Bridgeton, New Jersey
Bridgeton, New Jersey
|City of Bridgeton|
Map of Bridgeton highlighted within Cumberland County. Right: Location of Cumberland County in New Jersey.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 1, 1865|
|Named for||Bridge on Cohansey River|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (mayor–council)|
|• Body||City Council|
|• Mayor||Albert B. Kelly (term ends December 31, 2022)|
|• Administrator||Kevin C. Rabago Sr.|
|• Municipal clerk||Kathleen L. Keen|
|• Total||6.49 sq mi (16.82 km2)|
|• Land||6.23 sq mi (16.13 km2)|
|• Water||0.27 sq mi (0.69 km2) 4.10%|
|Area rank||249th of 565 in state|
13th of 14 in county
|Elevation||39 ft (12 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||98th of 566 in state|
3rd of 14 in county
|• Density||4,102.5/sq mi (1,584.0/km2)|
|• Density rank||149th of 566 in state|
1st of 14 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0885169|
Bridgeton is a city in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States, in the southern part of the state, on the Cohansey River, near Delaware Bay. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 25,349, reflecting an increase of 2,578 (+11.3%) from the 22,771 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,829 (+20.2%) from the 18,942 counted in the 1990 Census. It is the county seat of Cumberland County. Bridgeton, Millville, and Vineland are the three principal cities of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses those cities and all of Cumberland County for statistical purposes and which constitutes a part of the Delaware Valley.
Similar to other areas near rivers and the bay, this area was inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous peoples. At the time of European contact, Lenni-Lenape Native Americans lived in the area, following a seasonal pattern of cultivation and hunting and fishing. The state-recognized Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Indians of New Jersey maintain a cultural center here, serving a community of 12,000 in Cumberland, Gloucester and Salem counties.
The first recorded European settlement in what is now Bridgeton was made by 1686 when Richard Hancock established a sawmill here. Settlers established a pioneer iron-works in 1814. Bridgeton was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 3, 1845, from portions of Deerfield Township. Bridgeton city was incorporated on March 1, 1865, replacing both Bridgeton Township and Cohansey Township. The city was named for its location at a bridge on the Cohansey River and is said to be a corruption of "bridge town".
After the American Civil War, Bridgeton's industrial base and commercial centrality in this area of high agricultural production, along with its high profile as an educational center (it was home to the South Jersey Institute, the West Jersey Academy, and two notable academies for women), made it the most prosperous town in the state. Bridgeton was home to glass factories, sewing factories, metal and machine works and other manufacturers, most notably, the Ferracute Machine Works, which was founded and operated by Oberlin Smith, an inventive genius and philanthropist credited with inventing the first device for magnetic recording, and now in the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame.
Bridgeton Historic District covers a quarter of the city and includes more than 2,000 properties. These range from the early Federal architecture to the 1920s, including many structures eligible for individual listing and some documented by the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) during the 1930s. The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982 and is the largest such district of any municipality in New Jersey.
Although it is visually dominated by large Victorian homes and a downtown area constructed from the 1880s to the 1920s, the district, besides many neighborhoods of gingerbreaded "doubles" that were essentially working-class housing, includes several notable structures dating from the 18th century and early Federal period. One of these is Potter's Tavern, said to have been built in the 1750s, but restored to its appearance in 1776 when it was home to The Plain Dealer, considered New Jersey's first newspaper.
A second is Brearley (Masonic) Lodge, founded by General James Giles in 1795, and still active. A third is the so-called "Nail House" (c. 1815; second build c. 1855), administrative home of the Cumberland Nail & Iron Works that established Bridgeton's industrial prowess in the early nineteenth century. The first Cumberland National Bank building (1816), which was only the second bank chartered in New Jersey, is now part of the Bridgeton Library. There is also the David Sheppard House (1791), recently restored with assistance from the Garden State Historic Trust and home to the Cousteau Coastal Center of Rutgers University since 2008.
Bridgeton straddles the tidal Cohansey River and is located near the center of the Delaware Bay lowlands. It derives its name from the original movable bridge that offered the option of regular overland travel on the "King's Highway" across the Cohansey watershed region for the first time in 1716. The name is believed to have been changed from Bridge-towne to Bridgeton in 1816-1817 due to a printing error on documents published by the Cumberland Bank.
Bridgeton is home to numerous large municipal parks. The largest of these, consisting of pinelands, wetlands and lakes, as well as the original raceway system that provided waterpower to the mills, was formed out of the property owned and managed by the Cumberland Nail & Iron Works until 1899. Long considered a recreational area for the region even under ownership by the Iron Works, the property was finally purchased in 1902-1903 by the City and preserved in perpetuity as the Bridgeton City Park. It includes three major lakes: Mary Elmer Lake, Sunset Lake, and East Lake. Bridgeton Park encompasses about 1,500 acres (6.1 km2). It now includes the Cohanzick Zoo, New Jersey's oldest zoo, which is free to the public.
