|• Total||7.33 km2 (2.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||628 m (2,060 ft)|
|• Density||100/km2 (270/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Lauwil, Nunningen (SO), Reigoldswil, Seewen (SO)|
Bretzwil is first mentioned in 1194 as Braswilere. In 1247 it was mentioned as Brezwilr.
Bretzwil has an area, as of 2009[update], of 7.33 square kilometers (2.83 sq mi). Of this area, 4.17 km2 (1.61 sq mi) or 56.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 2.83 km2 (1.09 sq mi) or 38.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.35 km2 (0.14 sq mi) or 4.8% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.1% is either rivers or lakes.
Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 3.8% and transportation infrastructure made up 0.8%. Out of the forested land, 35.9% of the total land area is heavily forested and 2.7% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 10.5% is used for growing crops and 35.1% is pastures, while 4.8% is used for orchards or vine crops and 6.5% is used for alpine pastures. All the water in the municipality is flowing water.
The municipality is located in the Waldenburg district, at the base of the Jura Mountains.
Coat of arms
Bretzwil has a population (as of March 2019[update]) of 762. As of 2008[update], 7.2% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years (1997–2007) the population has changed at a rate of 8.5%.
Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (669 or 94.0%), with Turkish being second most common (10 or 1.4%) and Serbo-Croatian being third (6 or 0.8%). There are 4 people who speak French.
As of 2008[update], the gender distribution of the population was 49.7% male and 50.3% female. The population was made up of 729 Swiss citizens (92.7% of the population), and 57 non-Swiss residents (7.3%) Of the population in the municipality 306 or about 43.0% were born in Bretzwil and lived there in 2000. There were 128 or 18.0% who were born in the same canton, while 201 or 28.2% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 58 or 8.1% were born outside of Switzerland.
In 2008[update] there were 9 live births to Swiss citizens and were 4 deaths of Swiss citizens. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 5 while the foreign population remained the same. There were 3 Swiss men and 2 Swiss women who emigrated from Switzerland. At the same time, there were 4 non-Swiss men and 3 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population remained the same in 2008 and the non-Swiss population increased by 3 people. This represents a population growth rate of 0.4%.
The age distribution, as of 2010[update], in Bretzwil is; 67 children or 8.5% of the population are between 0 and 6 years old and 141 teenagers or 17.9% are between 7 and 19. Of the adult population, 81 people or 10.3% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 83 people or 10.6% are between 30 and 39, 144 people or 18.3% are between 40 and 49, and 139 people or 17.7% are between 50 and 64. The senior population distribution is 95 people or 12.1% of the population are between 65 and 79 years old and there are 36 people or 4.6% who are over 80.
As of 2000[update], there were 261 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.7 persons per household. There were 66 households that consist of only one person and 38 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 264 households that answered this question, 25.0% were households made up of just one person and 4 were adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 74 married couples without children, 106 married couples with children There were 8 single parents with a child or children. There were 3 households that were made up unrelated people and 3 households that were made some sort of institution or another collective housing.
In 2000[update] there were 152 single family homes (or 67.3% of the total) out of a total of 226 inhabited buildings. There were 26 multi-family buildings (11.5%), along with 42 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (18.6%) and 6 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (2.7%). Of the single family homes 29 were built before 1919, while 16 were built between 1990 and 2000. The greatest number of single family homes (45) were built between 1971 and 1980.
In 2000[update] there were 291 apartments in the municipality. The most common apartment size was 5 rooms of which there were 85. There were 9 single room apartments and 132 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 248 apartments (85.2% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 29 apartments (10.0%) were seasonally occupied and 14 apartments (4.8%) were empty. As of 2009[update], the construction rate of new housing units was 2.6 new units per 1000 residents. As of 2000[update] the average price to rent a four-room apartment was 1274.00 CHF (US$1020, £570, €820). The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010[update], was 0.31%.
In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 49.75% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (13.11%), the Green Party (11.24%) and the FDP (10.63%). In the federal election, a total of 265 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 47.4%.
As of 2010[update], Bretzwil had an unemployment rate of 2.2%. As of 2008[update], there were 68 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 23 businesses involved in this sector. 15 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 5 businesses in this sector. 44 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 18 businesses in this sector. There were 366 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 42.1% of the workforce.
In 2008[update] the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 86. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 42, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 13 of which 9 or (69.2%) were in manufacturing and 3 (23.1%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 31. In the tertiary sector; 7 or 22.6% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 10 or 32.3% were in a hotel or restaurant, 3 or 9.7% were in the information industry, 1 was a technical professional or scientist, 5 or 16.1% were in education and 1 was in health care.
In 2000[update], there were 82 workers who commuted into the municipality and 249 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 3.0 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering. About 9.8% of the workforce coming into Bretzwil are coming from outside Switzerland. Of the working population, 12.6% used public transportation to get to work, and 59% used a private car.
From the 2000 census[update], 90 or 12.6% were Roman Catholic, while 490 or 68.8% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 3 members of an Orthodox church (or about 0.42% of the population), there was 1 individual who belongs to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 6 individuals (or about 0.84% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 21 (or about 2.95% of the population) who were Islamic. There was 1 person who was Buddhist and 3 individuals who were Hindu. 72 (or about 10.11% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 25 individuals (or about 3.51% of the population) did not answer the question.
In Bretzwil about 274 or (38.5%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 50 or (7.0%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 50 who completed tertiary schooling, 84.0% were Swiss men, 14.0% were Swiss women.
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