|33rd Premier of New Brunswick|
October 7, 2014 – November 9, 2018
|Lieutenant Governor||Graydon Nicholas|
|Preceded by||David Alward|
|Succeeded by||Blaine Higgs|
|Attorney General of New Brunswick|
May 11, 2018 – November 9, 2018
|Preceded by||Serge Rousselle|
|Leader of the Opposition of New Brunswick|
|Assumed office |
November 9, 2018
|Preceded by||Blaine Higgs|
April 30, 2013 – October 7, 2014
|Preceded by||Victor Boudreau|
|Succeeded by||Bruce Fitch|
|Leader of the New Brunswick Liberal Association|
|Assumed office |
October 27, 2012
|Preceded by||Shawn Graham|
Victor Boudreau (interim)
|Member of the New Brunswick Legislative Assembly|
for Shediac Bay-Dieppe
|Assumed office |
April 15, 2013
|Preceded by||Shawn Graham|
|Born||Brian Alexander Gallant|
April 27, 1982
Shediac Bridge, New Brunswick
Karine Lavoie (m. 2017)
Brian Alexander Gallant, QC (born April 27, 1982) is a Canadian politician who served as the 33rd Premier of New Brunswick from October 7, 2014 until November 9, 2018. Of Acadian and Dutch descent, Gallant practised as a lawyer before winning the Liberal leadership in October 2012, securing the riding of Kent in a by-election on April 15, 2013, shortly followed by his swearing in as Leader of the Opposition. After the 2014 election, in which the Progressive Conservative government of David Alward was defeated, Gallant now represents the riding of Shediac Bay-Dieppe.
At age 32, he was the second youngest Premier of New Brunswick to assume office (George Edwin King became premier at age 30 in 1870.) When Gallant left office at age 36, he was the youngest premier in Canada at the time.
Gallant was born in Shediac Bridge. His Acadian father, Pierre, was the youngest of seven children, while his mother, Marilyn (born Scholten), was the child of Dutch immigrants who arrived in the 1950s. He also has two siblings, Melissa and Pierre. In his youth, he was educated at a variety of schools across New Brunswick; he ascribed his many moves to his parents' search for work, labouring at minimum wage jobs in convenience stores and fast food restaurants, eventually having to move the family into the small home of Gallant's grandparents. He ended up graduating from Polyvalente Louis-J.-Robichaud back in Shediac - his principal recalled telling Gallant he predicted he would one day be Premier, saying, "You have all the qualities of being a future premier here in New Brunswick." Gallant says his interest in politics started when, with nobody else offering, he became vice president of his grade 5 class, and by the end of his teenage years he decided he would pursue a political career.
In order to pay his way through university, he started and ran two small companies, eventually allowing him to graduate from the Université de Moncton with both a BA in Business Administration and a Bachelor of Laws degree, later receiving a Master's in Law from McGill University. Whilst at Moncton, he was made president of the student federation. Afterwards, he practised corporate and commercial law with the firm Stewart McKelvey, and then became a partner at Veritas Law in Dieppe.
Early political career
His first foray into provincial politics was an ambitious one as, at 24, he secured the Liberal nomination to run against Premier Bernard Lord in the Progressive Conservative's riding of Moncton East for the 2006 election. Although in the end Lord held his seat, the election was far from being a runaway. The campaign against a sitting premier gave added exposure to Gallant.
When the Liberal government of Shawn Graham was defeated in 2010, Gallant authored a paper on reforming the Liberal Party, to make it more accessible for new members and a new generation of leaders to emerge; many of its recommendations were reportedly adopted. After Graham's resignation as leader of the party, Gallant put himself forward to succeed him, winning against former justice minister Mike Murphy and dairy farmer Nick Duivenvorden in its 2012 leadership election. After a successful by-election run in Graham's former riding of Kent, where he gained a commanding lead, Gallant was sworn into the Legislative Assembly on April 30, 2013, making him Leader of the Opposition to David Alward's PC government.
Leader of the Opposition
Heading into the 2014 election campaign, Gallant pushed a $900 million package of infrastructure spending over six years as a way to create 1,700 jobs for a province with one of the country's worst unemployment rates. He also campaigned on a tax rise for some of the province's biggest earners, and on removing property tax breaks for businesses. The Liberal platform also promised a rise in the minimum wage, from $10 per hour, to $10.30 per hour by the end of 2014, and to $11 by the end of 2017.
