Breza, Bosnia and Herzegovina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Breza

Бреза
Official seal of Breza
Seal
Location of Breza within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Location of Breza within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
EntityThe Federation
CantonZenica-Doboj
Government
 • Municipality presidentMunib Zaimović (SBB BiH)[1]
Area
 • Total72,9 km2 (281 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Total14,564[2]
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)032[3]
WebsiteOfficial website

Breza is a town and municipality located in Zenica-Doboj Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in central Bosnia and Herzegovina, and is famous for mining and production of coal. It covers an area of 73 km2 (28 sq mi).

History[edit]

Breza as a settlement was first time mentioned in documents dating from the 2nd century as Hedum Kastelum (Inhabited Castle). The ancient town was the capital of the infamous Daesitiates, an Ilyrian tribe which had most of the territory of modern central Bosnia under control before being crushed by the Romans.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the October 2013 census, the municipality has a population of 14,564 inhabitants.[2]

Education[edit]

The municipality has three primary schools and two secondary schools, one of which is a gymnasium and the other one is a technical/vocational school.[4][5]

Sport[edit]

Breza is famous for having one of the oldest clubs formed in Bosnia and Herzegovina; the football club Rudar was formed in 1924.[citation needed] The town is also famous for many local volleyball and basketball clubs.[6]

Villages in the municipality of Breza[edit]

Demographics[edit]

1971[edit]

In the 1971 census:

Ethnicity Population %
Muslims 10,659 71.90%
Serbs 2,333 15.73%
Croats 1,446 9.75%
Yugoslavs 225 1.51%
Others 161 1.11%
Total: 14,824 100%

1991[edit]

In the 1991 census, the municipality of Breza had 17,317 residents:

Ethnicity Population %
Muslims 13,079 75.52%
Serbs 2,122 12.25%
Croats 851 4.91%
Others 1,265 7.32%
Total: 17,317 100%

2013[edit]

In the 2013 census, the municipality of Breza had 14,168 residents:

Ethnicity Population %
Bosniaks 13,154 92.8%
Croats 314 2.2%
Serbs 121 0.9%
Others 579 4.1%
Total: 14,168 100%

In the 2013 census, the town of Breza had 3,014 residents:

Ethnicity Population %
Bosniaks 2,354 78.1%
Croats 258 8.6%
Serbs 89 3%
Others 313 10.4%
Total: 3,014 100%

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Općinski načelnik". www.opcinabreza.com (in Bosnian). 25 February 2013. Archived from the original on 25 February 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Census of Population, Households, and Dwellings in Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013" (PDF). fzs.ba. 1 January 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 1, 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  3. ^ "Kontakt". opcinabreza.com (in Croatian). 19 March 2016. Archived from the original on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Gimnazija "Muhsin Rizvić" Breza | Obrazovanje je najmoćnije oružje koje možete koristiti da biste promijenili svijet". www.gimbreza.edu.ba (in Croatian). 8 December 2015. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Mješovita Srednja Škola". mssbreza.com (in Croatian). 17 May 2014. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  6. ^ "O Brezi". www.opcinabreza.com (in Bosnian). 25 February 2013. Archived from the original on 25 Feb 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2017.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°01′16″N 18°15′40″E / 44.021°N 18.261°E / 44.021; 18.261