Transport for Brisbane

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Transport for Brisbane
Transport for Brisbane Bus at the Cultural Centre G1278.jpg
A Transport for Brisbane bus at the Cultural Centre.
Division overview
Preceding division
  • Brisbane Transport
JurisdictionCity of Brisbane, Australia
Headquarters266 George Street, Brisbane[1]
Division executive
  • Geoffrey Beck, Divisional Manager[2]
Parent departmentBrisbane City Council
Websitebrisbane.qld.gov.au/public-transport

Transport for Brisbane, previously called Brisbane Transport, is an organisational division of the Brisbane City Council, responsible through its related Council Committee for providing policy and advice to Brisbane City Council, and for delivering various public transport services across the City of Brisbane.[3][4][5] The division does this as part of an agreement with TransLink, an agency of the Department of Transport and Main Roads that operates public transport across South East Queensland.[6]

History[edit]

A Volvo B7RLE, C2048 doing the 200 BUZ service to Carindale. In total, 553 Volvo B7RLEs were made for the company which represents nearly half of the fleet.

The origins of Transport for Brisbane (formerly, Brisbane Transport) can be traced to August 1885 where the Metropolitan Tramways & Investment Company established a service in Brisbane under franchise from the Queensland Government with 18 horse trams. The tram system remained in private hands until January 1923 when the Queensland government established the Brisbane Tramways Trust, compulsorily acquiring the tram network and supporting infrastructure, then in 1925 creating the Brisbane City Council and transferring responsibility for the tram network to the council. Before the council withdrew support in 1961, the council supported the tram network by expanding it to a peak of 175 kilometres (109 mi) with over 400 trams.[7]

Bus services commenced in 1925 by the Brisbane City Council.[8] Brisbane City Council shut down bus services due to financial loss in November 1927. Bus services recommenced 13 years later, in July 1940 with 12 Albion Valkyries.[8][9] In 1948 the Brisbane City Council acquired 20 operators with 67 buses.[7]

The first Rocket services began on the morning of 18 April 1977 between Garden City and the Brisbane CBD.[10] These services were based on the idea that bus travel time could be reduced to less than the travel time by car by the removal of most embarkation stops.

In the 1990s, Brisbane City Council corporatised its transport services to form Brisbane Transport, a council-owned commercial businesses managed at arm's length from the council and providing consultancy services back to it.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transport for Brisbane operates services along dedicated busway infrastructure to avoid peak hour traffic congestion on roads closest to the Brisbane CBD.

Services[edit]

Bus upgrade zone[edit]

Now retired bus, G650, completing the 180 BUZ route at the Culture Centre.

Bus upgrade zones (BUZ) are high-frequency bus routes mostly running direct to the Cultural Centre. All BUZ services run at least every fifteen minutes from around 06:00 to 23:00 seven days a week and at least every ten minutes during peak hours from Monday to Friday.[11][12]

CityGlider[edit]

E2834 about to start the 60 route to the city.

CityGlider is a high frequency pre-paid bus service around the Brisbane CBD, operating every five minutes during peak and every 10 to 15 minutes during off-peak. This is the first service in Brisbane to operate 24 hours on Friday and Saturday and 18 hours every other day.[13] Bus stops serviced by the CityGlider are identified with signs and painted kerb.

Clem7[edit]

Clem7 (Route 77) is a bus route using the Clem Jones Tunnel (Clem7) which links the suburbs of Eight Mile Plains and Chermside. It runs every 15 minutes at peak times and 30 minutes off-peak, Monday to Friday.[14]

The route commenced on 22 March 2010 at a cost of $1.6 million per annum. It has decreased the journey time between Eight Mile Plains and Chermside, removing the need to transfer at Cultural Centre. The route completes the 30 kilometres (19 mi) cross-city journey in 39 minutes instead of up to 55 minutes via the Brisbane CBD.[14]

Fleet[edit]

Rigid buses[edit]

MAN 18.310s, Volvo B7RLEs and later Volvo B8RLEs make up the majority part of the rigid bus fleet of Brisbane Transport.

