Brentwood City Hall
Location of Brentwood in Williamson County, Tennessee.
|• Total||34.7 sq mi (89.8 km2)|
|• Land||34.6 sq mi (89.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||745 ft (227 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||676.7/sq mi (261.3/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1278282|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Education
- 6 Parks
- 7 Economy
- 8 Notable people
- 9 Sister cities
- 10 References
- 11 External links
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Successive cultures of prehistoric Native Americans occupied this area for thousands of years. In the first millennium of the Common Era (CE), Mississippian culture people, known locally as the Mound Indians or Stone Box Indians, built complex earthwork mounds topped with ceremonial buildings. Their settlement was part of a culture that extended throughout the Mississippi Valley and its major tributaries, and traded with other groups across the continent.
Artifacts and mounds of the Mississippian culture have been found during development in the Meadowlake subdivision, and at the library site on Concord Road. Primm Historic Park contains and preserves the largest of the earthwork mounds, which is still visible today. By 1300 these people had largely abandoned this settlement; archeologists have struggled to determine the reasons. There may have been epidemic disease, environmental problems, or warfare with other tribes.
When early European-American settlers arrived in this area in the late 1700s from east of the Appalachian Mountains, it was largely being used as a hunting ground by Native American tribes from Georgia and Alabama. This resulted in many conflicts as the whites encroached on their territory and competed for their resources. In 1786, soon after the United States gained independence, Creek or Cherokee warriors raided the Mayfield family fort, at a site that is now the intersection of Wilson Pike and Old Smyrna Road. Southerland Mayfield and two other men were killed, and the boy George Mayfield was taken captive. One of the Creek families adopted him, as was their practice with war captives. Most Native American tribes adopted young captives to replace individuals they had lost to illness or warfare. After ten years, George Mayfield was returned to European-American society, which was likely a difficult transition for him.
Some of the first European-American families here were those headed by James Sneed, Robert Irvin Moore, Thomas Hardeman, Gresham Hunt, Samuel and Andrew Crockett, and John Edmondson, who arrived well before 1800. The Holts, Herberts, Frosts, Hadleys, Hightowers, McGavocks, and Owens soon followed. Many of these families had received land grants in this area because of the men's service in the Virginia or North Carolina militia during the Revolutionary War. Many of these families' historic homes have been preserved and may be seen in the 21st century.
What is now called the Cool Springs House, now located in Crockett Park, was first owned by Dr. Robert Carothers and his wife Martha Crockett. They had it built at what is now the intersection of Mallory Lane and Cool Springs Blvd. Through the years, it passed through numerous owners and renovations. In 1974, the city of Brentwood moved the house to its current location of Crockett Park. Its former site was in an area of rapid growth and development that threatened preservation of the historic asset.
The Frost place on Old Smyrna Road was a center of frontier businesses, with a general store, grist mill, and post office soon developed located there. Settlers planted churches, predominately Methodist, and built up community life. When the railroad was constructed through this area, it established a depot in the town. The city realigned around the depot, which was the link to the newest form of transportation. It became the center of commerce for the present downtown area. The village of Brentwood thrived as the area was developed for cotton plantations. The planters made their wealth on the labor of enslaved African Americans.
Civil War through the 1930s
During the American Civil War, on March 25, 1863, Confederate Brig. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest led a column of men into Union-controlled Brentwood, intent on recapturing this section of the Nashville & Decatur Railroad. Forrest performed a quick sneak attack on Union Lt. Col. Edward Bloodgood. Forrest had cut the telegraph wires, isolating Bloodgood as he brought in heavy artillery. Bloodgood surrendered Brentwood that day, which was a significant loss for the Federals. Overall, there were 305 Union and 6 Confederate casualties. Much of Brentwood was destroyed in the battle.
After the war, many of the large plantations were sold or had plots leased to freedmen sharecroppers and tenant farmers. Smaller farms dotted the countryside. Tobacco became the commodity crop of choice. The population was stable for almost 100 years.
In the 1930s, even during the Great Depression, Brentwood began to rebound. One by one, businessmen and merchants from Nashville bought the former plantation houses. They began to revive fox hunting on their estates and raise quality horses.
Late 20th c to present
On April 15, 1969, Brentwood incorporated as a city. That same year the interstate was built through the area, ushering a new period of residential and commercial growth. It made commuting easier for people who worked in Nashville and wanted to live in newer housing. The Maryland Farms office complex was built a few years later on what was once an American Saddle Horse farm and race track. The Brentwood Derby was run there until the mid 1970s.
Development has continued as Nashville has expanded its economy. In August 2016, developers announced a $270 million project in the Cool Springs area. It was to include commercial, hotel and retail development.
