Bristlebill

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Bristlebills
Flickr - Rainbirder - Grey-headed Bristlebill (Bleda canicapilla) (1) (cropped).jpg
Grey-headed bristlebill (Bleda canicapillus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pycnonotidae
Genus: Bleda
Bonaparte, 1857
Species

see text

Bleda distribution map.png
Synonyms
  • Xenocichla

The bristlebills are a genus of passerine birds belonging to the genus Bleda in the bulbul family Pycnonotidae. They are found in the understorey of forests in western and central Africa. They forage for insects at or near ground-level, often near water. They will follow driver ant swarms to catch prey items fleeing from the ants and they frequently join mixed-species feeding flocks.

They are 18–23 cm long with fairly long, stout bills. The upperparts are mainly green-brown while the underparts are yellow. The birds have whistling songs.

The nest is made of leaves or sticks and built in a shrub or small tree. Two eggs are laid.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

Extant species[edit]

There are four extant species in the genus Bleda:[1]

Former species[edit]

Formerly, some authorities also considered the following species (or subspecies) as species within the genus Bleda:

References[edit]

  • African Bird club (2006) ABC African Checklist: Passerines Accessed 31/07/07.
  • Serle, W.; Morel G.J. & Hartwig, W. (1977) Collins Field Guide: Birds of West Africa, HarperCollins.
  • Sinclair, Ian & Ryan, Peter (2003) Birds of Africa south of the Sahara, Struik, Cape Town.
Notes
  1. ^ "Bulbuls « IOC World Bird List". www.worldbirdnames.org. Retrieved 2017-04-02. 
  2. ^ "Arizelocichla kakamegae - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-02. 
  3. ^ "Arizelocichla kikuyuensis - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-04. 
  4. ^ "Arizelocichla nigriceps - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-04. 
  5. ^ "Arizelocichla fusciceps - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  6. ^ "Arizelocichla chlorigula - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  7. ^ "Arizelocichla milanjensis - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-06. 
  8. ^ "Arizelocichla striifacies - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-06. 
  9. ^ "Baeopogon clamans - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-11. 
  10. ^ "Atimastillas flavicollis soror - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-17. 
  11. ^ "Atimastillas flavicollis flavigula (pallidigula) - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-17. 
  12. ^ "Phyllastrephus scandens orientalis - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-19. 
  13. ^ "Phyllastrephus placidus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-03. 
  14. ^ "Phyllastrephus xavieri - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-05. 
  15. ^ "Phyllastrephus albigularis - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-05. 
  16. ^ "Phyllastrephus flavostriatus tenuirostris - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  17. ^ "Phyllastrephus alfredi - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  18. ^ "Phyllastrephus poliocephalus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  19. ^ "Phyllastrephus debilis - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  20. ^ Zoology, British Museum (Natural History) Dept of (1881-01-01). Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum: Passeriformes, or perching birds. Cichlomorphœ: pt. III-IV, containing the ... family Timeliidœ (babbling-thrushes) by R.B. Sharpe. order of the Trustees. 

External links[edit]