2007 – 9 March 2011
|Preceded by||Séamus Pattison|
|Succeeded by||Michael Kitt|
|Deputy Leader of the Labour Party|
13 November 1997 – 25 October 2002
|Preceded by||Ruairi Quinn|
|Succeeded by||Liz McManus|
|Minister for the Environment|
14 December 1994 – 26 June 1997
|Preceded by||Michael Smith|
|Succeeded by||Noel Dempsey|
|Minister for Health|
12 January 1993 – 17 November 1994
|Preceded by||John O'Connell|
|Succeeded by||Michael Woods|
February 1983 – February 1987
|Constituency||Nominated by the Taoiseach|
9 May 1956 |
|Political party||Labour Party|
|Alma mater||St Patrick's College, Dublin|
Brendan Howlin (born 9 May 1956) is an Irish Labour Party politician who has served as a Teachta Dála (TD) for Wexford since 1987. He is the Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform since March 2011, having previously served as Leas-Cheann Comhairle, Minister for the Environment and Minister for Health.
Early and private life
Born into a highly political family in Wexford, Howlin is the son of John and Molly Howlin (née Dunbar), and named after Brendan Corish, the local Labour TD. Howlin's father was a trade union official who served as secretary of the Irish Transport and General Workers' Union in Wexford for 40 years. He also secured election as a Labour member of Wexford Corporation, where he served for eighteen years, and was also election agent to Brendan Corish. Howlin's mother was also strongly involved in local Labour politics.
Howlin grew up in Wexford town and was educated locally at Wexford CBS. He later attended St Patrick's College, Drumcondra, Dublin and qualified as a primary school teacher. During his career as a teacher he was active in the Irish National Teachers' Organisation, before embarking on a career in full-time politics.
Howlin is a single man. He has spoken publicly of receiving hate mail relating to his private life and questioning his sexual orientation. In an interview with The Star during the 2002 Labour Party leadership contest, in response to repeated speculation, he announced he was "not gay". However, continuing speculation over his sexual orientation was said by the media to have cost Howlin votes in the 1997 Labour Party leadership contest.
Howlin contested his first national election at the November 1982 general election. He ran as a Labour candidate in the Wexford constituency and, in spite of the existence of a large left-wing vote in the area, Howlin was not elected. In spite of this setback, a Fine Gael-Labour Party coalition government came to power and he was nominated by the Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald to serve in Seanad Éireann.
Howlin secured election to Wexford County Council in 1985 and served as Mayor of Wexford in 1986.
In 1987 the Labour Party withdrew from the coalition government and a general election was called. Howlin once again contested a seat in Wexford and was elected to Dáil Éireann. Labour were out of office as a Fianna Fáil government took office. In spite of his recent entry to the Dáil, Howlin was subsequently named Chief Whip of the Labour Party, a position he held until 1993.
Cabinet minister (1993–97)
The 1992 general election resulted in a hung Dáil once again; however, the Labour Party enjoyed their best result to date. After negotiations, a Fianna Fáil-Labour Party coalition government was the outcome. Howlin joined the cabinet of Albert Reynolds, taking over as Minister for Health. During his tenure the development of a four-year health strategy, the identifying of HIV/AIDS prevention as a priority and the securing of a £35 million investment in childcare were advanced. Howlin, however, was also targeted by anti-abortion groups after introducing an act which would allow information regarding abortion.
In 1994 the Labour Party withdrew from government after a disagreement over the appointment of Harry Whelehan as Attorney-General. No general election was called and, while it was hoped that the coalition could be revived under new Fianna Fáil leader Bertie Ahern, the arithmetic of the Dáil now allowed the Labour Party to open discussions with the opposition parties. After negotiations a Rainbow Coalition came to power involving Fine Gael, Labour and Democratic Left. Howlin returned to John Bruton's cabinet, this time as Minister for the Environment.
Following the 1997 general election a Fianna Fáil-Progressive Democrats coalition government came to power and the Labour Party returned to the opposition benches. In the announcement of the party's new front bench, Howlin retained responsibility for the Environment.
In late 1997 Dick Spring resigned as leader of the Labour Party and Howlin immediately threw his hat into the ring in the subsequent leadership election. In a choice between Howlin and Ruairi Quinn, the former gained some early support, however, the leadership eventually went to Quinn by a significant majority. As a show of unity Howlin was later named deputy leader of the party and retained his brief as spokesperson on the Environment and Local Government.
In 2002, following Quinn's resignation as party leader after Labour's relatively unsuccessful 2002 general election campaign, Howlin again stood for the party leadership. For the second time in five years Howlin was defeated for the leadership of the party, this time by Pat Rabbitte, who was formerly a leading figure in Democratic Left. Howlin was succeeded as deputy leader by Liz McManus.
While having been publicly supportive of Rabbitte's leadership, he was perceived as being the leader of the wing of the party which was sceptical of Rabbitte's policy with regard to future coalition with Fianna Fáil. Rabbitte explicitly ruled out any future coalition with Fianna Fáil, instead forming a formal alliance with Fine Gael in the run-up to the 2007 general election (the so-called Mullingar Accord).
Cabinet minister (2011–present)
After the 2011 general election he was appointed to the new office of Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform. In May 2011 he said that over the next 20 years the number of people in Ireland over 65 is set to increase by almost half a million, a situation that could see the annual health budget soar - rising by €12.5 billion in the next decade alone. While reform was a major part of Government attempts "to regain full sovereignty over economic policy", Howlin told a meeting of the Association of Chief Executives of State Agencies they would in any event face key "imperatives" in coming years. He said a new public spending review, on which he had briefed the Cabinet in recent days, would not be a simple assessment of where to make cuts, but would also consider the way public sector services were delivered. Howlin reiterated the Government's commitment not to cut public sector pay, "if the Croke Park Agreement works". "These are just some of the challenges that our society is facing in the coming decade - crisis or no crisis. In the good times, tackling them was going to be difficult. Today, in these difficult times, tackling them is going to be imperative." Howlin said Ireland's was facing a profound and complex economic crisis "where we are fighting a battle on three fronts - mass unemployment, a major failure in banking, and a fiscal crisis".
- "Mr. Brendan Howlin". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 12 June 2008.
- "Profile of Brendan Howlin". Labour Party website. Retrieved 12 June 2008.
- "Family was most important thing in life of Molly Howlin". Wexford People. 18 December 2003. Retrieved 12 June 2008.
- Moloney, Senan (14 September 2002). "Labour hopeful Gilmore waits for last moment to make his bid". Irish Independent. Retrieved 14 September 2002.
- "Time not on side of 'best leader Labour never had'". Irish Independent. 28 August 2007. Retrieved 28 August 2007.
- "Brendan Howlin". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 9 January 2007.
- "Howlin throws hat into Labour leadership ring". Irish Examiner. 11 September 2002. Retrieved 9 January 2007.
- Senan Molony (26 October 2002). "Victorious Rabbitte aims to increase party's appeal". Irish Independent. Retrieved 9 January 2007.
- O'Brien, Tim (14 April 2011). "Public service reform necessary - Howlin". The Irish Times. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
|Labour Party Teachta Dála for Wexford
|Minister for Health
|Minister for the Environment
|Leas-Cheann Comhairle of Dáil Éireann
|New office||Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform
|Party political offices|
|Deputy Leader of the Labour Party