Bridekirk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bridekirk
St Bridget's Church, Bridekirk - geograph.org.uk - 474493.jpg
St. Bridget's Church, Bridekirk
Bridekirk is located in Cumbria
Bridekirk
Bridekirk
 Bridekirk shown within Cumbria
Population 735 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference NY117335
Civil parish Bridekirk
District Allerdale
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town COCKERMOUTH
Postcode district CA13
Dialling code 01900
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Workington
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria

Coordinates: 54°41′20″N 3°22′08″W / 54.689°N 3.369°W / 54.689; -3.369

Bridekirk is a township and a parish in the Allerdale district in the county of Cumbria, England. It is around 3.2 kilometres (2 mi) north of the Derwent river and about the same distance from the nearest large town of Cockermouth just south of the river. Bridekirk is just outside the Lake District National Park (1 mile (1.6 km) by road) and is not far from the Maryport and Carlisle Railway.[2][3]

Bridekirk ecclesiastical parish had in 1811 a population of 1552 persons. It has since been altered in area by the formation of separate parishes:

1. Great Broughton, in 1863, which included Ribton.
2. Christ Church, Cockermouth, in 1865, was given part of the township of Papcastle.
3. Broughton Moor parish in 1898 was formed with Little Broughton.
In addition to the township of Bridekirk itself, Bridekirk ecclesiastical parish now only contains Papcastle, Dovenby, and Tallentire.[4]

The Civil Parish of Bridekirk comprises only Bridekirk, Tallentire and Dovenby villages.[5]

Demography[edit]

According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, the Civil Parish of Bridekirk (which covers a larger area than Bridekirk village) has a population of 636 and 246 households in total.[6]

There are 335 economically active people in Bridekirk Parish (between the ages of 16 and 74) and 125 economically inactive people in the same age bracket.

There are two main categories of employment in Bridekirk Parish:

  • Extractive and manufacturing industries = 33.7% (113 people)
  • Service industries = 66.5% (223 people)

Other categories of employment are:

  • Managerial and professional occupations = 55.8% (187 people)
  • Small employers/self employed = 22.3% (75 people)
  • Lower supervisory and technical occupations = 6.5% (22 people)
  • Unemployed = 2% (7 people)[7]

Etymology[edit]

Bridekirk is "the church of St.Bride" (St. Bridget). Kirkja is Old Norse for "church".[8]

History[edit]

The earliest meaasure of Bridekirk's population is after the 1800 Census Act when the government of Great Britain wanted to find the overall population of England, Wales and Scotland.[9] The 1801 census found the total population to be 1400.[10] The first records of housing numbers were in 1831, when there were 424 houses in Bridekirk. From 1851 to 1881, there was a sharp decrease in the amount of housing, with over 500 in 1851 and only 26 houses in 1881.[11]

Population of Bridekirk from 1801 to 1961.[10]

Bridekirk has had three major boundary changes in its history. The first was in 1887 when the town of Dovenby was added to the parish. The second and third changes were in 1934 when Bridekirk's boundaries were made smaller by two towns being excluded from Bridekirk parish.[12]

The reason for the appearance of a sudden decline in the total population from 1851 to 1881 is because the census area for Bridekirk changed from including other townships in the area to smaller civil parish sub-districts. Rather than the townships that were included under Bridekirk's parish, the recorded population for Bridekirk was just the township of Bridekirk.[13]

Employment[edit]

Occupations in Bridekirk in 1831[14]

The pie chart on the right shows the earliest available information on the proportion of Bridekirk's workforce in each of four broad categories. The Agricultural bracket, being the largest group, included both large-scale and small-scale farmers and agricultural labourers. Retail and handicrafts included workers employed in small businesses producing and selling goods. The manufacturing category is small because the category mainly includes large-scale production and although 1831 was in the period of the industrial revolution, Bridekirk, being a small town, did not have a high number of factories or a large workforce for large-scale production.[15]

Bridekirk had a much larger production and agricultural sectors compared to today's employment in Bridekirk. However, as shown above under the "Demography" section above, nowadays, around two-thirds of the population work in the service sector, whereas in 1831 that was less than a third of the population, shown in the "other" category.

