Brielle, New Jersey
Brielle, New Jersey
|Borough of Brielle|
"A Community By the River"
Map of Brielle in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Brielle, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||June 3, 1919|
|Named for||Brielle, Netherlands|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Thomas B. Nicol (R, term ends December 31, 2023)|
|• Administrator / Municipal clerk||Thomas F. Nolan|
|• Total||2.37 sq mi (6.14 km2)|
|• Land||1.76 sq mi (4.55 km2)|
|• Water||0.61 sq mi (1.59 km2) 25.86%|
|Area rank||383rd of 565 in state|
26th of 53 in county
|Elevation||7 ft (2 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||385th of 566 in state|
34th of 53 in county
|• Density||2,717.5/sq mi (1,049.2/km2)|
|• Density rank||229th of 566 in state|
27th of 53 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|Area code(s)||732 exchanges: 223, 292, 528|
|GNIS feature ID||0885170|
Brielle is a borough located in southern Monmouth County, New Jersey along the Manasquan River. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 4,774, reflecting a decline of 119 (-2.4%) from the 4,893 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 487 (+11.1%) from the 4,406 counted in the 1990 Census.
Brielle was formed as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 10, 1919, from portions of Wall Township, based on the results of a referendum passed on June 3, 1919. The borough was named for Brielle, a town in the Netherlands.
Archaeological excavations along what is now Birch Drive reveal temporary Lenape Native American settlements. The Lenape practiced farming in other parts of Monmouth County much of the year, and they visited the wooded areas in what is now Brielle for hunting and fishing.
The area was originally part of Shrewsbury Township and the first settlers were primarily farmers, and the area became known as Union Landing. In colonial times, salt was an important preservative, and before the American Revolutionary War, most of it was imported from Great Britain. The Union Salt Works opened around the outbreak of the war, and on April 5, 1778, several British Loyalists attacked and burned the salt works and other buildings. A year later, the salt works reopened and continued to operate through the duration of the war.
Early in the 19th century, Shrewsbury Township was divided, and the area became part of Howell Township which was further divided in 1851, when the area became part of Wall Township. On July 7, 1881, a group of businessmen purchased several acres of land and formed the Brielle Land Association with the intention of building vacation homes. The quaint riverside charm of the area reminded one of the developers of another pastoral town on a river which he had visited, Brielle, in the Netherlands.
Author Robert Louis Stevenson vacationed in Brielle for most of May 1888. During his stay he wrote a portion of his book The Master of Ballantrae and gave Osborn Island the nickname "Treasure Island" which was the title of one of his previous books.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.37 square miles (6.14 km2), including 1.76 square miles (4.55 km2) of land and 0.61 square miles (1.59 km2) of water (25.86%).
Located at the southeastern corner of Monmouth County, Brielle is bordered to the north and east by the Manasquan, to the west by Brick Township (in Ocean County) and Wall Township and to the south by Point Pleasant and Point Pleasant Beach across the Manasquan River. Route 35 runs through the middle of the town and Route 70 runs along its western edge.
The borough is primarily a residential community of single homes, with a few condominiums; there are almost no undeveloped lots of land left. There are several businesses located along Union Avenue and Higgins Avenue and some marinas along the Manasquan River. Ripley's Believe It or Not! once stated that Brielle has "16 bars and no churches". It currently has one church, The Church in Brielle (formerly the Dutch Reformed Church) and several restaurants that have liquor licenses, but no true bars. There is also a 140 acres (0.57 km2) 18 hole golf course called the Manasquan River Golf Club.
The town has approximately 6.4 kilometers (4.0 mi) of waterfront along the Manasquan River, Glimmerglass, and Debbie's Creek, all of which are salt water and tidal. Brielle's borders extend to an 8-acre (32,000 m2) island in the Manasquan River.
Manasquan Park is an unincorporated community located within Brielle.
|Population sources: 1920|
1930-1990 2000 2010
The 2010 United States Census counted 4,774 people, 1,805 households, and 1,336 families in the borough. The population density was 2,717.5 per square mile (1,049.2/km2). There were 2,034 housing units at an average density of 1,157.8 per square mile (447.0/km2). The racial makeup was 94.64% (4,518) White, 2.53% (121) Black or African American, 0.10% (5) Native American, 0.94% (45) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.46% (22) from other races, and 1.32% (63) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.18% (152) of the population.
