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South Sandwich Islands
Location of Bristol Island
|Length||8 km (5 mi)|
Bristol Island is composed of several active volcanoes with eruptions reported in 1823, 1935, 1936, 1950, 1956 and 2016.
It is the only land mass on the 59th parallel south.
It was discovered by a British expedition under James Cook in 1775 and named in honour of naval officer Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol. The first recorded landing was made by Carl Anton Larsen in 1908.
The island remains uninhabited and is administered by the United Kingdom as a British Overseas Territory as part of the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands dependency. Along with the rest of the South Sandwich Islands, it is claimed by Argentina in their South Atlantic Islands Department (Islas del Atlántico Sur) of Tierra del Fuego Province. Argentina did not attempt to occupy the island during the Falklands War.
- Carlowicz, Mike (May 10, 2016). "Signs of an Eruption on Bristol Island". NASA Earth Observatory. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
- Baker, P. E. (1990). "South Sandwich Islands". In LeMasurier, Wesley E.; Thomson, Janet W. Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Oceans. American Geophysical Union. pp. 360–395. ISBN 0-87590-172-7.
- Exploring Polar Frontiers: A Historical Encyclopedia, Volume 1, By William James Mills
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