Brenham (meteorite)

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Brenham
Brenham AMNH 2.jpg
TypeStony–iron
ClassPallasite
GroupAnomalous Pallasite (Pallasite-an)[1]
Composition8.5% Ni, 21.5 ppm Ga, 55.5 ppm Ge, 0.023 ppm Ir
CountryUnited States
RegionKansas
Coordinates37°34′57″N 99°9′49″W / 37.58250°N 99.16361°W / 37.58250; -99.16361Coordinates: 37°34′57″N 99°9′49″W / 37.58250°N 99.16361°W / 37.58250; -99.16361
Observed fallNo
Fall date20,000 years ago
Found date1882
TKW4.3 tons[1]
Commons page Related media on Wikimedia Commons

Brenham[1] is a pallasite meteorite found near Haviland, a small town in Kiowa County, Kansas, United States. Pallasites are a type of stony–iron meteorite that when cut and polished show yellowish olivine (peridot) crystals.

The Brenham meteorite is associated with the Haviland Crater.

History[edit]

In 1949, a collector named H.O. Stockwell discovered a mass of 450 kilograms (990 lb), known at the time as "The World's Largest Pallasite Meteorite."

In October 2005, geologist Philip Mani and meteorite hunter Steve Arnold located and recovered the largest fragment ever found of Brenham: a single pallasite mass of 650 kilograms (1,430 lb).[2]

Classification and composition[edit]

Brenham is an anomalous pallasite (Pallasite-an).[1]

Specimens[edit]

The 650 kilograms (1,430 lb) mass found by Philip Mani and Steve Arnold is currently housed in a private collection in Texas.

The 450 kilograms (990 lb) mass discovered in 1949 is called The Space Wanderer and is on display at The Big Well in Greensburg, Kansas. It was found and hand dug in the Ellis Peck farm, east of Greensburg.

A large collection of Brenham meteorites along with numerous fragments weighing a total of 8,500 pounds were once housed at the now-closed Kansas Meteorite Museum and Nature Center in Haviland, Kansas.[3][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Meteoritical Bulletin Database: Brenham
  2. ^ Geotimes: Mammoth meteorite unearthed, January, 2006.
  3. ^ Kansas Meteorite Museum and Nature Center
  4. ^ Zink, Adrian (2017). Hidden History of Kansas. Charleston, SC: The History Press. p. 64. ISBN 9781625858894. Retrieved 28 December 2018.

External links[edit]