Brian Boyd (born 30 July 1952) is a professor of literature known primarily as an expert on the life and works of author Vladimir Nabokov and on literature and evolution. He is a University Distinguished Professor in the Department of English at the University of Auckland, New Zealand.
In 1979 Boyd completed a PhD at the University of Toronto with a dissertation on Vladimir Nabokov's novel Ada or Ardor: A Family Chronicle, in the context of Nabokov's epistemology, ethics, and metaphysics. That year he took up a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Auckland (on New Zealand novelist Maurice Gee) before being appointed a lecturer in English there in 1980.
Véra Nabokov, Nabokov's widow, in 1979 invited Boyd to catalog her husband's archives, a task he completed in 1981. That year he also began researching a critical biography of Nabokov.
Nabokov’s Ada: The Place of Consciousness (1985; rev. 2001) examined Ada in its own terms and in relation to Nabokov's thought and style. Vladimir Nabokov: The Russian Years (1990) and Vladimir Nabokov: The American Years (1991) won numerous awards and widespread acclaim and have been translated into seven languages.
In the 1990s Boyd edited Nabokov's English-language fiction and memoirs for the Library of America (3 vols., 1996) and, with lepidopterist Robert Michael Pyle, Nabokov's writings on butterflies (Nabokov's Butterflies, 2000). He also began a biography of philosopher Karl Popper, and work on literature and evolution.
Boyd's 1999 book, Nabokov’s Pale Fire: The Magic of Artistic Discovery, attracted attention both for the novelty of Boyd's reading of Pale Fire and for his rejecting his own influential interpretation of the notoriously elusive novel in Vladimir Nabokov: The American Years.
In 2009 he published On the Origin of Stories: Evolution, Cognition and Fiction. Once  compared in scope with Northrop Frye’s Anatomy of Criticism (1957), On the Origin of Stories proposes that art and storytelling are adaptations and derive from play. It also shows evolutionary literary criticism in practice in studies of Homer’s Odyssey and Dr. Seuss’s Horton Hears a Who!. Boyd's knowledge of Homer and the accuracy of his account has often been called into question, and his arguments have received substantial criticism from classicists.
As of 2011[update] Boyd continues to work on Nabokov, including ongoing annotations to Ada (1993- ), collected in a website (AdaOnline[permanent dead link], 2004- ), an edition of Nabokov’s verse translations (Verses and Versions, 2008), and forthcoming editions of his letters to Véra, and his unpublished lectures on Russian literature, and also especially on Shakespeare, Jane Austen, Art Spiegelman, and Popper.
Boyd's latest book, Why Lyrics Last: Evolution, Cognition and Shakespeare's Sonnets, was released by HUP, in April, 2012.
- Nabokov's Ada: The Place of Consciousness (1985; rev.2001)
- Vladimir Nabokov: The Russian Years (1990)
- Vladimir Nabokov: The American Years (1991)
- Nabokov's Pale Fire: The Magic of Artistic Discovery (1999)
- Nabokov's Butterflies: Unpublished and Uncollected Writings. (2000) Edited by Brian Boyd and Robert Michael Pyle
- Verses and Versions: Three Centuries of Russian Poetry Selected and Translated by Vladimir Nabokov (2008) Edited by Brian Boyd and Stanislav Shvabrin
- On the Origin of Stories: Evolution, Cognition, and Fiction (2009)
- "Why Lyrics Last: Evolution, Cognition and Shakespeare's Sonnets" (2012)
- David Bordwell (2010). "On the Origin of Stories (Boyd) Editorial Reviews". Amazon.com.
- Jon Radoff (2011). "On the Origin of Stories (Boyd) Book Review". Radoff.com. Archived from the original on 2011-10-08.
- Staff homepage
- Ada Online - Annotations to Nabokov's novel by Boyd.
- "Shade and Shape in Pale Fire" - A somewhat controversial essay on Nabokov's novel.
- A 2000 interview - Conducted by Thomas Bolt.
- "ON THE ORIGIN OF STORIES: Evolution, Cognition, and Fiction"-Harvard University Press 2009
- Verses and Versions' companion website - Provides Russian originals in both Cyrillic and transliterations.
- "Why Lyrics Last: Evolution, Cognition and Shakespeare's Sonnets"