Brimstage

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Brimstage
Village
Brimstage Craft Centre - geograph.org.uk - 616798.jpg
Brimstage Craft Centre
Brimstage is located in Merseyside
Brimstage
Brimstage
Location within Merseyside
Population100 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSJ304826
• London177 mi (285 km)[2] SE
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWIRRAL
Postcode districtCH63
Dialling code0151
ISO 3166 codeGB-WRL
PoliceMerseyside
FireMerseyside
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside
53°19′54″N 3°03′44″W / 53.3316°N 3.0622°W / 53.3316; -3.0622Coordinates: 53°19′54″N 3°03′44″W / 53.3316°N 3.0622°W / 53.3316; -3.0622

Brimstage (locally /ˈbrɪmstɪ/) is a village in the centremost part[3] of the Wirral Peninsula, Merseyside, England. It is approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Heswall and 3 miles (4.8 km) south west of Bebington. Administratively, it is within the Clatterbridge Ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral and is in the parliamentary constituency of Wirral South.

At the time of the 2001 census, Brimstage had a population of 100.[1]

History[edit]

The name Brimstage likely means "Bruna's place or riverbank"; the Old English word stæð meaning a river-bank, shore or landing place.[4][5][6] Over time, the name has been spelt as Brunestathe (1260), Brimstache (1275), Brunstach (1326), Bronstathe (1348) and Brynstat (1387).[7]

In 1288, Sir Roger de Domville is said to have 'listened for the word Brunstath' (an old name for Brimstage, which he held as lord) during proceedings at Chester. The Domvilles were a Cheshire family of some standing,[8] owning land in Oxton, as well as Brimstage. The Domville family left the village when the Hulse family took residence, circa 1378.

The population has been recorded as 127 in 1801, 126 in 1851, peaking at 181 in 1901 and reducing to 135 in 1951.[9]

There were two pubs in Brimstage, the 'Red Cat' and the 'Pig and Whistle'. The 'Red Cat' was knocked down and never rebuilt while the 'Pig and Whistle' is thought to have been the now named Rose Cottage adjacent to the Pig and Whistle field.

Geography[edit]

Brimstage is in the central part of the Wirral Peninsula, approximately 10 km (6.2 mi) south-south-east of the Irish Sea at Leasowe Lighthouse, about 4.5 km (2.8 mi) east-north-east of the Dee Estuary at Gayton and about 4.5 km (2.8 mi) west-north-west of the River Mersey at Port Sunlight. The village is situated at an elevation of around 40 m (130 ft) above sea level.[10]

Governance[edit]

Brimstage was formerly a township in the parish of Bromborough, of the Wirral Hundred. It became a civil parish in 1866. Historically within the county of Cheshire, it was part of the Wirral Rural District between 1894 and 1933, subsequently moving within the boundaries of a jurisdiction that would become the Municipal Borough of Bebington. Further changes occurred on 1 April 1974, when local government reorganisation resulted in most of Wirral, including Brimstage, transfer from Cheshire to the newly formed county of Merseyside.[9][11]

As of 2021, Brimstage is within the Clatterbridge Ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. The village is represented nationally through the parliamentary constituency of Wirral South.

Landmarks[edit]

Although the exact date of construction is unknown, Brimstage Hall is believed to have been built between the 12th century and 14th century, making it one of the oldest buildings on Merseyside.[12] Originally the site was enclosed by a moat and high embankment. The building's first known occupants were Sir Hugh Hulse and his wife, who were granted the right to construct a private chapel in 1398.[13] Further modifications were made in during the 16th century, with a north wing added in the 19th century. The building was designated Grade I listed building in 1962.[14]

Community[edit]

Brimstage village green

Brimstage is a rural community centred on a small village green, consisting of Brimstage Hall, numerous farms and a small number of dwellings. The hall's courtyard hosts a vibrant retail community. The Brimstage Maze site includes a 7 acre maze, several outdoor activities for children and an indoor soft play area.

In 2006 the former dairy at Home farm was refurbished to become the home of Brimstage Brewery - Wirral's first commercial brewery since the closure of Birkenhead Brewery in the 1960s.[15]

Brimstage, along with the neighbouring villages of Raby and Thornton Hough, are within an Area of Special Landscape Value, a protective designation to preserve the character and appearance of the area. This is part of the Wirral Unitary Development Plan.[16][17]

Transport[edit]

The village is on the A5137 Brimstage Road, to the west of junction 4 of the M53 motorway.

Bus services operating along Brimstage Road and Talbot Avenue to the west of the village, as of 2015:

Number Route Operator Days of operation
85 Clatterbridge Hospital - Heswall Avon Buses Monday - Saturday
86 Heswall - Mill Park Avon Buses Monday-Saturday evenings
87 Heswall - Eastham Ferry Avon Buses Sunday
113 New Ferry - Heswall A2B Travel Monday-Saturday early evenings
113 Heswall - Clatterbridge Hospital A2B Travel Once a Monday-Saturday evening

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wirral 2001 Census: Brimstage". Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 18 May 2007.
  2. ^ "Coordinate Distance Calculator". boulter.com. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  3. ^ "Brimstage". Merseyside.com. Retrieved 29 August 2007.
  4. ^ "Key to English Place-Names: Brimstage". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  5. ^ Dodgson, J (1972). English Placenames: Wirral Hundred. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521082471.
  6. ^ Eckwall, Eilert (1960). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Placenames. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0198691037.
  7. ^ "Wirral Historic Settlement Study: Brimstage". Merseyside Historic Characterisation Project. National Museums Liverpool/English Heritage. December 2011. p. 19. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  8. ^ Sulley, Philip (1889). The Hundred of Wirral. B. Haram & Co.
  9. ^ a b "Brimstage". GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 29 August 2007.
  10. ^ "SRTM & Ordnance Survey Elevation Data in PHP". Retrieved 3 November 2016.
  11. ^ "Brimstage Tn/CP". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  12. ^ "Brimstage Hall Courtyard". VisitWirral.com. Retrieved 26 April 2008.
  13. ^ "Brimstage Hall and Courtyard: History". Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  14. ^ Historic England. "Brimstage Hall and Tower (1183702)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  15. ^ Coslett, Paul (5 February 2007). "Brewing in Brimstage". BBC. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  16. ^ "UDP Topic: Tourism and Leisure (The Protection of Rural Tourist Attractions and Resources Policy)". Wirral Council. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  17. ^ "Brimstage, Raby & Thornton Hough: A Strategy for Change Management" (PDF). Thornton Hough Community Trust. p. 28. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 29 August 2007.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]