Brisbane Transport

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Brisbane-transport-brand.svg
Brisbane transport MAN 18.310.jpg
Volgren bodied MAN 18.310
ParentBrisbane City Council
Founded1925
Service areaBrisbane
Service typeBus services
Depots7
Fleet1,228 (July 2019)

Transport for Brisbane (TfB) is a business unit of Brisbane City Council, operating bus services under the TransLink integrated public transport scheme in Brisbane.

History[edit]

Double deck horse tram at the northern end of the first permanent Victoria Bridge c.1890

The origins of Brisbane Transport can be traced to August 1885 where the Metropolitan Tramways & Investment Company established a service in Brisbane under franchise from the Queensland Government with 18 horse trams. The tram system remained in private hands until January 1923 when the Queensland government established the Brisbane Tramways Trust, compulsorily acquiring the tram network and supporting infrastructure, then in 1925 creating the Brisbane City Council and transferring responsibility for the tram network to the council. Before the council withdrew support in 1961, the council supported the tram network by expanding it to a peak of 175 kilometres (109 mi) with over 400 trams.[1]

Bus services commenced in 1925 by the Brisbane City Council.[2] Brisbane City Council shut down bus services due to financial loss in November 1927. Bus services recommenced 13 years later, in July 1940 with 12 Albion Valkyries.[2][3] In 1948 the Brisbane City Council acquired 20 operators with 67 buses.[1]

The first Rocket services began on the morning of 18 April 1977 between Garden City and the Brisbane CBD.[4] These services were based on the idea that bus travel time could be reduced to less than the travel time by car by the removal of most embarkation stops.

In the 1990s, Brisbane City Council corporatised its transport services to form Brisbane Transport, a council-owned commercial businesses managed at arm's length from the council and providing consultancy services back to it.

Infrastructure[edit]

Brisbane Transport operates services along dedicated busway infrastructure to avoid peak hour traffic congestion on roads closest to the Brisbane CBD.

Services[edit]

Bus upgrade zone[edit]

BUZ sign at a bus stop

Bus upgrade zones (BUZ) are high-frequency bus routes mostly running direct to the Cultural Centre. All BUZ services run at least every fifteen minutes from around 06:00 to 23:00 seven days a week and at least every ten minutes during peak hours from Monday to Friday.[5][6]

CityGlider[edit]

CityGlider is a high frequency pre-paid bus service around the Brisbane CBD, operating every five minutes during peak and every 10 to 15 minutes during off-peak. This is the first service in Brisbane to operate 24 hours on Friday and Saturday and 18 hours every other day.[7] Bus stops serviced by the CityGlider are identified with signs and painted kerb.

Clem7[edit]

Clem7 (Route 77) is a bus route using the Clem Jones Tunnel (Clem7) which links the suburbs of Eight Mile Plains and Chermside, the route runs every 15 minutes at peak times and 30 minutes at off-peak, Monday to Friday.[8]

The route commenced on 22 March 2010 at a cost of $1.6 million per annum. The route has decreased the journey time between Eight Mile Plains and Chermside, removing the need to transfer buses at Cultural Centre. The route completes the 30 kilometres (19 mi) cross-city journey in 39 minutes instead of up to 55 minutes via the Brisbane CBD.[8]

Fleet[edit]

Former Brisbane Transport Volgren bodied Scania L94UB.

As at February 2018, the fleet consisted of 1,240 buses.[9]

'Dreaming' in all of its glory!

Two-axle buses[edit]

Almost a third of the total fleet are MAN 18.310s, delivered from 2005 to 2010, mostly with CNG engines. The rest of the regular rigid fleet consists of diesel-powered Volvo B7RLEs (delivered from 2009 on), and smaller numbers of older CNG-powered Scania L94UBs (2000–2005), all low-floor, accessible and air-conditioned.

Three-axle buses[edit]

BT operates two models of three-axle "tag" buses, the Scania K310UB (2008) and the Volvo B12BLE, both diesel-powered and delivered from 2008 on. These larger buses are used on high-demand trunk routes, mostly on the South East Busway.

