Bristol Open

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Bristol Open
Defunct tennis tournament
Event name Bristol Open/ West of England Championships
Tour Pre open era (1881-1967)
Independent open era, (1968-72)
WCT, (1971)
Grand Prix circuit, (1980-89)
WTA Tour, (1971-72)
Founded 1881
Abolished 1989
Editions 81
Location Bath, Bristol, England

The Bristol Open, originally known as the West of England Championships[1] and the West of England Lawn Tennis Championships[2] is a defunct tennis tournament that was originally hosted in Bath, Somerset, England, from 1881[3] till 1895. It was staged briefly in Bristol, England, in 1896, then from 1920 onwards was hosted again in Bristol annually until the tournament ceased in 1989. The tournament was played on grass courts in the weeks preceding the Wimbledon Championships usually June.

History[edit]

The West of England Championships were originally held in Bath[3] from 1881 until 1895; the tournament then transferred to Bristol in 1896. In 1897 the event ceased for period of 24 years. It was reinstated in 1920 and was played in Bristol for the remainder of its run. At the start of the Open Era the tournament was part of the independent tour circuit. In 1971 the event was renamed the Bristol Open; the men's event became part of the World Championship Tennis tour and the women's was part of the International Grand Prix. The women's event stopped in 1973 and was not held again. Although the men's tournament also stopped in 1973, it was reinstated in 1980 and became part of the Grand Prix tennis circuit until 1989.

Champions[edit]

Notes: Challenge Round: the final round of a tournament, in which the winner of a single-elimination phase faces the previous year's champion, who plays only that one match. The challenge round was used in the early history of tennis (from 1877 through 1921),[4] in some tournaments not all.

* Indicates challenger

Men's Singles[edit]

