Bristol Arena

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Bristol Arena
Bristol Arena design.jpg
Artist's impression of the proposed Bristol Arena
Location Arena Island
Bristol
Coordinates 51°26′47″N 2°34′42″W / 51.446358°N 2.578288°W / 51.446358; -2.578288
Owner Bristol City Council
Operator SMG Europe and Live Nation
Capacity 12,000
Construction
Opened 2020 (proposed)
Construction cost £92.5 million[1]
Architect Populous

Bristol Arena is a proposed 12,000-capacity indoor arena, next to Bristol Temple Meads railway station in Bristol, England.[1] It is due to open in 2020.[2] The site, which has become known as 'Arena Island', is to the south and across the River Avon from the station, and lies within Bristol Temple Quarter Enterprise Zone.[3] The funding package for the arena scheme was approved by Bristol City Council in February 2014. The winning design, by Populous, was revealed in March 2015.

With the opening of the First Direct Arena in Leeds in the summer of 2013, Bristol became the largest city in the United Kingdom without a large arena-style venue. As of late 2013, Bristol's two largest music venues were the Colston Hall and the O2 Academy, which both hold around 2,000 people each.

History[edit]

Initial plans for Bristol Arena were announced in March 2003. The arena, to be built next to Bristol's largest railway station Temple Meads, was planned to have 10,000 seats and host music concerts as well as sports and conferences, and was intended to open by 2008 to coincide with the city's bid to be the European Capital of Culture.[4] In June 2007, work had yet to begin on the arena despite around £13 million spent to purchase and clear the site.[5] In late 2007, the plans were abandoned after developers announced that £40 million of public sector money would be required to fund the arena in addition to the £46m that had already been committed by Bristol City Council and the South West of England Regional Development Agency.[6]

By 2009, plans for Bristol Arena were back on the agenda with two plans put forward. One plan, similar to plans for the site next to Temple Meads, was supported by the architect and future mayor, George Ferguson.[7] The other plan, supported by Bristol City Council, was to build an arena next to Bristol City's proposed stadium at Ashton Vale.[8] A number of legal challenges[9] to Bristol City's proposed stadium caused the council to reconsider plans for an arena on the originally preferred site next to Temple Meads in 2012.[10]

The site, which used to be the location of the Bristol Bath Road depot,[3] was owned by the Homes and Communities Agency (HCA).[11] It is the biggest undeveloped site in Bristol Temple Quarter Enterprise Zone,[3] an enterprise zone launched in 2012.[12] In 2013 the HCA agreed to fund an £11 million road bridge over the River Avon, to link the site to Cattle Market Road and the railway station.[3] The HCA transferred ownership of the arena site to Bristol City Council in March 2015.[13] Construction of the 63-metre (207 ft) bridge took place from March to September 2015. It has lanes for cars, bicycles and pedestrians.[14] In March 2016, it was named Brock's Bridge, after William Brock (1830–1907), a local builder and entrepreneur.[15]

Once elected mayor, Ferguson launched a competition to find the best design for a 12,000 seat arena that would be "the most environmentally-friendly venue of its kind" and pledged that the project would be up and running within four years.[16] This was followed by a bid to win £80 million from the government's Regional Growth Fund to partially fund the project and pay for renovations at Colston Hall, which ultimately proved unsuccessful.[17][18]

In February 2014, the funding package for the arena scheme was approved as part of Bristol City Council's budget.[19] The total cost of the arena, £91 million, will be funded by the council which will provide £38 million and the West of England Local Enterprise Partnership funding the remaining £53 million.[20]

In November 2014, the five shortlisted architects for the contract to design the arena were announced.[21] The winning design by Populous, beating designs by Grimshaw Architects LLP, Idom Ingeniería y Consultoría, White Arkitekter and Wilkinson Eyre, was revealed in March 2015.[22] The arena has been designed to achieve a BREEAM 'Excellent' rating and be able to quickly convert from a number of different layouts, with capacities ranging from 4,000 to 12,000.[22] The preferred operators, SMG Europe and Live Nation, were announced in December 2014.[23]

In March 2016, the arena plans suffered a further setback when the City's planning committee described the proposals as "defective" and deferred making a decision on them until an appropriate level of supporting information could be provided. Public concern over parking and transport around the proposals had not been properly addressed and the committee were not confident in the detail submitted for approval.[24] George Ferguson claimed the planning committee had put the entire project at risk and the decision was "not about planning, it was about politics."[25]

