Brentford (UK Parliament constituency)

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Brentford
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Map of constituency
18851918
Number of members one
Replaced by Brentford and Chiswick, Twickenham and Spelthorne
Created from Middlesex

Brentford was a constituency named after the former town of Brentford in Middlesex — it included other more westerly districts of present west London including Hounslow and Twickenham. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. The constituency was created for the 1885 general election and abolished for that of 1918.

Boundaries[edit]

The local government district of Brentford, the civil parishes of Heston, Isleworth, Norwood (also known as Norwood Green), and Twickenham, and part of the civil parish of Hanwell.

Context

The constituency was toward the south-west of Middlesex, in present outer west-southwest London. It was one of seven divisions of the residual county and named after its medieval market town of Brentford, on the north (Middlesex) bank of the River Thames. The seat bordered the "Ealing" division to the north and north-east, "Kingston" to the south-east and the "Uxbridge" division from the north-west to south-west. In 1965 the town of Brentford became part of the London Borough of Hounslow and Greater London.

Brentford had been the husting (and thus in-person voting) place for the two-member county of Middlesex since 1700, 155 years after the formation of the second breakaway urban division of Middlesex, the two-member seat of Westminster.[1] The seat was formed as one of seven divisions of Middlesex created in 1885. The county as a whole saw 47 members replacing 18 before 1885, the greatest absolute rise in seats of any county at a national boundary review.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member Party
1885 Octavius Coope Conservative
1886 James Bigwood Conservative
1906 Vickerman Rutherford Liberal
1910 Lord Alwyne Compton Conservative
1911 William Joynson-Hicks Conservative
1918 constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Brentford [3][4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Octavius Coope 3,563 61.1 N/A
Liberal James Haysman 2,267 38.9 N/A
Majority 1,296 22.2 N/A
Turnout 5,830 73.1 N/A
Registered electors 7,971
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Brentford [6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Octavius Coope 3,043 68.4 +7.3
Liberal James Haysman 1,409 31.6 -7.3
Majority 1,634 36.8 +14.6
Turnout 4,452 55.9 -17.2
Registered electors 7,971
Conservative hold Swing +7.3

Coope's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 23 Dec 1886: Brentford [8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Bigwood 2,572 66.2 −2.2
Liberal James Haysman 1,316 33.8 +2.2
Majority 1,256 32.4 −4.4
Turnout 3,888 48.8 −7.1
Registered electors 7,971
Conservative hold Swing −2.2

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Bigwood
General Election 1892: Brentford [10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Bigwood 4,417 62.7 −5.7
Liberal Harry Heldmann 2,625 37.3 +5.7
Majority 1,792 25.4 −11.4
Turnout 7,042 70.6 +14.7
Registered electors 9,975
Conservative hold Swing -3.5
General Election 1895: Brentford [12][13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Bigwood Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Brentford [15][16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Bigwood Unopposed
Conservative hold
Rutherford
General Election 1906: Brentford [18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Vickerman Rutherford 6,506 51.8 N/A
Conservative James Bigwood 6,053 48.2 N/A
Majority 453 3.6 N/A
Turnout 12,559 73.2 N/A
Registered electors 17,153
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Brentford [20][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alwyne Compton 10,675 61.0 +12.8
Liberal Vickerman Rutherford 6,819 39.0 −12.8
Majority 3,856 22.0 N/A
Turnout 17,494 84.5 +11.3
Registered electors 20,701
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +12.8
General Election December 1910: Brentford [22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alwyne Compton 9,199 60.0 -1.0
Liberal William George Lobjoit 6,124 40.0 +1.0
Majority 3,075 20.0 -2.0
Turnout 15,323 74.0 -10.5
Registered electors 20,701
Conservative hold Swing -1.0
Brentford by-election, 1911
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Joynson-Hicks Unopposed
Conservative hold

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brentford Elections In The Past: scenes of riot, disorder and tumult" Brentford TW8: Brentford's local website Accessed 2017-60-03
  2. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885
  3. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  4. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  7. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  9. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  11. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  12. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  13. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  14. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  16. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  17. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  18. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  19. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  20. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  21. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  22. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  23. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  24. ^ Middlesex Chronicle 30 May 1914