Bristol Monoplane

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1911 Monoplane
Role Experimental Monoplane
National origin United Kingdom
Manufacturer Bristol Aeroplane Company
First flight 1911
Number built 2

Not to be confused with the later Bristol M.1, commonly known as the Bristol Monoplane.

The Bristol Monoplane (sometimes known as the 1911 Monoplane) was the first monoplane designed and built by the British and Colonial Aeroplane Company.[1]

Design and development[edit]

The single-seat monoplane was designed in 1911 by George Challenger and Archibald Low and two were built at Filton in February 1911. It used features from both the Bleriot (warping wings) and Antionette (triangular-section fuselage) designs. The Monoplane was powered by a 50 hp Gnome engine with a two-bladed propeller, the landing gear was what later be called conventional landing gear with a tail-skid.[1]

No. 35 was sent to Larkhill for testing before being exhibited at Olympia in March 1911. No. 36 was displayed at St. Petersburg in April 1911. No. 35 was damaged at Larkhill when it failed to take-off and was not repaired.[1]


Data from Bristol Aircraft Since 1910 [1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 31 ft 6 in (9.60 m)
  • Wingspan: 6 ft (1.8 m)
  • Wing area: 215 sq ft (20.0 m2)
  • Empty weight: 580 lb (263 kg)
  • Gross weight: 760 lb (345 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Gnome , 50 hp (37 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed


  • Maximum speed: 55 mph (89 km/h; 48 kn) estimated



  1. ^ a b c d Barnes 1988, p. 56


  • Barnes, C.H. (1988). Bristol Aircraft Since 1910 (Third ed.). London: Putnam. ISBN 0 85177 823 2.