The city suffered an economic downturn in the 1980s with the loss of its remaining manufacturing sector jobs in glass and textiles. Agricultural employment, however, has continued to attract immigrant workers largely from Mexico but also Guatemala, creating new challenges and opportunities for revitalization. A significant minority of Bridgeton residents and their children speak Zapoteco, either as their only language or alongside Spanish.
Downtown Bridgeton includes an art gallery, second hand stores, a makerspace, and the headquarters of the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Tribal Nation. The makerspace, called STEAMWorks, was opened as a collaborative project between the city and the local Cumberland County College, run by the college the space offers specialized equipment and software to the public at a membership based pricing system, as well as workshops and a limited set of certification courses, no involvement with the college is required.
Bridgeton Main Street declared its downtown a Culinary Arts district and is highlighting downtown activity through the food and cooking-related retail sector. Bridgeton Main Street Association is the oldest Main Street Association in the state, founded in 1990.
In 2008, Rutgers opened the Cousteau Coastal Center of its Institute of Marine & Coastal Sciences in the former David Sheppard House, a base from which it coordinates cutting-edge ecological research and develops modules for environmental learning at all educational levels from elementary school upward.
Bridgeton is home to the Rutgers Food Innovation Center, an entry point for startup food manufacturers that allows a new company or entrepreneur to work with a specialized team from Rutgers University to develop, test, brand, and package their product.
Bridgeton is located about one hour away from Philadelphia, and 50 minutes away from Wilmington, Delaware. It is also about one hour away from Atlantic City and Cape May. Bridgeton is divided into three sections, Northside, Southside and Hillside.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 6.49 square miles (16.82 km2), including 6.23 square miles (16.13 km2) of land and 0.27 square miles (0.69 km2) of water (4.10%).
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bridgeton has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|Population sources: 1870-2000|
1870-1920 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
As of 2015, 32.0% of residents were living in poverty in 2015. The poverty rate was 13.3% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 35.6% for Black residents, 33.7% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 66.3% for American Indian residents, 32.9% for other race residents and 29.9% for two or more races residents.
The 2010 United States Census counted 25,349 people, 6,265 households, and 4,304.055 families in the city. The population density was 4,102.5 per square mile (1,584.0/km2). There were 6,782 housing units at an average density of 1,097.6 per square mile (423.8/km2). The racial makeup was 32.64% (8,274) White, 35.49% (8,996) Black or African American, 1.38% (350) Native American, 0.60% (153) Asian, 0.05% (12) Pacific Islander, 25.71% (6,518) from other races, and 4.13% (1,046) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 43.58% (11,046) of the population.
Of the 6,265 households, 40.4% had children under the age of 18; 32.7% were married couples living together; 27.7% had a female householder with no husband present and 31.3% were non-families. Of all households, 25.8% were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.36 and the average family size was 3.85.
27.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 7.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.7 years. For every 100 females, the population had 135.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 151.6 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $31,044 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,412) and the median family income was $38,750 (+/- $2,233). Males had a median income of $31,202 (+/- $3,369) versus $31,031 (+/- $2,158) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $12,418 (+/- $1,023). About 26.3% of families and 27.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.4% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 22,771 people, 6,182 households, and 4,179 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,659.8 people per square mile (1,413.5/km2). There were 6,795 housing units at an average density of 1,092.1 per square mile (421.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 38.88% White, 41.84% African American, 1.19% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 13.67% from other races, and 3.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.49% of the population.
There were 6,182 households, out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.3% were married couples living together, 26.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.49.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.0% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 36.0% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 130.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 139.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,923, and the median income for a family was $30,502. Males had a median income of $28,858 versus $22,722 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,917. About 22.7% of families and 26.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.3% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over.
Portions of Bridgeton are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. The city was selected in 1983 as one of the initial group of 10 municipalities chosen to participate in the program. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6.625% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants. Established in January 1986, the city's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in December 2023.
The UEZ program in Bridgeton and four other original UEZ cities had been allowed to lapse as of January 1, 2017, after Governor Chris Christie, who called the program an "abject failure", vetoed a compromise bill that would have extended the status for two years. In May 2018, Governor Phil Murphy signed a law that reinstated the program in these five cities and extended the expiration date in other zones.
Bridgeton has consistently had violent crime rates above the national average. They are among the highest in the state, along with Camden, Atlantic City, Newark, and Trenton. In 2015, NeighborhoodScout, a real estate analytics firm, ranked it as the 25th most dangerous city in America. It has also ranked within the top 50 several other times. Several government officials have attributed crime in Bridgeton to high levels of poverty. According to census data, the poverty rate in Bridgeton is 32%, nearly three times the national average.