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1881[5] England George P. Von Donop England John C. Kay 5-6, 6-5, 6-3
1882 England George M. Butterworth England Alexander K. Butterworth 6-4, 6-4
1883 Ireland Ernest de Sylly Hamilton Browne England Wilfred Milne 6-3, 6-2, 6-3
1884 Ireland Ernest de Sylly Hamilton Browne England C. K. Wood 6-4, 6-2, 6-4
1885[6] Ireland Ernest de Sylly Hamilton Browne United States Dwight James 6-3, 6-1, 6-4
1886 United States Dwight James England Henry Grove 6-4, 6-3, 6-4
1887 England Henry Grove United States Dwight James 3-6, 6-4, 6-4, 6-2
1888 United Kingdom Harry S. Barlow United Kingdom James Baldwin 6-4, 6-3, 8-10, 3-6, 8-6
1889 United Kingdom James Baldwin England Wilfred Milne 7-5, 6-4, 6-4
1890 United Kingdom Harry S. Barlow United Kingdom James Baldwin 7-5, 6-3, 6-2
1891 United Kingdom Harry S. Barlow United Kingdom James Baldwin 2-6, 6-3, 6-4, 6-4
1892  ?  ?  ?
1893  ?  ?  ?
1894  ?  ?  ?
1895 England Edward Roy Allen Ireland George C. B. Greene 14-12, 6-4, 7-5
1896[7] Ireland Harold Mahony United States William Larned 6-3, 6-3, 6-2
1897-1913 Not held (tournament is not staged for 24 years re-emerges after WW1)
1914–1919 Not held (due to world war one)
1920 New Zealand Francis Fisher United Kingdom Frank Riseley 5-7, 6-4, 6-2, 6-2
1921 United Kingdom Sydney Jacob New Zealand Francis Fisher 9-7, 6-2, 4-6, 6-0
1922 South Africa Brian Norton United Kingdom Theodore Mavrogordato 6-3, 6-3
1923 South Africa Patrick Wheatley United Kingdom Leighton Crawford 6-4, 6-3, 6-2
1924 South Africa Jack Condon United Kingdom Frank Riseley 7-5, 6-2, 8-6
1925 United Kingdom Frank Riseley United Kingdom J. G. Hogan 6-3, 6-4
1926  ?  ?  ?
1927 United Kingdom Sydney Jacob India A. E. Browne 6-3 6-2
1928 Republic of Ireland Dennis O'Callaghan United Kingdom Sydney Jacob 9-7, 5-7, 6-3
1929[8] Republic of Ireland George Lyttleton-Rogers United Kingdom E. B. N. Taylor 6-1, 6-2
1930[9] Republic of Ireland George Lyttleton-Rogers United Kingdom George Godsell 6-3, 3-6, 6-4
1931[10] Republic of Ireland George Lyttleton-Rogers United Kingdom Nigel Sharpe 6-2, 6-1, 7-5
1932  ?  ?  ?
1933 Germany Daniel Prenn Netherlands Hendrik Timmer 6-2, 7-9, 6-4, 6-4
1934 United Kingdom George Godsell United Kingdom Brian J. Sturgeon 6-4, 0-6, 6-3, 6-4
1935 United Kingdom Donald Butler Republic of Ireland George Lyttleton-Rogers 8-,6 11-9, 9-7
1936 New Zealand Cam Malfroy United Kingdom Robert Tinkler 4-6, 6-0, 6-4, 6-4
1937 New Zealand Alan Stedman Republic of China (1912–49) Kho Sin-Kie 6-1, 1-6, 6-4
1938 India Jimmy Mehta New Zealand Cam Malfroy 6-2, 6-3
1939[11] United Kingdom Donald Butler Germany Gottfried von Cramm 6-4, 6-3, 1-6, 5-7, 8-6
1940–1945 Not held (partly due to world war two)
1946[12] Republic of China (1912–49) Kho Sin-Kie Poland Ignacy Tłoczyński 6-4; 6-4
1947 India Sumant Misra India Madan Atri Mohan 6-4, 4-6, 6-2
1948 South Africa Eric Sturgess India Sumant Misra 6-4, 2-6, 6-2, 6-4
1949 Philippines Felicisimo Ampon South Africa Syd Levy 6-1, 6-2, 6-1
1950 Egypt Jaroslav Drobný Czechoslovakia Vladimir Cernik 6-3, 10-8
1951 United States Straight Clark United States Harold Burrows 9-7, 3-6, 5-7, 6-1, 7-5
1952 Egypt Jaroslav Drobný Brazil Armando Vieira 7-5, 6-1
1953[13] United States Vic Seixas Argentina Enrique Morea 6-3, 6-1, 8-6
1954 Egypt Jaroslav Drobný Australia Jack Arkinstall walkover
1955 Argentina Enrique Morea United States Sidney Schwartz 2-6, 10-8, 6-2, 6-2
1956 Chile Luis Ayala South Africa Gordon Forbes 6-2, 8-10, 6-4
1957 Australia Lew Hoad United Kingdom Roger Becker 6-2, 6-3, 6-0
1958 United States Mike Davies India Ramanathan Krishnan 6-1, 6-4, 7-9, 6-4
1959 India Ramanathan Krishnan United Kingdom Jaroslav Drobný 11-9, 6-0
1960 United States Ronald Holmberg Mexico Antonio Palafox 6-3, 6-4
1961 United States Chuck McKinley Australia Bob Mark 6-3, 6-2, 6-4
1962[14] Australia Fred Stolle Mexico Antonio Palafox 6-3, 6-4
1963 Australia Fred Stolle United States Chuck McKinley 6-3, 6-4
1964[15] United States Chuck McKinley South Africa Frew McMillan 6-4, 6-4, 6-2
1965 United States Dennis Ralston United States Clark Graebner 6-2 6-2
1966 United States Cliff Richey Canada Mike Belkin 6-1, 6-3
1967 Netherlands Tom Okker South Africa Cliff Drysdale 6-2, 5-7, 8-6
Open era
1968 United States Arthur Ashe United States Clark Graebner 6-4, 6-3
1969 Australia Ken Rosewall France Pierre Barthès 8-10, 6-3, 6-1
1970 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Nikola Pilić Australia Rod Laver 6-3, 1-6, 6-3
1971  ?  ?  ?
1972 South Africa Bob Hewitt United States Alex Olmedo 6–4, 6–3
1973-80 Not held
1981 Australia Mark Edmondson United States Roscoe Tanner 6–3, 5–7, 6–4
1982 Australia John Alexander United States Tim Mayotte 6–3, 6–4
1983 United States Johan Kriek United States Tom Gullikson 7–6, 7–5
1984 United States Johan Kriek United States Brian Teacher 6–7, 7–6, 6–4
1985[16] United States Martin Davis United States Glenn Layendecker 4–6, 6–3, 7–5
1986[17] India Vijay Amritraj France Henri Leconte 7–6, 1–6, 8–6
1987 New Zealand Kelly Evernden United States Tim Wilkison 6–4, 7–6
1988 West Germany Christian Saceanu India Ramesh Krishnan 6–4, 2–6, 6–2
1989 West Germany Eric Jelen United Kingdom Nick Brown 6–4, 3–6, 7–5

Men's Doubles[edit]

