Brian Lenihan Jnr
|Deputy Leader of Fianna Fáil|
15 March 2011 – 10 June 2011
|Preceded by||Mary Hanafin|
|Succeeded by||Éamon Ó Cuív|
|Minister for Finance|
7 May 2008 – 9 March 2011
|Preceded by||Brian Cowen|
|Succeeded by||Michael Noonan|
|Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform|
14 June 2007 – 7 May 2008
|Preceded by||Michael McDowell|
|Succeeded by||Dermot Ahern|
|Minister of State for Children|
19 June 2002 – 14 June 2007
|Preceded by||Mary Hanafin|
|Succeeded by||Brendan Smith|
2 April 1996 – 10 June 2011
|Born||Brian Joseph Lenihan
21 May 1959
Athlone, Westmeath, Ireland
|Died||10 June 2011
Castleknock, Dublin, Ireland
|Political party||Fianna Fáil|
|Spouse(s)||Patricia Ryan (m. 1997; d. 2011)|
Brian Joseph Lenihan (21 May 1959 – 10 June 2011) was an Irish Fianna Fáil politician and barrister who served in the government of Ireland as Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform from 2007 to 2008 and as Minister for Finance from 2008 to 2011. He was a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Dublin West constituency from 1996 to 2011, and he served as Deputy Leader of Fianna Fáil for a brief period in 2011 until his death from pancreatic cancer.
- 1 Early and private life
- 2 Early political career
- 3 Cabinet career (2007–11)
- 4 International comments
- 5 Opposition (2011)
- 6 Health and lifestyle
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Early and private life
Born in Dublin in 1959, Lenihan grew up in Athlone, County Westmeath until the age of 12, attending the local Marist Brothers primary school. He was then educated at Belvedere College, where he was School Captain, then at Trinity College, Dublin where he obtained an LL.B. (first class). He was elected a foundation scholar of the college in 1979. While in Trinity Brian Lenihan was Treasurer of the College Historical Society. Lenihan was later awarded an LL.M. (first class) at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge and was called to the Irish Bar by the Honorable Society of King's Inns.
He began lecturing in law at Trinity College, Dublin in 1984 and in the same year was called to the Irish Bar. From 1992 to 1995 he was a member of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Tribunal and the Garda Síochána Complaints Appeal Board, and in 1997 he became a Senior Counsel.
Early political career
Lenihan is a member of a famous Irish political dynasty. His father Brian Lenihan, Snr, first elected in 1957, was a cabinet minister for over twenty-five years, Tánaiste, MEP, and a candidate for President in the 1990 election. His grandfather was Patrick Lenihan who followed his son into the Dáil from 1965 until 1970. Lenihan's aunt Mary O'Rourke was first elected as a TD in 1982, served for a time in the Senate, and is also a former cabinet minister. His brother Conor was a TD from 1997 to 2011 and served as a Minister of State. Despite these facts Lenihan has said that he resents any implication that he is a member of the political establishment.
Lenihan first held political office in 1996 when he was asked to stand in the Dublin West by-election caused by the death of his father. Noel Dempsey, who was Fianna Fáil's Director of Elections in the contest, did not expect his party to hold the seat. Lenihan secured 252 more first-preference votes than Joe Higgins of Militant Labour, and was elected on the 11th count. Following his re-election at the 1997 general election Lenihan became chairman of the All-Party Oireachtas Committee on the Constitution. He served in this position until 2002, when he was appointed Minister of State for Children. He had previously been thought of as a potential member of the Cabinet before the 2002 general election.