The City of Bridgeton is governed within the Faulkner Act system of municipal government, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under Mayor-Council plan A, as implemented on July 1, 1970, based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission. The city is one of 71 municipalities (of the 565) statewide governed under this form. The governing body is comprised of a mayor and a five-member City Council. Council members are elected at-large in non-partisan elections and serve concurrent four-year terms of office in balloting held as part of the November general election. Based on the results of an ordinance passed in June 2011, Bridgeton's non-partisan elections were shifted from May to November, which took effect with the November 2014 general election.
The mayor exercises executive power of the municipality and appoints department heads with council approval. The mayor may remove department heads subject to council disapproval by ⅔ of all members, prepares the budget. The mayor has veto over ordinances, subject to override by ⅔ of all members of the council. The mayor exercises executive power of the municipality. Up to ten departments may be created under the mayor's direction. A business administrator assists the mayor in budget preparation and administers purchasing and personnel systems. By ordinance, the business administrator may supervise administration of departments, subject to mayor's direction. The City Council exercises legislative power of municipality and approves appointment of department heads. The council may disapprove removal of department heads by ⅔ vote of all members and can override the mayor's veto by ⅔ of all members. The council selects one of its own members to serve as its president.
As of 2020[update], the Mayor is Albert B. Kelly, whose term of office ends on December 31, 2022. Members of the City Council are Council President Edward Bethea, Rosemany DeQuinzio, James Curtis Edwards, Samuel W. Feinstein and David Gonzalez, all of whom are serving concurrent terms of office that end December 31, 2022.
Federal, state and county representation
For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Jeff Van Drew (R, Dennis Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township).
Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director. As of 2018[update], Cumberland County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella Jr. (D, Millville, term as freeholder and as freeholder director ends December 31, 2018), Deputy Freeholder Director Darlene R. Barber (D, Upper Deerfield Township, term as freeholder ends 2019, term as deputy freeholder director ends 2018), George Castellini (D, Vineland, 2020), Carol Musso (D, Deerfield Township, 2020), James F. Quinn (D, Millville, 2018), Joseph V. Sparacio (R, Deerfield Township, 2019) and Jack Surrency (D, Bridgeton 2020). The county's constitutional officers are Clerk Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton, 2019), Sheriff Robert A. Austino (D, Vineland, 2020) and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2018).
The New Jersey Department of Corrections South Woods State Prison is located in Bridgeton. When officials from the City of Bridgeton heard of a state report proposing to move over 1,000 prisoners from Riverfront State Prison in Camden to South Woods, Bridgeton officials opposed the plans.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 8,699 registered voters in Bridgeton, of which 2,816 (32.4%) were registered as Democrats, 772 (8.9%) were registered as Republicans and 5,104 (58.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 7 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 81.6% of the vote (4,125 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 17.6% (891 votes), and other candidates with 0.7% (37 votes), among the 5,088 ballots cast by the city's 9,034 registered voters (35 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 56.3%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 77.9% of the vote here (4,238 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received 20.4% (1,111 votes), with 5,440 ballots cast among the city's 8,986 registered voters, for a turnout of 60.5%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 66.0% of the vote here (3,044 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received 33.6% (1,552 votes), with 4,615 ballots cast among the city's 7,978 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 57.8.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 62.7% of the vote (1,513 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 35.9% (867 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (33 votes), among the 2,499 ballots cast by the city's 8,320 registered voters (86 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 30.0%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 67.2% of the vote here (1,806 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 24.1% (647 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 4.4% (118 votes), with 2,687 ballots cast among the city's 8,524 registered voters, yielding a 31.5% turnout.
Bridgeton's public schools are operated by Bridgeton Public Schools, which serve students in preschool through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.
As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of eight schools, had an enrollment of 6,399 students and 500.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.8:1. Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Geraldine O. Foster Early Childhood Center (285 students in PreK), Broad Street School (945; K-8), Buckshutem Road School (604; K-8), Cherry Street School (580; K-8), ExCEL School (enrollment not listed; K-8), Indian Avenue School (645; K-8), Quarter Mile Lane School (733; PreK-8), West Avenue School (723; K-8) and Bridgeton High School (1,378; 9-12). Students from Downe Township and some students from Lawrence Township attend the district's high school for ninth through twelfth grades as part of sending/receiving relationships; Other students from Lawrence Township are sent to Millville Senior High School.
Students are also eligible to attend Cumberland County Technology Education Center in Vineland, serving students from the entire county in its full-time technical training programs, which are offered without charge to students who are county residents.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the city had a total of 71.95 miles (115.79 km) of roadways, of which 46.36 miles (74.61 km) were maintained by the municipality, 20.62 miles (33.18 km) by Cumberland County and 4.97 miles (8.00 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Places of interest
- Old Broad Street Presbyterian Church and Cemetery, the church was completed in 1795; the cemetery is the burial site of six U.S. Congressman, and a Governor of New Jersey
- Potter's Tavern - Revolutionary War-era tavern where local patriots met and The Plain Dealer newspaper was published
- "7 Sisters" - oldest row of commercial buildings in Bridgeton
- New Sweden Farmstead Museum, open-air museum in City Park
- Old Brearly Lodge F&AM No.2-Oldest functioning Masonic lodge in New Jersey
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Bridgeton include:
- Jonathan Adler (born 1966), designer.
