BriSCA Formula 1 Stock Cars
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|BriSCA F1 Stock Cars|
|World Champion||515 Frankie Wainman Junior|
|National Points Champion||4 Dan Johnson|
|British Champion||515 Frankie Wainman Junior|
|European Champion||4 Dan Johnson|
BriSCA Formula 1 Stock Cars is a class of single seater auto racing in the UK. Cars are custom-built and race on oval tracks of either Shale or Tarmac of approximately quarter-mile in length. The tracks they race on are surrounded by either an Armco barrier or post and cable fences to keep the cars on the track. Racing is full contact, which means drivers are allowed to push, punt or spin fellow competitors out of the way. The cars are very strong and are of an open wheel design, but are designed with the contact element in mind, with front and rear bumpers and a sturdy roll cage. The cars are unlimited horsepower which means drivers can use any engine they like, but most use a Chevrolet based small or big block V8 engine. BriSCA F1 is the pinnacle of oval racing in the UK. The season runs from March through to November, with occasional meetings at Christmas. It is often confused by people with Banger racing, with an expectation that cars deliberately crash into each other as in a destruction derby, but stock car drivers employ a more subtle use of contact in order to pass others; banger racing can be considered to be a very different racing formula.
BriSCA (British Stock Car Association) F1 Stock Cars are governed by the BriSCA Management Board, comprising three members of the association of promoters (BriSCA) and three members of the BSCDA (British Stock Car Drivers Association) together with an independent secretary. Rules and regulations relating to car specifications, race procedures, track requirements and all other aspects of the sport are updated annually by the BriSCA Management Board. All drivers wishing to race at a BriSCA F1 meeting have to be registered in advance by the BSCDA. All venues that stage BriSCA F1 racing must be licensed by BriSCA.
BriSCA F1 Stock Car racing can trace its roots to the first stock car race in United Kingdom, which was held at New Cross Stadium in London on Good Friday, April 16, 1954, promoted by a Northampton born Australian showman called Digger Pugh. It was a raging success with 2 further meetings taking place at New Cross before the next meeting took place at Odsal Stadium, Bradford on May 26, 1954. The new craze spread like wildfire around the country and was dubbed the 7 day wonder, there were few rules. Originally, the cars were slightly modified saloon cars, hence the term stock as opposed to race cars. Most of the cars were American models with a V8 engine, although some were larger European cars. The cars were standard cars with wheel arches removed and with bumpers and roll bars added.
In 1956 the Drivers Association was formed. In 1957 thanks to the efforts of Peter Arnold, a National numbering system was introduced, BriSCA, the association of promoters was formed and the Stock Car Racing Board of Control created. There was also agreement that BriSCA would only use drivers of the Drivers Association. From the initial explosion in 1954 things started to settle down, tracks opened and closed but racing rules were introduced and the cars became more refined, star drivers started to emerge. BriSCA has raced continuously since 1954 and held over 5500 meetings across the United Kingdom.
In 1975, about 30 southern based drivers broke away from BriSCA and formed their own association called SCOTA (Stock Car Oval Track Association). They were disappointed at the lack of F1 meetings being held in the south of the country. They raced for promoter Spedeworth in cars exactly the same as BriSCA F1. In 1978 it was renamed F1SCA (Formula One Stock Car Association). In 1980, F1SCA decided to introduce a five-litre limit, and make the cars slightly smaller. Renamed 'Formula 80' the cars are still running today under the name 'Spedeworth V8 Stock Cars'.
During the 1960s, the cars developed from stock road cars into specially built cars with fabricated chassis and race-tuned V8 engines. While NASCAR in the USA also races specially-built race cars, they retain the appearance of a road car, unlike the BriSCA F1 which now bears no resemblance to a road car.
A modern BriSCA F1 configuration is front engined, rear-wheel drive, open-wheeled, with the driver located centrally. The cars are constructed with a race engineered steel ladder chassis with a robust roll-over/safety cage and aluminium sheet body panelling, There is no limit in engine capacity or number of cylinders but engines must be naturally aspirated (no fuel injection, no supercharging or turbo charging permitted) and the engine blocks must be cast iron. The most common engines used, due to their reliability and availability, are based on the American Chevrolet V8 engine in both small block (350 ci) 5.7 litre and big block (454 ci) 7.4 litre varieties, producing upwards of 740 bhp with approx 640 ft/lbs of torque. The drive is transmitted through a 'Doug Nash' style gearbox with two forward gears (one for racing) and reverse, and use a heavily modified Ford Transit rear axle with a locked differential. The cars use an 'American Racer' control tyre on the outside rear. The cars are also restricted in what dampers can be used to control costs. Cars can reach speeds of 80–90 mph around a quarter-mile oval, so most cars use large roof mounted aerofoils, similar to those found on American Sprint cars, to create down force on the corners and provide some extra cornering grip. Wings are not compulsory, and the benefit is not proven. They must weigh between 1350 and 1500 kg and due to always racing anticlockwise, the cars are limited to having a maximum of 52% of the weight on the left hand side of the car when viewed from the rear. Cars are weighed at each meeting to make sure they conform to this rule.