Lenihan has often been deployed as a representative of government on topical issues or television shows, and is known for giving his own personal opinion on some matters. He was involved in a dispute with the Labour Party over its leader Pat Rabbitte's desire for a presidential election in 2004; Lenihan said the party was "turning the presidency into a political football". He defended the government again in February 2005, this time against Sinn Féin who he suggested were "milking the peace process for political gain". He would later suggest his preference for becoming the Opposition if the alternative was to enter government with Sinn Féin. When three Irishmen fled convictions on terrorism charges they had received in Colombia, the Minister described their return as "most unhelpful to the peace process". Lenihan spoke at the Fianna Fáil Ardfheis in Killarney on 22 October 2005 and at the Ardfheis in Citywest on 24 March 2007. Appearing on The Week in Politics in the wake of unfounded allegations published by a number of Sunday newspapers on Liam Lawlor's death in October 2005, Lenihan said Lawlor's legacy would be the setting up of a Press Council to deal with such matters as they arose in future and was also among the politicians who paid tribute to Lawlor in Dáil Éireann. When other Fianna Fáil ministers were silent, Lenihan stressed as "unthinkable" the acceptance of illegal payments by former Taoiseach Bertie Ahern in Manchester, a comment highlighted positively by Pat Rabbitte in Dáil Éireann following Ahern's public apology in October 2006. Yet Lenihan denied Brian Cowen was "setting a bad example" following a 2007 Hot Press interview in which the future Taoiseach admitted smoking cannabis in his student past. He was involved in the 2007 negotiations between Fianna Fáil and the Green Party about the latter party entering government.
Minister for Children (2002–07)
In his first term as Minister for Children Lenihan announced a new news television programme targeting young people, dealt with matters relating to the internet and pedophilia, announced changes to Ireland's adoption laws and increased the numbers of gardaí employed in the Central Vetting Unit which assesses childcare workers. Lenihan retained the post of Minister for Children in 2005 when the government upgraded it to a cross-departmental role allowing all those in government whose job it is to look after the interests of children to work under one aegis. Although not a member of the cabinet, the Minister was allowed to attend cabinet meetings. He was involved in a proposal to outlaw domestic spanking in June 2005. On 25 October 2005, representing the government, he expressed upset at the "repeated failure and gross dereliction of duties" highlighted in the Ferns Report. His senior in the Department of Health and Children Mary Harney sent him in place of her to speak at an Irish Nurses Organisation conference in May 2006. He addressed a United Nations committee on children's rights in September 2006. On 16 October 2006, Lenihan announced that legislation increasing the age of criminal responsibility by five years from 7 to 12 would come into law immediately. Before leaving office in 2007 he announced several new items, including a review of pedophilia and an increase in the number of judges and other officials working with criminal children. He received criticism from a number of nurses in a disagreement over their working hours at another conference of the Irish Nurses Organisation on 10 May 2007.
Cabinet career (2007–11)
Lenihan served in the Cabinet from 2007 until 2011. He was initially Minister for Justice, but was promoted to the post of Minister for Finance one year later.
Minister for Justice (2007–08)
After the 2007 general election Fianna Fáil were returned to power as part of a coalition with the Progressive Democrats, the Green Party and some Independents. Lenihan was the only Fianna Fáil TD to be promoted to the cabinet, as Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform, by Taoiseach Bertie Ahern, a post which Lenihan's father had held from 1964 to 1968. They are the only father-son pair to have held that office. The post was available due to the loss of previous Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform Michael McDowell in the election. Lenihan immediately promised to place the victim of a crime first and stated that a referendum on children's rights would take place. His first function as Minister for Justice was to attend the graduation of newly trained members of the Garda Síochána Reserve on 16 June 2007. As Minister for Justice Lenihan was involved in several high-profile deportation cases.
Minister for Finance (2008–11)
Considered a "close ally" of Brian Cowen, Lenihan was promoted to Minister for Finance following the election of Cowen as Taoiseach on 7 May 2008. His 2006 intervention to assist with the development of emergency legislation when it emerged rapists were being freed from jail was seen as a major factor in his promotion to the Department of Finance. Lenihan's time as Minister for Finance was dominated by the financial and banking crises which faced Ireland in the late 2000s. He unveiled three government budgets within the space of fourteen months, nationalised Anglo Irish Bank and unveiled the National Asset Management Agency or NAMA.
2008 Bank guarantee
On 18 September 2008, Lenihan issued an emergency phone call to Director-General of RTÉ Cathal Goan after an edition of radio phone-in programme Liveline, presented by Joe Duffy, led to mass concerns that Ireland's banking system was on the verge of collapse. The Minister warned in an interview the following day with Economics Editor for RTÉ George Lee that the public need not react "on the basis of unfounded allegations made on radio programmes". On 29 September Lenihan agreed to issue a broad state guarantee of Irish banks for one year, with the intention of recapitalising them to enable them to continue to lend into the Irish economy. The decision was highly contentious and required a sharp recovery of the world economy that did not occur, but the guarantees were renewed in 2009, in 2010, and in 2011.