A total of 390 18.310s joined the Brisbane Transport fleet from 2005 to 2010, with 324 fitted with CNG engines (Fleet numbers 1200 to 1523) and 66 powered by diesel (Fleet numbers 1001 to 1066). Buses 1001 to 1015 were on loan to South West Transit, 1019 to 1029 were on loan to Hornibrook Bus Lines services since 2012, and returned to Brisbane Transport in July 2021. CNG powered buses are starting to pull off from service starting from 2019.

The rest of the regular rigid fleet are all Volvos, including 553 diesel-powered B7RLEs (delivered from 2009 to 2018, fleet numbers 1801 to 2353, two withdrawn from service due to accidents in 2017 and 2020). 139 Volvo B8RLEs (delivered from 2017 to 2021, numbers 2801 to 2939) and one Volvo B5RLEH Hybrid demonstrator bus (introduced in 2015, fleet number 1595), all low-floor, accessible and air-conditioned.

In October 2020, the last Scania L94UB, the first CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) and low floor bus was retired after 20 years of service. In total 217 were made with two lost due to accidents in 2003 and in 2009 when the bus exploded due to a problem with the CNG engine. This has led the Brisbane City Council to retire all gas powered buses by 2027.[15]

Four China built Yutong E12 Electric buses will join Brisbane Transport starting from June 2021 on a trial on City Loop Free services.[16]

The supply of Volvo buses from Volgren came to an end in June 2021, where this contract started in 2009 across a 12-year period, with the first delivery of a Volvo B7RLE (fleet number 1801); while the final bus in the contract is a Volvo B8RLE (fleet number 2939) which is the 882th bus built.[17]

In 2020, one third of buses were powered by natural gas.[15] By 2027 all gas powered buses will be phased out.[15]

Tag axle buses[edit]

BT operates two models of tag axle buses, 8 Scania K310UB (delivered in early 2009, fleet numbers 1701 to 1708 and later renumbered as 5001 to 5008) and 149 Volvo B12BLE (delivered from 2010 to 2013, fleet numbers 5009 to 5157), both diesel-powered and delivered from 2009 on. These larger buses are used on high-demand trunk routes, mostly on the South East Busway.

Articulated buses[edit]

Articulated buses currently used by Transport for Brisbane are 30 CNG-powered MAN NG313s (Fleet numbers 1601 to 1630), delivered from 2007 to 2008 and 20 diesel-powered Volvo B8RLEAs (Fleet numbers 1631 to 1650), delivered in 2018.

A further batch of 20 B8RLEAs (Fleet numbers 1651 to 1670) has started to deliver in early 2020, 1651 and 1652 entered service in April 2020; while 1653, 1662 to 1670 entered service in March 2021. Since 12 July 2021, 1653 and the remaining 8 new artics (Fleet numbers 1654 to 1661) joined the Blue CityGlider Route 60 fleet to replace the rigid B8RLEs (Fleet numbers 2820 to 2838), while 1662 to 1670 are currently adding to CityGlider fleet progressively to replace all the rigid B8RLEs.

Historic[edit]

Until the mid-1970s, heavy-duty AEC and Leyland buses were purchased. Later purchases were from European suppliers, Volvo B59s being purchased from 1976, MAN SL200s in 1982 and Volvo B10Ms from 1987.[7]

Depots[edit]

Transport for Brisbane operates its services from seven depots for specified areas. Some of these depots service routes shared in overlapping areas with other depots. Generally, each of Transport for Brisbane's buses is allocated to a particular depot, displaying a letter prefix for that depot before its fleet number, and hence is assigned to specific routes.

