Bristol Temple Quarter Enterprise Zone

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Map of central Bristol showing some enterprise zone locations (in red)

Bristol Temple Quarter Enterprise Zone is an enterprise zone in Bristol, England, focused on creative, high-tech and low-carbon industries. Covering an area of 70 hectares (170 acres), it is based around Bristol Temple Meads railway station, which is being redeveloped by Network Rail. It also contains the area around the existing Temple Quay development, and the Silverthorne Lane and Avon Riverside areas. It includes the site of the planned Bristol Arena,[1] and the site of the University of Bristol's planned Temple Quarter Campus.

Establishment[edit]

The creation of the zone was announced by Chancellor George Osborne in the Budget of March 2011,[2] and it was launched in 2012.[1] The zone offers streamlined planning controls and reduced business rates. Rates generated by the zone are channelled to five other areas in the region,[3] designated Enterprise Areas. These are Avonmouth (focusing on manufacturing and distribution), Bath (media and publishing), Emersons Green including Bristol and Bath Science Park, Filton (high-tech) and Weston-super-Mare (business services). Development of the enterprise zone is coordinated by West of England Local Enterprise Partnership, Bristol City Council, the Homes and Communities Agency (HCA) and Network Rail.[1]

Station and surrounds[edit]

Network Rail is redeveloping the station,[1] in conjunction with its electrification of the Great Western line which will cut the journey time from Temple Meads to London Paddington station to 80 minutes.[2] Station Approach Road will be turned into a public square and the station's main entrance moved to the north side of the station.[4] In January 2015, the council announced changes to the layout of the roads around the station, with the removal of Temple Circus roundabout and provision of better routes for pedestrians and cyclists.[5]

Across Station Approach from the station,[2] the Temple Gate redevelopment by TCN UK is a creative and digital campus for small and medium-sized enterprises. Redeveloped buildings include Bristol and Exeter House and Temple Studios. The latter opened in 2013.[1]

Engine Shed's lounge area

Engine Shed is a new use for part of the Old Station, Brunel's original building, in partnership with the University of Bristol.[1] Opened in December 2013,[6] it hosts business incubators, including SETsquared and WebStart Bristol, which support a cluster of hi-tech startup companies.[7] Engine Shed leases its office space to the incubators, who in turn sub-let space on more flexible terms to the companies, which are selected for their high growth potential, and high expected benefits for the regional economy.[6] In December 2015, with the building fully occupied, additional space was made available in the form of Boxworks, which was rapidly constructed by ForwardSpace next to Engine Shed using 20 shipping containers. This was intended to be a temporary solution until an Engine Shed 2 is built.[8] Public consultation for Engine Shed 2 took place in November 2016.[9]

Temple Quarter Campus[edit]

In November 2016, the University of Bristol announced that it will build a £300 million Temple Quarter Campus for c. 5,000 students, directly to the east of the station. It will replace an empty sorting office building, formerly operated by Royal Mail but derelict since 1997. The campus, which will include a new business school, digital research facilities and a student village, is expected to open in 2021. It will also host Engine Shed 2.[10]

Arena Island[edit]

The zone's biggest development site, sometimes known as 'Arena Island', is south of the station and across the River Avon.[11] Formerly occupied by the Bristol Bath Road depot, the site was acquired by the Homes and Communities Agency.[12] In February 2014 Bristol Council agreed the financing of the arena, which including funding provided by the West of England Local Enterprise Partnership totals £91 million.[13] The winner of the competition to design the arena, the architectural firm Populous, was announced in March 2015.[14] In the same month, the HCA gave the arena site to Bristol City Council.[15]

In 2013 the HCA agreed to fund an £11 million road bridge over the river, to link Cattle Market Road to the site of the planned arena.[11] Construction of the 63-metre (207 ft) bridge took place from March to September 2015. It has lanes for cars, bicycles and pedestrians.[16] In March 2016, the bridge was named Brock's Bridge, after William Brock (1830–1907), a local builder and entrepreneur.[17]

Temple Quay[edit]

