Brick Lane Mosque

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Brick Lane Jamme Masjid
Brick Lane Mosque2.JPG
Basic information
Location Brick Lane, Tower Hamlets, London, United Kingdom
Geographic coordinates 51°31′9.6″N 0°4′20″W / 51.519333°N 0.07222°W / 51.519333; -0.07222Coordinates: 51°31′9.6″N 0°4′20″W / 51.519333°N 0.07222°W / 51.519333; -0.07222
Affiliation Islam
Branch/tradition Sunni
Leadership
  • Imam(s):
    Maulana Nazrul Islam, Maulana Yasin Ahmed
  • Chairman:
    Al-Haj Sajjad Miah
Website bricklanejammemasjid.co.uk
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Architectural style Georgian architecture
Date established 1743 (built), 1976 (mosque)
Specifications
Capacity 3000
Minaret(s) 1

Brick Lane Jamme Masjid (Bengali: ব্রিক লেন জামে মসজিদ "Brick Lane Great Mosque"), formerly known as the London Jamme Masjid (লন্ডন জামে মসজিদ "London Great Mosque"), is a Muslim place of worship in the East End of London. The building at 59 Brick Lane, on the corner of Fournier Street, has been home to a succession of Christian, Jewish, and Muslim communities since its construction in the mid-eighteenth century, reflecting the waves of immigration in the neighbourhood of Spitalfields. The former Great Synagogue is a Grade II* listed building;[1] the adjacent former school buildings (now used as an ancillary building to the mosque) is listed Grade II.[2]

The current mosque[edit]

Brick Lane Mosque.JPG

The majority of worshippers of the mosque are of Bangladeshi descent; the mosque serves the largest concentration of Bangladeshi Muslims in the country (see History of Bangladeshis in the United Kingdom).

The mosque can hold up to 3000 people[3] and is most crowded during the jummah prayers on Friday.[4] All sermons are delivered in Sylheti Bengali. In terms of beliefs and practices, the mosque follows the traditions of the controversial Sayyid Ahmad of Balakot. The mosque has close links with the Bangladesh Welfare Association, which addresses social and community needs.[5][6] Arabic and mother tongue classes are available for children on the top floors.

The Brick Lane Mosque was once known as the London Great Mosque, but much larger places of worship for Muslims in the capital opened in Regent's Park (the London Central Mosque, 1978) and then nearby Whitechapel Road (the East London Mosque, 1985).

History of the building[edit]

Detail of the sundial. The Latin motto, Umbra sumus ("We are shadow"), is derived from Horace's Pulvis et umbra sumus ("We are dust and shadow").

The building has served the religions of a succession of other communities in the area.

Christian[edit]

It was first established in 1743 as a Protestant chapel ("La Neuve Eglise", i.e. "the New Church") by London's Huguenot community.[7] These were refugees who had left France after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, to escape persecution by the Catholics. Many Huguenots settled in Spitalfields, bringing with them their silk-weaving and textile skills. As they were Protestant Dissenters, not members of the Church of England, they built their own chapels. Christ Church, Spitalfields on Fournier Street, designed by the architect Nicholas Hawksmoor, was built during the reign of Queen Anne to demonstrate the power of the established church.[8] 59 Brick Lane survived as a Huguenot chapel for more than six decades.

In 1809 it became a Wesleyan chapel, bought by the London Society for Promoting Christianity Amongst the Jews, an organisation now known as the Church's Ministry Among Jewish People, but this phase of its history lasted only 10 years. From 1819, the building became a Methodist chapel.[9]

Jewish[edit]

In the late 19th century, the building was adopted by yet another community: it became the Machzike Hadath, the Spitalfields Great Synagogue. During this time (see History of the Jews in England), the area was home to many Jewish refugees from Russia and Central Europe.[10] From the 1880s through the early part of the 20th century, massive pogroms and the May Laws in Russia caused many Jews to flee the Pale of Settlement. Of the East European Jewish emigrants, 140 000 settled in Britain.[11] From 1916, the synagogue's leader was the notable Abraham Isaac Kook, later the first Ashkenazi chief rabbi of the British Mandatory Palestine. Nearby was the purpose-built Great Synagogue of London and another church building that had become a Jewish place of worship, the Sandys Row Synagogue. The population of Jews decreased over the years, with many moving to areas of North London. The synagogue eventually moved to new premises in Golders Green.[12]

Muslim[edit]

During the 1970s, the area of Spitalfields and Brick Lane was populated mainly by Bangladeshis who had come to Britain from the Sylhet region looking for better work. Many found work in factories and the textile trade. That growing community required a place of worship, and the building at 59 Brick Lane was bought and refurbished. In 1976, it reopened as a mosque, the London Jamme Masjid. Today, although it has been renamed, it still serves the Bangladeshi community as a mosque.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (205992)". Images of England.  accessed 8 August 2009
  2. ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (205792)". Images of England.  accessed 8 August 2009
  3. ^ [1] Muslim Directory
  4. ^ a b 59 Brick Lane: a History Icons of England. Retrieved on 2009-04-27.
  5. ^ David Garbin (June 2005) Bangladeshi diaspora in the UK: some observations on socio-cultural dynamics, religious trends and transnational politics University of Surrey. Retrieved on 2009-04-27.
  6. ^ Ira Marvin Lapidus (2002). A history of Islamic societies. Cambridge University Press. p. 799. ISBN 978-0-521-77933-3.
  7. ^ Richard Jones (2006). Frommer's Memorable Walks in London. John Wiley and Sons. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-471-77338-2
  8. ^ Fiona Rule (2008) The Worst Street in London. Hersham, Ian Allan: 28
  9. ^ Rob Humphreys, Judith Bamber (2003). London. Rough Guides. p. 238. ISBN 978-1-84353-093-0
  10. ^ John Eade, Dyab Abou Jahjah, Saskia Sassen (2004). Identities on the Move. Counterpoint. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-86355-531-2
  11. ^ Godley, Andrew (2001) Enterprise and Culture. New York: Palgrave. Ch. 1. ISBN 0333960459.
  12. ^ http://machzikehadath.com/history/