As of the 2000 Census, Brentwood had a land area of 35.4 square miles (92 km2), but an annexation in 2001 increased the area to 40.8 square miles (106 km2). In 2010, it was found that Brentwood had a population of 899.9 per square mile.
Brentwood has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. Precipitation occurs year round, spring being slightly wetter and fall, slightly drier. Snow and ice are an occasional nuisance during winter months, specifically in January, though heavy amounts are less common. Especially during springtime, Brentwood can experience severe weather, sometimes including tornadoes. The community lies within USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 7.
|Climate data for Brentwood, TN|
|Average high °F (°C)||47
|Average low °F (°C)||25.4
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||4.5
As of the 2010 census, there were 37,060 people, comprising 11,791 households residing in the city. The population density was 676.7 inhabitants per square mile (261.3/km2). There were 12,577 housing units at an average density of 227.7 per square mile (87.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.0% Caucasian, 3.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 5.0% Asian, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.
Educationally, at the 2010 census 98.4% of adult residents 25 and older held a high school diploma and 68.4% of adults possessed a bachelor's degree or higher. In 2014, the median household income in Brentwood was $138,395. The per capita income for the city was $58,745. About 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line. Real-estate firm Movoto ranked Brentwood as the seventh-wealthiest small town in the United States in 2014. In 2010, the average home sale in Brentwood was for $625,000.
There were 11,791 households out of which 48.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 82.2% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 11.5% were non-families. 10.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the city, the population was spread out with 31.5% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 32.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.
Brentwood is served by Williamson County Schools. Some of the high schools in Williamson County are ranked among the highest in the state according to US News, with Brentwood High School ranked fifth in Tennessee in 2018 and Ravenwood High School sixth.
- Crockett Elementary
- Edmondson Elementary
- Grassland Elementary
- Jordan Elementary
- Kenrose Elementary
- Lipscomb Elementary
- Scales Elementary
- Sunset Elementary
- Brentwood Middle
- Sunset Middle
- Woodland Middle
- Brentwood Academy (Private)
Concord Park is a 40-acre (160,000 m2) park at Concord Road and Knox Valley Drive. It is home to the Brentwood Library and near Lipscomb Elementary School. Concord Park features paved walking and biking trails. A trailhead for a portion of the Concord Park walking trail is located adjacent to the Brentwood Family YMCA. There are also soccer fields.
Crockett Park is Brentwood's 2nd largest park, at more than 170 acres (0.7 km2). It features seven lit tennis courts, restroom/concessions buildings, eight lit ball fields, 11 multi-purpose fields, bikeway/jogging trails, a disc golf course, two historic homes, a community playground, picnic shelters, and the Eddy Arnold amphitheater. Recently, Crockett Park has added an indoor arena used for soccer, lacrosse, and flag football. It also serves as the home for Brentwood's yearly Fourth of July fireworks celebration. The City of Brentwood sponsors an annual summer concert series at the Eddy Arnold Amphitheater in Crockett Park, with free admission to the public.
Deerwood Arboretum and Nature Area
The Deerwood Arboretum and Nature Area is 27 acres (110,000 m2) and has a full observation deck, outdoor covered classrooms, and an amphitheater, the Arboretum. It contains man-made lakes, nature trails, and indigenous wildlife, and the Little Harpeth River flows through it.
Granny White Park
Granny White Park is a 32-acre (130,000 m2) park with several sporting facilities including four lighted tennis courts, softball/baseball fields, jogging/biking trails, a multi-purpose field (soccer and lacrosse goals provided), sand volleyball court, playground, and picnic pavilion and is located near Brentwood Middle School.
Marcella Vivrette Smith Park
Smith Park is located off of Wilson Pike abutting the city limits. Comprising 397 acres, this park was purchased in 2010/2013 and has become Brentwood's largest park. Initial plans include walking, biking, and hiking trails, as well as multipurpose fields. The 1825 Ravenswood (Brentwood, Tennessee) mansion is a center piece to be used as a meeting place for the public. Many have used the mansion to hold weddings, receptions, or other gatherings. Phase I of the park was opened in the spring of 2014. As of now, Smith Park is the largest park in Brentwood, and offers beautiful walking and hiking trails.
Maryland Way Park
Maryland Way Park is located in the Maryland Farms area and includes a paved walking and biking path with 20 exercise stations on 7 acres (28,000 m2). Maryland Way park is adjacent to the Maryland Farms YMCA.
Primm Park is a 31-acre (130,000 m2) park off Moores Lane. Located on the site is Boiling Spring Academy, a historic schoolhouse built in 1832 and restored in 2003. The park is also home to the Fewkes Group Archaeological Site, a Mississippian mound complex consisting of five mounds arrayed around a central plaza. The Fewkes site is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Owl Creek Park
Owl Creek Park is Brentwood's newest park, completed in the summer of 2007. It is 21 acres (85,000 m2) and includes a playground, picnic shelters, walking paths, and basketball courts.
