Brill (fish)

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For other uses of the word Brill, see Brill (disambiguation).
Brill
Scophthalmus rhombus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Pleuronectiformes
Family: Scophthalmidae
Genus: Scophthalmus
Species: S. rhombus
Binomial name
Scophthalmus rhombus
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The brill, Scophthalmus rhombus, is a species of flatfish in the turbot family (Scophthalmidae) of the order Pleuronectiformes. Brill can be found in the northeast Atlantic, Baltic Sea, and Mediterranean, primarily in deeper offshore waters.[1]

Brill have slender bodies, brown covered with lighter and darker coloured flecks, excluding the tailfin; the underside of the fish is usually cream coloured or pinkish white. Like other flatfish the brill has the ability to match its colour to the surroundings. Brill weigh up to 8 kg (18 lb) and can reach a length of 75 cm (2 ft 6 in), but are less than half that on average. Part of the dorsal fin of the fish is not connected to the fin membrane, giving the fish a frilly appearance. They are sometimes confused with the Turbot (Psetta maxima), which is more diamond-shaped. The two species are related and can produce hybrids. On the west coast of Canada (outside the range of Scophthalmus rhombus) local fisherman refer to the petrale sole, Eopsetta jordani, as brill.

Name in other languages[edit]

Brill
Language Name
Galician Coruxo
French Barbue
Italian Rombo Liscio
Catalan Rèmol
Danish Slethvar
Dutch Griet
Polish Nagład
Swedish Slätvar
Norwegian Slettvar
German Glattbutt
Romanian Calcan
Greek Καλκάνι (Calcani)
Portuguese Rodovalho
Slovene Gladki romb
Spanish Rombo
Turkish Kalkan
Finnish Silokampela
Ukrainian Калкан гладенький
Estonian Sile kammeljas
Lithuanian Uotas

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whiteman, Kate (2000). The world encyclopedia of Fish and Shellfishes. Hermes House. p. 256. ISBN 1-84309-666-8. 

External links[edit]

  • Brill, in What Am I Eating? A Food Dictionary