In February 2008 an Irish Department of Finance presentation stated that: ".. any requirement to provide open-ended/legally binding State guarantees which would expose the Exchequer to the risk of very significant costs are not regarded as part of the toolkit for successful crisis management and resolution."
The scope of the guarantee - whether it could, or should, have been limited or broad - was examined by an Oireachtas committee in 2010. By late 2010 the costs were so high that the government sought help from the ECB and IMF (see below). By mid-2011 the banks' debts were downgraded to junk status.
Lenihan delivered the 2009 Budget on 14 October 2008 – the budget had been called early due to the worsening economic conditions. The controversial measure of removing Medical Cards from most over 70 year olds (by means testing) caused a massive public outcry. This caused a backlash against the government and backbench unease; one Fianna Fáil TD, Joe Behan, left the party in protest.
Public outcry meant the government had to twice revise the budget in an attempt to satisfy the pensioners and unions, and indeed the backbenchers. Lenihan was not present at the press conference, which included Brian Cowen, John Gormley and Mary Harney, to announce the removal of minimum wage employees from the 1 per cent income levy and a promise that 95 per cent of senior citizens would keep the medical card.
Second (emergency) Budget 2009 and NAMA
On 7 April 2009, Lenihan delivered an emergency budget overriding the measures previously announced, amounting to a further €3.25bn increases in taxes and reductions in spending programmes in the current year, as well as corresponding fiscal changes to future years. Explaining the purpose of the budget changes before the Dáil, he said: "we must stabilise our public finances. Until we show that we can put our own house in order, we cannot expect those who have invested here and who might invest here in the future to have confidence in us".
The emergency budget also saw the announcement of the National Asset Management Agency or NAMA, designed to house banking assets. The Cabinet approved 150 pages of draft legislation outlined by Lenihan at a meeting in late July 2009; it was published later that week. In September 2009, Lenihan announced €54 billion would be given by NAMA to Irish banks in exchange for an estimated €77 billion in loans. The legislation enacting NAMA was passed in Dáil Éireann and Seanad Éireann before being signed by President Mary McAleese during November 2009. Lenihan identified nine prospective NAMA board members on 22 December 2009.
In February 2010 Brian Cowen defended his claim that the NAMA will increase the supply of credit into the economy despite the International Monetary Fund (IMF) saying it would not lead to any significant increase. "People should contemplate what level of credit accessibility we'd have in this economy without NAMA," he said. "It's not just sufficient in itself obviously for credit flow, it's certainly an important and necessary part of restructuring our banking system, of that there's no doubt, in terms of improving as a location for funding of banking operations," said Mr. Cowen. He previously said that the government's objective in restructuring the banks through NAMA was to "generate more access to credit for Irish business at this critical time". In September 2009, Lenihan expressed a similar view, saying it would lead to more lending for business and households. Cowen was responding to reports published on 8 February that the IMF had told Lenihan in April 2009 that the NAMA would not lead to a significant increase in lending by the banks. The comments, which appear in internal Department of Finance documents released under the Freedom of Information Act, were made by senior IMF official Steven Seelig who will join the board of NAMA in May 2010. Minutes of a private meeting at the department between Mr. Lenihan and IMF officials on 29 April 2009 last state that the "IMF (Mr. Seelig) do not believe that Nama will result in significant increase in bank lending in Ireland". The Government has maintained that NAMA's purchase of bad loans from the banks with State bonds would increase the flow of credit in the economy since the plan was unveiled April 2009. Speaking at the publication of the NAMA legislation in September 2009, Mr. Lenihan said it would "strengthen and improve" the funding positions of the banks "so that they can lend to viable businesses and households". The IMF estimated in their published report the domestic banks would face losses of up to €35 billion, though the department pointed out this would be partly funded from operating profits and provisions already taken against some loan losses.
