Lin at the 2008 Dubai International Film Festival
|Chinese name||林青霞 (traditional)|
|Chinese name||林青霞 (simplified)|
|Pinyin||Lín Qīngxiá (Mandarin)|
|Jyutping||lam4 cing1 haa4 (Cantonese)|
|Pe̍h-ōe-jī||Lîm Chheng-hâ (Hokkien)|
|Origin||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
3 November 1954 |
Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
|Years active||1973 - 1994|
|Spouse(s)||Michael Ying (m. 1994)|
Brigitte Lin (Chinese: 林青霞; pinyin: Lín Qīngxiá) or Brigitte Lin Ching-hsia (born 3 November 1954) is a Taiwanese actress. She was a popular actress, regarded as an icon of Chinese cinema, who acted in both Taiwanese and Hong Kong films. She retired in 1994, although she had a minor role in the 1998 film Bishonen.
She was born in Taipei and she was discovered in 1972 by a film producer after she finished women high school and was preparing for University. Her movie debut is in Outside the Window (1973) which made her a star. Subsequently, she joined Chiung Yao's company and gained recognition for her roles in romantic films based off the novels by Chiung. Lin won the Best Actress award at the Asia-Pacific Film Festival for her role as a girl scout in Eight Hundred Heroes (1976).
Known for being a "screen goddess" by Chinese film lovers, Lin's early collaborations with Hong Kong New Wave directors Ringo Lam, Tsui Hark and Jackie Chan in Love Massacre (1981), Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountain (1983), Police Story (1985) and Peking Opera Blues (1986) brought her success. In 1990, she won the Best Actress trophy at the 27th Golden Horse Awards for her depiction of a Chinese female writer who fell in love with a Japanese collaborator in Red Dust (1990).
In 1992, Swordsman II directed by Tsui Hark brought Lin one of the most memorable roles in the history of Chinese martial arts movies. In the film, she succeeded in portraying the male protagonist Dongfang Bubai. Swordsman II marked the peak of her career in terms of box office earnings. It was featured on Time magazine as one of the greatest films made since 1923. Subsequently, she starred in many other notable martial epics including New Dragon Gate Inn (1992) and The Bride with White Hair (1993). Lin's subsequent collaborations with Wong Kar-wai in Ashes of Time (1994) and Chungking Express (1994) were also some of her most notable films.
At the height of her popularity, Lin was inarguably one of the most sought-after actresses in the Chinese film industry. She starred in more than 100 movies. Lin was credited for boosting Taiwan's film production in the 1970s before earning even greater popularity in Hong Kong in the 1990s, becoming a trans-island legend of her time.
Lin married Hong Kong businessman Michael Ying in 1994 and left the film industry. She has two daughters, born in 1997 and 2001. She made her first public appearance since her marriage at the screening of Ashes of Time Redux during the 2008 New York Film Festival.
|1973||Outside the Window
|1974||Gone with the Cloud
|Ghost of the Mirror
|Love, Love, Love
|The River of Cloudy
|The House of Love
|Green Green Meadow
|Long Way from Home
|The Life God
|Xiao Yi Huai Chun
|Run Lover Run
|The Unforgettable Character
|He Loved Once Too Many
|Love Story of Pian Pian
|The Forest of Forever
|1976||Eight Hundred Heroes
|The Chasing Game
|Tomorrow I'm 20
|The Beauty with Two Faces
|Today and Tomorrow
|Forever My Love
|My Funny Intern
|1977||Come Fly With Me
|The Cloud of Romance
|The Dream of the Red Chamber
|There's No Place Like Home
|The Love Affair of Rainbow
|My Sweet Love
|Orchid in the Rain
|1978||The Misty Moon
|Love of the White Snake
|Madam White Snake|
|Moon on the Beach
|A Journey of Love
|Birds Are Singing Everywhere
|The Story of Green House
|1979||The Wild Goose on the Wing
|Love Under a Rosy Sky
|A Love Seed
|Cheng Gong Ling Shang
|The Choice of Love
|By Love Obsessed
|An Unforgettable Day
|The Women Soldiers
|1982||Fantasy Mission Force
|Burn Phoenix Burn
|Pink Force Commando
|Lily Under the Muzzle
|The Deadly Angels
|Hero vs Hero
|1983||Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountain
|All the Wrong Spies
|Four Shy Guy
|Black and White Pearl
|1983 Da Jing Qi
|1984||The Other Side of Gentleman
|Victims of the Assassin
|1986||Peking Opera Blues
|1987||Lady in Black
|The Thirty Million Dollar Rush
|Flag of Honor
|1988||Starry is the Night
|1989||Web of Deception
|New Dragon Gate Inn
|Royal Tramp II
|Secret Love for the Peach Blossom Spring
|Boys Are Easy
|The Bride with White Hair
|The Bride with White Hair 2
|The Black Panther Warriors
|The Eagle Shooting Heroes
|1994||Ashes of Time
|Murong Yang / Murong Yin / Dugu Qiubai|
|Woman in blonde wig|
|Fire Dragon/ Ying Ha|
|Semi-Gods and Semi-Devils
|Lei Chau-shui / Lei Chong-hoi|
|The Three Swordsmen
Awards and nominations
|1975||Asia-Pacific Film Festival||Best Actress||Eight Hundred Heroes||Won|
|1980||Golden Horse Awards||Magnificent 72||Nominated|
|1982||Hero vs Hero||Nominated|
|1984||Hong Kong Film Award||Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountain||Nominated|
|1990||Golden Horse Awards||Red Dust||Won|
|1993||Hong Kong Film Award||Swordsman II||Nominated|
- The Last Star of the East: Brigitte Lin Ching Hsia and Her Films (2005)
- 窗裏窗外 Inside and outside the window (2011) 
- 雲去雲來 Cloud Goes, Cloud Comes (2014)
- "Top 10 Best Chinese Movie Actresses of All Time". China Whisper. 2015-11-09. Retrieved 2017-08-12.
- He Ying (何颖) (2008). "Brigitte Lin, Legend of the Ageless Beautiful Girl" 《林青霞，不老的玉女传奇》. 《快乐阅读》 [Happy Reading] (in Chinese). Changsha, Hunan: Hunan Education Press. p. 6. ISSN 1671-329X.
- "China Movie Goddesses". Women of China.
- "Brigitte Lin: Writing Her Own Role". China Pictorial.
- "Brigitte Lin, Swordsman II". Time.
- "Screen icon Lin Ching-Hsia". CRI English.
- Akiko., Tetsuya, (2005). The last star of the East : Brigitte Lin Ching Hsia and her films. Los Angeles, Calif.: Akiko Tetsuya. ISBN 0976487128. OCLC 60449219.
- 1954-, Lin, Qingxia,; 1954-, 林青霞,. Yun qu yun lai (Di 1 ban ed.). Guilin Shi. ISBN 7549559503. OCLC 899206278.
- "Legendary film star Lin Ching-hsia releases memoirs". Ecns.cn.