Articulated buses[edit]

Custom Coaches MAN NG313F CNG

Articulated buses currently used by Brisbane Transport are the CNG-powered MAN NG313s, delivered from 2007 to 2008 and the diesel-powered Volvo B8RLEAs, delivered from 2018 on.

Historic[edit]

Until the mid-1970s, heavy-duty AEC and Leyland buses were purchased. Later purchases were from European suppliers, Volvo B59s being purchased from 1976, MAN SL200s in 1982 and Volvo B10Ms from 1987.[1]

Chassis Body Years Delivered Fleet Numbers Number Built Notes
Scania L94UB Volgren CR224L 2000-2005 625-665, 667-842 217 Powered by compressed natural gas, currently being withdrawn from service. Currently, 7 remain in service as of January 2020; these are 626 (the oldest bus in Brisbane, 19 years old), 627,630,633,646,650,676. They all belong to Garden City Depot and can be seen on South Busway routes.
MAN 18.310 (CNG) Volgren CR228L 2005-2009 1200-1523 324 (320 currently in fleet) Powered by compressed natural gas. T1203 was withdrawn from service in March 2019 after an accident and T1200 and T1204 to T1206 were the first buses to be withdrawn from service due to old age. Currently a total of 12 buses have been withdrawn from service.
MAN 18.310 (Diesel) Volgren CR228L 2008-2009 1001-1066 66 T1031 to T1049 (former A1031 to A1049) were formerly used for Blue CityGlider route 60 services; they have now been superseded by the B8RLEs in early 2019.
1001-1015 belong to South West Transit, and 1019-1029 belong to Hornibrook Transit Management, serving contracted Translink routes.
1016-1018 and 1030-1066 belong to Toowong depot.
T1065 and T1066 are in Free Spring Hill Loop livery and mainly serving the Free Loop service route 30.
Volvo B7RLE Volgren CR228L 2009-2013 1801-2071 271 (one withdrawn) S1980 was withdrawn from service in 2016 when it was involved in an arson attack that killed the driver.
Buses from 1889 onwards feature the TransLink logo on the side of the buses.
Some buses may replace tri-axle buses and articulated buses during weekends and public holidays, serving South Busway routes such as 66, 111, 222, etc.
Buses 2036 to 2048 belong to Carina depot, they are in Maroon CityGlider livery and mainly use for Maroon CityGlider route 61. 2055 to 2057 (belong to Eagle Farm) were in QUT all over advertisement, serving the free school shuttle route 391 which connects the two QUT campuses till early Feb 2020, and the QUT livery of buses have been removed and replaced by new B8RLEs.
Volvo B7RLE Volgren Optimus 2013-2018 2072-2353 282 Marked the beginning of all Brisbane Transport buses being delivered with the Optimus Body.
E2111, E2112 and E2113 are in Red Downtown Loop livery, mainly serving Free Downtown Loop routes 40 and 50.
Most buses entered service in 2017 and 2018 are equipped with USB chargers.
Volvo B5RLEH Volgren Optimus 2015 1595 1 This is a Hybrid Demonstrator Bus, now located at Eagle Farm Depot.
Although this bus has a red downtown loop livery, it seldom operates on these loops (routes 40 and 50), and serving other Eagle Farm routes instead.
