Brighton and Hove built-up area

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Brighton and Hove Built-up Area
Brighton from the pier.jpg
The Downs towards Cissbury Ring - geograph.org.uk - 573975.jpg
Kensington Gardens, Brighton.jpg
Littlehampton MMB 01 Harbour.jpg
Worthing sea front from the pier - geograph.org.uk - 413383.jpg
Clockwise from top: Brighton seafront looking west from Brighton Palace Pier, The North Laine in central Brighton, the River Arun and Littlehampton Harbour, The Dome Cinema from Worthing Pier, the Attenborough Centre for the Creative Arts at the University of Sussex and the South Downs National Park towards Cissbury Ring
Map of the Brighton and Hove Built-up Area with labelled subdivisions
Map of the Brighton and Hove Built-up Area with labelled subdivisions
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland England
Historic countySussex Sussex
Ceremonial countyEast Sussex
West Sussex
Largest settlements
(Pop. 100,000+)
Population
 • Total474,485
 • Rank12th
 • Density5,304/km2 (13,740/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode
Area code(s)01273, 01903

The Brighton and Hove Built-up area or Brighton/Worthing/Littlehampton conurbation has a population of 474,485 (2011 census), making it England's 12th largest conurbation. This was an increase of around 3% from the 2001 population of 461,181.[1] Named the Brighton/Worthing/Littlehampton conurbation by the Office for National Statistics for the 2001 census and Brighton and Hove Built-up area for the 2011 census, the area has also been known as Greater Brighton,[2] although the Greater Brighton City Region that was created in 2014 from 7 local authorities in Sussex covers a much larger area. The conurbation dominates West and East Sussex, with around 1 in 3 of Sussex's population living within its boundaries. It is also the second largest conurbation in the South East region of England and the second largest conurbation on the English Channel coast, in either England or France. In both of these cases the Brighton conurbation trails the Southampton and Portsmouth conurbation. The Brighton/Worthing/Littlehampton conurbation was the largest on the Channel before Portsmouth and Southampton's conurbations were combined for much official data analysis after the 2011 census.

This conurbation is also the UK's most densely populated major conurbation outside London with 5304 people per km².[1] This is due to its tight boundaries between the South Downs national park to the north, and the English Channel to the south together with less land devoted to domestic gardens in English seaside towns than in inland towns.

It is a multi-centred conurbation and the eastern part, the city of Brighton and Hove, has approximately half of its population.

Places in the conurbation[edit]

The total distance in a straight line from the western edge of Littlehampton to the eastern edge of Saltdean is between 23 and 24 miles. Along the shore or by road, it is slightly further.

The conurbation's population is made up of the following settlements as defined by the Office for National Statistics:

Urban subdivision Population (2001 census) Population (2011 census)
Brighton 134,293 229,700
Hove 72,335
Worthing 96,964 109,120
Littlehampton 55,716 55,706
Shoreham 17,537 48,487
Sompting/Lancing 30,360
Portslade 19,564 19,921
Southwick 11,281 11,551
Findon 1,720
Rottingdean/Saltdean 21,411

Notes:

  • Hove and Brighton were separate subdivisions for the 2001 census but are combined in one Brighton and Hove subdivision for the 2011 census.
  • In the 2011 census the Shoreham subdivision includes Sompting and Lancing.
  • Findon was not included as part of the Brighton and Hove built-up area for the 2011 census.
  • Saltdean and Rottingdean were not included as part of the Brighton and Hove built-up area for the 2011 census and instead form a built-up area called Saltdean/Woodingdean with a population of 22,729.[1]
  • In the 2001 census the Littlehampton subdivision included Angmering and Ferring. In the 2011 census the Littlehampton subdivision still includes Angmering but Ferring is part of the Worthing subdivision.

There are some small gaps that help maintain distinct identities of places in the conurbation, although in places, the settlements coalesce:

Nearby places[edit]

Settlements very close to the conurbation but not included in the official statistics include the towns of Peacehaven (separated from Brighton by Telscombe Tye, a small open space), Newhaven (joined to Peacehaven, population 11,000) and Seaford (separated from Newhaven by the River Ouse, population 22,000).

Climate[edit]

The coastal towns of Sussex and neighbouring Hampshire, including the settlements that make up the Brighton and Hove built-up area are the sunniest places in the United Kingdom.[3] The coast has consistently more sunshine than the inland areas: sea breezes, blowing off the sea, tend to clear any cloud from the coast.[4] The sunshine average is approximately 1,900 hours a year; this is much higher than the UK average of 1,340 hours a year.

Climate data for Brighton
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
9
(49)
12
(53)
16
(60)
19
(66)
22
(71)
22
(72)
18
(65)
15
(59)
11
(52)
9
(48)
14
(57)
Average low °C (°F) 3
(38)
3
(38)
4
(40)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(53)
14
(58)
14
(58)
12
(54)
9
(49)
6
(43)
4
(40)
8
(47)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 88
(3.5)
60
(2.4)
51
(2.0)
58
(2.3)
56
(2.2)
50
(2.0)
54
(2.1)
62
(2.4)
67
(2.6)
105
(4.1)
103
(4.1)
97
(3.8)
851
(33.5)
Source: Met Office[citation needed]
Average sea temperature[5]
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
9.2 °C (48.6 °F) 8.7 °C (47.7 °F) 8.2 °C (46.8 °F) 9.6 °C (49.3 °F) 11.4 °C (52.5 °F) 13.6 °C (56.5 °F) 15.4 °C (59.7 °F) 16.9 °C (62.4 °F) 17.3 °C (63.1 °F) 16.3 °C (61.3 °F) 14.7 °C (58.5 °F) 12.0 °C (53.6 °F) 12.8 °C (55.0 °F)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2011 Census - Built-up areas". ONS. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
  2. ^ "UK Government paper on Greater Brighton". Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  3. ^ "Southern England: climate". Met Office. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
  4. ^ "Weather and Climate in Sussex". Visit Sussex. Archived from the original on 30 April 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
  5. ^ Brighton average sea temperature Archived 6 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine – seatemperature.org

Coordinates: 50°49′26″N 0°20′06″W / 50.824°N 0.335°W / 50.824; -0.335