Brian Moore (novelist)
25 August 1921|
Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK
|Died||11 January 1999
Malibu, California, United States
|Occupation||Novelist, screenwriter, journalist|
|Notable awards||Governor General's Award for English language fiction (1960 and 1975)|
Jacqueline ("Jackie") Sirois (née Scully) (m. 1952–67)Jean Denny (m. 1967–99)
Brian Moore (first name // bree-AN; 25 August 1921 – 11 January 1999), who has been described as "one of the few genuine masters of the contemporary novel", was a novelist and screenwriter from Northern Ireland who emigrated to Canada and later lived in the United States. He was acclaimed for the descriptions in his novels of life in Northern Ireland after the Second World War, in particular his explorations of the inter-communal divisions of The Troubles. He was awarded the James Tait Black Memorial Prize in 1975 and the inaugural Sunday Express Book of the Year award in 1987, and he was shortlisted for the Booker Prize three times (in 1976, 1987 and 1990). Moore also wrote screenplays and several of his books were made into films.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Wartime service and move to North America
- 3 Novels and themes
- 4 Acclaim
- 5 Personal life
- 6 Death
- 7 Legacy
- 8 Prizes and honours
- 9 Bibliography
- 10 See also
- 11 References and footnotes
- 12 External links
Early life and education
Moore was born and grew up in Belfast with eight siblings in a large Roman Catholic family. His grandfather, a severe, authoritarian solicitor, had been a Catholic convert. His father, James Bernard Moore, was a prominent surgeon and the first Catholic to sit on the senate of Queen’s University and his mother, Eileen McFadden Moore, a Donegal farmer's daughter, was a nurse. His uncle was the prominent Irish nationalist, Eoin MacNeill, founder of Conradh na Gaeilge (the Gaelic League) and Professor of Irish at University College Dublin.
Wartime service and move to North America
Moore was a volunteer air raid warden during the bombing of Belfast by the Luftwaffe. He also served as a civilian with the British Army in North Africa, Italy and France. After the war ended he worked in Eastern Europe for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. He emigrated to Canada in 1948, worked as a reporter for the Montreal Gazette, and became a Canadian citizen. While eventually making his primary residence in California, Moore continued to live part of each year in Canada up to his death.
Moore lived in Canada from 1948 to 1958, moving to New York in 1959 to take up a Guggenheim Fellowship and remaining there until his divorce in 1967. He then moved to the west coast of the United States, settling in Malibu, California, with his new wife Jean. He taught creative writing at UCLA.
Novels and themes
Moore wrote his first novels in Canada. His earliest novels were thrillers, published under his own name or using the pseudonyms Bernard Mara or Michael Bryan. Moore's first novel outside the genre, Judith Hearne, remains among his most highly regarded. The book was rejected by ten American publishers before being accepted by a British publisher. It was made into a film, with British actress Maggie Smith playing the lonely spinster who is the book/film's title character.
Other novels by Moore were adapted for the screen, including Intent to Kill, The Luck of Ginger Coffey, Catholics, Black Robe, Cold Heaven, and The Statement. He co-wrote the screenplay for Alfred Hitchcock's Torn Curtain, and wrote The Blood of Others, based on the novel Le Sang des autres by Simone de Beauvoir.
Some of his novels feature staunchly anti-doctrinaire and anti-clerical themes, and he in particular spoke strongly about the effect of the Church on life in Ireland. A recurring theme in his novels is the concept of the Catholic priesthood. On several occasions he explores the idea of a priest losing his faith. At the same time, several of his novels are deeply sympathetic and affirming portrayals of the struggles of faith and religious commitment, Black Robe most prominently.
Moore was married twice. His first marriage, in 1952, was to Jacqueline ("Jackie") Sirois (née Scully), a French Canadian and fellow-journalist with whom he had a son Michael in 1953. They divorced in October 1967 and Jackie died in January 1976. Moore married his second wife, Jean Denny, in October 1967.