Following multiple updates to the transport plan,[26] the arena was granted planning permission in April 2016 with the planning committee unanimously in favour of the updated plans.[27]

In January 2017, the projected opening of the arena was delayed to 2020 after Bristol City Council and preferred construction firm Bouygues UK failed to agree on construction costs.[2] Three months later, it was announced that Buckingham Group, who had initially been the second preferred bidder, would carry out preliminary work on the site while negotiating a final price. Bristol City Council have also commissioned an independent review into the project's value for money.[28]

Car parking[edit]

Criticism of the arena plans has often been aimed at the low number of dedicated car parking spaces on site.[29][30] Initial plans revealed there would be just 245 spaces on site, 200 of which will be in a temporary facility which would eventually be developed into offices, apartments and retail space.[31] George Ferguson defended the plans, saying "it would be completely mad, completely mad, to put a mass of parking on the site."[32] In February 2016, Bristol City Council denied it had performed a u-turn after it emerged an eight-storey, 480 space car park was to be considered for the site.[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bristol Arena: Four-month 'slippage' for opening date". BBC News. 6 October 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Bristol Arena opening date delayed until 2020". BBC News. 12 January 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Temple Quarter Enterprise Zone bridge plan wins £11m". BBC News Online. 27 June 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "City's 10,000-seater stadium plan". BBC News. 12 March 2003. 
  5. ^ "Cash fears over city arena scheme". BBC News. 6 June 2007. 
  6. ^ "Bristol's arena plan is abandoned". BBC News. 13 December 2007. 
  7. ^ "George Ferguson wants Bristol arena at Temple Meads". ThisIsBristol. 12 November 2009. 
  8. ^ "Arena planners in competing bids". BBC News. 10 November 2009. 
  9. ^ Onions, Ian (6 September 2013). "Ashton Vale: deal understood to have been struck over future of stadium site". Bristol Post. Retrieved 29 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Arena plan for Bristol back on drawing board". BBC News. 27 March 2012. 
  11. ^ "Temple Meads diesel depot to be used by creative groups". BBC News Online. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "An enterprising idea with a radically new approach". Bristol Post. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  13. ^ "Council handed land for Bristol Arena by the government". BBC News Online. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  14. ^ "Bristol Arena Island bridge finished". BBC News Online. 2 September 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  15. ^ "Bristol bridge named after Victorian builder William Brock". BBC News Online. 17 March 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2016. 
  16. ^ "Mayor launches competition to find best design for indoor arena". ThisIsBristol. 23 January 2013. 
  17. ^ "Bristol arena misses out on £40m of government money". Bristol Post. 19 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "Bid for £80 million towards Bristol arena". ThisIsBristol. 22 April 2013. 
  19. ^ http://www.bristolpost.co.uk/ArenaNext-step-deciding-run-venue/story-20673351-detail/story.html
  20. ^ "Bristol City Council agrees to help fund £91m Arena". BBC News. 19 February 2014. 
  21. ^ "Architects shortlisted for Bristol Arena design contract". BBC News. 10 November 2014. 
  22. ^ a b "Winning design chosen for Bristol's £90million arena". Bristol Post. 17 March 2015. 
  23. ^ "Bristol Arena operator announced". Bristol Post. 2 December 2014. 
  24. ^ "Setback for arena after plans deferred". Bristol 24/7. Retrieved 2016-03-03. 
  25. ^ "Bristol Arena could be at risk after decision to delay racks up additional costs". Bristol Post. 3 March 2016. 
  26. ^ "Second chance for arena proposals". Bristol 24/7. 30 March 2016. 
  27. ^ "Bristol to finally get its arena". Bristol 24/7. 7 April 2016. 
  28. ^ "Buckingham Group bags Bristol Arena deal". Construction Enquirer. 5 April 2017. 
  29. ^ "Bristol arena: Great plan - but where will we park?". Bristol Post. 4 November 2013. 
  30. ^ "More parking provision needed at Bristol arena, councillors tell George Ferguson". Bristol Post. 21 July 2015. 
  31. ^ "Only 45 parking spaces at 'sustainable' arena". Bristol 24/7. 16 September 2015. 
  32. ^ "Only 'stupid city' invests in arena parking". Bristol 24/7. 23 October 2015. 
  33. ^ "Bristol Arena: Council denies car park U-turn". BBC News. 24 February 2016.