Of the 1,805 households, 33.4% had children under the age of 18; 60.4% were married couples living together; 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present and 26.0% were non-families. Of all households, 22.0% were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.13.
26.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 18.7% from 25 to 44, 32.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.9 years. For every 100 females, the population had 97.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 91.3 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $98,419 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,635) and the median family income was $108,818 (+/- $11,831). Males had a median income of $84,568 (+/- $8,259) versus $53,041 (+/- $4,411) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $45,445 (+/- $5,694). About none of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 4,893 people, 1,938 households, and 1,414 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,754.4 people per square mile (1,061.3/km2). There were 2,123 housing units at an average density of 1,195.1 per square mile (460.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.05% White, 3.52% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 1.61% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.31% of the population.
There were 1,938 households, out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 23.7% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $178,368, and the median income for a family was $172,867. Males had a median income of $98,828 versus $72,156 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $105,785. About 2.6% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.
Brielle is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government, which is used in 218 of 565 municipalities statewide, making it the most common form of government in New Jersey. The governing body is comprised of a Mayor and a Borough Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council is comprised of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Brielle is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2020[update], the Mayor of the Borough of Brielle is Republican Thomas B. Nicol, whose term of office ends December 31, 2023. Members of the Brielle Borough Council are Frank A. Garruzzo (R, 2021), Michael A. Gianforte (R, 2022), Cort W. Gorham (R, 2022), Paul K. Nolan (R, 2021), Timothy A. Shaak (R, 2020) and John V. Visceglia (R, 2020).
Federal, state, and county representation
Brielle is located in the 4th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 30th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Brielle had been in the 11th state legislative district.
For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Chris Smith (R, Hamilton Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2020–2021 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 30th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Robert Singer (R, Lakewood Township) and in the General Assembly by Sean T. Kean (R, Wall Township) and Ned Thomson (R, Wall Township).
Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director. As of 2020[update], Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2022; term as freeholder director ends 2021), Freeholder Deputy Director Susan M. Kiley (R, Hazlet Township, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2021; term as deputy freeholder director ends 2021), Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township, 2020), Nick DiRocco (R, Wall Township, 2022), and Patrick G. Impreveduto (R, Holmdel Township, 2020).
Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County clerk Christine Giordano Hanlon (R, 2020; Ocean Township), Sheriff Shaun Golden (R, 2022; Howell Township), and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (R, 2021; Middletown Township).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,653 registered voters in Brielle, of which 617 (16.9%) were registered as Democrats, 1,446 (39.6%) were registered as Republicans and 1,590 (43.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 66.7% of the vote (1,893 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 32.2% (914 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (29 votes), among the 2,859 ballots cast by the borough's 3,830 registered voters (23 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 74.6%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 61.3% of the vote (1,842 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 36.1% (1,085 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (40 votes), among the 3,003 ballots cast by the borough's 3,824 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.5%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 67.5% of the vote (1,971 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 31.3% (913 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (18 votes), among the 2,918 ballots cast by the borough's 3,805 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 76.7.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 79.1% of the vote (1,533 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 19.4% (376 votes), and other candidates with 1.5% (30 votes), among the 1,963 ballots cast by the borough's 3,852 registered voters (24 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 51.0%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 70.9% of the vote (1,571 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 22.2% (491 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.8% (129 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (13 votes), among the 2,215 ballots cast by the borough's 3,664 registered voters, yielding a 60.5% turnout.
The Brielle School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade at Brielle Elementary School. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 540 students and 48.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.2:1.
For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend Manasquan High School in Manasquan, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Manasquan Public Schools, joining students from Avon-by-the-Sea, Belmar, Lake Como, Sea Girt, Spring Lake and Spring Lake Heights at the school. As of the 2017–18 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 945 students and 71.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.2:1.
The Brielle Public Library, which is located at 610 South Street, claims to have been the first library in New Jersey to have offered public access to the Internet.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 27.08 miles (43.58 km) of roadways, of which 21.94 miles (35.31 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.66 miles (4.28 km) by Monmouth County and 2.48 miles (3.99 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
- Mike Watt Drummer for Stepkings, Undisputed, King Dust, Power
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Brielle include:
- Robert E. Brennan (born 1944), businessman who built the penny stock brokerage firm, First Jersey Securities.
- Charles H. Brower (1901-1984), advertising executive, copywriter and author.
