Brian Reynolds (game designer)
|Born||1967 (age 53–54)|
Brian Reynolds (born 1967) is an American videogame designer who now designs online social games (e.g. on Facebook). Reynolds has designed at SecretNewCo, Zynga, Big Huge Games, Firaxis Games, and MicroProse and has been chairman of the International Game Developers Association. He has played a major part in designing a number of multi-million selling games including Civilization II, Rise of Nations, Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri, and FrontierVille. He has also founded or co-founded three game companies, SecretNewCo, Big Huge Games, and Firaxis Games.
Reynolds made his first game sale with Quest 1 to SoftSide magazine, its August 1981 cover feature. He was a gamer in high school, and a SysOp on Randolph School's (Huntsville, Alabama) PDP-11 mainframe computer. A 1990 graduate of the University of the South, Reynolds briefly pursued graduate studies in Philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley.
Reynolds initiated his game career with MicroProse where he worked as lead programmer for a number of graphic adventure games. These included Rex Nebular in 1992 and Return of the Phantom and Dragonsphere in 1993.
It was at MicroProse where Reynolds first worked with Sid Meier and the two collaborated on a strategy title by the name of Sid Meier's Colonization which was released in 1994. Reynolds went on to become lead designer for a sequel to Sid Meier's Civilization. Civilization II was released in 1996 and sold multi-million copies.
While at Firaxis, Reynolds contributed to Sid Meier's Gettysburg in 1997, followed by the creation and design of Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri in 1998. Alpha Centauri became his second multi-million selling title. In 2000 Reynolds left Firaxis games and sold his share in the company to become CEO of Big Huge Games.
In February 2013, Reynolds left Zynga. In March, he revived Big Huge Games (temporarily known as SecretNewCo). In July, the team announced their partnership with Nexon, a South Korean game developer, to develop their first game, DomiNations, a mobile game similar to Civilization or Age of Empires.
Although marketed under Sid Meier's name, Civilization II, Sid Meier's Colonization and Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri all credited Reynolds as lead designer. The credits for Civilization II only list Meier as the designer of the original Civilization game, and Reynolds stated in an interview that for this game Meier "was no longer involved except in name." The credits for Alpha Centauri state that the game was "Created by" Brian Reynolds and Meier is listed with several other team members on the "With" line - in the Designers Notes in the game manual Reynolds also thanks him for all his sage advice.
Brian Reynolds' first major break was the design of Sid Meier's Civilization II. Meier had created Civilization but had moved on to other projects. MicroProse wanted to make a sequel and asked Reynolds to design it. MicroProse put Meier on retainer for consultational advice and for the use of his name, but Meier only had peripheral involvement in the design of this game. The sequel game, hence, was primarily designed by Reynolds.
- Quest 1 (1981) (Author)
- Rex Nebular and the Cosmic Gender Bender (1992) (lead programmer)
- Return of the Phantom (1993) (lead programmer)
- Dragonsphere (1994) (technical director)
- Sid Meier's Colonization (1994) (designer and programmer)
- Sid Meier's Civilization II (1996) (lead designer and programmer)
- Sid Meier's Gettysburg! (1997) (contributions)
- Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri (1999) (lead designer)
- Rise of Nations (2003) (lead designer)
- Rise of Nations: Thrones & Patriots (2004) (lead designer)
- Rise of Nations: Rise of Legends (2006) (project lead and lead designer)
- Catan (2007) (project lead and AI)
- Age of Empires 3: The Asian Dynasties (2007) (creative director)
- FrontierVille (2010) (chief game designer)
- DomiNations (2014) (chief game designer)
- Walden, Lea Ann, et al. (Spring 2013). "Where Are They Now?". Randolph Magazine Archived 2014-08-27 at the Wayback Machine 18 (1). pp. 20-27. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
- Ocampo, Jason (February 7, 2000). "Reynolds Leaves Firaxis". gamecenter.com. Archived from the original on August 17, 2000. Retrieved July 13, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Asher, Mark (February 28, 2000). "Brian Reynolds's Big Huge News". gamecenter.com. Archived from the original on August 17, 2000. Retrieved July 13, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Big Huge Games - About Us". Retrieved September 1, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Takahashi, Dean (July 16, 2013). "Nexon invests in Brian Reynolds' SecretNewCo game startup". VentureBeat. Retrieved August 23, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Nexon acquires DomiNations developer Big Huge Games | GamesBeat". venturebeat.com. Retrieved 2017-11-24.
- Makuch, Eddie (2016-03-09). "Nexon Acquires Civilization Designer's Big Huge Games". GameSpot. Retrieved 2017-11-24.
- "Interview with Brian Reynolds". Retrieved September 3, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Ring, Bennett (May 14, 2012). "Settlers of Catan Release Date". IGN.
[...] with the creator of the game collaborating on AI logic with Brian Reynolds, designer of Civilization II and Rise of Nations. [...] Klaus Teuber, the designer of both the board game and Xbox Live version, believes that Mr. Reynolds' assistance has led to very challenging AI opponents
- LeJacq, Yannich (January 30, 2013). "Zynga Loses Chief Game Designer Brian Reynolds". International Business Times.
At Zynga, Reynolds led the development of popular Facebook (NASDAQ:FB) games such as “CityVille 2” and “FrontierVille” and supported the launch of recent games “FarmVille 2” and “ChefVille.”
- Interview with Brian Reynolds at IGN
- Top 100 Game Creators of All Time at IGN
- 49 Greatest Developers, PC Gamer magazine, April 2009
- Legendary Game Designer Brian Reynolds Joins Zynga as Chief Designer on Press Release
- Zynga's Chief Game Designer Brian Reynolds Resigns
- Brian Reynolds on Zynga, Games, and the Future