- Ryquell Armstead (born 1996), football running back for the Jacksonville Jaguars of the NFL.
- Radcliffe Bailey (born 1968), contemporary artist noted for mixed-media, paint, and sculpture works that explore African-American history.
- Newton Bateman (1822-1897), academic, educational administrator, and editor.
- Robin Bernstein (born 1953), Florida businesswoman who has been confirmed as United States Ambassador to the Dominican Republic.
- Ella Reeve Bloor (1862–1951), radical labor organizer.
- Frank L. Bodine (1874-c. 1930), architect who practiced in Asbury Park, New Jersey and in Orlando, Florida in the first four decades of the twentieth century.
- Charles Brown (1797-1883), member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.
- Lester R. Brown (born 1934), environmentalist, founder and president of the Earth Policy Institute.
- George Ceuleers (1919-2001), pilot who shot down 10.5 enemy aircraft during World War II, earning the Distinguished Service Cross.
- Benjamin Champneys (1800-1871), Pennsylvania State Representative, Pennsylvania State Senator and Pennsylvania Attorney General from 1846 to 1848.
- Nadia Davy (born 1980), track and field athlete, competing internationally for Jamaica, who was a bronze medalist in the 4 × 400 m relay at the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens.
- Julie Ann Dawson (born 1971), a horror fiction writer, RPG designer, and publisher.
- Braheme Days Jr. (born 1995), shot putter who won a bronze medal at the 2011 World Youth Championships in Athletics.
- Lucius Elmer (1793–1883), represented New Jersey's 1st congressional district from 1843–1845.
- Charles Ewing (1780-1832), politician who served as Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court.
- Douglas H. Fisher (born c. 1948), New Jersey Secretary of Agriculture, member of the New Jersey General Assembly who represented the 3rd Legislative District and served on the Bridgeton City Council from 1990–1992.
- James Galanos (1924-2016), fashion designer.
- Goose Goslin (1900–1971), Baseball Hall of Fame left fielder who played for the Washington Senators, St. Louis Browns and Detroit Tigers, in a career that ran from 1921-1938
- Edward Everett Grosscup (1860-1933), chairman of the New Jersey Democratic State Committee from 1911 to 1919 and Treasurer of the State of New Jersey from 1913 to 1915.
- James G. Hampton (1814–1861) represented New Jersey's 1st congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1845 to 1849.
- Charles L. Harris (1834–1910), Union Army Brigadier General.
- Alfred Ellet Hitchner (1882-1959), college football pioneer who was head coach of the Rutgers Scarlet Knights football team in 1904.
- George Jamison (born 1962), NFL linebacker who played for the Detroit Lions.
- Harvey Johnson (1919–1983), served as head coach for the National Football League's Buffalo Bills.
- Benjamin F. Lee (1841-1926), religious leader and educator, who was the president of Wilberforce University from 1876 to 1884.
- Carwood Lipton (1920-2001), commissioned officer with the 101st Airborne Division during World War II, who was portrayed by Donnie Wahlberg in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers.
- Frank LoBiondo (born 1946), Congressman who represents New Jersey's 2nd congressional district.
- Brison Manor (born 1952), defensive lineman who played eight seasons in the National Football League for the Denver Broncos, from 1977–1984.
- Rube Oldring (1884-1961), professional baseball player who played outfield in the MLB from 1905 to 1918 for the Philadelphia Athletics and New York Yankees.
- Harold E. Pierce (1922-2006), dermatologist and cosmetic surgeon.
- Steve Rammel (born 1968), retired U.S. soccer forward who played two seasons in Major League Soccer.
- Floyd Reid (1927-1994), running back who played in the NFL for the Green Bay Packers from 1950–1956.
- Celeste Riley (born 1960), Clerk of Cumberland County, who was the first woman to represent the 3rd Legislative District.
- Elias P. Seeley (1791–1846), 11th Governor of New Jersey in 1833.
- Oberlin Smith (1840–1926), engineer and inventor.
- John J. Spoltore (1921-1973), Republican Party politician who served as Chairman of the New Jersey Republican State Committee in 1973 after having served four years as Mayor of Bridgeton in the mid-1950s.
- Thomas Whitaker Trenchard (1863-1942), lawyer and a Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court between 1906 and 1941, who was presiding judge in the Lindbergh kidnapping trial of Richard Hauptmann.
- Aharon Wasserman (born 1986), entrepreneur and software designer.
- Melinda Watts (born 1978), urban contemporary gospel artist and musician.