River Park is a 43-acre (170,000 m2) park adjacent to Concord Park. It features a restroom facility, playground, outdoor basketball court, and borders the YMCA soccer fields. Adjacent to River Park is the Brentwood Family YMCA, now complete with a skate park.
Tower Park is a 47-acre (190,000 m2) park north of the WSM Tower off Concord Road. It includes multi-purpose fields, natural open spaces, and jogging and biking trails. The new Williamson County Indoor Sports Complex is located here. At 76,000 square feet (7,100 m2), it consists of a fifty-meter indoor pool, five indoor tennis courts, a fitness center, full-service locker rooms, a childcare room, and a multi-purpose room.
According to the City's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Hospital Corporation of America||2002|
|3||Tractor Supply Company||910|
|4||Brookdale Senior Living||730|
|7||The Lampo Group||458|
|8||LBMC (Lattimore Black Morgan & Cain)||450|
|10||City of Brentwood||270|
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- Mike Archie (NFL, Tennessee Titans)
- Jason Arnott (NHL, Nashville Predators)
- Mookie Betts (MLB, Boston Red Sox)
- Keith Bulluck (NFL, Tennessee Titans)
- Andrew Bumbalough (distance runner)
- Kerry Collins (NFL, Tennessee Titans)
- Don Cooper (MLB, Chicago White Sox)
- Kamron Doyle (PBA Tour)
- Mike Fisher (NHL, Nashville Predators)
- Sean Keveren (distance runner)
- Lucas Patrick (NFL, Green Bay Packers)
- P.K. Subban (NHL, Nashville Predators)
- David Thornton (NFL, Tennessee Titans)
- Barry Trotz (NHL Coach, New York Islanders)
- Kyle Vanden Bosch (NFL, Tennessee Titans)
- Nate Washington (NFL, Tennessee Titans)
- Scott Wells (NFL, Green Bay Packers)
- Brandan Wright (NBA, Dallas Mavericks)
- Trace Adkins
- Rodney Atkins
- Jessie Baylin
- Shelley Breen (Point of Grace)
- Garth Brooks
- Kix Brooks
- Luke Bryan
- Jeremy Camp
- David Cook
- Don Moen
- Christopher Cross
- Skeeter Davis
- Little Jimmy Dickens
- Melinda Doolittle
- Nathan Followill (Kings of Leon)
- Dolly Parton
- Jerry Reed
- Marty Robbins
- Joe Don Rooney (Rascal Flatts)
- John Schlitt
- Hillary Scott (Lady Antebellum)
- Margo Smith
- Carrie Underwood
- Trisha Yearwood
- Marsha Blackburn, US Senator
- Jamie Lynn Spears, actress/singer
- Brad Stine, comedian
- Niki Taylor, supermodel
- Norman Tolk, physicist
- Gwen Shamblin, author
- Napoleon Duraisamy, actor and entrepreneur
Brentwood is a participant in the Sister Cities program and has a relationship with the British town of the same name.
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- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "www.coolspringshouse.com". www.coolspringshouse.com. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- "Paving Paradise". Nashville Scene. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- "$270 million project including retail, hotel planned for Cool Springs". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- Brentwood Highlights Timeline Archived 2010-06-20 at the Wayback Machine, City of Brentwood website, accessed November 22, 2009. The United States Census Bureau gives the area as approximately 41 square miles (110 km2).
- "Population estimates, July 1, 2015, (V2015)". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2016-11-12.[permanent dead link]
- "Humid subtropical climate - climatology".
- "List of Hardiness Zones for Tennessee Cities and Counties". www.plantmaps.com.
- "Brentwood Estates, Tennessee Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
- "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2006-02-08. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2012-09-09.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Burch, Bonnie (1 May 2014). "Brentwood named one of richest small cities in America". The Tennessean. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
- Finch, Jackie Sheckler (April 2011). Insiders' Guide to Nashville (Eighth ed.). Morris Book Publishing. pp. 338–339. ISBN 0762764724.
- "Williamson County Public Schools | Tennessee | Best High Schools | US News". www.usnews.com. Retrieved 2016-10-18.
- "Brentwood, TN Parks - Explore Brentwood, Tennessee". www.explorebrentwood.com. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- "City of Brentwood CAFR". Archived from the original on 2016-03-11. Retrieved 2016-03-10.
- David Cook live in Seacrest Studios!. Retrieved: May 11, 2016.
- Kesha Annihilates Authenticity!. Retrieved: Jan 14, 2019.
- Niki Taylor Picks Motherhood Over Modeling. Retrieved Jan 14, 2019.
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