Brian Moore died on 11 January 1999 at his home in Malibu, California, aged 77, from pulmonary fibrosis. He had been working on a novel about the 19th-century French symbolist poet Arthur Rimbaud. His last published work before his death was an essay entitled "Going Home". It was a reflection inspired by a visit he made to the grave in Connemara of his family friend, the Irish nationalist Bulmer Hobson. The essay was commissioned by Granta and published in The New York Times on 7 February 1999. Despite Moore's often conflicted attitude to Ireland and his Irishness, his concluding reflection in the piece was "The past is buried until, in Connemara, the sight of Bulmer Hobson's grave brings back those faces, those scenes, those sounds and smells which now live only in my memory. And in that moment I know that when I die I would like to come home at last to be buried here in this quiet place among the grazing cows."
The Creative Writers Network in Northern Ireland launched in 1996 the Brian Moore Short Story Awards, which are now open to all authors of Irish descent. Previous judges have included Glenn Patterson, Lionel Shriver, Carlo Gebler and Maeve Binchy.
Moore has been the subject of two biographies, Brian Moore: The Chameleon Novelist (1998) by Denis Sampson and Brian Moore: A Biography (2002) by Patricia Craig. Brian Moore and the Meaning of the Past (2007) by Patrick Hicks provides a critical retrospective of Moore's works. Information about the publishing of Moore's novel, Judith Hearne, and the break-up of his marriage can be found in Diana Athill's memoir, Stet (2000).
In 1975 Moore arranged for his literary materials, letters and documents to be deposited in the Special Collections Division of the University of Calgary Library, an inventory of which (The Brian Moore Papers: First Accession and Second Accession) was published by the University of Calgary Press in 1987. Moore's archives, which include unfilmed screenplays, drafts of various novels, working notes, a 42-volume journal (1957–1998), and his correspondence , are now at The Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, at the University of Texas at Austin.
Prizes and honours
- 1955 Beta Sigma Phi award (best first novel by a Canadian author for Judith Hearne)
- 1955 Authors' Club First Novel Award (for Judith Hearne, chosen by C. S. Forester)
- 1960 Governor General's Award for Fiction (for The Luck of Ginger Coffey)
- 1975 James Tait Black Memorial Prize For Fiction (for The Great Victorian Collection)
- 1975 Governor General's Award for Fiction (for The Great Victorian Collection)
- 1976 Nominee, Booker Prize (for The Doctor's Wife)
- 1987 Nominee, Booker Prize (for The Colour of Blood)
- 1987 Sunday Express Book of the Year (for The Colour of Blood)
- 1990 Nominee, Booker Prize (for Lies of Silence)
- 1994 Robert Kirsch Award for Lifetime Achievement by the Los Angeles Times for his novels
Non-fiction and essays
- Canada (1963)
- "Now and Then", Threshold, no 23: The Northern Crisis, edited by John Montague. Belfast: Lyric Players Theatre (1970). Republished as "Bloody Ulster: An Irishman's Lament" in The Atlantic, September 1970
- "Old Father, Old Artificer", in Irish University Review, 12 (Spring 1982), chapter 12 (on James Joyce).
