Brilliant, Ohio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Brilliant, Ohio
Brilliant's welcome sign
Brilliant's welcome sign
Location of Brilliant, Ohio
Location of Brilliant, Ohio
Coordinates: 40°15′53″N 80°37′34″W / 40.26472°N 80.62611°W / 40.26472; -80.62611Coordinates: 40°15′53″N 80°37′34″W / 40.26472°N 80.62611°W / 40.26472; -80.62611
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyJefferson
TownshipWells
Area
 • Total1.77 sq mi (4.58 km2)
 • Land1.75 sq mi (4.54 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Elevation680 ft (210 m)
Population
(2010)
 • Total1,482
 • Density845/sq mi (326.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
43913
Area code(s)740
FIPS code39-08812
GNIS Feature ID1064493

Brilliant is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in eastern Jefferson County, Ohio, United States, along the Ohio River. It was named after the Brilliant Glass factory that once was located in the town. Although unincorporated, Brilliant has a post office, bearing the ZIP code 43913.[2] It is located along Ohio State Route 7. Brilliant is part of the Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 1,482.[3]

Brilliant was formerly incorporated as a village, but it disincorporated on November 24, 1993.[4]

History[edit]

Brilliant was laid out in 1819 by Philip Doddridge under the name "Philipsburg". The location was considered significant to commerce as it was the convergence of many roads in close proximity to the Ohio River. A new addition was laid out in 1836 named "La Grange", a name also adopted by the railway station in 1856. In 1880, the Brilliant Glass Company was established and a glass factory was built at La Grange. The town later adopted the name of the glass company and was incorporated as "Brilliant", changing the titles of the railway station and post office.[5]

The Cardinal Power Plant is located south of Brilliant. It commenced operations in 1967.[6]

Geography[edit]

Brilliant is in northeastern Wells Township, along the Ohio River 7 miles (11 km) south of Steubenville. Ohio State Route 7, a four-lane freeway, passes through the southeast side of the community, leading north (upriver) to Steubenville and south 16 miles (26 km) to Bridgeport, across the river from Wheeling, West Virginia.

According to the 2010 census, the Brilliant CDP has a total area of 1.77 square miles (4.58 km2), of which 1.75 square miles (4.53 km2) (or 98.87%) are land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) (or 0.56%) are water.[3]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Brilliant has a Humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[7]

Climate data for Brilliant, Ohio
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3
(37)
4
(39)
10
(50)
17
(62)
23
(73)
27
(80)
29
(84)
28
(82)
25
(77)
18
(64)
11
(51)
5
(41)
16
(60)
Average low °C (°F) −6
(21)
−5
(23)
−1
(30)
3
(37)
8
(46)
13
(55)
15
(59)
14
(57)
11
(51)
5
(41)
0
(32)
−4
(24)
4
(39)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 74
(2.9)
61
(2.4)
86
(3.4)
86
(3.4)
99
(3.9)
107
(4.2)
112
(4.4)
94
(3.7)
79
(3.1)
69
(2.7)
69
(2.7)
71
(2.8)
1,003
(39.5)
Source: Weatherbase [8]

Education[edit]

Public education in the community of Brilliant is provided by the Buckeye Local School District. Public high school students in the city attend Buckeye Local High School; Brilliant High School formerly served as the high school in the city.

Brilliant has a public library, a branch of the Public Library of Steubenville and Jefferson County.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ Hometown Locator page for Brilliant Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Brilliant CDP, Ohio". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  4. ^ 1990s Boundary Changes Geographic Change Notes: Ohio Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine., United States Census Bureau, n.d. Accessed 2011-03-30.
  5. ^ Doyle, Joseph Beatty (1910). 20th Century History of Steubenville and Jefferson County, Ohio and Representative Citizens. Richmond-Arnold Publishing Company. pp. 300, 476.
  6. ^ "How We Generate Electricity" (PDF). Buckeye Power. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Brilliant, Ohio
  8. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on September 14, 2013.
  9. ^ "Branch Locations". The Public Library of Steubenville and Jefferson County. Retrieved 26 February 2018.