Depot Letter Code Location Opened Services / Comments Ref(s)
Carina C 27°29′25″S 153°06′07″E / 27.490371°S 153.102078°E / -27.490371; 153.102078 1969 All eastern routes and some south-eastern routes from Garden City to Wynnum and Bulimba, Maroon CityGlider 61. [18]
Eagle Farm E 27°25′41″S 153°05′11″E / 27.427984°S 153.086427°E / -27.427984; 153.086427 2013 Some northern routes; all routes between New Farm and West End, Free Loops 40 and 50, Blue CityGlider 60, QUT Shuttle 391. [18]
Garden City G 27°34′00″S 153°05′12″E / 27.56655°S 153.086731°E / -27.56655; 153.086731 1994 South-eastern routes from Browns Plains and Sunnybank to Wishart and Coorparoo. This depot is also the location of Brisbane Transport's head office. [18]
Sherwood S 27°32′06″S 152°59′21″E / 27.53504°S 152.98909°E / -27.53504; 152.98909 2012 Western, south-western and north-western routes. [18]
Toowong T 27°28′45″S 152°59′01″E / 27.479235°S 152.983482°E / -27.479235; 152.983482 1967 South-western and north-western routes from Brookside and The Gap and Free Loop route 30. [18]
Virginia V 27°21′57″S 153°03′39″E / 27.365889°S 153.060885°E / -27.365889; 153.060885 1998 Most northern routes from Nudgee Beach and Brighton to Brookside and the Gap. [18]
Willawong W 27°35′55″S 153°00′15″E / 27.598531°S 153.004103°E / -27.598531; 153.004103 2009 Primarily southern routes including Inala and Forest Lake, some shared with other southern depots. [18]

Former depots[edit]

Depot Letter Code Location Opened[19] Closed Services / Comments Ref(s)
Bowen Hills A 27°26′10″S 153°02′32″E / 27.435975°S 153.042313°E / -27.435975; 153.042313 2000 2013 Some northern routes; all routes between New Farm and West End. Closed in 2013 with the opening of the new depot at Eagle Farm. [20]
Richlands R 27°36′05″S 152°57′27″E / 27.601259°S 152.957395°E / -27.601259; 152.957395 1997 2013 A satellite depot of the Toowong depot, it shared services on western routes, and some services to Garden City. [21]
Larapinta L 27°38′35″S 153°00′27″E / 27.643171°S 153.007364°E / -27.643171; 153.007364 2007 2012 A satellite depot of Carina, Garden City and Willawong depots, it shared southern, western and eastern services. Originally a temporary bus depot until the Willawong depot opened, it remained open as a satellite depot, sharing routes with other southern depots, until 20 February 2012. [citation needed]
Bracken Ridge B 27°19′54″S 153°01′47″E / 27.331658°S 153.02982°E / -27.331658; 153.02982 1996 2001 Only ever intended as a short-term depot, it was closed in 2001, several years after the Virginia depot had opened. [citation needed]
Cribb Street, Milton 27°28′09″S 153°00′28″E / 27.469226°S 153.007858°E / -27.469226; 153.007858 ? 1983 Never a formal depot, the site was occasionally used as temporary storage for buses owing to its proximity to the Milton bus and tram workshops. Last used in 1983. [citation needed]
Ipswich Road, Woolloongabba 27°29′22″S 153°02′09″E / 27.489505°S 153.035731°E / -27.489505; 153.035731 1969? 1974 Originally shared with trams. Buses parked in the depot forecourt and at the rear (eastern end) of the tram sheds. Between 1969 and 1974, the depot was used solely by buses. The site was subsequently sold by the Brisbane City Council for commercial redevelopment. One bay of the depot building was dismantled and re-erected at the Brisbane Tramway Museum at Ferny Grove. [citation needed]
Light Street, Newstead L 27°27′05″S 153°02′19″E / 27.451323°S 153.038617°E / -27.451323; 153.038617 1885 ? Closed for commercial redevelopment. First used as a depot in 1885 when it was the main tram depot for Brisbane's horse tram network. Until 1968, buses shared the depot with trams, the buses being parked along the western (Wickham Street) frontage and north of the tram shed. When the tram shed was demolished, buses were parked where the shed once stood. [citation needed]
Milton 27°28′02″S 153°00′34″E / 27.467217°S 153.00958°E / -27.467217; 153.00958 ? 1969 Shared with trolleybuses and closed when the trolleybus network was abandoned in 1969. The site is now part of the King's Row business park, although the Brisbane City Council still has a parks works depot there. [citation needed]

