Brian Walden

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Brian Walden
Brian Walden.jpg
Walden at his desk at London Weekend Television.
Member of Parliament
for Birmingham All Saints
In office
16 October 1964 – 8 February 1974
Preceded byJohn Hollingworth
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Member of Parliament
for Birmingham Ladywood
In office
1 March 1974 – 16 June 1977
Preceded byDoris Fisher
Succeeded byJohn Sever
Personal details
Born
Alastair Brian Walden

(1932-07-08)8 July 1932
West Bromwich, Staffordshire, England
Died9 May 2019(2019-05-09) (aged 86)
Saint Peter Port, Guernsey
Political partyLabour
Spouse(s)
  • Sybil Blackstone
  • Jane McKerron
  • Hazel Downes
Children4, including Ben
Alma materQueen's College, Oxford
Nuffield College, Oxford

Alastair Brian Walden (8 July 1932 – 9 May 2019) was a British journalist and broadcaster who spent over a decade as a Labour Member of Parliament. He was considered one of the finest political interviewers in the history of British broadcasting, tenacious and ruthless. He won awards for broadcasting including the BAFTA Richard Dimbleby Award for television in 1986,[1] and in 1991 was named ITV personality of the year.[2] He was known for interviews of politicians, especially Margaret Thatcher. He was said to be her favourite interviewer,[3] although he gave her tough interviews.[4]

Early life[edit]

Born in West Bromwich, Walden was the son of a glass worker, and attended West Bromwich Grammar School. He then won an open scholarship to study at Queen's College, Oxford, where he "narrowly missed a first" in history and in 1957 was elected president of the Oxford Union.[5][full citation needed] Oswald Mosley was invited to speak at a debate held on 24 October 1957. After Walden was asked by an undergraduate why Mosley was invited, he replied: "This society was founded many years ago to enshrine a very great principle, that of free speech. The society has had to fight against many authorities to ensure that minority points of view shall be put".[6] In 1958 he undertook a speaking tour of the United States with Stuart Griffiths, during which he took part in 47 debates.[7]

He completed a postgraduate course at Nuffield College, Oxford, before becoming a university lecturer.

Political career[edit]

Walden unsuccessfully contested the safe Conservative constituency of Oswestry in the 1961 by-election, coming third for Labour.

At a debate at the Oxford Union held on 11 June 1964, Walden caused uproar by calling Lord Beaverbrook, who had died two days previously, "evil and repellent" and for attacking the "evil and despicable influence" of his Express group of newspapers.[8]

At the 1964 general election Walden was elected MP for Birmingham All Saints in an election where race dominated the Birmingham campaign. He was re-elected in the general elections of 1966 and 1970. When All Saints was abolished Walden sought and gained the Labour nomination for Birmingham Ladywood, and was elected there in February 1974 and October 1974.

In the aftermath of Enoch Powell's November 1968 Eastbourne speech advocating the repatriation of immigrants, Walden urged the Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, not to waver in his opposition to Powell's proposals: "If the Government did waver and harass and bully some of Her Majesty's subjects towards the boats, British politics would sink to the gutter".[9] In January 1970, Walden introduced his unsuccessful private member's bill, the Right of Privacy Bill, that was designed to protect people's right to privacy from the press.[10]

In October 1971 Walden told an anti-EEC meeting in Brighton that Roy Jenkins and others in the labour movement favoured Britain joining because they despaired of their country: "They have grown sick of crisis after crisis and they do not believe that Britain, as an independent country, can solve her own problems. ... But they are wrong".[11] After Jenkins resigned from the deputy leadership in April 1972, Wilson appointed Walden to a junior position on Labour's shadow treasury team.[12] In October 1972 Walden attacked Dick Taverne's "apostasy" for leaving the Labour Party: "Of course an MP must have strong opinions of his own, and I have defied the Labour Party whip more than Dick Taverne has. We owe the Labour Party an unpayable debt and Dick has ratted on a lifetime of obligation".[13]

At a December 1973 meeting of the Parliamentary Labour Party on the state of the party, Walden doubted whether party unity and getting policies across to the public would alone suffice; the party's failure lay in not answering the questions ordinary people were asking.[14] After Edward Heath called the February 1974 general election, Walden called it a "fraudulent and rather ridiculous election": "The fault lies with the Prime Minister. I have as yet read no explanation of why the national interest requires that there should be a strike and an election before miners can be paid money they could be given without either taking place".[15] Walden lamented that "the nation has been invited to nourish its fear and express class malice...I am living through the death of all my hopes of what this country could be".[15] He called Heath's belief that the election was called to ensure moderation "the most staggering misjudgment of my political lifetime".[15]