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1972 South Africa Bob Hewitt
South Africa Frew McMillan
United States Clark Graebner
Australia Lew Hoad
6–3, 6–2
1973-80 Not held
1981 United States Billy Martin
New Zealand Russell Simpson
United States John Austin
South Africa Johan Kriek
6–3, 4–6, 6–4
1982 United States Tim Gullikson
United States Tom Gullikson
Australia Mark Edmondson
Australia Kim Warwick
6–4, 7–6
1983 Australia John Alexander
Australia John Fitzgerald
United States Tom Gullikson
United States Johan Kriek
7–5, 6–4
1984 United States Larry Stefanki
United States Robert Van't Hof
Australia John Alexander
Australia John Fitzgerald
6–4, 5–7, 9–7
1985 South Africa Eddie Edwards
South Africa Danie Visser
Australia John Alexander
New Zealand Russell Simpson
6–4, 7–6
1986 South Africa Christo Steyn
South Africa Danie Visser
Australia Mark Edmondson
Australia Wally Masur
6–7, 7–6, 12–10
1987 Not available
1988 Australia Peter Doohan
Australia Laurie Warder
United States Marty Davis
United States Tim Pawsat
2–6, 6–4, 7–5
1989 United States Paul Chamberlin
United States Tim Wilkison
United States Mike De Palmer
United States Gary Donnelly
7–6, 6–4

Womens Singles[edit]