- Dominique Williams (born 1990), running back for the Calgary Stampeders.
- Shana Williams (born 1972), former track and field athlete who competed in the long jump.
- Jason Winrow (1971-2012), offensive guard who played for the New York Giants.
- H. Boyd Woodruff (1917-2017), soil microbiologist who discovered actinomycin and developed industrial production by fermentation of many natural products, including cyanocobalamin (a synthetic form of Vitamin B12), the avermectins and other important antibiotics.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
- Mayor and City Council, Bridgeton, New Jersey. Accessed March 21, 2020.
- 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Department of Administration, City of Bridgeton. Accessed March 21, 2020.
- City Clerk, City of Bridgeton. Accessed March 21, 2020.
- 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Bridgeton city, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Bridgeton city Archived 2012-04-30 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey , United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 11, 2012.
- QuickFacts for Bridgeton city, New Jersey; Cumberland County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019), United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Bridgeton, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Bridgeton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 1, 2011.
- ZIP Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 7, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Bridgeton, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 7, 2013.
- U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- New Jersey County Map, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed July 10, 2017.
- Marine, Jaime. "Annual Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Pow-Wow coming to Salem County Fairgrounds", Today's Sunbeam, June 9, 2010. Accessed July 9, 2012. "'The main purpose of the Pow-Wow is to educate the American public about the rich history of the Native Americans,' Gail Gould, of the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Tribal Office in Bridgeton, said Wednesday. 'It is also like a big family reunion for us.' According to Gould, there are more than 12,000 members of the Lenape tribe throughout Salem, Gloucester and Cumberland counties."
- Historic Bridgeton Walking Tour; New Jersey's Largest Historic District, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed November 8, 2016.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 119. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 27, 2015.
- Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 37. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed August 27, 2015.
- Staff. "Rites for Oberlin Smith Held.", The New York Times, July 22, 1926. Accessed July 8, 2012. "The funeral of Oberlin Smith, Bridgeton's most distinguished citizen and inventor of international note, took place this afternoon from Lockwold, his late residence on the shore of East Lake."
- Staff. "Bridgeton Historic District / Managing the past", The Press of Atlantic City, November 6, 2007. Accessed July 8, 2012. "Funkhouser's story mirrors the problems facing the entire historic district in Bridgeton. Drawn up in 1982, the district covers almost a quarter of the city and is the largest contiguous historic district in the state."
- Arney, Pat. "Preserving Bridgeton's History / Historical Society Says Potter's Tavern Needs A Lot Of Work", The Press of Atlantic City, August 26, 1993. Accessed July 9, 2012. "It was New Jersey's first newspaper. Called the "Plain Dealer," the hand-written paper came out weekly between Dec. 25, 1775, and Feb. 12, 1776, at Potter's Tavern, a gathering spot for the local firebrands that still stands today, across from the Cumberland County Courthouse on West Broad Street."
- Cumberland Bank Building, New Jersey Historic Trust. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- Cousteau Center at Bridgeton Archived 2010-07-12 at the Wayback Machine, Rutgers University Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- Our History, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- Parks and Recreation, City of Bridgeton. Accessed November 8, 2016.
- Cohanzick Zoo... "New Jersey's First Zoo" , City of Bridgeton. Accessed November 8, 2016.
- New Jersey School Performance Report for the Bridgeton School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 31, 2015.
- Zotigh, Dennis. "Meet Native America: Mark Gould, Chief of the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Tribal Nation", National Museum of the American Indian, September 6, 2016. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- STEAMWorks, City of Bridgeton. Accessed June 9, 2017.
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- "Notice: Law Reinstates Five Urban Enterprise Zones And Also Extends The Expiration Date Of 12 Other UEZs", New Jersey Department of the Treasury Division of Taxation, May 30, 2018. Accessed November 19, 2019. "On May 30, 2018, Governor Murphy signed Senate Bill 846 (A3549). The law reinstated five expired Urban Enterprise Zones (UEZs). If your business is located in one of these zones, you may file an application to establish qualified business status. (Past certifications are no longer valid in these five zones). The five UEZs are in: *Bridgeton *Camden *Newark *Plainfield *Trenton. The UEZs in the five locations listed above expire on December 31, 2023."
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- Martins, John. "Bridgeton doesn't want Camden's state inmates." The Press of Atlantic City. May 23, 2007. Accessed September 27, 2011. "City officials on Tuesday night condemned what they say is a state plan to relocate more than 1,000 inmates from Camden's Riverfront State Prison to one of the county's three state prisons."
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- Region Profile - Western/Southern Cumberland Region Strategic Plan Archived 2014-02-22 at the Wayback Machine, Cumberland Development Corporation, January 2003. Accessed December 21, 2014. "Students in grades 9-12 residing in Commercial, Maurice River and a portion of Lawrence Townships attend Millville High School. Students in Bridgeton, Downe and a portion of Lawrence Township attend Bridgeton High School."
