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Brentwood, New York

Coordinates: 40°46′54″N 73°14′39″W / 40.78167°N 73.24417°W / 40.78167; -73.24417
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Brentwood, New York
The Brentwood Fire Department in 2014.
The Brentwood Fire Department in 2014.
"The Jewel of Long Island"
U.S. Census map of Brentwood.
U.S. Census map of Brentwood.
Brentwood, New York is located in New York
Brentwood, New York
Brentwood, New York
Location within the state of New York.
Coordinates: 40°46′54″N 73°14′39″W / 40.78167°N 73.24417°W / 40.78167; -73.24417
Country United States
State New York
Named forBrentwood, Essex
 • Total10.95 sq mi (28.36 km2)
 • Land10.95 sq mi (28.36 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
79 ft (24 m)
 • Total62,387
 • Density5,697.44/sq mi (2,199.77/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)631, 934
FIPS code36-08026
GNIS feature ID0944688

Brentwood is a hamlet in the Town of Islip in Suffolk County, on Long Island, in New York, United States. The population was 62,387 at the 2020 Census, making it the most populous CDP in Suffolk County and on all of Long Island outside of New York City.[2]



Early history


In 1844, the area was established as Thompson Station and Suffolk Station, two new stations on the expansion of the Main Line of the Long Island Rail Road.[3]

On March 21, 1851, it became the utopian community named Modern Times.[4][5] The colony was established on 750 acres (3.0 km2) of land by Josiah Warren and Stephen Pearl Andrews. In 1864, it was renamed Brentwood after the town of Brentwood, Essex, in England.[4]

By contract, all the land in the colony was bought and sold at cost, with 3 acres (12,000 m2) being the maximum allowable lot size. The community was said to be based on the idea of individual sovereignty and individual responsibility. Individuals were encouraged to pursue their self-interest as they saw fit. All products of labor were considered private property. The community had a local private currency based upon labor exchange in order to trade goods and services (see Mutualism (economic theory)). All land was private property, with the exception of alleys which were initially considered common property but later converted to private property. Initially, no system of authority existed in the colony; there were no courts, jails or police. This appears to have given some credence to Warren's theories that the most significant cause of violence in society was most attributable to policies and law which did not allow complete individuality in person and property. However, the modest population of the colony might be considered a factor in this characteristic. The Civil War, as well as new residents that did not share the colony's philosophy, are said to have contributed to its eventual dissolution. Almost all of the original buildings that existed in Modern Times have been destroyed, aside from two Octagon houses,[where? — see talk page] the original schoolhouse and a residence.[6]

Modern-day Brentwood


During the first half of the 20th century, Brentwood was home to the Ross Health Resort Onehtah, managed by Dr. William H. Ross. Onehtah was a place where a person could escape the pollution of the city. It was thought that the smell of pine needles brought a person good health.[citation needed]

Brentwood is the site of Pilgrim State Hospital (once one of the world's largest hospitals and psychiatric institutions), now known as Pilgrim Psychiatric Center. A 52-acre (0.21 km2) portion of the psychiatric center was converted into the Brentwood State Park athletic field complex, which officially opened in 2009.[7]

Brentwood's Centennial Celebration was on June 16–17, 1950.[8] The 150th anniversary of the community was commemorated on May 9–11, 2007.[9]

Brentwood High School has a nationally-recognized boys soccer team that won national championship in 2019.[10]



According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 11.0 square miles (28 km2), all land.[11]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[13] of 2020, there were 62,387 people, 12,580 households, and 10,894 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 6,028 inhabitants per square mile (2,327/km2). There were 13,039 housing units at an average density of 1,295.6 per square mile (500.2/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 18.6% White, 16.3% African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, and 5.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 64.3% of the population. At the 2020 American Community Survey the Latino population was: 27.7% Salvadoran, 11.1% Puerto Rican, 7.3% Dominican, 4.2% Ecuadorian, 3.3% Peruvian, 2.9% Mexican.[14]

There were 12,580 households, out of which 46.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.4% were non-families. 9.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.23 and the average family size was 4.19.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 29.9% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $68,314, and the median income for a family was $57,047. Males had a median income of $31,022 versus $25,946 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $15,833. About 7.5% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.



School district


Brentwood is located entirely within the boundaries of the Brentwood Union Free School District.[15] As such, all children who reside within Brentwood and attend public schools go to Brentwood's schools.[15] The Brentwood Union Free School District is composed of eleven elementary schools, four middle schools, one freshman center, and two high schools. [16]

Library district

The Brentwood Public Library on November 18, 2017.

Brentwood is located entirely within the boundaries of the Brentwood Library District.[15]

Emergency services


Brentwood is protected by the Brentwood Fire Department, a volunteer fire department.[15][17] The department provides emergency fire rescue service to those within the political boundaries of the Brentwood Fire District. The area of responsibility spans 24 square miles (62 km2) and covers the areas of Brentwood, North Bay Shore, and Baywood. The department does not provide Emergency Medical Service, which is instead provided by Brentwood Legion Ambulance, a volunteer ambulance department. Brentwood Legion Ambulance operates within the fire district borders.[15][18] The Brentwood Fire Department and Brentwood Legion Ambulance work closely together to protect and serve those within their community.