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1881 England Gertrude Gibbs England Annie Layard 6-0, 7-5
1882 England Fanny Morris England Gertrude Gibbs 6-4, 6-4
1883 England Maud Watson England N. Pope 6-1, 6-2
1884 England Edith Davies England Lilian Cole 6-4, 6-4
1885 England Gertrude Gibbs England Edith Davies 2-6, 6-4, 6-0
1886 England Lottie Dod England Maud Watson 7-5, 6-4
1887 England Lottie Dod England Maud Watson 7-5, 6-4
1888 England Lottie Dod England N. Pope 6-3, 6-0
1889 Ireland Louisa Martin Ireland Florence Stanuell 4-6, 6-1, 6-2
1890 Ireland Louisa Martin England N. Pope 6-3, 8-6
1891 England N. Pope United Kingdom Mary Agg 6-0 7-5
1892-94 Not held
1895 United Kingdom Helen Jackson United Kingdom Madeline Fisher O'Neill 6-1, 6-1
1896 United Kingdom Charlotte Cooper United Kingdom Ruth Dyas 4-6, 7-5, 6-3
1897-1913 Not held (tournament is not staged for 24 years re-emerges after WW1)
1914–1919 Not held (due to world war one)
1920 United Kingdom Mabel Squire Parton United Kingdom Doris Covell Craddock 9-7, 6-8, 6-4
1921 United Kingdom Phyllis Howkins United Kingdom Doris Covell Craddock 10-8, 6-2
1922 United Kingdom Doris Covell Craddock United Kingdom Edith Boucher Hannam 6-1, 6-1
1923 United States Elizabeth Ryan United Kingdom Doris Covell Craddock 8-6, 6-3
1924 United Kingdom Phyllis Howkins Covell United Kingdom Joan Austin 6-4, 6-3
1925 United Kingdom Kathleen Lidderdale Bridge United Kingdom Doris Covell Craddock 6-4, 1-6, 6-3
1926 Not held
1927 Netherlands Mary Hart McIlquham United Kingdom Margaret McKane Stocks 6-1, 6-1
1928 United Kingdom Phyllis Howkins Covell United Kingdom Betty Dix 7-5, 6-1
1929 United Kingdom Gethyn Harry United Kingdom Mrs Helen Boucher 4-6, 6-1, 6-1
1930 United Kingdom Kathleen Lidderdale Bridge United Kingdom Freda Scott 6-1, 8-6
1931 United Kingdom Doris Eastley United Kingdom Vera Montgomery 3-6, 7-5, 6-3
1932 Not held
1933 United Kingdom Kay Stammers United Kingdom Andrée Lucas 6-2, 6-2
1934 United Kingdom Andrée Lucas United Kingdom Gethyn Harry 6-2, 6-2
1935 United Kingdom Gethyn Harry United Kingdom Mona Riddell 6-4, 4-6, 6-3
1936 Denmark Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling United Kingdom Daphne White Birch 6-2, 6-2
1937[18] Chile Anita Lizana Denmark Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling  ?
1938 United Kingdom Mona Riddell United Kingdom Gem Hoahing 1-6, 6-3, 6-4
1939 United Kingdom Diana Wood United Kingdom Joan Curry 6-2, 8-10, 6-2
1940 United Kingdom Kay Stammers Menzies United Kingdom Peggy Scriven 8-10, 6-3, 6-3
1941–45 Not held (partly due to world war two)
1946 United Kingdom Joy Marriott Hibbert United Kingdom Miss Moss 3-6, 6-3, 6-2
1947 United Kingdom Joan Curry United Kingdom Pam Seaton Bocquet 6-4, 6-0
1948 United Kingdom Joan Curry United Kingdom Pam Seaton Bocquet 6-2, 6-3
1949 United Kingdom Joan Curry United Kingdom Peggy McCorkindale 3-6, 6-3, 9-7
1950 United States Dorothy Head Czechoslovakia Helena Straubeova 6-3, 6-1
1951 United States Beverly Baker South Africa Beryl Bartlett 6-3; 6-3
1952 United States Patricia Canning Todd South Africa Beryl Bartlett 7-5, 6-2
1953 United States Doris Hart United Kingdom Angela Mortimer 7-5, 6-3
1954 United Kingdom Pat Ward Bermuda Heather Nicholls Brewer divided title
1955 United States Doris Hart United States Dorothy Head Knode 6-1, 6-3
1956 United States Althea Gibson Australia Daphne Seeney 6-2 10-8
1957 United Kingdom Angela Mortimer United Kingdom Edda Buding 7-5, 6-0
1958 Brazil Maria Bueno United Kingdom Angela Mortimer 6-0, 6-3
1959 Brazil Maria Bueno South Africa Sandra Reynolds 6-4, 6-3
1960 United Kingdom Deidre Catt South Africa Renée Schuurman 7-5, 7-5
1961 South Africa Sandra Reynolds United Kingdom Deidre Catt 7-5, 10-8
1962[19] Australia Margaret Smith Brazil Maria Bueno 6-1, 3-6, 6-2
1963 United Kingdom Edda Buding United Kingdom Elizabeth Starkie 9-7, 6-3
1964 United States Karen Hantze Susman France Francoise Durr 6-8, 6-3, 6-3
1965 United States Nancy Richey United Kingdom Elizabeth Starkie 7-5, 6-2
1966 Netherlands Betty Stöve Argentina Norma Baylon 6-3, 7-5
1967 Rhodesia Pat Walkden United Kingdom Edda Buding 0-6, 6-4, 6-3
Open era
1968 Australia Kerry Melville Australia Karen Krantzcke 6-0, 6-1
1969 Australia Margaret Smith Court United States Billie Jean Moffitt King 6-3, 6-3
1970 Australia Margaret Smith Court France Francoise Durr 6-1, 6-1
1971 Not held
1972 United States Billie Jean Moffitt King Australia Kerry Melville 6-3, 6-2
1973-80 Not held (women's tournament ends)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "McKinley to Finals". The Victoria Advocate. news.google.com. June 13, 1964. Retrieved October 14, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Miss Susman Disappointed". The Glasgow Herald. news.google.com. June 10, 1964. Retrieved October 14, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Nauright, John; Parrish, Charles, eds. (2012). Sports Around the World: History, Culture, and Practice. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781598843002. 
  4. ^ "Abolition of Challenge Rounds". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. EVENING POST, VOLUME CIII, ISSUE 65, 20 MARCH 1922. Retrieved 6 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "West of England Championships 1881". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  6. ^ "West of England Championships 1885". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  7. ^ "West of England Championships 1896". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  8. ^ "Steadmans Success Defeat of Irish Giant". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. EVENING POST, VOLUME CXVI, ISSUE 48, 25 AUGUST 1933. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  9. ^ "Steadmans Success Defeat of Irish Giant". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. EVENING POST, VOLUME CXVI, ISSUE 48, 25 AUGUST 1933. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  10. ^ "Steadmans Success Defeat of Irish Giant". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. EVENING POST, VOLUME CXVI, ISSUE 48, 25 AUGUST 1933. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  11. ^ "Overseas Tennis Championship Finals". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. NEW ZEALAND HERALD, VOLUME LXXVI, ISSUE 23376, 19 JUNE 1939. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  12. ^ "West of England Championships 1946". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  13. ^ "West of England Championships 1953". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  14. ^ "Wimbledon Stars Upset". news.google.com. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette - Jun 16, 1962. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  15. ^ "West of England Championships 1964". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  16. ^ "Layendecker Net Winner". news.google.com. Toledo Blade - Jun 24, 1985. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  17. ^ "Sports Roundup". news.google.com. The Free Lance-Star - Jun 21, 1986. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  18. ^ "Play in England". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. EVENING POST, VOLUME CXXIII, ISSUE 139, 14 JUNE 1937. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  19. ^ "Wimbledon Stars Upset". news.google.com. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette - Jun 16, 1962. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 

External links[edit]