- Staff. "Bridgeton High School", South Jersey magazine. Accessed December 21, 2014. "Bridgeton High School provides opportunities for students from Bridgeton, Lawrence Township and Downe Township in Cumberland County to become members of society who are thoughtful, informed, involved and committed to life-long learning."
- Admissions, Cumberland County Technology Education Center. Accessed October 30, 2019. "We specialize in technical education to offer students a chance to explore various careers and assist them in developing the skills they need to be successful. We are a full-time high school in a state of the art facility designed to maximize learning and hands on skills."
- Cumberland County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
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- Bucks Airport, AirNav.com. Accessed August 8, 2019.
- Old Broad Street Church Archived 2016-01-19 at the Wayback Machine, First Presbyterian Church of Bridgeton, NJ. Accessed November 8, 2016. "This was the first church erected in Bridge Town; the cornerstone was laid in 1792. It was finished and first used for worship in 1795, but not before funds were raised by a state-wide lottery to complete the building. "
- Potter's Tavern, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed November 8, 2016.
- The Plain Dealer, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed November 8, 2016.
- Chestnut, Bill. Bridgeton: In and Around the Old County Town, p. 34. Arcadia Publishing, 1996. ISBN 9780752404677. Accessed October 7, 2013.
- New Sweden Farmstead Museum Archived 2013-09-02 at the Wayback Machine, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed October 7, 2013.
- Colman, David. "His Guiding Light? Mom, of Course", The New York Times, December 7, 2012. Accessed December 9, 2012. "One might guess that Mr. Adler, 46, who studied semiotics at Brown University and ceramics at the Rhode Island School of Design, had developed his careful balancing act of cynicism and sincerity — cynicerity, for short — as an adult. But, it turns out, he had a lucky star guiding him right from the day he was born. A wholly artificial star, of course: the chandelier that hung above his family's dining table in their house in Bridgeton, N.J."
- Bridegton's Notable People: Jonathan Adler, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- Ryquell Armstead, Temple Owls football. Accessed August 8, 2019. "Born Ryquell Keeman Armstead (pronounced: ra-KWELL) in Bridgeton, N.J."
- Radcliffe Bailey: Memory As Medicine, High Museum of Art. Accessed February 13, 2020. "Born in 1968 in Bridgeton, New Jersey, Radcliffe Bailey moved to Atlanta when he was four years old."
- Freeman, Joseph H. Twenty-Second Biennial Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of the State of Illinois; July 1, 1896 - June 30, 1898, p. 69. The Superintendent, 1898. Accessed December 21, 2014. "Newton Bateman, of English ancestry, was born in Bridgeton, county seat of a southern county of New Jersey, July 27, 1822, and was a little over seventy-five years old at his death October 21, 1897."
- "U.S. Ambassador to the Dominican Republic: Who Is Robin Bernstein?", AllGov.com, November 13, 2017. Accessed August 10, 2018. "Born in 1953, Robin Stein Bernstein is from Bridgeton, New Jersey, and graduated from Bridgeton High School in 1972 after spending her junior year as an exchange student in Paris."
- Ella Reeve Bloor, Encyclopædia Britannica. Accessed September 24, 2007.
- Bridegton's Notable People: Ella Reeve Bloor, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- Bodine, Frank Lee (1874-1964), Philadelphia Architects and Buildings. Accessed December 21, 2014. "Frank L. Bodine was born in Bridgeton, NJ, the son of J. Nixon and Annie Alexander Millikan Bodine."
- Brown, Charles, (1797 - 1883), Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed December 21, 2014. "born in Philadelphia, Pa., September 23, 1797; attended the public schools; in early boyhood moved with his father to Cumberland County, N.J., and resided near Bridgeton"
- "Breaking new ground with environmental pioneer, Lester R. Brown", WHYY-FM, December 12, 2013. Accessed December 21, 2014.
- Col George F. Ceuleers, Military Hall of Honor. Accessed August 8, 2019. "Birthplace: Bridgeton, NJ, USA"
- Benjamin Champneys, Pennsylvania State Senate. Accessed August 8, 2019. "Born in Bridgeton, New Jersey January 1800"
- Brown, Scott. "Bridgeton's Davy Runs Wild At States The Jamaica Native Set Records In The 200 And 400. Her Coach Thinks She Will Only Improve.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 1, 1998. Accessed December 21, 2014. "That's because Bridgeton's Nadia Davy eclipsed their times in the 200 and 400 to set both records."
- Arney, Pat. "Horror-Fiction Writer Founds Creative Society", The Press of Atlantic City, July 18, 1994. Accessed February 20, 2011. "Julie Ann Dawson, a budding horror-fiction writer and poet, found herself in a 'creative void' after she graduated from Rowan College last year. At college she had many opportunities to socialize with fellow creative artists, said the 22-year-old Bridgeton resident, such as the English honor society, the student honors organization, the Literary Forum, and the school magazine, Venue."
