Brentwood School, Essex

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Coordinates: 51°37′13″N 0°18′25″E / 51.62028°N 0.30694°E / 51.62028; 0.30694

Brentwood School
Brentwood School.svg
Mottoes Virtue, learning and manners
Incipe
Latin: Make a good start
Established 1557
Type Independent day and boarding
Religion Church of England
Headmaster Mr D I Davies
Second Master Mr D Taylor
Chairman of Governors Mr C Finch
Founder Sir Antony Browne
Location Middleton Hall Lane
Brentwood
Essex
CM15 8EE
England
DfE number 881/6035
DfE URN 115429 Tables
Staff 137
Capacity 1570[1]
Students 1,531[1]
Gender Coeducational (Diamond Model)[1]
Ages 3[1]–19[1]
Houses      North
     South
     East
     West
     Weald
         Mill Hill
         Hough (male boarders)
Colours      Blue
Publications The Brentwoodian (student produced)
Brentwood School Times
The Chronicle of the Society of Old Brentwoods
Campus size 72 acres (29 ha)
School years Preparatory–sixth form
Website Brentwood School

Brentwood School is a selective, independent day and boarding school in Brentwood, Essex, UK. The school comprises a preparatory school, senior school and sixth form, as well as boarding provision for both boys and girls. The school is coeducational, but employs the "Diamond Model". The school is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference, the IAPS and the AGBIS.

Founded in 1557 and opened in 1558, the school has a Tudor schoolroom, a Victorian chapel and several Grade II listed buildings. Situated on Ingrave Road, astride Middleton Hall Lane and Shenfield Road, the school is set in over 72 acres (29 ha) of land in the centre of Brentwood.[2] The current headmaster is Ian Davies.

History[edit]

16th–18th century[edit]

Brentwood School and the Martyr's Elm, 1847

The licence to found the school as The Grammar School of Antony Browne, Serjeant at the Law, in Brentwood was granted by Mary I to Sir Antony Browne on 5 July 1558 and the first schoolmaster, George Otway, was appointed on 28 July 1558.

In 1568 the school moved to a purpose built school room, which is extant. The commemoration stone was laid by Browne's stepdaughter, Dorothy Huddleston, and her husband Edward, Browne himself having died in 1567.[3]

The school room is beside the site of the execution of nineteen-year-old William Hunter, who was burned at the stake for denying the doctrine of transubstantiation. The Martyr's Elm grew, allegedly, on the spot of his immolation. It was Browne who, as a Justice of the Peace under Queen Mary, had sentenced Hunter. Some mistakenly believe the school was founded as Browne's penance for Hunter's martyrdom when Queen Elizabeth I came to the throne; in reality, the school was already in operation under Mary's licence when Elizabeth succeeded.

Although Browne had drawn up statutes for the school, they were never legally adopted and so were re-drawn in 1622 by his descendants and John Donne, Dean of St Paul's.[3]

19th century[edit]

Brentwood School Combined Cadet Force (CCF) was founded in 1861 and so is one of the earliest CCFs in the country.[4]

20th century[edit]

Brentwood School Front (Large).jpg

60 Old Brentwoods were killed on active service during the First World War and 173 during the Second World War. Their names are listed in the school chapel, and commemorated by the Memorial Hall for the first war and the pavilion for the second.

In 1957 Her Majesty The Queen visited the school to open the science block, named the Queen's Building in her honour.

The school was a direct grant grammar school from the 1960s until the abolition of the scheme in 1977.

Brentwood was originally a boys' school, but the Governors made the decision to allow a small number of girls to enter the sixth form in 1974. The first girl, Lesley Hall, join the school as a full-time pupil in the sixth form; by the early 1980s there were 23 girls in the sixth form. Initially based in Newnum House, the girls' school opened in 1988, admitting girls from ages 11 to 18. The preparatory school followed suit ten years later.

The FoBS (Friends of Brentwood School) was founded in 1982 to help raise funds for the school, mainly via large events and excursions for pupils.

21st century[edit]

In 2007, Brentwood School celebrated its 450th anniversary with a commemorative service in St Paul's Cathedral.