Valentine Bridge in Temple Quay

Temple Quay is an area of mixed-use development on a site to the northwest of the station,[18] where the station's goods yard was formerly located.[19] The development project was initiated in 1989 by Bristol Development Corporation, who originally called it Quay Point. In 1995, the corporation transferred its rights on the site to English Partnerships, and development started in 1998.[18] The developer was Castlemore Securities.[20] By 2002, the development south of Bristol Floating Harbour was largely complete and a new phase was started on the other side of the harbour, called Temple Quay North.[21] Castlemore went into administration in 2009, but development continued in the hands of the administrator, PricewaterhouseCoopers.[20]

In 2015, Entrepreneurial Spark, a UK-wide business incubator network, opened a hub on the top floor of the Royal Bank of Scotland's Trinity Quay building in Temple Quay North.[22] Managed by NatWest, the hub provides free space, facilities and guidance for startups.[23]

Avon Riverside[edit]

The Avon Riverside area extends along the A4 Bath Road, and Bristol's so-called 'media mile', as far as the site of Paintworks, an existing mixed-use development by Verve.[24] Phase III of Paintworks will be the development of a 'creative skills hub' for digital and media businesses, in partnership with Creative Skillset.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "An enterprising idea with a radically new approach". Bristol Post. 8 July 2013. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "Bristol enterprise zone looks to keep up the momentum". Bristol Post. 16 April 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  3. ^ "Land near Temple Meads named as Bristol enterprise zone". BBC News Online. 7 June 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  4. ^ "Bristol Temple Meads station to get £100m investment". BBC News Online. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Bristol's Temple Gate layout change planned in £21m revamp". BBC News Online. 12 January 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  6. ^ a b Thompson, Gavin (9 July 2015). "How to build Engine Shed 2 as a home for high-tech high-growth businesses in Bristol in the face of risk averse property investors". SouthWestBusiness. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  7. ^ "Why tech industries are thriving in the south-west of England". The Guardian. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  8. ^ Thompson, Gavin (3 December 2015). "Bristol should be planning to build Engine Shed 3 and 4, says property expert". SouthWestBusiness. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  9. ^ Clensy, David (30 November 2016). "Engine Shed marks third anniversary with public consultation for Engine Shed 2". Bristol Post. Retrieved 5 December 2016.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ Yong, Michael (29 November 2016). "Bristol University to take over old sorting office by Temple Meads for new £300m campus". Bristol Post. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  11. ^ a b "Temple Quarter Enterprise Zone bridge plan wins £11m". BBC News Online. 27 June 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  12. ^ "Temple Meads diesel depot to be used by creative groups". BBC News Online. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  13. ^ "Bristol City Council agrees to help fund £91m Arena". BBC News Online. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  14. ^ "Winning design chosen for Bristol's £90 million arena". Bristol Post. 17 March 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  15. ^ "Council handed land for Bristol Arena by the government". BBC News Online. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  16. ^ "Bristol Arena Island bridge finished". BBC News Online. 2 September 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  17. ^ "Bristol bridge named after Victorian builder William Brock". BBC News Online. 17 March 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  18. ^ a b Oatley, Nick; May, Andrew (1999). "'Out of touch, out of place, out of time': a valediction for Bristol Development Corporation". In Imrie, Rob; Thomas, Huw. British Urban Policy: An Evaluation of the Urban Development Corporations. London: Sage Publications. pp. 190–6.
  19. ^ Binding, John (2001). Brunel's Bristol Temple Meads. Hersham: Oxford Publishing. pp. 112–3. ISBN 0-86093-563-9.
  20. ^ a b "Bristol building work 'will be completed'". Bristol Post. 4 March 2009. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  21. ^ Foyle, Andrew (2009). Pevsner Architectural Guide, Bristol. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 267. ISBN 978-0-300-10442-4.
  22. ^ Clensy, David (29 November 2016). "E-sparks - where fledgling firms find their wings". South West Business. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  23. ^ Yong, Michael (16 September 2015). "Entrepreneurial Spark hub by NatWest launches in Bristol". South West Business. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  24. ^ "Bristol's booming tech sector is leading the way – now commercial property market needs to catch up". Bristol Post. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°26′46″N 2°34′41″W / 51.446°N 2.578°W / 51.446; -2.578