- McGarry, Michael. "Bridgeton's Braheme Days Jr. third in shot put at World Junior Track and Field Championships", The Press of Atlantic City, Julyu 24, 2014. Accessed December 21, 2014. "Bridgeton's Braheme Days Jr. finished third Thursday night in the shot put at the IAAF World Junior Track and Championships in Eugene, Ore.... Days Jr., a 2013 Bridgeton High School graduate, put himself in position to win the world title by finishing first in his heat and second overall with a throw of 64 feet, 4 inches in the preliminaries."
- Lucius Quintius Cincinnatus Elmer, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 20, 2007.
- Bridegton's Notable People: Lucius Elmer, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- Cyclopedia of New Jersey Biography, Memorial and Biographical, Volume 1, p. 126. American Historical Society, Incorporated, 1921. Accessed August 8, 2019. "Charles Ewing, LL.D., was born in 1780, in Bridgeton, Cumberland county, New Jersey, the only son of James and Martha (Boyd) Ewing."
- Assembly Member Douglas H. Fisher, Project Vote Smart. Accessed August 8, 2007.
- Bridegton's Notable People: Douglas H. Fisher, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- Hummel, Jack. "The Story of Bridgeton: Joan Dare Ballinger's Bridgeton", South Jersey Times, December 12, 2011. Accessed December 21, 2014. "James Galanos, the known clothes designer, had a restaurant downtown and we'd always have lunch before we went back to work with the money."
- Bridegton's Notable People: James Galanos, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- News Journal of Mansfield, Ohio, January 29, 1968.
- Bridegton's Notable People: Goose Goslin, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- Scannell, John James. Scannell's New Jersey's First Citizens and State Guide: Biographies of the Notable Living Men and Women of New Jersey with informing glimpses into the State's History, Affairs, Officialism and Institutions 1919-1920 (Volume II), p. 198. J. J. Scannell, 1919. Accessed November 30, 2013. "Edward E Grosscup - Wenonah - Real Estate. Born in Bridgeton, August 2, 1860; son of Charles C. and Anna D. Grosscup."
- James Giles Hampton, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 25, 2007
- Colonel Charles L. Harris, 11th Wisconsin Civil War Regiment, July 9, 2007. Accessed October 22, 2012. "Charles L. Harris, born August 24th, 1834 in Bridgeton, New Jersey, was a prominent Madison resident when the war broke out."
- Bridegton's Notable People: Charles L. Harris, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- Class of 1904 - Rutgers College - History to 1907, p. 12. Accessed December 21, 2014. "Alfred Ellet Hitchner. ... Before entering college lived at Clayton, N. J., and Bridgeton, N. J. Prepared at Bridgeton High School and West Jersey Academy."
- Weinberg, David. "Pro Football / Surprise! Bridgeton Celebrates George Jamison's Long NFL Career", The Press of Atlantic City, August 22, 2000. Accessed October 22, 2012. "One of the reasons George Jamison was able to play in the NFL for 13 seasons was that he was seldom surprised. As an outside linebacker for the Detroit Lions and Kansas City Chiefs, the Bridgeton native was rarely caught out of position, even when faced with the most creative trick plays."
- George Jamison player profile Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine, database Football. Accessed July 29, 2007.
- Bridegton's Notable People: George Jamison, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- via Associated Press. "Yanks Swamp 'Hawks, 31-0", St. Petersburg Times, December 10, 1946. Accessed June 7, 2011. "The Yanks opened the scoring midway in the first quarter when Harvey Johnson, of Bridgeton, N. J., booted a field goal be tween the uprights from the Miami 45 yard line."
- Bridegton's Notable People: Harvey Johnson, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- Adams, Stephen J. The Patriot Poets: American Odes, Progress Poems, and the State of the Union, p. 392. McGill–Queen's University Press, 2018. ISBN 9780773555952. Accessed August 8, 2019. "Benjamin F. Lee was born 18 September 1841 in Bridgeton, New Jersey."
- Biography, C. Carwood Lipton. Accessed November 25, 2017. "In 1966, he moved to Bridgeton, New Jersey where he became an Administrative Manager, and in 1971, he and his wife moved to London where he was the Director of Manufacturing for eight different glass companies in England and Scotland for several years."
- Frank A. Lobiondo, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 8, 2007.
- Bridegton's Notable People: Frank LoBiondo, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- Koffman, Jack. "Newest Rider here air express - Vrison Manor to face Esimos", Ottawa Citizen, September 17, 1975. Accessed October 22, 2012. "GM Frank Clair spoke to Manor, a graduate of University of Arkansas, yesterday morning at his home in Bridgeton, New Jersey, and arranged to have him fly here immediately."
- Brison Manor Archived 2007-02-09 at the Wayback Machine, database Football. Accessed October 24, 2007.