- Jeffrey A. Citron. chairman of Vonage, a voice-over-IP phone company, inventor of Island ECN and founder of Datek.
- Mary Catherine Cuff (born 1947), former acting justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court (Judge of the Appellate Division, Temporarily Assigned to the Supreme Court) who served between 2012 and 2016.
- Edward A. Flynn (born c. 1948), law enforcement official who has been Chief of the Milwaukee Police Department.
- Ben Kenney (born 1977), bass guitarist for the band Incubus.
- Gerry Matthews (born 1941), head men's basketball coach at Stockton University.
- Frank Mundus (1925–2008), shark hunter said to have inspired the character Quint in the movie Jaws.
- Charles Piercey (1890-1966), Australian racing cyclist.
- Nelson Rae (1915–1945), radio and stage actor killed during World War II.
- Mark Tornillo (born 1954), singer and vocalist of heavy metal band Accept.
- Jason Westrol (born 1988), professional basketball player who has played for the Limburg United of the Belgian Basketball League.
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- History, Borough of Brielle. Accessed March 21, 2020.
- Delancey, Karen Hammerdorfer. "This day's invasion of Brielle welcome", Asbury Park Press, September 8, 2002. Accessed October 16, 2013. "During the Revolutionary War, Brielle was attacked by some 200 British soldiers who burned down the Union Salt Works and many other buildings."
- Martin, Patti. "BRIELLE Community spirit shines through", Asbury Park Press, November 28, 2003. Accessed July 29, 2012.
- Staff. "JERSEY RESORT RICH IN MEMORIES OF ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON; Famous Author Spent a Month at Brielle 25 Years Ago and the Souvenirs He Left There Are Carefully Treasured -- News from Other Popular Summer Centres.", The New York Times, July 27, 1913. Accessed October 12, 2015.
- Areas touching Brielle, MapIt. Accessed March 20, 2020.
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- Biese, Alex. "It's a Special Year", Asbury Park Press, April 26, 2007. Accessed July 29, 2012. "Fifty years ago, the borough of Brielle held a dubious distinction. 'There were 17 bars and no churches in Brielle,' said the Rev. Paul Walther, 57, of Brielle."
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- New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed June 28, 2015.
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- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Brielle borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 29, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Brielle borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012.
- Inventory of Municipal Forms of Government in New Jersey, Rutgers University Center for Government Studies, July 1, 2011. Accessed November 18, 2019.
- Form of Government, Borough of Brielle. Accessed March 21, 2020. "Brielle operates under a municipal form of government composed of six council members and a mayor, all elected directly by the voters. Council members are elected to three year terms. Each year two seats are up for election. The mayor is elected to a four-year term."
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- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
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- Freeholder Lillian G. Burry, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 18, 2020.
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- Freeholder Patrick Impreveduto, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
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- Briell Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Brielle School District. Accessed February 9, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Pre-Kindergarten through eight in the Brielle School District. Composition: The Brielle School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Brielle."
- District information for Brielle Boro School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 1, 2019.
- Manasquan Public Schools 2016-17 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed March 15, 2018. "Students from the communities of Avon, Belmar, Brielle, Lake Como, Manasquan, Sea Girt, Spring Lake, and Spring Lake Heights attended MHS in 2016-2017, amassing an enrollment of 960 students. There were 260 students in the senior class, as well as 256 juniors, 220 sophomores, and 224 freshmen."
- Sending Districts, Manasquan Public Schools. Accessed May 29, 2016. "Manasquan High School receives students from seven different districts; Avon, Brielle, Belmar, Lake Como, Sea Girt, Spring Lake, and Spring Lake Heights. Including our Manasquan students, the high school population is just under one thousand students."
- School data for Manasquan High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 1, 2019.
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- Conway, Chris. "Troubled Financier Contends Move Of Millions Overseas Was 'Honest' Robert E. Brennan Says He Was Making A Gift To His Wife And A Contribution To A Trust, Not Hiding Money.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 31, 1995. Accessed February 22, 2015. "Brennan, of Brielle, asserted in those papers that a $13.75 million transfer from a Brennan-owned firm to a company owned by his now ex-wife, Patricia, was a gift."
- Waggoner, Walter H. "Charles H. Brower Dies At 82; Ex-Chief Of B.B.D.O. Agency", The New York Times, July 26, 1984. Accessed January 23, 2018. "Charles H. Brower, former president and chairman of Batten, Barton, Durstine & Osborn, the advertising agency, died Monday at his home in Brielle, N.J. He was 82 years old."