The school's Combined Cadet Force (CCF) celebrated its 150th anniversary on 8 October 2011 by holding a special afternoon of events featuring a Guard of Honour by Lt General Brown CBE. The Royal British Legion Youth Band of Brentwood played at the start and end of the afternoon.[5]

In 2012, The Earl of Wessex visited the school to open the new sixth form centre, featuring a 400-seat auditorium, named The Wessex Auditorium in his honour.[citation needed]

In 2016, work finished on a new academic centre in the heart of the School, named the Bean Academic Centre after former Headmaster Edwin Bean, quadrupling the size of the original library.[citation needed]

Traditions[edit]

School motto[edit]

The school has two mottoes: Virtue, learning and manners, derived from the school statutes of 1622, and Incipe, a Latin (lang-la|to begin) motto added in the 19th century. The school promotes Incipe as make a good start, especially to first year senior school pupils and in the preparatory school, which has a publication named after it. It is recognised, though, that Virtue, learning and manners is the official whole school motto.[citation needed]

School arms[edit]

The arms of Brentwood School are derived from those of the founder, Sir Antony Browne, and his wife.

As part of the commemoration of the 400th anniversary of the school's founding, a special variant of Sir Antony Browne's Coat of Arms was granted by the Honourable Sir George Rothe Bellew, Garter Principal King of Arms and Sir John Dunamace Heaton-Armstrong, Clarenceux King of Arms on 19 July 1957. A red border was added to the arms to distinguish them as the school's, as opposed to those of Browne.[6]

Houses[edit]

There are five day houses, named North Town, South Town, East Town, West Town, and Weald, and two boarding houses, Mill Hill for girls and Hough House for boys. The boarding houses together make up up a sixth house, School house. The school was entirely boarding until the 1940s, but as Brentwood grew into the large commuter town that it is today, demand for day education increased and the number of boarding houses was reduced accordingly. The boarding houses are home to c.60 pupils, many from countries such as Hong Kong, China, Russia, India, Germany and Italy.[citation needed]

Competitions in sport, music, drama, debating and other activities are held on a regular basis between the houses. Pupils' housemembership can be determined by the style of their tie; yellow for North, red for South, light blue for East, dark blue for West and claret for Weald. The boarding boys wear a maroon tie with a double silver stripe and boarding girls wear green ties with a double silver stripe.[citation needed]

Praepostors[edit]

The school elects a group of sixth form students to become praepostors (praes) each year. These are usually students with academic or sporting strengths and those involved in the local community. Being appointed a praepostor means increased responsibility in the school. Praes return to school outside normal school hours to help organize and facilitate events, and they are the main representatives of the pupil body throughout the school. Senior praes are praepostors with a greater level of responsibility and are typically asked to contribute more. They are also expect to delegate work to other praes and students. The Head of School is elected by the staff.[citation needed]

The school today[edit]

Academic[edit]

The school is separated into three sections: the preparatory school (ages 3 to 11), the senior school (ages 11 to 16) and the sixth form (ages 16 to 18). Brentwood operates in a diamond school format, in which the preparatory school and sixth form are co-educational while the senior school teaches boys and girls separately.

Brentwood Preparatory School teaches children aged 3–11, from Nursery through to Year 6. Classes are usually small, with an average size of 20 per class. The prep school follows the National Curriculum, but teaches some supplementary subjects such as French and Latin. There is also a broad extracurricular programme, which all pupils are encouraged to follow, featuring dance, drama and music, as well as sports such as hockey and golf.[7]

The senior school teaches pupils from the age of 11 until the end of GCSE courses at 16+. Many pupils move into the senior school from the preparatory school, but others are drawn from other local primary and preparatory schools; around 1/3 of pupils join the school from the maintained sector.[8] Admission to the senior school is by entrance examination. In addition to core subjects (English, mathematics, sciences, MFL), pupils' GCSE and IGCSE options include computer science, drama, DT, food technology, geography, Greek, history, Latin, music, RS[9]

The sixth form is for pupils aged 16‑18 who are studying for 'A' levels and the International Baccalaureate. There are currently c.300 pupils in the sixth form. 'A' level options include classics, computer science, DT, economics, English literature, history, mathematics and MFL.[10]

Sport[edit]

The school has a strong sporting tradition, in both intra- and extramural terms. Sports offered include Association football, cricket, fencing, gymnastics, hockey, netball, rifle shooting, Rugby football, squash, swimming and tennis. School teams have met with some success over the years, for example winning the Essex Schools FA Cup three times in four seasons.[11] Historically, the school has been successful in the Public Schools Fencing Championships, winning the overall title 34 times since 1962.[citation needed] In netball, the girls' U13 netball team won the 2015/6 national finals to be crowned National Champions.[citation needed]

Improvements to sporting facilities in recent years have included a 25-metre indoor swimming-pool and learner pool, a fitness suite, 4 additional squash courts and an indoor rifle range. The school is set in 72 acres (29 ha) of grounds and has two playing-fields; one is situated directly on the school site and another, The Heseltines, adjacent to the school. These contain football, rugby, cricket and hockey pitches, an all-weather AstroTurf pitch, tennis and netball courts, an athletics track and field, and woods used for cross-country runs. In 2013, an additional AstroTurf was completed for the preparatory school.[citation needed]

