Brian Deer Classification System

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The Brian Deer Classification System is a library classification system created for use in Indigenous contexts by Canadian Kahnawake Mohawk librarian A. Brian Deer.[1]


Deer designed his classification system while working in the library of the National Indian Brotherhood from 1974-1976, with the goal of reflecting indigenous viewpoints and values in knowledge organization. Between 1978 and 1980, the system was adapted for use in British Columbia by Gene Joseph and Keltie McCall while working at the Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs.[1]

Variations of the Brian Deer Classification System are in use at the Xwi7xwa Library at the University of British Columbia;[1] the Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs Resource Centre;[2] and the Aanischaaukamikw Cree Cultural Institute in Oujé-Bougoumou, Quebec.[3]


  1. ^ a b c Doyle, Ann M.; Lawson, Kimberley; Dupont, Sarah (December 2015). "Indigenization of Knowledge Organization at the Xwi7xwa Library". Journal of Library and Information Studies. 13 (2): 112. doi:10.6182/jlis.2015.13(2).107. Retrieved 11 March 2016. 
  2. ^ Cherry, Alissa; Mukunda, Keshav (31 Jul 2015). "A Case Study in Indigenous Classification: Revisiting and Reviving the Brian Deer Scheme". Cataloging & Classification Quarterly. 53 (5-6): 548–567. doi:10.1080/01639374.2015.1008717. Retrieved 11 March 2016. 
  3. ^ Swanson, Raegan (31 Jul 2015). "Adapting the Brian Deer Classification System for Aanischaaukamikw Cree Cultural Institute". Cataloging & Classification Quarterly. 53 (5-6): 568–579. doi:10.1080/01639374.2015.1009669. Retrieved 11 March 2016. 

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