Breton, Alberta

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Breton
Village
Village of Breton
Breton Mainstreet
Breton Mainstreet
Coat of arms of Breton
Coat of arms
Breton, Alberta is located in Alberta
Breton, Alberta
Location in Alberta
Coordinates: 53°06′18.0″N 114°28′25.1″W / 53.105000°N 114.473639°W / 53.105000; -114.473639Coordinates: 53°06′18.0″N 114°28′25.1″W / 53.105000°N 114.473639°W / 53.105000; -114.473639
Country  Canada
Province  Alberta
Region Central Alberta
Census division 11
Municipal District Brazeau County
Incorporated[1]  
 • Village January 1, 1957
Government[2]
 • Mayor James Alan Barker
 • Governing body Breton Village Council
Area (2016)[3]
 • Land 1.72 km2 (0.66 sq mi)
Population (2016)[3]
 • Total 574
 • Density 333.5/km2 (864/sq mi)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
Postal code span T0C 0P0
Highways Highway 20
Highway 616
Website Official website

Breton /ˈbrɛtən/ is a village in central Alberta, Canada. It is located roughly 95 kilometres (59 mi) southwest of Edmonton.

History[edit]

Originally called Keystone, it was established in 1909 by a group of African-American immigrants as a block settlement.[4] The new Black Canadian homesteaders arrived from Oklahoma and Texas, just four years after Alberta became a province in 1905.[5]

In 1927 the town was re-named after politician Douglas Breton, in his second year as the region's Member of the Alberta Legislature.[6][7]

Infrastructure[edit]

It has one High School (grades 7-12) and one elementary (K-6) school. It has a volunteer fire department, two grocery stores, two golf courses, four restaurants, two hair parlors, a police station with three officers and one secretary.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Village of Breton recorded a population of 574 living in 252 of its 292 total private dwellings, a 15.7% change from its 2011 population of 496. With a land area of 1.72 km2 (0.66 sq mi), it had a population density of 333.7/km2 (864.3/sq mi) in 2016.[3]

The Village of Breton's 2012 municipal census counted a population of 581,[8] a 0.3% increase over its 2007 municipal census population of 579.[9]

In the 2011 Census, the Village of Breton had a population of 496 living in 208 of its 218 total dwellings, a -9.8% change from its 2006 population of 550. With a land area of 1.73 km2 (0.67 sq mi), it had a population density of 286.7/km2 (742.6/sq mi) in 2011.[10]

In 2006, Breton had a population of 550 living in 243 dwellings, a 4.0% decrease from 2001. The Village has an area of 1.73 km2 (0.67 sq mi) and a population density of 317.7 inhabitants per square kilometer.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Location and History Profile: Village of Breton" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. October 14, 2016. p. 113. Retrieved October 17, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. March 3, 2017. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017. 
  4. ^ Heritage Community Foundation; Black Pioneers Descendants' Society (2007). "Alberta's Black Pioneer Heritage - Keystone". Heritage Community Foundation and Black Pioneers Descendants' Society. Retrieved 2008-07-09. 
  5. ^ Rowe, Allan (2015-02-12). "African American Immigration to Alberta". Historic Resources Management Branch. Alberta Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2017-02-06. 
  6. ^ "Breton". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved June 30, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Legislative Assembly of Alberta" (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Legislative Assembly of Alberta. 24 August 2006. p. 1,690. 
  8. ^ "2012 Municipal Affairs Population List" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. 2012-11-22. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  9. ^ "Alberta 2009 Official Population List" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  10. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  11. ^ Statistics Canada. "Canada 2006 Census: Breton - Community Statistics". Retrieved 2007-06-05. 

External links[edit]