- Barboza, David. "Golden Boy?; He's Dazzled Wall Street, but the Ghosts Of His Company May Haunt His Future", The New York Times, May 10, 1998. Accessed February 22, 2015. "Mr. Citron's mansion in Brielle, N.J., is built on the site of Mr. Brennan's home, which Mr. Citron bought in 1996 for $3.3 million and tore down."
- "Monmouth County judge elevated", Asbury Park Press, July 20, 1994. Accessed January 20, 2018. "Mary Catherine Cuff, the presiding judge of the family division of Superior Court in Monmouth County, is being promoted, Supreme Court Chief Justice Robert N. Wilentz announced yesterday.... Cuff, 46, of Brielle, is one of four judges being elevated to fill two new slots and two vacancies created by retirements in the Appellate Division of Superior Court."
- Borowski, Greg. "Ideals bind history major to urban policing; City's next chief cherishes duel with civic problems" Archived 2014-04-26 at the Wayback Machine, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, January 6, 2008. Accessed August 10, 2012. "Flynn grew up in Brielle, N.J., a shore town about 60 south of New York City.... Education was at St. Catherine's School in nearby Spring Lake, then Christian Brothers Academy for high school, graduating in 1966."
- Angermiller, Michele Amabile. "Skrillex Scares Dolphins, Draws Revelers to Seaside Bamboozle Fest; The electronic artist's set concerned oceanographers, who feared the musical bombast would affect dolphins.", The Hollywood Reporter, May 19, 2012. Accessed July 29, 2012. "The night was a homecoming for many of the artists. Incubus bassist Ben Kenney hails from Brielle, N.J."
- Stanmyre, Matthew. "Gerry Matthews, hidden coaching gem at Stockton College, racks up wins and miles", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, December 29, 2013. Accessed February 18, 2016. "Gerry Matthews, winner of more men's college basketball games than any coach in New Jersey history, backs out of his driveway in Brielle on an icy morning early this month to begin the same 58-mile drive to Stockton College he has made countless days since 1985."
- Geiser, John. "Jaws", Asbury Park Press, June 15, 2001. Accessed January 1, 2001. "Capt Frank Mundus the legendary shark hunter who once lived in Brielle and fished in Shore area waters for sharks..."
- Staff. "Shore Has Its Share of Bike Riders Who Recall Old Days", Asbury Park Press, January 24, 1965. Accessed September 17, 2017. "Charles Piercey, Brielle, looks at one of the many hunting and fishing trophies he has collected since giving up bike racing."
- Staff. "Monmouth County Army Casualties; Official List of Killed, Wounded, Red Bank Register, March 29, 1945. Accessed January 20, 2018. "Rae, T/Sgt. Nelson S., William F. Rae, father, Laurel Avenue, Brielle."
- Staff. "Ex-Actor Killed In Action; Sgt. Nelson Rae an Army Casualty in Belgium, Parents Learn", The New York Times, January 27, 1945. Accessed July 29, 2012. "Brielle, NJ, Jan. 26-Sgt. Nelson Rae, former radio and musical comedy player who was last featured as a vocalist in the Broadway production of Pal Joey, has been killed in action on the Belgian front, according to a War Department message received here by his parents, Mr. and Mrs. William Rae, today."
- Aberback, Brian. "Brielle Native And Former Brick-Based 'Metaler' Leads Band's Revival; Mark Tornillo, a Manasquan High School alumnus, was working as a union electrician when a friend asked him in 2009 to join a jam session with the heavy metal band Accept", Manasquan Patch, April 13, 2012. Accessed November 8, 2016. "Even more unlikely is the critical role that Brielle native and singer Mark Tornillo has played in the Teutonic thrashers' resurrection."
- Jason Westrol, Bentley Falcons. Accessed August 15, 2016. "Hometown: Brielle, N.J.; High School: Manasquan"
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brielle, New Jersey.|
- Borough of Brielle website
- Brielle Elementary School
- Brielle Elementary School's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Brielle Elementary School, National Center for Education Statistics
- Brielle Police Department
- Brielle Chamber of Commerce
- Union Landing Historical Society - Brielle's History
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. NJ-1011, "Towns of Sea Girt, Manasquan, and Brielle"