In July 2010 after the a revised business plan was published it was revealed that it is now predicting a possible profit of €1bn, with the possibility of losses of up to €800m, after an initially projection of more than €4bn in profit. The plan published today updates and revises the interim business plan published in October of last year which was prepared on the basis of information supplied at that time by the five participating institutions (Anglo Irish Bank, AIB, Bank of Ireland, EBS and Irish Nationwide) and in advance of the detailed examination of any of the key loans by NAMA. Minister Lenihan has denied that the Government got its sums wrong on NAMA. The original business plan estimated a profit of €4.8bn based on a rise in assets value of 10%. Today's revised figures say that if they recover the full value of the loans plus 10% it will result in a profit of €3.9bn. NAMA chairman Frank Daly said the plan confirmed that the five institutions covered by NAMA had not disclosed or had been unaware of the extent of the financial crisis afflicting their borrowers. He said the banks had shown 'remarkable generosity' towards their borrowers, adding that NAMA had no intention of maintaining that approach. 'To say the least we are extremely disappointed and disturbed to find that, only months after being led to believe that 40% of loans were income producing, the real figure is actually 25%.
On 9 December 2009, the government budget for 2010 was delivered. Referred to at home and abroad in such terms as "the harshest budget in decades", "the most austere Budget in the history of the State" and "what can only be described as one of the toughest Budgets in the history of the State", it was marked by pay cuts for the public sector, and social welfare cuts. Also announced at the same time was €70 million for those impacted by floods which had affected parts of the country. Global investors approved the measures introduced by Lenihan, with Irish government bonds receiving a boost following the Budget.
Citigroup conference call
On 1 October 2010 Lenihan was in a telephone conference with Citigroup when due to a mistake made by Citigroup, the bank's clients were all able to be heard on the line. As the 200-500 investors realised within 2 minutes their lines were not muted, many began to heckle Mr. Lenihan. Some traders made what the Telegraph described as "chimp sounds", while another cried out "dive, dive". Another was heard saying "short Ireland" before adding "why not short Citi too?". Another investor on the line stated "this is the worst conference call ever". After 20 minutes, the call was restarted, with the clients now muted.
On 2 October 2010, Lenihan denied that he was heckled, with his spokesperson stating: "A number of media organisations were on the call. None offered a similar analysis to the Telegraph, which was not on the call. At the end of the call, spreads on Irish bonds narrowed which indicated that the 200 investors on the call were reassured."
The Department of Finance has stated that the reports were inaccurate, stating: "The Minister was not interrupted as reported by the Telegraph. There was no heckling – indeed, participants congratulated the Minister and the NTMA."
EU-IMF bailout, November 2010
As the Irish banks were unable to raise fresh capital in the bond markets on the expiry of the one-year bank guarantee (see above), in September 2010 the government needed to provide them with further billions, amounting to a budget deficit of 32% of GDP. This led in turn to questions about the value of Irish government bonds, and they were re-rated to AA- on 6 October. From 21 November negotiations started with teams from the ECB and the IMF, resulting in an agreement on 28 November.
The suddenness of the €85 billion bailout deal led to worries that Irish sovereignty had been lost, and that the Irish economy might not grow fast enough to afford the bailout costs. Others complained that the new regime would increase taxes and reduce social welfare payments at a time of recession. The deal became a part of the European sovereign debt crisis debate.
As a result of the bailout required following Lenihan's renewed bank guarantee, the government's coalition partner, the Green Party, called for an early election and withdrew from government on 23 January 2011. The ensuing Irish general election, 2011, on 25 February, led to a loss of 75% in the numbers of Fianna Fáil deputies returned to parliament in the election and the complete loss of all seats by their Green Party coalition partner.
Financial Times ranking
On 6 December 2010, the Financial Times annual survey of the 19 Eurozone finance ministers, ranked by European economists, named Brian Lenihan as the Eurozone's worst finance minister for the second year in a row.
