|OS grid reference|
|• London||140 mi (230 km) SSE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Brinsworth is a village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, in South Yorkshire, England. It is situated close to the River Rother between Rotherham (to the north-east) and Sheffield (to the south-west). At the time of the 2001 census it had a population of 8,950, reducing to 8,789 at the 2011 Census.
Brinsworth is located about 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the site of a Roman fort at Templeborough. Remains thought to be part of the Roman road called Icknield Street, which passed the fort, were discovered on White Hill in 1948, between Brinsworth and Canklow. Other Roman remains found on White Hill by a team led by Dorothy Greene, Keeper of Roman Antiquities at Rotherham's Clifton Park Museum, included nine roads in a grid 926 ft by 490 ft at grid reference . In addition, walls of buildings were traced including what may have been a temple platform, and pottery dating from the late 2nd and 3rd centuries was found.
This area has been suggested by Michael Wood (historian) as one of the possible locations for the Battle of Brunanburh, which took place in 937, although he also strongly believes it to be near Burghwallis, outside of Doncaster. The earliest known written reference to Brinsworth appears in the 1086 Domesday Book, where it is referred to as "Brynesford", a name thought to mean 'Bryni's ford'. At this time the land was mostly 'waste', having been decimated in the 'Harrying of the North' that took place following the Norman conquest, and it was divided between Roger de Busli and William de Percy.
The village grew in the 19th century as coal mines were sunk in the surrounding area, and by 1891 the population was 1,656. New housing estates were built around Brinsworth in the 1950s, increasing the population to its current level.
Brinsworth has three primary schools: Brinsworth Howarth, situated next to Catcliffe on Whitehill lane; Brinsworth Whitehill, at the very highest point of Brinsworth at its centre; and Brinsworth Manor, the largest, located in the middle of the old village. The village secondary school is Brinsworth Comprehensive. The Church of England parish church is St Andrew and is joined with St Mary at Catcliffe. Local public houses are the Fairways Hotel, Phoenix Sports and Social Club, the Three Magpies, the Yorkshire Terrier and the Waverley. Two recently closed pubs were the Atlas and the Sidings. The Sidings re-opened as a free house in December 2010, and closed again in April 2014.
References and notes
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
- Wood, Michael (2001). "Chapter 11. Tinsley Wood". In Search of England: Journeys into the English Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 212–213. ISBN 0-520-23218-6.
- "Roman Britain in 1948: I. Sites Explored". The Journal of Roman Studies. 39: 101. 1949.
- de Bruxelles, Simon (21 November 2017). "By 'eck! Engand's destiny was decided at a Doncaster lay-by". The Times (72386). p. 3. ISSN 0140-0460.
- Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 66. ISBN 0-19-869103-3.
- "History of Brinsworth". Brinsworth Parish Council. Retrieved 25 March 2007.