Brimsdown shown within Greater London
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Enfield North|
|London Assembly||Enfield and Haringey|
The east of Brimsdown, that is, east of the eastern Lea Valley line is one of the borough's main commercial centres. It divides into the Brimsdown Industrial Estate comprising Watermill, Sovereign, Leeside Business Centres, Riverwalk Business Park and storage. Its far north is the Enfield Power Station built on part of the former Brimsdown Power Station and an electricity sub-station.
Residential Brimsdown is south of Turkey Brook, extending as far south as Jeffreys Road by the two blocks of the Trafalgar and Centenary Trading Estate units. It is home to the Brimsdown Industrial Estate and also includes a residential area just west of the Lea Valley railway line. The western boundary is half way to the other Lea Valley line for this station-centric neighbourhood, where used as a term.
This area was the easternmost part of the old parish of Enfield which ecclesiastically is today divided into six, the present relevant parish being Enfield Highway a secular division of Enfield which competes with the west of the area for its identity, particularly around the irregular polygon of Durants Park, a large park, which is shared between both areas.
The area east of the Lea Valley Lines railway is almost exclusively industrial use, whereas west is a residential area primarily built up from the 1930s which blends into Enfield Highway to the west, Ponders End to the south and to the north Enfield Wash and Enfield Lock. This residential area around Brimsdown Avenue, Brimsdown railway station and Brimsdown School is at the heart of a Brimsdown neighbourhood, within Enfield, identity.
Brimsdown was recorded as Grymesdoun in 1420, Grymesdoune 1441, Grymes downe, Brymesdowne 1610, Grymsdown, Brimsdown 1686. The first element may be a surname Gryme. The second is the early and Middle English doun or down though unusually low for a down here referring to slightly raised ground in an area no more than 19 metres above sea level and 5 metres above the Lea, more than most of Edmonton to the south. Grīm as with Grim's Dyke to the west being linked to Woden.
In the 19th century the parish of Enfield had the second largest area north of the Thames in the two closest home counties for smallholdings run by families growing salads for the London market, with to a lesser degree fruit:
In 1867 there were several orchards at Enfield Highway and in 1869 market gardens accounted for much of the Connop estate in the eastern part of the parish. After inclosure the farms near the Lea continued to be split between arable and pasture, although fields formed out of the former common were very large in comparison with those farther west; one of Trinity College's farms at Brimsdown had fields of 44 a. and 60 acres (0.24 km2) in 1855. Market gardens encroached increasingly on the farm-land between Hertford Road and the Lea during the later 19th century, until by 1900 Enfield was said to be the main parish for market gardening in northern Middlesex and the second in the whole county. Tomatoes and cucumbers were the main crops, although flowers were also grown, and glass-houses covered several hundred acres. By 1920, with the expansion of industry and suburban housing, some of the market gardens around Ponders End and Enfield Highway had disappeared
Nearest railway stations
- River Lee Navigation
- Mossops Creek was dug in the 1890s by Mosses and Co Gravel Extraction Company. The creek can be reached from Mossops Bridge (completed 1999) which spans the River Lee Navigation.
Schools and colleges
- Brimsdown Infant School
- Brimsdown Junior School, attended by academic Professor Philip Tew, cartoonist and illustrator Ian West, and actor Ray Winstone.
- Brimsdown Rovers: David Beckham joined the club as a 14-year-old where he played in the youth side.
- Enfield Town FC : Goldsdown Park, Brimsdown is shared with Brimsdown Rovers AFC.
- Many businesses in Brimsdown are part of the Brimsdown FQP (Freight Quality Partnership), which jointly addresses transport and logistics issues for the area.
In popular culture
Between 1977 and 1980 a council house in the Green Street area of Brimsdown was the scene of alleged poltergeist activity. The incidents were the subject of a Sky Living television series The Enfield Haunting which was screened in May, 2015.
- http://www.enfield.gov.uk/362/Enfield%20Highway.pdf Local Government Map: Enfield Highway Retrieved 3 March 2008
- Enfield Highway parish map The Church of England. Retrieved 2015-02-23
- Mills, A,D, Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names (2001) p30 ISBN 0-19-860957-4 Retrieved 20 October 2008
- A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, Eileen P Scarff and G C Tyack, "'Enfield: Economic history'", A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 5 ed. T F T Baker and R B Pugh (London, 1976), pp. 232-239
- Mossops Creek Retrieved 20 November 2007
- Mossops Bridge Retrieved 19 November 2007
- Mossops Creek bridge Retrieved 7 June 2008
- River Lea Anglers Club Retrieved 2 December 2014
- Ray Winstone Retrieved 16 May 2011
- The Enfield Poltergeist Retrieved 22 April 2015
- Sky TV The Enfield Haunting Retrieved 22 April 2015
- Hidden London Retrieved 13 November 2009