After Labour was returned to office after the election, Walden declined the office of Minister of State for Industry, citing "personal reasons".[16] The Selly Oak constituency Labour Party passed a resolution criticising his "massive consultancy fees", which Walden earned as a parliamentary consultant to, among others, the Business Equipment Trades Association, the Amusement Trades Association and the Amusement Caterers Association.[16]

The Birmingham pub bombings of 21 November 1974 occurred in Walden's constituency and soon afterwards the Commons debated whether the death penalty should be restored for terrorist murderers. Walden opened the debate by opposing capital punishment, declaring it to be "judicial execution" and "a cold-blooded act of the state to take a life".[17] During the 1975 referendum on Britain's membership of the EEC, Walden spoke in favour of Britain remaining a member. Walden told the Commons: "I think that the anti-Market campaign will in the end...degenerate into narrow nationalism, the plea for a siege economy, for Socialism in one country. I was never very enchanted by the rhapsodies of the Eurofanatics but I certainly prefer their version of the future to that grim and barren alternative which it seems to me the anti-Marketeers will end up with".[18]

Walden became disillusioned with the Labour Party due to the rise of the left and in May 1975 (after Margaret Thatcher's election as Conservative leader) he told the Conservative Chief Whip, Humphrey Atkins, that he could bring six Labour MPs with him in crossing the floor.[19] According to Charles Moore, Walden was "considered the most eloquent of his generation of Labour MPs" and was "more clear-sighted than most in seeing that Mrs Thatcher stood for real change": "As a grammar school meritocrat who had originally looked for social progress from the Labour Party, Walden recognized her as offering what he sought".[19]

At a meeting of the Warley East Labour Party in February 1976, Walden defended the government's policy and the benefits of the mixed economy against Stuart Holland's proposals for more socialist policies.[20] After the first 100 days of James Callaghan's premiership, Walden remarked: "If I had thought he was going to be as good as this I would have voted for him".[21]

In November 1976 Walden joined fellow right-wing Labour MP John Mackintosh in abstaining on the vote for the government's Dock Works Regulation Bill, thereby wrecking its passage through Parliament.[22] The Bill would have ensured that dock workers within five miles of any port or important inland waterway would have to belong to the Transport and General Workers' Union.[23] The executive committee of Walden's constituency Labour Party supported his stance,[24] although he was criticised by left-wing demonstrators.[25] After the 1977 Budget, Walden claimed that: "Our level of direct taxation—income tax—is ludicrously high, and our rate of indirect taxation is not taking enough of the burden".[26]

He campaigned for the liberalisation of cannabis[27] and gambling laws; he was nicknamed by some "the bookies' MP" when he was revealed to be receiving more from the National Association of Bookmakers than his parliamentary salary.

On 16 June 1977, Walden resigned from the House of Commons by taking the Chiltern Hundreds in order to become a full-time journalist and broadcaster.[28] Walden said: "I am not leaving because of any disenchantment with the Government. I have gone for positive, not negative reasons".[28]

Journalistic career[edit]

He presented television programmes, mostly for London Weekend Television, such as Weekend World, The Walden Interview and Walden, and was a member of the board of Central Television between 1981 and 1984.

In 1978 Walden told Bernard Weatherill that "the only way the Tories can lose the next general election is if they are not Conservative enough".[19] By 1979 Walden passionately believed that trade union power should be broken, telling Margaret Thatcher that "the trade unions have become an estate of the realm, above the law".[29] The week after this conversation, Walden's programme focused on the necessity of legislation against secondary action by trade unions.[29]

In 1981 Geoffrey Wansell claimed that Weekend World had become "the flagship of national current affairs shows, quietly stealing the title from its more august rival at the BBC, Panorama":

The secret of Weekend World's success, I suspect, lies in the character of its presenter and interviewer. Lacking the suave public school confidence of his predecessor in the job, Peter Jay, Walden runs on adrenalin and a determination to wring a bit of political revelation and a slice of history out of whichever politician happens to be in the studio with him. In spite of his voice, which vibrates on eardrums like a buzz-saw, Walden has become the second best political interviewer on television—only Sir Robin Day is better. ... Explaining his success, Walden simply says: "I know I understand politicians, but even more I detest ambiguity. It's always my instinct to ask people exactly what they mean".[30]