Vanity Fair: Lenihan is "tricky"
The March 2011 issue of Vanity Fair describes Lenihan as "tricky," for allegedly manipulating his meetings with the members of the Dáil so that when they emerge, they are the ones who must announce the bad news about the latest budget cuts and tax hikes to the media (and thus bear the brunt of the anger and blame for the austerity measures). Lenihan's role in post-collapse Ireland is likened in one particularly lurid passage as "normalising a freak show" and attempting to assure the Irish that they didn't all just see what they saw. Yet, he is also described as "the last remaining Irish politician anywhere near power whose mere appearance does not cause people on the streets of Dublin to explode with either scorn or laughter" because of his perceived innocence and his well-publicised illness.
Lenihan barely held onto his seat in the 2011 general election. He was declared elected on the fifth count without reaching the quota with his first preference vote declining from 32.7% in 2007 to just 15.2%. He was the only Fianna Fáil TD, out of 47 outgoing TD's in Dublin constituencies, returned in the Dublin region.
He was the Deputy Leader of Fianna Fáil and party spokesperson on Finance until his death.
April 2011 interview
In an April 2011 interview Lenihan claimed the European Central Bank forced Ireland into taking a bailout and rejected claims by a senior ECB figure that the bank warned Ireland in mid-2010 of the dangers it faced. He has also accused members of the ECB executives of briefing against Ireland and of "betrayal". Lenihan criticised some of the 17 governing board members of the bank for the "damaging" manner in which they had briefed some media about Ireland. He said, "On the betrayal issue, I did feel that some bank governors should not be speaking out of turn and that only the president should speak for the bank." The position of the ECB on Ireland's seeking of assistance was different from that of the European Commission, said Mr. Lenihan. "I don't think the commission were anxious to bounce member states into a programme. "That was my strong impression from my discussions with Commissioner Rehn." he said, adding that "the ECB clearly subscribed to a different view." He gave a graphic description of his feelings when the bailout talks were concluded. "I've a very vivid memory of going to Brussels on the final Monday to sign the agreement and being on my own at the airport and looking at the snow gradually thawing and thinking to myself, this is terrible. No Irish minister has ever had to do this before."
Health and lifestyle
After a visit by Lenihan to David McWilliams's house, McWilliams publicly claimed that Lenihan had eaten large doses of raw garlic during the visit, and that Lenihan had said he had developed the habit since becoming Minister for Finance. An unnamed source described in the Irish Examiner as "close to Mr Lenihan" subsequently said:
It's true he does like eating garlic, but he doesn't chew it like gum – it's good for the blood, apparently.
Lenihan was hospitalised on 16 December 2009, complaining of insomnia and a possible hernia. Surgery, described as "a minor procedure that was brought forward", was performed. Leader of the Opposition Enda Kenny wished him well in a speech. On 26 December 2009, TV3 reported that Lenihan had been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. The Sunday Times then reported that "a number of authoritative sources" had said the claim was true. Public service broadcaster RTÉ stated that Lenihan had contracted what it described as "a serious condition". The Government Press Secretary stated that the health of a politician is a private affair. The "unwarranted intrusion" by TV3 was met with disapproval – even by opposition politicians; Labour Party deputy leader and Finance Spokesperson Joan Burton offered her condolences: "It's certainly not a departure in the media that I would welcome. I'm really shocked that a story like that could be broadcast at Christmas". However the journalist in question who made the disclosure, Ursula Halligan, received support for report from many publications and journalists including the political bi-weekly Village magazine, Ger Colleran, editor of the Irish Daily Star, the Irish Times and the Phoenix magazine, who stated that "If a report of the finance minister facing a serious illness while simultaneously grappling with the biggest financial crisis in the history of the state is not in the public interest, then nothing is".
In a personal statement on 4 January 2010, detailing the precise nature of his illness, Lenihan said he underwent tests prior to Christmas which identified a blockage at the entrance to his pancreas. He said cancerous tissue was identified in the material that had caused the blockage, and he intended to begin treatment for cancer. Having discussed the matter with his doctors and the Taoiseach, he said he will continue on in the finance portfolio and "to fulfil the essential functions of my office".