Accidents and Incidents[edit]

On 28th of October 2016 a Volvo B7RLE, S1980, was set a light by 48 year old Anthony O'Donohue. The driver, 29 year old Manmeet Sharma, was killed in his seat while all of the passengers were safely evacuated with some receiving minor injuries.[22] Mr. O'Donohue was found to be suffering from mental health problems and was charge with the murder of the driver and multiple counts of attempted murder.[23] Following the fire, the bus was destroyed and the fleet number '1980' was permanently retired from the company.[24] All buses manufactured after 2005 were to receive a physical barrier for the driver and all buses in the fleet were to receive more CCTV cameras and better signage to help with evacuation process on any of the companies buses. [25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Visit Council". Brisbane City Council. 6 April 2020. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Organisational chart". Brisbane City Council. 11 May 2020. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Organisational chart". Brisbane City Council. 22 October 2019. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Contact Us". TransLink. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Council committees". Brisbane City Council. 24 April 2020. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Who we are". TransLink. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  7. ^ a b c Birrell, RA (1987). Brisbane City Council Bus Fleet. Elizabeth, South Australia: Railmac Publications. pp. 4–6. ISBN 0-949817-66-X.
  8. ^ a b Mass transit investigation report (PDF). Brisbane City Council. September 2007. p. 17. Retrieved 14 April 2010.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Manfred, Cross (1997), "Alfred James Jones: Labor's first lord mayor", in Shaw, Barry (ed.), Brisbane:Corridors of Power, Papers, 15, Brisbane: Brisbane History Group, p. 158, ISBN 0-9586469-1-0
  10. ^ Cole, John R (1984). Shaping a city. Albion: William Brooks Queensland. p. 330. ISBN 0-85568-619-7.
  11. ^ BUZ network map (PDF) (Map). TransLink. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  12. ^ "TransLink Bus Timetables". Archived from the original on 17 April 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  13. ^ Trenwith, Courtney (11 April 2010). "Brisbane's 24-hour buses hit the road". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  14. ^ a b Minister for Transport Rachel Nolan (1 March 2010). "77 in Clem 7 crosses north-south divide". Ministerial Media Statements. Queensland Government. Retrieved 16 April 2010.
  15. ^ a b c "Brisbane City Council swaps 'exploding' gas-powered buses for diesel following gas cylinder explosions". abc.net.au. ABC News. 3 November 2020. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  16. ^ Electric buses to begin trial in Brisbane CBD from mid-June Brisbane Times 25 May 2021
  17. ^ FINAL VOLVO-VOLGREN BRISBANE COUNCIL CONTRACT BUS DELIVERED Bus News 7 June 2021
  18. ^ a b c d e f g "Brisbane bus depots". www.brisbane.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  19. ^ Otto, Patrick. "About BT". Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  20. ^ Silva, Kristian (28 August 2014). "Bowen Hills bus depot to be sold for $7.3 million". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  21. ^ McLintock, Penny (21 May 2007). "Brisbane buses catch Origin fever". ABC News. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  22. ^ Alisher, Facebook: Manmeet (27 October 2016). "Bus driver dies after being set alight in 'horrific' attack" – via www.abc.net.au.
  23. ^ McCosker, Ruth (7 September 2018). "Man who killed Brisbane bus driver 'untreated' and 'unsupported'". Brisbane Times.
  24. ^ Atfield, Cameron (11 January 2017). "Manmeet Sharma tragedy: Brisbane bus destroyed, fleet number retired". Brisbane Times.
  25. ^ "Driver barriers to be installed on Brisbane buses". Rental Trends.

External links[edit]