Brihadratha Maurya

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Brihadratha Maurya
9th Mauryan emperor
Reign c. 187 – c. 180 BCE
Predecessor Shatadhanvan

Pushyamitra Shunga (Founder of

Shunga dynasty]])
Dynasty Maurya Empire
Religion Hindu

Brihadratha Maurya (IAST: Brihadratha Maurya) was the last ruler of the Maurya Empire. He ruled from c. 187 – c. 180 BCE. He was killed by his general, Pushyamitra Shunga, who went on to establish the Shunga Empire. He was a weak ruler. He was easily fooled by his ministers. He also inherited many territories to several weak rulers. It was not only planned by the army but the people of the Mauryan empire also thought to dethrone the weak Mauryan empire as there was no strong ruler after Ashoka.


According to the Puranas, Brihadratha succeeded Shatadhanvan and ruled for seven years.[1]

Usurpation of power by Pushyamitra Shunga[edit]

Brihadratha Maurya was killed in 180 BCE and power usurped by his general, Pushyamitra Shunga, who then took over the throne and established the Shunga Empire. Bāṇabhaṭṭa's Harshacharita says that Pushyamitra, while parading the entire Mauryan army before Brihadratha on the pretext of showing him the strength of the army, crushed his master.[2]


  1. ^ Thapar, Romila (1998). Aśoka and the decline of the Mauryas : with new afterword, bibliography and index (2nd ed.). Delhi: Oxford University Press. p. 183. ISBN 0-19-564445-X. 
  2. ^ Lahiri, B. (1974). Indigenous States of Northern India (Circa 200 B.C. to 320 A.D.) , Calcutta: University of Calcutta, pp.24-5
Brihadratha Maurya
Preceded by
Maurya Emperor
Succeeded by
(Shunga Empire)
Succeeded by
Demetrius I
(Indo-Greek Kingdom)