During an interview with Thatcher in 1983, Walden coined the term "Victorian values" to describe her beliefs, which she accepted and repeated on numerous occasions.[31][32][33] Walden wrote Thatcher's speech to the Wembley rally during the 1983 general election campaign.[34] In 1988 he called Thatcher "a unique politician...the master spirit of our age".[35]

In April 1988 Walden joined Norman Tebbit, Lord Chapple and Lord Marsh in founding the Radical Society, designed to combat "privilege, hierarchy, bureaucracy and collectivism" and to put in their place individualist solutions.[36]

On 26 October 1989 the Chancellor, Nigel Lawson, resigned because Thatcher was unwilling to sack her economics adviser, Sir Alan Walters. Although the interview had been planned months in advance, Walden interviewed Thatcher for the 29 October edition of The Walden Interview. Walden told Thatcher's confidante Woodrow Wyatt on the day Lawson resigned that he wanted Wyatt to ask Thatcher what questions he should put to her so that he could phrase them in a helpful way.[37] However, as John Campbell notes, Walden's "journalistic instinct and her lack of candour made for a devastating exposé, watched by three million people with their Sunday lunch".[38] Although Thatcher repeatedly claimed that Lawson's position was "unassailable", she floundered when Walden asked what Campbell calls "the killer question":

Brian Walden: Do you deny that Nigel would have stayed if you had sacked Professor Alan Walters?
Margaret Thatcher: I don't know. I don't know.
Brian Walden: You never even thought to ask him that?
Margaret Thatcher: I ... that is not ... I don't know. Nigel had determined that he was going to put in his resignation. I did everything possible to stop him.
Brian Walden: But...
Margaret Thatcher: I was not successful. No, you're going on asking the same question.
Brian Walden: Of course, but that's a terrible admission, Prime Minister.
Margaret Thatcher: I have nothing further to ... I don't know ... of course I just don't know ... I'm not going on with this.[38]

Later in the interview Walden put to her:

Brian Walden: You come over as being someone who one of your backbenchers said is slightly off her trolley, authoritarian, domineering, refusing to listen to anybody else – why? Why cannot you publicly project what you have just told me is your private character?
Margaret Thatcher: Brian, if anyone's coming over as domineering in this interview, it's you.[39]

The following Sunday, Walden interviewed Lawson. In his memoirs Lawson said that Walden was "at that time probably the most formidable and serious political interviewer in the business".[40]

Upon leaving Weekend World as presenter in 1986, Walden was succeeded by Matthew Parris,[3] formerly Conservative MP for West Derbyshire. (The series came to an end two years later). In 2005, Walden presented 10-minute programmes, A Point of View, on BBC Radio 4, in a spot formerly occupied by Alistair Cooke's Letter From America.

Political satire[edit]

As a well known public figure, Walden appeared in cameo as an interviewer for political comedy shows such as The New Statesman.[41] He was the subject of parody in Spitting Image as a puppet with a slight speech impediment, voiced by impressionist Steve Nallon.[42]

Personal life[edit]

Walden lived in Guernsey in retirement. He was married three times; to Sybil Blackstone, Jane McKerron, then Hazel Downes (for 43 years). He had four sons; Richard and Philip (from his first marriage), the actor Ben Walden (his second) and Christopher (his third).[43] He opposed the ban on fox-hunting,[44] and was a strong supporter of Brexit.[2]

Death[edit]

Walden died on 9 May 2019 aged 86 at his home in Guernsey from complications connected to emphysema.[4]

Tributes[edit]