Many drivers use two separate cars; one will be set up primarily for use on shale or dirt ovals, while the other car will be set up for tarmac or asphalt ovals; however a few drivers with limited budgets may optimise just one car for both surface types, changing various components for each different track and surface.
Grading of Drivers
Each driver is graded according to past results, their roofs or wings painted accordingly. Red roofs with amber flashing lights are known as 'superstar' grade; then red (star), blue ('A' grade), yellow ('B' grade) and white ('C' grade). Every month during the season, the list is recompiled based on points scored at that months meetings, and drivers move up and down according to their latest position. There are restrictions on movement down the grades based on limited meetings raced at, and the previous highest grade reached. Novice drivers for their first 3 meetings, are allowed to start at the back of the grid, and show a black Saltire on the rear cab panel.
Championship winners are designated specific roof colours: gold for the World Champion, silver for the National Points Champion, black and white checks for the British Champion, and red and yellow checks for the European Champion. If one driver wins more than one title, roof colours will a combination of whatever titles have been won.
Drivers are always referred to by their racing number and name, for example ‘53’ John Lund. Drivers tend to carry their racing number throughout their careers. If they win the World Championship they can choose to race as number '1' until the next World Championship.
BriSCA F1 Stock Car races are normally held on short approximately quarter-mile oval tracks, either tarmac or shale. Heats usually consist of 16 laps, with meeting finals lasting 20 laps. Special events (such as the World Final) are held over 25 laps.
The race line up is unique in that best drivers start at the rear of the field. The lowest 'C' graded drivers start each race at the front, then 'B', 'A' and 'Star', while the 'Superstars' start each race from the rear of the field. Championship races are usually gridded in qualifying order, with the highest qualifiers starting at the front of the grid.
The number of competitors at a meeting will usually aim to be around 60. The meetings usually consist of 3 heats (20 cars in each), consolation race, Final and Grand National. The first 8 from the heats qualify for the Final. Those who don't qualify from the heats can race in the consolation race and the first 6 qualify for the Final. The Final usually consists of 30 cars, and the Grand National race is open to all, with the winner of the Final, if racing, given a 1 lap handicap. If the number of cars racing is lower, around 40 cars, they can split the cars into a 2/3rds format. Each driver races in 2 heats, with a compilation of points deciding who races in the Final.
The Grand National is an all season competition with the points collected resulting in a one off race at the end of the season for the ‘Grand National Champion’
The World Championship is an annual competition and the premier stock car championship. The winner is granted the honour of racing with a gold roof and wing until the next World Final and may choose to race under number 1. The World Final is usually held in September. The host tracks, all of which are based in the UK, are chosen by the designated promoter.
The grid for the World Final is composed of drivers from the UK who are chosen through a series of qualifying rounds and two World Championship Semi-Finals. Drivers who fail to progress from the World Semi-Finals may race again in a Consolation Semi-Final to choose two more entrants, and the reigning World Champion is entitled to start at the rear of the grid if they have not already qualified. The UK drivers are joined by stock car drivers from the Netherlands, and by invited drivers in the nearest equivalent motorsport formulas from other countries often including Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and the USA.
The most successful driver in World Final races is John Lund, who has won eight. Other notable multiple winners include 391 Stuart Smith (six), 391 Andy Smith (five), 33 Peter Falding (four), 103 Johnny Brise, 252 Dave Chisholm and 515 Frankie Wainman Junior (three).
National Points Championship
The National Points Championship is a season-long competition. The winner is granted the honour of racing with a silver roof for the following season.
The first season-long championship started in 1956. Drivers' scores at every stock car meeting were recorded to create the championship table. During the late 1990s, when Frankie Wainman Junior dominated, there was criticism that the National Points Championship was predictable and favoured drivers who had the money to race at as many meetings as possible. The National Series was created in 2002. Rather than the points accumulated over the entire season counting towards the winner, the National Series was competed for over 35 designated meetings. The season-long National Points Championship survived, but its importance was downgraded, and the privilege of racing with a silver roof for the following season was transferred from it to the National Series.