- "Going Home" in The New York Times, 7 February 1999
- Wreath for a Redhead (1951) (U.S. title: Sailor's Leave pub. 1953)
- The Executioners (1951)
- French for Murder (1954) (as Bernard Mara)
- A Bullet for My Lady (1955) (as Bernard Mara) 
- Judith Hearne (1955) (reprinted as The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne in 1956)
- This Gun for Gloria (1956) (as Bernard Mara)
- Intent to Kill (1956) (as Michael Bryan)
- The Feast of Lupercal (1957) (reprinted as A Moment of Love, Ger 1964: Saturnischer Tanz)
- Murder in Majorca (1957) (as Michael Bryan)
- The Luck of Ginger Coffey (1960)
- An Answer from Limbo (1962)
- The Emperor of Ice-Cream (1965)
- I Am Mary Dunne (1968)
- Fergus (1970)
- The Revolution Script (1971)
- Catholics (1972, Ger 1975: Katholiken) – first printed in New American Review, 15 (New York: Simon & Schuster 1972) pp. 11–72
- The Great Victorian Collection (1975, Ger 1978: Die Große Viktorianische Sammlung)
- The Doctor's Wife (1976)
- The Mangan Inheritance (1979, Ger 1999: Mangans Vermächtnis) (Originally published as The Family Album)
- The Temptation of Eileen Hughes (1981)
- Cold Heaven (1983)
- Black Robe (1985, Ger 1987: Schwarzrock)
- The Colour of Blood (1987, Ger 1989: Die Farbe des Blutes)
- Lies of Silence (1990)
- No Other Life (1993)
- The Statement (1995, Ger 1997: Hetzjagd)
- The Magician's Wife (1997)
Short story collection
- Two Stories (1978) Northridge, California: Santa Susana Press. Contains "Uncle T" and "Preliminary Pages for a Work of Revenge"
- "Sassenach", Northern Review 5 (October–November 1951)
- "Fly Away Finger, Fly Away Thumb", London Mystery Magazine, 17, September 1953 ; reprinted in Great Irish Tales of Horror, ed. Peter Haining, Souvenir Press 1995
- "A Vocation", Tamarack Review 1 (Autumn 1956): 18–22. Reprinted in Threshold 2 (Summer 1958): 21–25; reprinted in The Irish Genius, ed. Devin A. Garrity (1960). New York: New American Library, pp. 125–128; reprinted for the Verbal Arts Centre project, 1998
- "Lion of the Afternoon", The Atlantic, November 1957; reprinted in A Book of Canadian Stories, ed. Desmond Pacey (1962) Toronto: Ryerson Press, pp. 283–293
- "Next Thing was Kansas City", The Atlantic, February 1959
- "Grieve for the Dear Departed", The Atlantic, August 1959; reprinted in Pick of Today's Short Stories, no. 12, ed. John Pudney (1960), London: Putnam, pp. 179–188
- "Uncle T", Gentleman's Quarterly, November 1960; reprinted in Two Stories, see above
- "Preliminary Pages for a Work of Revenge", Midstream 7 (Winter 1961); reprinted in The Dolmen: Miscellany of Irish Writing, eds. John Montague and Thomas Kinsella (1962), Dublin: Dolman, pp. 1–7; reprinted in Canadian Writings Today, ed. Mordecai Richler, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, pp. 135–145; reprinted in Two Stories, see above
- "Hearts and Flowers", The Spectator, 24 November 1961
- "Off the Track", Ten for Wednesday Night, ed. Robert Weaver. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Ltd, 1961, pp. 159–167; reprinted in Modern Canadian Stories, eds. Giose Rimanelli and Robert Ruberto (1966), Toronto: Ryerson Press, pp. 239–246
