View of Bridge L-158 from NY 138 to the north
|Carries||Abandoned NYCRR right-of-way|
|Locale||Goldens Bridge, New York, USA|
|Maintained by||New York City Department of Environmental Protection|
|Heritage status||NRHP ref# 78001923|
|Design||Double-intersection Whipple truss|
|Total length||163 feet (50 m)|
|Width||16 feet (4.9 m)|
|Clearance below||12 feet (3.7 m)|
moved to current location in 1904
|Area||1 acre (0.4 ha)|
|Architectural style||Whipple through truss, other|
|NRHP Reference #||78001923|
|Added to NRHP||November 29, 1978|
Bridge L-158 is a disused railroad bridge over Muscoot Reservoir near Goldens Bridge, New York, United States. Built to carry New York Central Railroad traffic over Rondout Creek near Kingston, it was moved to its current location in 1904.
In 1960 it was taken out of service and the tracks removed. It is the only remaining double-intersection Whipple truss railroad bridge in New York. In 1978 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the only bridge entirely within Westchester County to be listed in its own right.
The bridge is located over an inlet in the reservoir approximately one half-mile (1 km) west of the Goldens Bridge station on the Metro-North Harlem Line and Interstate 684. It straddles the line between the town of Lewisboro on the east and Somers on the west.
NY 138 crosses the reservoir 500 feet (150 m) to the north. It is most clearly seen from here, although it can also be seen through the woods from commuter trains near the station.
It is surrounded by woodlands, part of the reservoir's protected watershed lands, all owned, like the bridge, by the New York City Department of Environmental Protection. The former route of the tracks is visible on both approaches to the bridge.
Its pin-connected superstructure uses wrought iron Phoenix columns in its top chord and compression members. The end posts and upper chord are made up of six flanged cast elements riveted together. The intermediate verticals and lateral struts have four apiece.
The diagonals and lower chord have rectangular eyebars 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) wide. Round bars are used for the counters and sway braces. The ties are on iron stringers riveted to transverse iron floor beams. Both portals are decorated with quatrefoil brackets and finials.
The bridge was originally the smallest of three spans in a 1,200-foot (370 m) viaduct-bridge combination along the former West Shore Line at the mouth of Rondout Creek in Kingston, 50 miles (80 km) to the north. It was built in 1883 by Clarke, Reeves & Company, a Philadelphia-based subsidiary of the Phoenix Iron Works as a 29-foot-wide (8.8 m) double-tracked structure, known administratively within the Central as Bridge 141.
In 1904, the railroad built another bridge at the Rondout that could carry the entire load on one span. At the same time, New York City was beginning to buy, clear and flood land for its water supply system in the Croton River watershed. Railroads in the area were required, under their agreements with the city, to install bridges over any inundated areas at their own expense.
The railroad decided to move Bridge 141, now Bridge L-158, south to the new reservoir where it would easily bridge the gap needed for the Mahopac Branch from the former New York and Harlem Railroad main line. The branch, formerly the New York & Mahopac Railroad, served what had been a summer resort community in the 19th century. Since it was a single-track line, the bridge was rebuilt that way, its width reduced to 16 feet (4.9 m).
Service on the Mahopac Branch continued until 1960. The tracks were eventually dismantled to and from the bridge, but the bridge itself remained. In 1976, a survey team from the Historic American Engineering Record found that it remained in good condition despite the lack of maintenance or use. Its presence on New York City watershed land, where public access is tightly restricted, has helped preserve it as well.
- List of bridges documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in New York
- List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in New York
- National Register of Historic Places listings in northern Westchester County, New York
- Smith, Raymond (May 16, 1978). "National Register of Historic Places nomination, Bridge L-158". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved July 21, 2009.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- The Bear Mountain Bridge is also listed, but it is shared with Rockland County. Some other listings, such as the Gerard Crane House, include bridges but only as contributing properties or resources.
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. NY-148, "New York & Mahopac Railroad, Bridge L-158, Schoolhouse Road, Goldens Bridge, Westchester County, NY", 2 photos, 3 data pages, 1 photo caption page
- Pictures of Bridge L-158 and the Muscoot Reservoir