Brian Lenihan died on 10 June 2011, at the age of 52, from pancreatic cancer. It was reported that Lenihan died in the early hours of the morning at his home in west Dublin. He was survived by his wife, their two children, his mother, three brothers and one sister. His death received attention from the international media. President Mary McAleese said she was saddened by the death of "such a young and talented public servant". Thousands of people queued to sign books of condolence nationwide, with the figure soon reaching 10,000 while thousands of others clicked a tribute page on Facebook. Thousands of people also visited Lenihan's Dublin constituency office, travelling from all over Ireland including County Cork, County Galway and County Donegal. Because he was a former Minister for Justice, Lenihan received military honours at his funeral service at Saint Mochta's Church in Porterstown, County Dublin on 14 June 2011. He was buried in the Church of Ireland graveyard at Saint David's Church, Kilsallaghan, County Dublin, near where he grew up. He had chosen the site during a visit to the graveyard the previous December.
- "Brian Joseph Lenihan". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 4 January 2008.
- "Minister who fought to bring Ireland back from the brink", The Irish Times, 11 June 2011. Via HighBeam Research (subscription required).
- "Brian Lenihan TD". Fianna Fáil website. Archived from the original on 18 November 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2008.
- Telegraph obituary
- "Latest, Political, Economic, Employment and Technology News from TV3 with Vincent Browne, Midday and 5:30 News". TV3.ie. 30 September 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- Ross, Shane (11 May 2008). "Breeding and brains of Brian". Sunday Independent. Archived from the original on 17 February 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2008.
- "Fianna Fail political dynasties". Sunday Independent. 27 December 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2009.[permanent dead link]
- Daniel McConnell (27 December 2009). "Dail family trees show clans who rule Ireland". Sunday Independent. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- James F. Clarity (2 November 1995). "Brian Lenihan, Irish Politician And Former Deputy Premier, 64". New York Times. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- Interview on The Week in Politics on RTÉ, 8 June 2008.
- "Brian Lenihan, Minister for Finance". RTÉ News. 7 May 2008. Retrieved 27 December 2009.[dead link]
- "About Noel Dempsey". Noel Dempsey's website. Archived from the original on 18 November 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2008.
He was Director of Elections for the Dublin West by-election in 1996 and defied the odds by securing the seat for Brian Lenihan. This was the first by election victory for Fianna Fáil since 1985.
- "Dublin West by-election, 2 April 1996". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 4 January 2008.
- "Brian Lenihan". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 25 September 2009.
- "Political row over presidential election". RTÉ News. 25 January 2004. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Lenihan says Govt's patience running out". RTÉ News. 5 February 2005. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Election 2007: Fianna Fáil's crime strategy". RTÉ News. 17 May 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Option for men to serve sentence here". RTÉ News. 9 August 2005. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Taoiseach calls for change in public service". RTÉ News. 22 October 2005. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Ahern in address to FF Ard Fheis". RTÉ News. 24 March 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Press Council to follow Lawlor reports". RTÉ News. 30 October 2005. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Press Council after reports on Lawlor's death". RTÉ News. 31 October 2005. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Dáil pays tribute to Liam Lawlor". RTÉ News. 23 November 2005. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "McDowell comments on Ahern's performance". RTÉ News. 3 October 2006. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "European greens support govt plan". RTÉ News. 13 June 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Lenihan launches kids news service". RTÉ News. 11 October 2002. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Minister concerned over children's 'net usage". RTÉ News. 29 July 2003. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Adoptive leave for parents extended". RTÉ News. 17 October 2003. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Staff at garda vetting unit to be doubled". RTÉ News. 23 September 2004. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Lenihan comments on possible smacking ban". RTÉ News. 8 June 2005. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Govt condemns failures of diocese". RTÉ News. 25 October 2005. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Harney 'unlikely' to address INO conference". RTÉ News. 2 May 2006. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Lenihan to inform UN group of rights review". RTÉ News. 20 September 2006. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "New criminal responsibility age in effect". RTÉ News. 16 October 2006. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Reforms for child protection agencies". RTÉ News. 19 April 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Nurses plan national two-hour stoppage". RTÉ News. 10 May 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Ahern names new Cabinet". RTÉ News. 14 June 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "New Cabinet holds first meeting". RTÉ News. 15 June 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Lenihan gives priority to the victim". RTÉ News. 15 June 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- Conor Mark Kavanagh (16 June 2007). "Justice Minister carries out first official duty". RTÉ News. Retrieved 27 December 2009.[dead link]
- "63 Roma leave M50 camp to await flight". RTÉ News. 24 July 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Agbonlahors lose battle against deportation". RTÉ News. 14 August 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Izevbekhai supporters to fight deportation". RTÉ News. 19 March 2008. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Taoiseach unveils new-look Cabinet". Irish Examiner. 7 May 2008. Retrieved 26 December 2009.