- "The Sight", Irish Ghost Stories, ed. Joseph Hone. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1977, pp. 100–119; reprinted in Black Water, ed. Alberto Manguel, Picador 1983; reprinted in The Oxford Book of Canadian Ghost Stories, ed. Alberto Manguel, Toronto: Oxford University Press 1990
- "A Bed in America" (unpublished; later used in Hitchcock film Torn Curtain)
- "A Matter of Faith" (unpublished)
- The Closing Ritual (1979) – unperformed
- Catholics (1980), based on his own novel – ACT Theatre, World Premiere: Seattle May 1980
- The Game (undated) – unperformed
- Dustin is Dustin (undated film script, now in University of Calgary Special Collection)
- The Goat (1964), film script
- The Luck of Ginger Coffey (1964)
- Torn Curtain (1966)
- The Slave (1967), based on Moore's novel An Answer from Limbo
- Catholics (1973)
- The Closing Ritual (1979)
- The Blood of Others (1984)
- Brainwash (1985)
- The Sight (1985), a half-hour drama based on a short story by Moore
- Il Giorno prima (Control) (1987)
- Gabrielle Chanel (1988)
- The Temptation of Eileen Hughes (TV film; 1988)
- Black Robe (1991)
Other films based on Brian Moore's work
- Intent to Kill (1958), a film with a screenplay by Jimmy Sangster, based on the novel written by Moore as Michael Bryan
- Uncle T (1985), a half-hour drama, with a script by Gerald Wexler, based on a short story by Moore
- The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne (1987), a film with a screenplay by Peter Nelson based on Moore's novel
- Cold Heaven (film) (1991), a film with a screenplay by Allan Scott based on Moore's novel
- The Statement (2003) a film with a screenplay by Ronald Harwood based on Moore's novel
Films about Brian Moore
- The Lonely Passion of Brian Moore (1986) a documentary featuring Moore and looking at what inspired his work
- The Man From God Knows Where (1993), BBC Bookmark profile
- Fulford, Robert. "Robert Fulford Interviews Brian Moore". Tamarack Review 23 (1962), pp. 5–18
- Dahlie, Hallvard. "Brian Moore: An Interview". Tamarack Review 46 (1968), pp. 7–29
- Sale, Richard. "An Interview in London with Brian Moore". Studies in the Novel 1 (Spring 1969), pp. 67–80
- Gallagher, Michael Paul. "Brian Moore Talks to Michael Paul Gallagher", Hibernia (10 October 1969), p. 18
- Cameron, Donald. "Brian Moore". Conversations with Canadian Novelists, 2. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada (1973), pp. 64–85
- Graham, John. "Brian Moore" in Garrett, George, ed., The Writer’s Voice: Conversations With Contemporary Writers. New York: William Morrow and Company (1973), pp. 51–74
- Bray, Richard T., ed. "A Conversation with Brian Moore". Critic: A Catholic Review of Books and the Arts 35 (Fall 1976), pp. 42–48
- De Santana, Hubert. "Interview with Brian Moore". Maclean's (11 July 1977), pp. 4–7
- Aris, Stephen. "Moore’s Fistful of Dollars", Sunday Times (October 1977), pp. 37
- Sharp, Rhoderick. "Brian Moore: an author in exile winning with the luck of the Irish", Glasgow Herald, 7 May 1983, p.7
- Crowe, Marie. "Marie Crowe Talks to Belfast Writer Brian Moore", in Irish Press (21 June 1983), p. 9
- Meyer, Bruce and O’Riordan, Brian. "Brian Moore: In Celebration of the Commonplace", in Their Words: Interviews With Fourteen Canadian Novelists. Toronto: House of Anansi Press (1984), pp. 169–83