Brentwood Fire Department


The Brentwood Fire Department was started in 1898 when local residents banded together to combat brush and forest fires that threatened their homes and farm land. On August 28, 1899, land was purchased from Mrs. Elvira S. Studley and the Brentwood Fire District was incorporated. The Department was first known as the Brentwood Hook and Ladder Company. A firehouse was built in 1900 and a used fire apparatus was purchased from the Islip Fire Department.[17]

In 1926, the department was reorganized and Theodore Freund was elected as the first Fire Chief. On March 30, 1928, the original firehouse burned down and many records were destroyed. The old building was replaced with a two-story brick house on the same site which is still in use today as the department gym. In 1932, the name "Brentwood Fire Department" was formally adopted and in 1937, the hamlet's first fire hydrants were installed and the fire district's political boundaries were enlarged a year later. In 1955, a new fire house was built on Fourth Street, around the corner from the old firehouse. The Brentwood Fire Department continues to serve the residents of the Brentwood community, answering an average of 1,500 calls a year. The Brentwood Fire Department is regularly recognized as one of the busiest fire departments in Suffolk County. The Brentwood Fire Department is part of the Suffolk County Fire Rescue and Emergency Services (FRES) system. It holds department identifier number 3-2-0. [17]

The District is governed by an elected five-member Board of Fire Commissioners (Board). The Board is responsible for the overall financial management of the District, including establishing policies and procedures to ensure that assets are properly safeguarded. Additionally, the Board is responsible for approving an annual budget to ensure the District's resources are efficiently used. The District Treasurer is the District's chief fiscal officer, appointed by the Board, and is responsible for the receipt, custody, disbursement, and accounting of District funds. The District's total expenditures for 2010 were approximately $5.8 million.[19]

Firehouses within the district include Quanahasset Engine Company #1, Pines Engine Company #2, Ames & Elliott R.A.C. Company #3, Sagtikos Engine Company #4, Central Engine Company #5 and Edgewood Engine Company #6. There is also a Hook and Ladder Company #1 and the Fire Prevention Company #9.

Brentwood Legion Ambulance


Brentwood Legion Ambulance was founded and established by William J.A. Seymour in 1959. That year he was seriously injured after being involved in an automobile collision in Brentwood. It took almost two hours for an ambulance to arrive from a neighboring town, as Brentwood lacked any ambulance services. As a result, Mr. Seymour ended up being driven to the hospital in a private vehicle despite having sustained serious injury. Mr. Seymour recognized that this was a problem affecting his neighborhood, so he decided that changes needed to be made.[18]

That year, Mr. Seymour gathered members from the American Legion’s Joseph Loeffler Post 1006, based in Brentwood. The ‘Legion’ portion of the department’s name is to honor the dedication of the members from the local American Legion Post that played a monumental part in establishing the ambulance service. Mr. Seymour and the members of the American Legion Post together were no more than 25 volunteers, giving their time to help their neighbors. They purchased a 1948 Cadillac hearse and converted it into an ambulance. Over the course of over 50 years, the Brentwood Legion Ambulance has expanded to over 250 members from all across Long Island, New York. The department has made upgrades to state-of-the-art equipment and vehicles since obtaining their first ambulance from 1948 all those years ago.[18]





The Long Island Expressway (Interstate 495) passes through the northernmost portion of the hamlet, while the Long Island Motor Parkway forms part of its northern border.[15]

The Sagtikos State Parkway also runs through and serves the hamlet, while New York State Route 111 forms pat of its eastern border.[15]


The Brentwood LIRR station, as seen following its 2010s modernization.

Brentwood is served by the Brentwood station on the Ronkonkoma Branch of the Long Island Rail Road.[15]


A Suffolk Transit bus in the hamlet, crossing the Long Island Rail Road's Main Line in 2008.

The Brentwood LIRR station serves as a hub for the following Suffolk Transit buses, which serve the hamlet:[20]

Notable people


See also



  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Brentwood CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
  3. ^ Dyson (1950) Chapter I = Before Brentwood, pp 1–23
  4. ^ a b "Brentwood Historical Society » Homepage". www.brentwoodhis.org. Retrieved July 25, 2021.
  5. ^ "Modern Times". Head First. March 14, 2013. Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved July 25, 2021.
  6. ^ Rumsey, Spencer (September 7, 2014). "Where Brentwood Is Today Once Stood Long Island's Own Utopia". Long Island Press.
  7. ^ Lauren Cioffi (September 25, 2009). "Brentwood State Park Athletic Field Complex opens". Newsday. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
  8. ^ Dyson (1953) pp 1–44 in the Supplement
  9. ^ "Brentwood Bulletin; January 2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 8, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  10. ^ Cacciatore, Sal (November 27, 2019). "Brentwood boys soccer ranked No. 1 public school team in nation". Newsday. Archived from the original on November 28, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
  11. ^ "Brentwood CDP, New York Profile". data.census.gov. Archived from the original on July 25, 2021. Retrieved July 25, 2021.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h "Long Island Index: Interactive Map". Long Island Index Maps. Long Island Index.
  16. ^ https://www.bufsd.org
  17. ^ a b c "Brentwood Fire Department - Brentwood History Wiki". Brentwoodpubliclibrary.wetpaint.com. Archived from the original on June 30, 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
  18. ^ a b c "Brentwood Legion Ambulance: About Us". Brentwood Legion Ambulance. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
  19. ^ "Brentwood Fire District : Board Oversight and Information Technology" (PDF). Osc.state.ny.us. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 24, 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
  20. ^ System Map