Drama and music[edit]

The school hosts various theatrical performances and shows. In any academic year the theatrical line-up will include a winter/spring play/musical, a sixth-form comedy charity show and a dance show. Recent shows have included My Fair Lady and Habeas Corpus, Les Misérables and West Side Story. Every year the school holds inter-house music and drama competitions, often with guest adjudicators.[citation needed]

The school has a long musical tradition, and a close association with Brentwood (Roman Catholic) and Chelmsford (Anglican) cathedrals; a number of pupils and staff sing in the choir of each cathedral. The music department has 3 full-time teaching staff and 20 visiting teachers. In 1996, Brentwood was the first school in the country[citation needed] to use Sibelius software and ever since has been an integral part of the Music departments GCSE, A-level and IB music courses. A Sibelius suite is available in the school's music department for student and staff use.

There is a range of musical opportunities with a symphony orchestra, brass and string ensembles, a junior choir, a choral society (known in the school as Christmas Choir) and a barbershop group. Recent choral performances have included Belshazzar's Feast (Walton), the Requiems of Mozart, Verdi and Fauré, and Gloria by Poulenc. The Brentwood Shool Big Band, which is now in its 34th year, often performs concerts for charity outside school and tours European every other year.[12] The Big Band has released a number of albums, most recently "Music to Drive By" in 2013. In 2008, the year of Brentwood School's 450th Anniversary, the school took part in a service in St Paul's Cathedral, in which the choir performed various English choral works. In the same year, a cantata The Old Red Wall, composed by the former Director of Music David Pickthall, was premiered at the 450th Anniversary Festival at the Brentwood Centre. The cantata was based on the school song The Old Red Wall and featured new text by David Dunn.[citation needed]

Model United Nations[edit]

Since 2013, Brentwood has hosted an annual Model United Nations (BMUN) conference.[13][14] In the past it has been a one-day conference, however in 2015 it lasted for two days (5 and 6 December).[15] Students from schools across the south east attend and it has a capacity of approximately 200 students.

Sir Antony Browne Society (SABS)[edit]

SABS is a society that focuses on furthering the education of sixth formers through a series of guest speakers and debates. Junior SABS is available for the younger pupils. Regular meetings are held in Old Big School, at which students are able to experience lectures on societal issues or topics to concerning science, the arts and sport, or a members' debate. Old Brentwoods such as Jack Straw and Griff Rhys Jones are regular speakers. Other speakers have been political figures, such as George Galloway[16] and Vicky Pryce,[17] and the philosopher A. C. Grayling.[18]

Royal visits and connections[edit]

The licence to found the school was granted by Queen Mary to Sir Antony Browne on 5 July 1558.[citation needed] Brentwood School continues to play host to Royal visitors. Her Majesty The Queen visited the school in 1957 to open the new science department,[19] now named The Queens Building. On the first Saturday of Trinity Term 1957, the Lord Lieutenant of Essex, Col. Sir Francis Whitmore, had laid the foundation stone of this new science department.[20]

The Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex has visited the school twice since the millennium. In 2011 he was invited as guest of honour at the opening ceremony of the new sixth form centre and the naming of the Wessex Auditorium.[21] The Earl also attended an inspection of a Combined Cadet Force Guard of Honour.

In November 2012, Anne, Princess Royal visited the School, using the First XI cricket square as an impromptu helipad.[22]

RIBA Award[edit]

In 2012, Brentwood School's sixth form centre was winner of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) East of England Award. The institute described the development as having drawn "inspiration from the existing Victorian vicarage" and that "the new design is expressed in a language that is both contextual and contemporary. The sculpting of the roofs creates non-standard, domestic-scaled classrooms filled with natural light, reminiscent of the gabled roofs of the Victorian vicarage, but with an added measure of playfulness."[23]

Sexual abuse allegations[edit]

In 1997 Gareth Stafford-Bull, who taught fencing at the school (and was also an under-20s coach for the England fencing team), went missing and was sacked by the school in his absence following allegations that he had indecently assaulted pupils.[24] The 41-year-old was later found dead in his car at Brighton.[25]

Notable former pupils[edit]

The official alumni logo for the Old Brentwoods community

Old Brentwoods are those who have attended the school (preparatory, senior school or sixth form) for any length of time. The logo used to represent Old Brentwoods and the Society of Old Brentwoods is the wing and claw, derived from the arms of Sir Antony Browne. A crown was added to the logo in 1957 to celebrate The Queen’s visit to the school.[26]

The colours of Old Brentwoods are dark blue, light blue and gold. Light blue and dark blue were traditionally featured as stripes on the blazers of Old Brentwoods[citation needed] and are still used today to represent the alumni community. The colours were carried across to the alumni logo, with the addition of gold on the inclusion of the crown in 1957.

