Brentwood, New Hampshire
Brentwood, New Hampshire
Mary E. Bartlett Library
|• Board of Selectmen||Robert Mantegari, Chair|
|• Town Administrator||Karen Clement|
|• Total||17.0 sq mi (44.0 km2)|
|• Land||16.8 sq mi (43.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2) 1.30%|
|Elevation||115 ft (35 m)|
|• Density||268/sq mi (103.4/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
|GNIS feature ID||0873550|
Brentwood is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 4,486. Brentwood has been the county seat of Rockingham County since 1997.
An Abenaki tribe called the Pennacook farmed, fished and hunted in what is now Brentwood. Two main foot trails ran through the town, one along the Exeter River, where arrowheads and other stone and wooden artifacts have been found. At Pickpocket Dam, this pathway joined with the Pentucket Trail leading south to Pentucket (now Haverhill, Massachusetts) and north further into Pennacook territory.
The first non-native settlers came in 1652 to start a sawmill powered by a waterfall on the Exeter River.
Division and redivision
The town was once a part of Exeter known as Brentwood (or Brintwood) Parish. It was named after Brentwood, Essex, originally called "Burnt Wood", where, in 1177, King Henry II granted permission for 40 acres (160,000 m2) of the king's forest to be cut, burned and cultivated.
Beginning in 1738, residents living in the southwestern portion of Exeter, now Brentwood and Fremont, petitioned to be set off, but were denied. They cited difficulty of getting to the Exeter church/meetinghouse, where weekly attendance was obligatory, and the requirement to pay Exeter taxes. Eighteen people wrote in dissent, saying that even the proposed new town would require travel more than two miles to a new meetinghouse.:4 On 26 June 1742, Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth set Brentwood off from Exeter and incorporated it.
The meetinghouse was planned at "the west side of the 'Gully'", but those living south of the Exeter River said it was hard to reach in spring and fall. For a while, church was held at two venues, north and south of the river.:6
Residents petitioned for a dividing line between the midpoints of the northern and southern boundaries. In 1744, Gov. Wentworth issued a King's Patent to establish a new town called Keeneborough Parish, named after his friend, Sir Benjamin Keene (1697–1757), English minister to Spain. Brentwood continued to tax the residents of Keeneborough; one resident was imprisoned for failing to pay, and the General Assembly called Wentworth's action a "usurpation.":8-9 Minister Nathaniel Trask reconciled the factions and Keeneborough reunited with Brentwood in 1750. The westerners petitioned again for separation in 1757 and 1763. In 1764, Brentwood did divide, the western half calling itself Poplin (now Fremont).
After Rev. Trask's death in 1789, the Congregationalists lamented the decline of religion and morality in favor of alcohol. The town licensed its first "dram shop" in 1792 and licensed 28 of them over eleven years.:17-19 A handful of slaves were held in Brentwood, but none at the 1800 or subsequent censuses.:24
The Rockingham County Complex on North Road (which is owned by the County) traces its history to 1916. It was called the "poor farm" or the "county farm", but the only current farming is hay. It has administrative offices, a nursing home, and the county jail. In 1997, when the courthouse moved from Exeter to a former industrial headquarters off Calef Road, Brentwood became known as the seat of Rockingham County.
Retail development is focused along Calef Road, though home businesses exist elsewhere for historical reasons. There is an industrial zone in the northeast, along Pine Road, which spans Brentwood and Exeter. In 2012, Exeter, resenting the wear on its part of the road from heavy vehicles from the businesses in Brentwood, posted a weight limit on its part, which led to absurd detours and a lawsuit and counter-suit. These were settled in 2014, as the judge ruled that Exeter's posting was illegal. Brentwood had to reimburse Exeter, but only the amounts for upgrading Pine Road to handle the heavy vehicles.
The 2014 fatal shooting of police officer Stephen Arkell, who arrived at a condominium to investigate a domestic disturbance, led to many memorials and continuing events in his name, such as an annual 5K race.
