Brick seamoth

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Brick seamoth
TengunoOG.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Syngnathiformes
Family: Pegasidae
Genus: Pegasus
Species:
P. laternarius
Binomial name
Pegasus laternarius
G. Cuvier, 1816

The brick seamoth, Pegasus laternarius,[2] also known as the long-tailed dragonfish, long-tailed seamoth, pelagic dragon-fish, or the winged dragonfish, is a species of fish in the Pegasidae, or seamoth, family.[3] This species is used extensively in the Guangdong and Guangxi province of China to treat scrofula, cough, and diarrhea.[4]

Etymology[edit]

Their genus name, Pegasus is taken from the Greek mythological creature the Pegasus, or a winged horse of Perseus. Their species name, laternarius is derived from the Latin word later, meaning "made of bricks".[5]

Description[edit]

P. laternarius grows up to 8 centimetres (3.1 in). They have a variety of colors but are mainly yellow to blue with a dark brown underside. Juveniles and females have a shorter rostrum than adult males.[6]

Diet and Behavior[edit]

This species of seamoth is generally found in muddy bottoms around 50 metres (160 ft), while the larvae is planktonic. They rarely dive other than several places in Japan where they are found in sheltered muddy areas.

Distribution[edit]

It is found in China, Japan, Taiwan, and Thailand in the Indo-West Pacific ocean. The brick seamoth is found in depths from 30 metres (98 ft) to 100 metres (330 ft).[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pollom, R. (2017). "Pegasus laternarius". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T16475A1073433. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  2. ^ Encyclopedia of Life Eol.org Accessed February 28, 2014.
  3. ^ "Catalogue of Life: 26th February 2014."Catalogue of Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. [1]
  4. ^ Li, Mengtao, Minhui Chen, Hai Huang, Wucheng Tao, Jihong Cui, and Hui Xiang. "Neuroprotective Effects of Active Ingredients Isolated from Pegasus laternarius on Cultured Cerebral Neurons." Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 31.1 (2011): 73-82. Print.
  5. ^ Romero, P., 2002. An etymological dictionary of taxonomy. Madrid, unpublished.
  6. ^ Palsson, W.A. and T.W. Pietsch, 1989. Revision of the Acanthopterygian fish Family Pegasidae (Order Gasterosteiformes). Indo-Pac. Fish. (18):38 p.