In 2009, the National Series was amended. This time, the top ten points-scoring drivers over the first two-thirds of the season were entered in the National Series Shootout, beginning with no points except for a small number of meeting attendance points. The drivers raced over ten designated Shootout rounds, with the points scored in them deciding the winner of the National Series. In 2010, the number of competing drivers was increased to twelve. From 2012, the National Series Shootout was rebranded the National Points Championship Shootout.
The most successful drivers in National Points Championships and National Series are 391 Stuart Smith and 515 Frankie Wainman Junior, who have both won thirteen. Other notable multiple winners include 53 John Lund (six), 38 Fred Mitchell (three), 391 Andy Smith (three) and 212 Frankie Wainman (three).
The 13 current UK tracks where BriSCA F1 stock cars currently race are:
- Birmingham Wheels
- Buxton Raceway
- Coventry Stadium, Brandon (due to close in December 2017)
- Racewall Cowdenbeath (Scotland)
- Hednesford Hills Raceway
- Ipswich Foxhall Stadium
- King's Lynn Stadium, Norfolk Arena
- Lochgelly (Scotland)
- Manchester Belle Vue Stadium
- Northampton International Raceway
- Sheffield Owlerton Stadium
- Skegness Stadium
- Stoke Loomer Road Stadium
and outside the UK:
- Venray (Netherlands)
Although not part of the official BriSCA calendar, BriSCA F1 drivers also occasionally compete at Emmen and St Maarten in the Netherlands and Warneton in Belgium.
Tracks where BriSCA F1 racing has taken place since 1954, but do not race anymore, but some of them continue to hold meetings for BriSCA FII and Spedeworth's Superstox formulae, as well as banger racing:
- Aldershot: Tongham Stadium
- Aycliffe Stadium
- Belle Vue, Hyde Road, Manchester
- Birmingham (Perry Barr)
- Bristol, Mendips Raceway
- Bristol, Knowle
- Crayford Stadium
- Crewe stadium
- Dublin, Republic of Ireland
- Edinburgh (Meadowbank)
- Harringay Stadium
- Leicester Stadium
- Long Eaton
- Mildenhall Stadium
- Neath Abbey
- Nelson Seedhill Football Ground
- Newcastle, Brough Park
- Newtongrange (Scotland)
- New Cross Stadium
- Odsal Stadium, Bradford
- Oxford Stadium
- Reading Stadium
- Scunthorpe, Ashby Ville Stadium
- Scunthorpe: Eddie Wright Stadium
- Scunthorpe: Quibell Park.
- St Austell
- Stoke (Sun Street, Hanley)
- Walthamstow Stadium
- Old Wembley Stadium
- West Ham Stadium
- White City, Glasgow (Scotland)
- White City, Greater Manchester
- Wimbledon Stadium
- Wisbech (SCOTA only)
- Yarmouth Stadium
- Baarlo (Netherlands)
- Brands Hatch
- Cadwell Park
- Knockhill Racing Circuit (Scotland)
- Lydden Hill Race Circuit
- Mallory Park
- Snetterton Motor Racing Circuit
The 1980s saw BriSCA F1 Stock Cars on national television, featured on ITV's World of Sport. During 2009, the BBC filmed an F1 Stock Car Season almost in its entirety to produce a 6-part television documentary titled Gears and Tears which featured the bitter battle between the two dominant clans in the sport, the Yorkshire-based Wainmans and the Lancashire-based Smiths. Over the nine-month season the film makers enjoyed unprecedented behind the scenes access. From 2011, satellite television channel Premier Sports began broadcasting selected meetings.
Simulation of BriSCA F1 stock car (and other oval formulas) racing can be realised on a PC via specially created 'mods', which exist for both the "Nascar Heat" and "rFactor" motor racing simulation game engines. These engines have very different PC hardware requirements with Nascar Heat allowing those even with arguably outdated PCs to be able to simulate stock car racing albeit with a less refined level of physical accuracy. rFactor requires a relatively recent PC specification (Core 2 Duo+ and dedicated graphics card) and the better 'physics' are best experienced using a force feedback steering wheel and pedals. Racing can be simulated either off-line (against computer controlled cars) or on-line, with some organised racing leagues existing that mimic the real life racing fixture list and drivers in the leagues may opt to use replicas of real life cars or personalised 'skins' created using popular graphical editing tools such as Adobe Photoshop or Gimp. Accurately modeled stock car tracks that are either current or defunct may be downloaded for the modifications allowing for contemporary or nostalgic racing to be enjoyed.
- "About". BSCDA. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- "Driver gradings". F1stockcars.com. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- "World Championship". F1stockcars.com. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- "National Championship". F1stockcars.com. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- "Fixture List". F1stockcars.com. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
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