- Jody Corcoran (21 September 2008). "Lenihan lash at Joe Duffy banks panic". Sunday Independent. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- NTMA web page on the 2008 bank guarantee; seen 21 July 2011 Archived 2 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Overview of Financial Stability Resolution Issues", page 11. Pdf file of slideshow prepared on 8 February 2008
- Kevin Cardiff, Public Accounts Committee, July 2010
- Irish Times, 14 July 2011
- "Budget moved to October amid economic gloom". The Irish Times. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Government statement on Budget 2009". The Irish Times. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Medical cards move sparks Dáil row". RTÉ News. 15 October 2008. Retrieved 18 October 2008.
- "'Maybe this is what the revolution looks like,' says onlooking TD". The Irish Times. 23 October 2008. Archived from the original on 29 November 2010. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Pressure grows as Fianna Fáil TD quits over Budget". The Irish Times. 17 October 2008. Retrieved 18 October 2008.
- "Backlash continues over medical card changes". Irish Examiner. 17 October 2008. Retrieved 18 October 2008.
- "Fine Gael medical card motion defeated". RTÉ News. 22 October 2008. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
- "Ireland unveils emergency budget". BBC News. 7 April 2009. Retrieved 8 April 2009.
- "New agency to manage banks' bad loans". RTÉ News. 7 April 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Cabinet backs NAMA legislation". RTÉ News. 28 July 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Legislation gives NAMA wide powers". RTÉ News. 30 July 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "NAMA to pay €54bn for bank loans". RTÉ News. 16 September 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "NAMA legislation is passed". RTÉ News. 12 November 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Thursday Newspaper Review – Irish Business News and International Stories". Irish Independent via Finfacts Ireland. 26 November 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- Eoin Burke-Kennedy (22 December 2009). "Lenihan unveils Nama board". The Irish Times. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- Thomas Molloy (23 December 2009). "Lenihan names NAMA board with former taxman at helm". Irish Independent. Archived from the original on 4 August 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "IMF warned Nama would not lead to significant bank lending". Irishtimes.com. 2 February 2010. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- "Lenihan on defensive as Nama revises estimates down". Irishexaminer.com. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- John Murray Brown (9 December 2009). "Ireland suffers harshest budget in decades". Financial Times. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- Harry McGee (9 December 2009). "Few surprises in much-leaked Budget". The Irish Times. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Lenihan delivers toughest Budget in years". Irish Examiner. 9 December 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- Mary Minihan (12 December 2009). "Dáil passes social welfare cuts after heated debate turns ugly". The Irish Times. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Budget 2010 cuts €4bn in public spending". RTÉ News. 9 December 2009. Archived from the original on 14 December 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "€70m package promised for flooding victims". Irish Examiner. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- Pat Boyle (11 December 2009). "Backing for Budget as spread on Irish bonds narrows". Irish Independent. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- Wilson, Harry (1 October 2010). "Ireland's finance minister Brian Lenihan ridiculed by City investors – Telegraph". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
- "We're a global laughing stock – and we fully deserve to be – Analysis, Opinion – Independent.ie". Irish Independent. 3 October 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
- McCONNELL, DANIEL (3 October 2010). "Lenihan hits out at bond hecklers". Irish Independent. Retrieved 3 October 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "Claims Lenihan mocked 'inaccurate'". The Irish Times. 2 October 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
- "The money pit". The Economist. 30 September 2010.
- "Irish Times" timeline on financial events 2008-2010
- IMF website comment on the agreement, 28 November 2010
- "Bailout deal". The Irish Times. 18 December 2010.