- Carty, Ciaran. "Ciaran Carty Talks to Brian Moore", Sunday Independent (2 June 1985), p. 14
- Adair, Tom. "The Writer as Exile", in Linen Hall Review, 2:4 (1985), pp. 4–6
- Foster, John Wilson. "Q & A with Brian Moore", in Irish Literary Supplement: A Review of Irish Books (Fall 1985), pp. 44–45
- Haverty, Anne. "The Outsider on the Edge", in Sunday Tribune (3 November 1985)
- O’Donoghue, Andy. "Dialogue", interview with Brian Moore on RTÉ Radio 1 (20 February 1986)
- Battersby, Eileen. "No Faith, No Hope, But Clarity: Eileen Battersby in Belfast With the Novelist Brian Moore", Sunday Tribune, (27 April 1990), B1
- Carlson, Julia., ed. "Brian Moore" in Banned in Ireland. Georgia UP/London: Routledge (1990)
- Christie, Tom. "An Irishman In Malibu: Novelist Brian Moore Has Left Behind His Homeland And Dodged Celebrity In Favor Of An Independent-minded And Highly Successful Literary Life", in Los Angeles Times (1 March 1992)
- Ford, Nigel. "An Interview With Brian Moore", on Bookshelf, BBC Radio 4 (5 March 1993)
- O’Donoghue, Jo. "From the Abstract Sands: Interview with Brian Moore", in Books Ireland (November 1995), pp. 269–71
- Battersby, Eileen. "Perennial Outsider", a full-page interview in The Irish Times (12 October 1995)
- Rees, Jasper. "Novel way to Miss the Booker Prize", in The Independent [UK] (24 September 1997), ‘Eye’ pp. 3–4
- Hicks, Patrick. "Brian Moore and Patrick Hicks", in Irish University Review Vol. 30, No. 2 (Autumn – Winter, 2000), pp. 315–320 (The last known interview with Brian Moore)
Books and articles about Brian Moore and his work
- Athill, Diana. Stet: a memoir, London: Granta ISBN 1-86207-388-0, 2000
- Craig, Patricia. Brian Moore: A Biography, Bloomsbury Publishing, ISBN 978-0747560043, 2002
- Cronin, John. "Ulster's Alarming Novels", Eire-Ireland IV (Winter 1969), p. 27–34
- Dahlie, Hallvard. Brian Moore, Toronto: The Copp Clark Publishing Co., 1969
- Dahlie, Hallvard. Brian Moore, Boston: G.K. Hall and Company, 1981
- Flood, Jeanne. Brian Moore, Lewisburg, Penn.: Bucknell University Press; London: Associated University Presses, 1974
- Foster, John Wilson. "Passage Through Limbo: Brian Moore's North American Novels", Critique XIII (Winter 1971), pp. 5–18
- Foster, John Wilson. Forces and Themes in Ulster Fiction, Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1974, pp. 122–130; 151–185
- Hicks, Patrick. "History and Masculinity in Brian Moore's "The Emperor of Ice-Cream", The Canadian Journal of Irish Studies, Vol. 25, No. 1/2 (Jul. – Dec., 1999), pp. 400–413
- Gearon, Liam. "No other life: Death and Catholicism in the works of Brian Moore", Journal of Beliefs and Values, Vol 19, No 1, pp. 33–46
- Hicks, Patrick. "Brian Moore's The Feast of Lupercal and the Constriction of Masculinity", New Hibernia Review, Vol 5, No 3, pp. 101–113, Fómhar/Autumn 2001 
- Hicks, Patrick. "The Fourth Master: Reading Brian Moore Reading James Joyce". Ariel 38: 2–3.
- Hicks, Patrick. "Sleight-of-Hand: Writing, History and Magic in Brian Moore's The Magician's Wife" Commonwealth Essays and Studies ["Postcolonial Narratives" Issue] 27, 2 (Spring 2005), pp. 87–95.