On an election night marred by technical glitches with the voting tabulators, the Liberals won a majority and formed the government in the 58th New Brunswick Legislature with Gallant as Premier on October 7, 2014. Gallant's first cabinet, of 13 members, was less numerous than the outgoing cabinet.
On 1 December 2015, the Gallant government opened the legislature's second session with a promise to "get tough" on the province's tattered finances. The speech from the throne documented how the province had accumulated a debt of $12.4 billion by failing to produce a balanced budget since 2007. The province spent more on interest payments than it did on post-secondary education, and the consultation of citizens called the "Strategic Program Review" had all but concluded. The province said its credit rating was at risk, and the costs to service the debt if the rating were downgraded would then rise. The projected deficit for the 2015-16 budget was at the time $453 million. A report issued the previous Friday had calculated at $300 million the benefit to the government of a two-percent rise of the Harmonised Sales Tax from 13% to 15%.
The 2018 provincial election resulted in Gallant's Liberals winning only 21 seats compared to Blaine Higgs and the Progressive Conservative Party of New Brunswick who won 22. Gallant vowed to attempt to remain in power with a minority government and hoped to retain the confidence of the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick either on a vote-by-vote basis or with the agreement of the smaller parties, the Green Party of New Brunswick and the People's Alliance of New Brunswick, each of which won 3 seats in the election.
On November 2, 2018 Gallant's Liberal minority government was defeated by a confidence vote on its throne speech by a margin of 25 to 23 with the opposition Progressive Conservatives and People's Alliance voting against the government and the Greens voting with the government.
Gallant resigned as premier on November 9, 2018. Blaine Higgs was appointed in his place.
|Progressive Conservative||Bernard Lord||3816||54.8%||+2.7%|
|New Democratic||Mark Robar||319||4.6%||-4.4%|
|2012 Liberal leadership election results|
|Progressive Conservative||Jimmy Bourque||837||13.96%||-11.79|
|New Brunswick general election, 2014: Shediac Bay-Dieppe|
|Progressive Conservative||Dolorès Poirier||1,678||19.15|
|New Democratic||Agathe Lapointe||803||9.16|
|Total valid votes||8,762||69.54|
|Liberal notional gain||Swing|
|New Brunswick general election, 2018|
|Progressive Conservative||Paulin Blaise Ngweth||1,353||14.73||-4.42|
|New Democratic||Michel Boudreau||764||8.32||-0.85|
|Total valid votes||9,185||99.48|
|Total rejected ballots||48||0.52||+0.18|
- Member for Kent, riding was split for the next election and Gallant ran in new seat of Shediac Bay-Dieppe
- "Brian Gallant". Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick. 1 May 2013. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- "Meet Brian". New Brunswick Liberal Association. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Tucker, Erika (23 September 2014). "Who is New Brunswick Premier-designate Brian Gallant?". Global News. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- "Brian Gallant defends tax plan on richest New Brunswickers - CBC News".
- nbliberal.ca: "2014 New Brunswick Liberal Party Platform", Sep 2014
- cbc.ca: "David Alward's PCs pitch tourism marketing fund", 2 Sep 2014
- cbc.ca: "Brian Gallant's smaller cabinet faces long list of demands", 7 Oct 2014
- G+M: "New Brunswick throne speech warns of looming get-tough budget", 1 Dec 2015
- "Alliances start to form in wake of N.B. election" – via The Globe and Mail.
- "PCs win most seats in N.B. election, Liberals vow to maintain power".
- Brian Gallant's minority government defeated after losing confidence vote
- Huras, Adam (October 29, 2012). "Gallant elected new Liberal Leader". TelegraphJournal.com. Retrieved October 29, 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "Susan Levi-Peters wins NDP nomination in Kent". CBC News. March 24, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
- "Kent byelection Tory candidate acclaimed". CBC News. March 19, 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
- "Elections New Brunswick". Gnb.ca. Archived from the original on 2014-06-22. Retrieved 2014-08-27.