Volvo B8RLE Volgren Optimus 2017- 2801- 89 (so far) 89 currently in service as of Early February 2020.
The new buses are only located at the depot's in Virginia (2810 to 2812, 2815 and 2816), Toowong (2801 to 2809, 2813, 2814, 2817 to 2819, 2839 to 2879, 2884 onwards) and Eagle Farm (2820 to 2838, 2880 to 2883). They can be spotted in major trunk routes.
Buses T2817, T2818, T2848 and T2849 are in Special Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander liveries, named Distinguish, Two Worlds, Connections and Dreaming respectively.
Buses 2820-2836 and 2838 are all in the Blue CityGlider livery while 2837 is in a Rainbow CityGlider livery, serving Blue CityGlider route 60 (2820 to 2838 were delivered to Toowong originally and relocated to Eagle Farm in January 2020).
E2880 to E2883 are serving QUT shuttle route 391 and can be spotted in other Eagle Farm routes, while E2880 to E2882 have been wrapped in QUT livery in mid February 2020.
Originally, buses 2801 to 2809, 2813, 2814, 2817, 2818 and 2819 were located at the Virginia Bus Depot but during October 2019, they were relocated to Toowong.
T2873 has been wrapped in Mount Coot-Tha livery, serving the free shuttle bus service route 480 within Mount Coot-Tha Precinct (a new service entered service in early December 2019). Buses entered service from 2018 onwards are equipped with USB chargers and using a wider exit door.
Scania K310UB Volgren CR228L 2009 5001-5008 8 These buses were originally numbered 1701-1708 but they were renumbered so that more than 100 3 axle buses could be given sequential fleet numbers.
They all belong to Garden City Depot, serving South Busway routes such as 66, 111, 120, 130, 140, 150, 160, 174, 222, etc.
Volvo B12BLE Volgren CR228L 2010-2013 5009-5157 149 Buses 5009 to 5030 were originally numbered 1709 to 1730. These buses can be seen easily on Busway routes such as 66, 111, 120, 130, P137, 140, 150, 160, 174, 200, 204, 212, 222, etc.
MAN NG313 Custom Coaches CB60 Evo II 2007-2008 1601-1630 30 Only Bus 1601 was in the Brisbane Transport's 'Clean Air' promotional livery which was applied to all of the Scania and MAN Two Axle Buses that were powered by Natural Gas. They all belong to Garden City Depot and can be seen on South Busway routes such as 111, P137, P142, 160, 161 etc.
These buses do not operate during weekends and public holidays.
Starting from the commencement of new school year of 2020, part of the buses are being allocated to route 66 during weekdays.
Volvo B8RLEA Volgren Optimus 2018, 2020 1631- 20 (so far) They all belong to Sherwood depot, most commonly used only on routes 66 and 111, also serving other South Busway routes such as P119, P137, 160, 175, etc at peak hours.
All of them are equipped with USB chargers.
These buses do not operate during Sundays and public holidays.
A further batch of 18 buses will be delivered to Eagle Farm starting from May 2020, and will be used to enhance the Blue CityGlider Route 60 service.