Following his death, colleagues paid tribute. Andrew Neil wrote: "... A wonderful interrogator of politicians, especially on Weekend World. With Robin Day, he invented the British political interview style. Emulated but not matched to this day."[45]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BAFTA Awards Search". BAFTA. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Brian Walden: Broadcaster and former Labour MP dies aged 86". BBC News. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Walden, Brian (1932–)". BFI ScreenOnline. British Film Institute. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Brian Walden, former MP and TV broadcaster, dies aged 86". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  5. ^ Times, 30 October 1961
  6. ^ 'Sir Oswald Mosley At Oxford Union', The Times (25 October 1957), p. 10.
  7. ^ 'Debating Tour Of The U.S.', The Times (25 September 1958), p. 12.
  8. ^ 'News in Brief', The Times (12 June 1964), p. 8.
  9. ^ HC Deb 21 November 1968 vol 773 c. 1532-1533
  10. ^ George Clark and Pat Healy, 'Safeguards for journalists in privacy Bill', The Times (21 January 1970), p. 8.
  11. ^ 'Loyalty vital, Market rebels told', The Times (4 October 1971), p. 2.
  12. ^ 'Promotion for EEC men in Mr Wilson's new Front Bench team', The Times (12 April 1972), p. 1.
  13. ^ 'Mr Taverne 'not asking aid of MPs', The Times (9 October 1972), p. 2.
  14. ^ Michael Hatfield, 'Mr Wilson tells MPs to 'get back to the people' ', The Times (6 December 1973), p. 4.
  15. ^ a b c Brian Walden, 'Perils of a battle only the losers can win', The Times (25 February 1974), p. 12.
  16. ^ a b 'MP explains job decision', The Times (10 June 1974), p. 4.
  17. ^ Hugh Noyes, 'Death penalty would mean more violence, Home Secretary says', The Times (12 December 1974), p. 2.
  18. ^ HC Deb 08 April 1975 vol 889 c. 1040
  19. ^ a b c Charles Moore, Margaret Thatcher, Volume One: Not For Turning (London: Allen Lane, 2013), p. 345.
  20. ^ George Clark, 'Mr Faulds joins list of Labour MPs under attack from left-wingers in constituencies', The Times (1 March 1976), p. 2.
  21. ^ Geoffrey Smith, 'The calm strength of Mr Callaghan after his first 100 days', The Times (15 July 1976), p. 16.
  22. ^ ' 'Rebel' Labour MPs have no regrets', The Times (12 November 1976), p. 2.
  23. ^ David Wood, 'Double defeat for Government wrecks docks Bill', The Times (11 November 1976), p. 1
  24. ^ 'Support for 'rebel' ', The Times (22 November 1976), p. 5.
  25. ^ David Leigh, 'Demonstrators air their complaints to MPs', The Times (18 November 1976), p. 2.
  26. ^ HC Deb 09 May 1977 vol 931 c. 972
  27. ^ In 1967 Walden signed a petition to the Home Secretary calling for the legalisation of cannabis. The Times (24 July 1967), p. 5.
  28. ^ a b George Clark, 'Mr Walden to leave Commons for TV', The Times (17 June 1977), p. 1.
  29. ^ a b Moore, Volume One, p. 509, n.
  30. ^ Geoffrey Wansell, 'Why Walden's World grabs headlines', The Times (11 September 1981), p. 40.
  31. ^ "TV Interview for London Weekend Television Weekend World ("Victorian Values")". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 16 January 1983. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  32. ^ John Campbell, Margaret Thatcher, Volume Two: The Iron Lady (London: Jonathan Cape, 2003), p. 182.
  33. ^ Charles Moore, Margaret Thatcher, Volume Two: Everything She Wants (London: Allen Lane, 2015), p. 8.
  34. ^ Campbell, p. 201.
  35. ^ Campbell, p. 470.
  36. ^ John Horam, 'The age of new enlightenment', The Times (25 April 1988), p. 12.
  37. ^ Sarah Curtis (ed.), The Journals of Woodrow Wyatt. Volume Two (London: Pan, 1999), p. 179.
  38. ^ a b Campbell, p. 692.
  39. ^ "TV Interview for The Walden Interview (Lawson's resignation)". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 28 October 1989. Retrieved 23 May 2009.
  40. ^ Nigel Lawson, The View From No. 11. Memoirs of a Tory Radical (London: Bantam, 1992), p. 967.
  41. ^ "Brian Walden (II) (1932–2019)". IMDB. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  42. ^ "Spitting Image (1984–1996)". IMDB. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  43. ^ "Brian Walden obituary". The Guardian. 12 May 2019. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  44. ^ Walden, Brian (15 March 2002). "Ban on foxhunting would be a triumph for the mob". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 May 2009.
  45. ^ Neil, Andrew [@afneil] (12 May 2019). "Very sad to learn of the death of my friend and one-time colleague Brian Walden. Always wise and witty. A wonderful interrogator of politicians, especially on Weekend World. With Robin Day, he invented the British political interview style. Emulated but not matched to this day" (Tweet). Retrieved 12 May 2019 – via Twitter.

Further reading[edit]

  • David Cox (ed.), The Walden Interviews (Boxtree, 1990). ISBN 1852831049

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Hollingworth
Member of Parliament for Birmingham All Saints
1964February 1974
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Doris Fisher
Member of Parliament for Birmingham Ladywood
February 19741977
Succeeded by
John Sever