Brentwood is a nearly square quadrangle, except that the town line follows the Exeter River in the southeast corner. Brentwood has a total area of 17.0 square miles (44.0 km2), of which 16.8 square miles (43.4 km2) is land and 0.23 square miles (0.6 km2) is water, comprising 1.30% of the town. The highest point in Brentwood is Great Hill, at 275 feet (84 m) above sea level, whose summit is in the southeast corner of the town.
- Epping, New Hampshire (north)
- Exeter, New Hampshire (east)
- Kingston, New Hampshire (south)
- Fremont, New Hampshire (west)
Brentwood's executive is a 5-person Board of Selectmen, serving staggered 3-year terms and meeting weekly (biweekly in spring and summer). Brentwood's legislature is a town meeting, held in March, at which every registered voter can vote on the annual town budget and amendments to it. The Swasey Elementary School has a separate town meeting. Classes above Grade 6 travel to regional schools in School Administrative Unit (SAU) 16.
SAU 16 is governed by official ballot referendum (SB 2), in which there is a "deliberative" town meeting but the final vote is by secret ballot in all participating towns, at the same annual election at which voters elect town and school officials. Every town in SAU 16 votes on the representative(s) of it and of all other towns in SAU 16.
Citizen petitions have sought to change Brentwood's two town meetings to SB 2, but have always fallen short of the 60% vote required.
The expressway Route 101 approximately follows Brentwood's northern boundary. It provides access to Manchester and to the Seacoast. Route 101 crosses into northeast Brentwood, as does Route 27 (old 101) beyond it. Part of New England Dragway is in Brentwood.
Route 111A east to Exeter gains access to Route 7 of the COAST bus system, and to a train station served by the Amtrak Downeaster. At the park and ride lot off Calef Road just north of Brentwood, there is bus service to Boston, Massachusetts and its Logan Airport. Shuttle bus service can be arranged to Manchester Boston Regional Airport.
The original church, on Route 111A, is now known as the Pilgrim United Church of Christ, Brentwood-Kingston. In addition, Brentwood First Baptist Church has been at the same location since 1771. Grace Ministries holds religious services and a Christian grade school in a former industrial building on Calef Road.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,486 people, 1,319 households, and 1,087 families residing in the town. The population density was 267.0 people per square mile (103.4/km²). There were 1,350 housing units at an average density of 80.4 per square mile (31.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.3% White, 0.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% some other race, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.
There were 1,319 households, out of which 46.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.6% were headed by married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.6% were non-families. 14.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.9% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02, and the average family size was 3.33.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.6 males.
For the period 2007-2011, the estimated median annual income for a household in the town was $110,250, and the median income for a family was $111,650. Male full-time workers had a median income of $69,565 versus $55,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $37,385. About 1.0% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 0.4% of those age 65 or over.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Brentwood town, Rockingham County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Brentwood Historical Society
- Barbara Rimkunas (21 June 2013). "The Secessionists". Exeter Historical Society.
- Annals of the Brentwood (N.H.) Congregational Church and Parish
- Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire (1875)
- "About [Rockingham County]". Rockingham County.
- "Exeter sued over Pine Road weight limit". Seacoast Online. January 13, 2012.
- Sanborn, Aaron (April 18, 2014). "Exeter dealt a blow in Pine Road lawsuit ruling". Seacoast Online.
- "Brentwood, NH Mourns Slain Police Officer Stephen Arkell". CBS Boston. 2014-05-13. Retrieved 2018-12-23.
- Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
- "Board of Selectmen". Town of Brentwood.
- "Bus Route 7: Exeter-Newmarket-Stratham". COAST Transportation Alliance.
- Amtrak Downeaster
- Flight Line, Inc.
- Pilgrim United Church of Christ home page
- First Baptist Church page on Facebook
- Grace Ministries International home page
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions – New Hampshire". Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Brentwood town, Rockingham County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Brentwood town, Rockingham County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 1, 2013.