- "FT – Lenihan Europe's worst finance minister". RTÉ News. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- Financial Times, 6 and 8 December 2010
- Lewis, Michael (20 October 2009). "When Irish Eyes Are Crying". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- "When Irish Eyes Are Crying", Vanity Fair, March 2011
- Holton, Kate. "Lenihan, face of Irish crisis, survives election". Reuters. 26 February 2011.
- O'Brien, Dan (23 April 2011). "Ireland 'forced' to take bailout". Irishtimes.com. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- "McWilliams and Lenihan differ over bizarre meeting". Irish Examiner. 2 November 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2009.[permanent dead link]
- "Irish minister's raw garlic habit". BBC News. 3 November 2009. Retrieved 26 December 2009.
- "Irish Finance Minister Brian Lenihan admits himself to hospital". The Belfast Telegraph. 17 December 2009. Archived from the original on 19 April 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2009.
- "Finance Minister to undergo surgery". Irish Examiner. 16 December 2009. Retrieved 26 December 2009.
- Paul O'Brien (17 December 2009). "Lenihan absent from Dáil after minor treatment". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 26 December 2009.
- "Brian Lenihan diagnosed with cancer". TV3. 26 December 2009. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2009.
- Stephen O'Brien and Dominic O'Connell (27 December 2009). "Finance minister Brian Lenihan may be forced to retire". The Sunday Times. London. Retrieved 26 December 2009.
- Padraic Halpin (27 December 2009). "Irish finance minister diagnosed with cancer". Reuters. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Dept silent on Lenihan health reports". RTÉ News. 26 December 2009. Retrieved 26 December 2009.
- Daniel McConnell, Jody Corcoran and Ronald Quinlan (27 December 2009). "Public anger at TV3 intrusion into Lenihan's serious illness". Sunday Independent. Archived from the original on 26 December 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Lenihan report was 'unwarranted intrusion'". RTÉ News. 27 December 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "Lenihan to continue in portfolio despite illness'". Irish Times. 4 January 2010. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- "Former Finance Minister Brian Lenihan has died". Thejournal.ie. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- Julia Werdigier (10 June 2011). "Brian Lenihan, Ireland’s Finance Minister, Dies at 52". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- "Brian Lenihan Obituary". London: The Daily Telegraph. 10 June 2011. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- "Ex-Irish finance minister Lenihan dies at 52". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- "Death of Brian Lenihan". BBC. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- "President leads tributes to Brian Lenihan". RTÉ News. 10 June 2011. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- "Thousands sign books of condolence for Brian Lenihan". Irish Independent. 13 June 2011. Archived from the original on 1 August 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
- Sheahan, Fionnan (13 June 2011). "Thousands visit constituency office to express their sadness". Irish Independent. Archived from the original on 6 September 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
- "Haunting pipes pierced the air", The Daily Mail, 15 June 2011. Via HighBeam Research (subscription required).
- "Lenihan remembered for unique contribution to politics", The Irish Times, 11 June 2011. Via HighBeam Research (subscription required).
- "Lenihan an 'inspiration to all'", The Irish Times, 14 June 2011.
- Laid to rest in spot he'd come to love Irish Independent, 19 June 2011.
- "David McWilliams: The night Lenihan banged on my front door" – extract from Follow the Money
- Oireachtas, 2008 The Houses of the Oireachtas, "Credit Institutions (Financial Support) Act 2008 No.x of 2008, , Published: 18 April 2007, Accessed: 25 October 2007
- Oireachtas, 2008 The Houses of the Oireachtas,  Broadcasting Bill 2008 to establish the BAI to take over BAI, RTÉ Authority, Broadcasting Commission of Ireland and Broadcasting Complaints Commission duties, and establish RTÉ and TG4 (previously Téilifis na Gaeilge) as corporate semi states and establish Houses of the Oireachtas Commission (Oireachtas TV) and Irish Film Channel (Irish Film Board/Board Scannán na hÉireann)
- EU-wide approach needed Irish times Opinion Piece
- "Transcript of TV3 News bulletin concerning Lenihan's health"
|Fianna Fáil Teachta Dála for Dublin West
|Minister of State for Children
|Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform
|Minister for Finance
|Party political offices|
|Deputy Leader of Fianna Fáil
Éamon Ó Cuív