Notable Old Brentwoods[edit]

Also see the school's own list of Old Brentwoods at [27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Brentwood School". education.gov.uk. HM Government. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  2. ^ Brentwood Borough Council Web Team. "Brentwood Borough Council". Brentwood.gov.uk. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  3. ^ a b Historical Notes from Brentwood School, School Lists (AKA The Blue Book)
  4. ^ "Combined Cadet Force". Brentwoodschool.co.uk. 12 January 2012. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  5. ^ "CCF 150th Anniversary at Brentwood School". Brentwoodschool.co.uk. 17 October 2011. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  6. ^ Christe-Murray, David. The Arms of Brentwood School. Middlesex; Hubners Ltd.
  7. ^ "Preparatory School". Brentwoodschool.co.uk. Archived from the original on 5 October 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  8. ^ John Sugden; et al. "Integrated Inspection Report 2013". isi.net. ISI. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  9. ^ "GCSE Course content" (PDF). Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  10. ^ "Sixth Form Academic Prospectus" (PDF). .netdna-ssl.com. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  11. ^ "Brentwood School footballers lift U15 Essex Cup". Brentwoodschool.co.uk. 3 May 2013. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  12. ^ [1] Archived 20 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ http://www.brentwoodmun.co.uk
  14. ^ http://www.brentwoodschool.co.uk/senior-school/senior-school-news/school-hosts-inaugural-mun-event.html
  15. ^ http://www.brentwoodschool.co.uk/senior-school/model-united-nations
  16. ^ "Outspoken MP revisits Brentwood School". Brentwoodschool.co.uk. 21 January 2013. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  17. ^ "Economist Vicky Pryce speaks at SABS". Brentwoodschool.co.uk. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  18. ^ "Famous English Philosopher, Dr Anthony Grayling, lectures at Brentwood School". Brentwoodschool.co.uk. 11 September 2013. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  19. ^ "Reunion Evening for 1957 Leavers". Brentwoodschool.co.uk. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  20. ^ [2][dead link]
  21. ^ "Archive | Homepage - Echo". Echo-news.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  22. ^ [3][dead link]
  23. ^ "Brentwood School Sixth Form Centre & Assembly Hall". Architecture.com. 2012-05-29. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  24. ^ ""Fencing Tutor in Abuse Inquiry Is Fired" - The Mail on Sunday (London, England), May 4, 1997 | Questia, Your Online Research Library". Questia.com. 1997-05-04. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  25. ^ "Suspect dies; News in brief.(Home news) - Version details - Trove". Trove.nla.gov.au. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  26. ^ "School History". Brentwoodschool.co.uk. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  27. ^ "Famous OBs". Brentwoodschool.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  28. ^ "David Acfield; England". http://www.espncricinfo.com/. ESPN. Retrieved 20 November 2016.  External link in |website= (help)
  29. ^ Adams, Douglas (2002). The Salmon of Doubt: Hitchhiking the Galaxy One Last Time. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-76657-1. 
  30. ^ Billen, Andrew (2006). "I had a great time in borstal". The Times. Retrieved 19 March 2011. 
  31. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/biographies/biogs/radiofivelive/peter_allen.shtml
  32. ^ McDowell, Colin (6 March 2003). "Obituary: Sir Hardy Amies". www.theguardian.com. The Guardian. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  33. ^ Dunlop PSA World Rankings
  34. ^ "C E W Bean". http://trove.nla.gov.au/. The Western Herald. 10 October 1958. Retrieved 20 November 2016.  External link in |website= (help)
  35. ^ Dodd, Philip (12 May 2007). "Obituary of Philip Collins". The Independent. London. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  36. ^ [4] Brentwood School Records
  37. ^ "Brentwood School Sports Centre News 11 October 2010". Archived from the original on 11 September 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  38. ^ Betts, Graham (2006). England: Player by player. Green Umbrella Publishing. p. 181. ISBN 1-905009-63-1. 
  39. ^ "Brentwood School - Music". Brentwood School. Archived from the original on 11 September 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  40. ^ "F1 World Council". Grand Prix.com. Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  41. ^ Air Museum copy of letter retrieved 4 February 2009.
  42. ^ Ruff, Peter (31 July 2006). "Obituary : Bob Simpson". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 4 September 2011. 
  43. ^ "Obituary of Sir Denis Wright". The Telegraph. London. 21 May 2005. Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  44. ^ [5]

External links[edit]