- Hicks, Patrick. Brian Moore and the Meaning of the Past, Edwin Mellen Press Ltd, ISBN 0773454039, ISBN 978-0773454033, 2007
- McSweeney, Kerry. Four Contemporary Novelists. Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press; London: Scolar Press, 1983, pp. 55–99
- O'Donoghue, Jo. Brian Moore: A Critical Study, Montreal and Kingston: McGill University Press, 1991
- Prosky, Murray. "The Crisis of Identity in the Novels of Brian Moore", Eire-Ireland VI (Fall 1971), pp 106–118
- Sampson, Denis. "'Home: A Moscow of the Mind': Notes on Brian Moore's Transition to North America" in Colby Quarterly, vol. 31, issue 1 (March 1995). pp. 46–54
- Sampson, Denis. Brian Moore: The Chameleon Novelist, Toronto: Doubleday Canada, 1998
- Schumacher, Antje. Brian Moore's Black Robe: Novel, Screenplay(s) and Film (European University Studies. Series 14: Anglo-Saxon Language and Literature. Vol. 494), Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. Language: English ISBN 3631603215 ISBN 978-3-631-60321-5, 2010
- Sullivan, Robert. A Matter of Faith: The Fiction of Brian Moore, London and Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood, 1996
References and footnotes
- Dahlie, Hallvard (1999). "Brian Moore, 1921–99". In Memoriam. University of Calgary. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- Lee, Hermione (14 February 1993). "BOOK REVIEW / Nomadic life of Brian: It's hard to keep up with Brian Moore, an Irishman with Canadian citizenship living in Malibu whose new novel is based on Haiti. But it's time his work was acclaimed". Independent on Sunday. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- Flanagan, Thomas (17 January 1999). "Brian Moore: An Appreciation". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
- "Brian Moore: Forever influenced by loss of faith". BBC Online. 12 January 1999. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- Cronin, John (13 January 1999). "Obituary: Shores of Exile". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- Walsh, John (14 January 1999). "Obituary: Brian Moore". The Independent. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
- "Brian Moore". Culture Northern Ireland. 25 November 2008. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Flood, Jeanne (1974). Brian Moore. Bucknell University Press. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- Smith, Denitia (12 January 1999). "Brian Moore, Prolific Novelist on Diverse Themes, Dies at 77". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- Moore, Brian (7 February 1999). "Going Home". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- Spencer, Clare (6 May 2011). "Why do some schools produce clusters of celebrities?". BBC News. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Lynch, Gerald (10 April 2007). "Brian Moore". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- "Brian Moore". New York Review of Books. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- Sampson, Denis (1998). Brian Moore: The Chameleon Novelist. Toronto: Doubleday Canada.
- "Local Writing legends – Brian Moore: Growing Up". Get Writing NI. BBC. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
- Prose, Francine (2 September 1990). "The Reluctant Terrorist". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- The Irish Times, 13 January 1999
- Byrne, James P; Coleman, Philip; King, Jason (2008). Ireland and the Americas: Culture, Politics and History, vol.1. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO Inc. p. 610. ISBN 978-1-85109-614-5.
- Craig, Patricia (2002). Brian Moore: A Biography. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 194 and 224.
- Fulford, Robert (12 January 1999). "A writer who never failed to surprise his readers". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- "Brian Moore Short Story Awards". Culture Northern Ireland. 9 January 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- "Patricia Craig". Culture Northern Ireland. 5 September 2006. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- Athill, Diana (2000) Stet: a memoir, London: Granta ISBN 1-86207-388-0
- Dahlie, Hallvard (25 January 1999). "Brian Moore, 1921–99". Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- "Brian Moore: A Preliminary Inventory of His Papers". Harry Ransom Center. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- O'Toole, Fintan (17 January 1999). "Brian Moore: An Appreciation". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
- McSweeney, Kerry (1983). Four Contemporary Novelists. Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press; London: Scolar Press. pp. 55–99. "The essential sameness of the Belfast of the post-1970 Troubles and the city he lived in from his birth in 1921 until his early twenties is the subject of Moore's finest piece of non-fictional prose."
- "The Mangan inheritance". Catalogue. Aberdeen City Council. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Stage and Screen: A Brian Moore Filmography". JSTOR: Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review 87 (346): 142. Summer 1998. doi:10.2307/30091888.
- "Famous works". Brian Moore Biography (1921–1999). Film Reference. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
- "Our Collection: The Sight". National Film Board of Canada. 2 May 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Sauter, van Gordon (10 April 1988). "Just Color Moore a Novelist". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
- "Uncle T". National Film Board of Canada. 2 May 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- "The Lonely Passion of Brian Moore". National Film Board of Canada. 2 May 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Sampson, Denis (March 1995). "'Home: A Moscow of the Mind': Notes on Brian Moore's Transition to North America". Colby Quarterly 31 (1): 46–54.
- Brian Moore at the Internet Movie Database
- Obituary from the BBC
- "Moore, Brian", ProQuest Learning: Literature, 2006
- eNotes critical essay on Brian Moore, vol 90