St. Bridget's Church[edit]

A wooden church had existed here since ancient times, but was replaced with a stone church in 1130.[16] Before the dissolution of the monasteries in the 16th century, St Bridget's Church was owned by the monastery of Guisborough.[17] Following the deterioration of the building over the years, a new church was built by the architects Corey and Ferguson in 1868 alongside the ruins of the chancel of the old church. Incorporated in the new church are several elements of the old church: the tympanum and archway of the south door, the door in the south transept, and the former chancel arch.[17] The new church is in neo-Norman style.[18][19]

Inside the church, the 12th-century font is possibly a remaining feature of the original church. For a Norman sculpture in the United Kingdom, it is in very good condition. The font was carved by Richard of Durham with the description, "Richard he me wrought, and to this beauty me brought." The font has runic decoration and portrays the story of Adam and Eve and also shows Christ's baptism.[18]

Outside the church, near the old chapel, there are a number of ancient tombstones and coffin lids.[18]

St. Bridget's was not simply an ordinary country church in medieval times, but was in fact a very important and ancient Minster Church, which would be in receipt of significant gifts.[20]

Governance[edit]

Bridekirk is part of the Workington constituency for UK parliament. The current Member of Parliament for the Workington constituency is Sue Hayman, who is a member of the Labour Party.[21] The Labour Party has won the seat in the constituency in every general election since 1979. The Conservative Party has only been elected once in Workington since World War 2, at the 1976 election.[22]

Bridekirk Parish Council meets once a month in Bridekirk Dovenby School, normally on the second Thursday of the month at 7:30 pm, with the MP for Workington, the Cumbria County Councillor and the Allerdale Borough Councillors invited and attending when possible. However, the Parish Council has its own Councillors most of whom always attend the meetings.[23]

Proceedings of meetings are available on the Parish Council website.[24]

Transport[edit]

Within the Bridekirk area the only public transport was a bus service, but recent budget cuts have led to this being discontinued. As detailed below, buses still run past Dovenby on the main road, and near to Bridekirk on the man Carlisle road.[25][26]

The nearest main road is the A595 which goes directly north-east to Carlisle, approximately 24.7 miles (39.8 km) from Bridekirk. For a public transport route, there is a bus route from Cockermouth to Maryport and then it takes approximately 45 minutes for the old Maryport and Carlisle Railway route to get from Maryport to Carlisle.[27][28]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bridekirk, Cumbria, England
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6
(43)
7
(45)
9
(48)
11
(52)
15
(59)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
16
(61)
13
(55)
9
(48)
7
(45)
12.3
(54.3)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
3
(37)
4
(39)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(54)
11
(52)
9
(48)
7
(45)
4
(39)
2
(36)
5.9
(42.8)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 9.39
(3.697)
8
(3.1)
7.33
(2.886)
5.41
(2.13)
5.62
(2.213)
6.38
(2.512)
6.14
(2.417)
7.15
(2.815)
8.32
(3.276)
11.09
(4.366)
9.85
(3.878)
10.47
(4.122)
95.15
(37.412)
Source: www.bing.com[29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "Bing map directions". Retrieved 1 March 2012. 
  3. ^ "Genuki website". Retrieved 15 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "A vision of Britain through time website". Retrieved 15 February 2012. 
  5. ^ "Election Maps". www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Retrieved 29 December 2015. 
  6. ^ "Office for National Statistics website". Retrieved 17 February 2012. 
  7. ^ "British Office for National Statistics website". Retrieved 15 February 2012. 
  8. ^ Armstrong, A. M.; Mawer, A.; Stenton, F. M.; Dickens, B. (1950). The place-names of Cumberland. English Place-Name Society, vol.xxi. Part 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 272. 
  9. ^ "British parliament website". Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  10. ^ a b "A vision of Britain website census data". Retrieved 15 February 2012. 
  11. ^ "A vision of Britain website census data". Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  12. ^ "A vision of Britain – boundary changes". Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  13. ^ "A vision of Britain census tables". Retrieved 28 March 2012. 
  14. ^ "A vision of Britain through time website". Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  15. ^ "Vision of Britain website – industry statistics". Retrieved 31 March 2012. 
  16. ^ "Cumbria tourist website". Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  17. ^ a b "The Cumbria directory website". Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  18. ^ a b c "Cumbria tourist website". Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  19. ^ "British History Online website". Retrieved 20 February 2012. 
  20. ^ "Lecture by Dr. Hugh Doherty 2011". The First St Bridget's Lecture. 
  21. ^ "Allerdale Borough Council website". Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  22. ^ "A vision of Britain website – general elections section". Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  23. ^ "Bridekirk parish website". Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  24. ^ "Bridekirk Council Agendas and Minutes". www.bridekirkparish.org.uk. Retrieved 1 January 2016. 
  25. ^ "Bridekirk parish council website". Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  26. ^ "Cockermouth and Bridekirk bus timetable" (PDF). Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  27. ^ "Cockermouth bus routes website". Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  28. ^ "Northern Railway Lines website". Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  29. ^ "Weather in Bridekirk, Cockermouth". Retrieved 13 April 2012. 

External links[edit]