- Bridegton's Notable People: Brison Manor, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- Bishop, Bill. Rube Oldring, Society for American Baseball Research. Accessed November 25, 2017. "Rube suffered a heart attack in 1960, and died at age 77 on September 9, 1961 at his home in Bridgeton, New Jersey from acute blockage of the arteries."
- Sims, Gayle Ronan. "Harold E. Pierce Jr., 84, dermatologist, surgeon", The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 4, 2006. Accessed December 21, 2014. "He was born in the Art Museum area, and his mother died when he was 7. His father decided the best situation for his son was to be raised by his paternal grandparents in Bridgeton, N.J. He graduated from Bridgeton High School in 1939 and earned a bachelor's degree in science in 1943 from Lincoln University and a medical degree in 1946 from Howard University."
- "Colorado Rapids Deal Steve Rammel To Metrostars For 1999 First-Round Supplemental Draft Choice" Archived 2007-10-07 at the Wayback Machine, SoccerNews Online, March 5, 1998. Accessed May 23, 2008.
- Bridegton's Notable People: Steve Rammel, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- Floyd Reid, The Pro Football Archives. Accessed December 21, 2014.
- County Clerk: Celeste M. Riley, Cumberland County Clerk's Office. Accessed October 28, 2019. "Prior to joining the NJ Assembly, Celeste Riley served as a member of Bridgeton City Council and rose to become the Council President. One of her most notable accomplishments was establishing 'Building a Better Bridgeton', which was a beautification project for the aging industrial foundations of Bridgeton."
- Bridegton's Notable People: Celester Riley, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- New Jersey Governor Elias Pettit Seeley, National Governors Association. Accessed November 25, 2017. "Elias P. Seeley, the fourteenth governor of New Jersey, was born in Bridgeton, New Jersey on November 10, 1791."
- Bridegton's Notable People: Elias P. Seeley, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- Oberlin Smith: Biography, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Global History Network. Accessed November 2, 2010.
- Bridegton's Notable People: Oberlin Smith, City of Bridgeton. Accessed October 28, 2019.
- Staff. "John Spoltore Dies at 52; G.O.P. Chairman of Jersey", The New York Times, December 12, 1973. Accessed December 21, 2014. "John Spoltore, Republican state chairman, died early today of a heart attack at St. Francis Hospital. He was 52 years old and lived in Bridgeton, where he served as Mayor from 1953 to 1957."
- Lundy, F. L., et. al. Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, State of New Jersey, Volume 134, p. 375. Accessed August 8, 2019. "Thomas Whitaker Trenchard, Bridgeton. Justice Trenchard was born in Centreton, Salem county, N. J., December 13th, 1863."
- Taniguchi, lauren T. "Forbes 30 Under 30 list features technology leader Aharon Wasserman of Bridgeton", South Jersey Times, December 20, 2011. Accessed December 21, 2014. "Alongside young virtuosos like Lady Gaga, LeBron James and the Olsen twins, Bridgeton's own Aharon Wasserman is featured as one to watch."
- Van Embden, Edward. "Bridgeton woman combines teaching, gospel to help girls pursue dreams", The Press of Atlantic City, August 19, 2010. Accessed August 8, 2019. "Melinda Watts left Bridgeton to pursue her dream, and now she's returning to share it."
- Graves-El, Ahmad. "Bridgeton Native, Dominique Williams, Returns with Life Lessons for the Next Generation", SNJ Today, July 9, 2019. Accessed August 8, 2019. "Bridgeton has been the home of many outstanding and upstanding citizens throughout its history.... Dominique Williams is another elite athlete who hails from the historic town."
- Hadden, Doug. "Bridgeton Athlete Takes 3 Events In Girls' Track", The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 8, 1988. Accessed December 21, 2014. "Bridgeton High's Shana Williams won three events, and Kingsway was an easy winner in the team competition, highlighting yesterday's 16th annual Pennsauken-South Jersey Open track meet for girls."
- Woods, Don E. "Jason Winrow - Cumberland Regional alum, Ohio State Buckeye and New York Giant - passes away at 41", NJ.com, September 24, 2012. Accessed October 2, 2017. "Winrow was a born in Bridgeton and made a name for himself on the football field. Winrow was the second student in Cumberland Regional High School's history to attend a Division I university on a full football scholarship when he went to Ohio State University from 1989-1993."
- Roberts, Sam. "H. Boyd Woodruff, Microbiologist Who Paved Way for Antibiotics, Dies at 99", The New York Times, February 3, 2017. Accessed February 4, 2017. "Harold Boyd Woodruff, known as Boyd, was born on July 22, 1917, in Bridgeton, N.J."
- Watson, Penelope S. "Bridgeton, New Jersey". The Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia. Rutgers University. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bridgeton, New Jersey.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Bridgeton.|
- Official website
- . . 1914.