Depots[edit]

Former Milton bus depot in 1951, prior to modification for trolleybuses

Brisbane Transport operates its services from seven depots for specified areas. Some of these depots service routes shared in overlapping areas with other depots. Generally, each of Brisbane Transport's buses is allocated to a particular depot, displays a letter prefix for that depot before its fleet number, and hence is assigned to specific routes.

Depot Letter Code Location Opened[10] Closed CNG Fuelling Services / Comments
Carina C 27°29′25″S 153°06′07″E / 27.490371°S 153.102078°E / -27.490371; 153.102078 1969 - No All eastern routes and some south-eastern routes from Garden City to Wynnum and Bulimba, Maroon CityGlider 61.
Eagle Farm E 27°25′41″S 153°05′11″E / 27.427984°S 153.086427°E / -27.427984; 153.086427 2013 - No Some northern routes; all routes between New Farm and West End, Free Loops 40 and 50, Blue CityGlider 60, QUT Shuttle 391.
Garden City G 27°34′00″S 153°05′12″E / 27.56655°S 153.086731°E / -27.56655; 153.086731 1994 - Yes South-eastern routes from Browns Plains and Sunnybank to Wishart and Coorparoo. This depot is also the location of Brisbane Transport's head office.
Sherwood S 2012 - No Western, south-western and north-western routes.
Toowong T 27°28′45″S 152°59′01″E / 27.479235°S 152.983482°E / -27.479235; 152.983482 1967 Yes South-western and north-western routes from Brookside and The Gap to Inala and Forest Lake, Free Loop route 30.
Virginia V 27°21′57″S 153°03′39″E / 27.365889°S 153.060885°E / -27.365889; 153.060885 1998 - No Most northern routes from Nudgee Beach and Brighton to Brookside and the Gap.
Willawong W 27°35′55″S 153°00′15″E / 27.598531°S 153.004103°E / -27.598531; 153.004103 2009 - Yes Primarily southern routes, some shared with other southern depots.
Bowen Hills A 27°26′10″S 153°02′32″E / 27.435975°S 153.042313°E / -27.435975; 153.042313 2000 2013 No Some northern routes; all routes between New Farm and West End. Closed in 2013 with the opening of the new depot at Eagle Farm.
Richlands R 27°36′05″S 152°57′27″E / 27.601259°S 152.957395°E / -27.601259; 152.957395 1997 2013 No A satellite depot of the Toowong depot, it shared services on western routes, and some services to Garden City.
Larapinta L 27°38′35″S 153°00′27″E / 27.643171°S 153.007364°E / -27.643171; 153.007364 2007 2012 No A satellite depot of Carina, Garden City and Willawong depots, it shared southern, western and eastern services. Originally a temporary bus depot until the Willawong depot opened, it remained open as a satellite depot, sharing routes with other southern depots, until 20 February 2012.
Bracken Ridge B 27°19′54″S 153°01′47″E / 27.331658°S 153.02982°E / -27.331658; 153.02982 1996 2001 No Only ever intended as a short-term depot, it was closed in 2001, several years after the Virginia depot had opened.
Cribb Street, Milton - 27°28′09″S 153°00′28″E / 27.469226°S 153.007858°E / -27.469226; 153.007858 ? 1983 No Never a formal depot, the site was occasionally used as temporary storage for buses owing to its proximity to the Milton bus and tram workshops. Last used in 1983.
Ipswich Road, Woolloongabba - 27°29′22″S 153°02′09″E / 27.489505°S 153.035731°E / -27.489505; 153.035731 1969? 1974 No Originally shared with trams. Buses parked in the depot forecourt and at the rear (eastern end) of the tram sheds. Between 1969 and 1974, the depot was used solely by buses. The site was subsequently sold by the Brisbane City Council for commercial redevelopment. One bay of the depot building was dismantled and re-erected at the Brisbane Tramway Museum at Ferny Grove.
Light Street, Newstead L 27°27′05″S 153°02′19″E / 27.451323°S 153.038617°E / -27.451323; 153.038617 1885 ? No Closed for commercial redevelopment. First used as a depot in 1885 when it was the main tram depot for Brisbane's horse tram network. Until 1968, buses shared the depot with trams, the buses being parked along the western (Wickham Street) frontage and north of the tram shed. When the tram shed was demolished, buses were parked where the shed once stood.
Milton - 27°28′02″S 153°00′34″E / 27.467217°S 153.00958°E / -27.467217; 153.00958 ? 1969 No Shared with trolleybuses and closed when the trolleybus network was abandoned in 1969. The site is now part of the King's Row business park, although the Brisbane City Council still has a parks works depot there.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Birrell, RA (1987). Brisbane City Council Bus Fleet. Elizabeth, South Australia: Railmac Publications. pp. 4–6. ISBN 0 949817 66 X.
  2. ^ a b Mass transit investigation report (PDF). Brisbane City Council. September 2007. p. 17. Retrieved 14 April 2010.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Manfred, Cross (1997), "Alfred James Jones: Labor's first lord mayor", in Shaw, Barry (ed.), Brisbane:Corridors of Power, Papers, 15, Brisbane: Brisbane History Group, p. 158, ISBN 0-9586469-1-0
  4. ^ Cole, John R (1984). Shaping a city. Albion: William Brooks Queensland. p. 330. ISBN 0-85568-619-7.
  5. ^ BUZ network map (PDF) (Map). TransLink. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  6. ^ "TransLink Bus Timetables". Archived from the original on 17 April 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  7. ^ Trenwith, Courtney (11 April 2010). "Brisbane's 24-hour buses hit the road". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  8. ^ a b Minister for Transport Rachel Nolan (1 March 2010). "77 in Clem 7 crosses north-south divide". Ministerial Media Statements. Queensland Government. Retrieved 16 April 2010.
  9. ^ Bus Fleet Allocation - Summary Brisbane Transport Buses
  10. ^ Otto, Patrick. "About BT". Retrieved 1 January 2013.

External links[edit]